Johannes Brahms

Biography

Born: 1833   Died: 1897   Country: Germany   Period: Romantic
The stature of Johannes Brahms among classical composers is well illustrated by his inclusion among the "Three Bs" triumvirate of Bach, Beethoven, and Brahms. Of all the major composers of the late Romantic era, Brahms was the one most attached to the Classical ideal as manifested in the music of Haydn, Mozart, and especially Beethoven; indeed, Hans von Bülow once characterized Brahms' Symphony No. 1 (1855-1876) as "Beethoven's Tenth." As a Read more youth, Brahms was championed by Robert Schumann as music's greatest hope for the future; as a mature composer, Brahms became for conservative musical journalists the most potent symbol of musical tradition, a stalwart against the "degeneration" represented by the music of Wagner and his school. Brahms' symphonies, choral and vocal works, chamber music, and piano pieces are imbued with strong emotional feeling, yet take shape according to a thoroughly considered structural plan.

The son of a double bassist in the Hamburg Philharmonic Society, Brahms demonstrated great promise from the beginning. He began his musical career as a pianist, contributing to the family coffers as a teenager by playing in restaurants, taverns, and even brothels. Though by his early twenties he enjoyed associations with luminaries like violinists Eduard Reményi and Joseph Joachim, the friend and mentor who was most instrumental in advancing his career was Schumann, who all but adopted him and became his most ardent partisan, and their esteem was mutual. Following Schumann's death in 1856, Brahms became the closest confidant and lifelong friend of the composer's widow, pianist and composer Clara Wieck Schumann. After a life of spectacular musical triumphs and failed loves (the composer was involved in several romantic entanglements but never wed), Brahms died of liver cancer on April 3, 1897.

In every genre in which he composed, Brahms produced works that have become staples of the repertory. His most ambitious work, the German Requiem (1863-1867), is the composer's singular reinterpretation of an age-old form. The four symphonies -- lushly scored, grand in scope, and deeply expressive -- are cornerstones of the symphonic literature. Brahms' concertos are, similarly, in a monumental, quasi-symphonic vein: the two piano concertos (1856-1859 and 1881) and the Violin Concerto (1878) call for soloists with both considerable technical skill and stamina. His chamber music is among the most sophisticated and exquisitely crafted of the Romantic era; for but a single example, his works that incorporate the clarinet (e.g., the Trio in A minor, Op. 114 and the two Sonatas, Op. 120), an instrument largely overlooked by his contemporaries, remain unsurpassed. Though the piano sonata never held for Brahms the same appeal it had for Beethoven (Brahms wrote three to Beethoven's 32), he produced a voluminous body of music for the piano. He showed a particular affinity for variations -- notably, on themes of Schumann (1854), Handel (1861), and Paganini (1862-1863) -- and likewise produced a passel of national dances and character pieces such as ballades, intermezzi, and rhapsodies. Collectively, these constitute one of the essential bodies of work in the realm of nineteenth century keyboard music. Read less
Martin Frost Plays Brahms
Release Date: 07/08/2014   Label: Bis  
Catalog: 2063   Number of Discs: 1
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Brahms: Violin Concerto, Double Concerto / Mutter, Karajan
Release Date: 10/12/1993   Label: Deutsche Grammophon  
Catalog: 439007   Number of Discs: 1
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Brahms: Complete Edition
Release Date: 04/29/2014   Label: Brilliant Classics  
Catalog: 94860   Number of Discs: 58
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Brahms: Hungarian Dances / Ivan Fischer, Budapest Festival
Release Date: 11/09/1999   Label: Philips  
Catalog: 462589   Number of Discs: 1
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Brahms: Symphonies, Overtures, Haydn Variations, Song Of Destiny / Sawallisch
Release Date: 01/24/2006   Label: Brilliant Classics  
Catalog: 92878   Number of Discs: 3
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Work: Double Concerto, Op. 102

Browse 76-100 of 110 Available Recordings
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  • 76.
    Label: Supraphon   Catalog: 3691 Release Date: 10/26/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Josef Suk,  André Navarra
    Conductor:  Karel Ancerl
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  • 77.
    Dvorák, Brahms: Concertos / Fournier, Et Al
    Label: Bbc Legends   Catalog: 4149 Release Date: 09/21/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Antonín Dvorák
    Performer:  Zino Francescatti,  Pierre Fournier
    Conductor:  Sir Colin Davis
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  BBC Symphony Orchestra
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  • 78.
    Bernstein Collectors Edition - Brahms: Symphonies, Etc
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 000218702 Release Date: 05/11/2004   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Gidon Kremer,  Mischa Maisky,  Gerhart Hetzel
    Conductor:  Leonard Bernstein
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 79.
    Brahms: Violin Concerto, Double Concerto / Reiner, Wallenstein, Heifetz, Piatigorsky
    Label: Rca Victor Red Seal   Catalog: 59410 Release Date: 04/20/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Jascha Heifetz,  Gregor Piatigorsky
    Conductor:  Fritz Reiner,  Alfred Wallenstein
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chicago Symphony Orchestra,  RCA Victor Symphony Orchestra
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  • 80.
    Tchaikovsky: Violin Concerto;  Brahms / Ferras, Et Al
    Label: Testament   Catalog: 1337 Release Date: 04/13/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Performer:  Christian Ferras,  Paul Tortelier
    Conductor:  Paul Kletzki,  Constantin Silvestri
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra
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  • 81.
    Oistrakh, Menuhin, Rostropovich - Bach, Mozart, Brahms: Concertos
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 90450 Release Date: 02/10/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Igor Oistrakh,  David Oistrakh,  Yehudi Menuhin,  Mstislav Rostropovich
    Conductor:  Yehudi Menuhin,  Pierre Capdevielle,  Kiril Kondrashin
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Moscow Philharmonic Orchestra,  ORTF National Orchestra
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  • 82.
    Brahms: Symphony No 2, Double Concerto / Haitink, London So
    Label: Lso Live   Catalog: 43 Release Date: 01/13/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Timothy Hugh,  Gordan Nikolic
    Conductor:  Bernard Haitink
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra
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  • 83.
    Expanded Edition - Brahms / Stern, Ma , Et Al
    Label: Sony Classical Masterworks   Catalog: 90405 Release Date: 09/30/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Isaac Stern,  Yo-Yo Ma,  Emanuel Ax,  Jaime Laredo
    Conductor:  Claudio Abbado
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chicago Symphony Orchestra
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  • 84.
    Dvorak: Cello Concerto; Brahms: Double Concerto / Tortelier, Menuhin
    Label: Emi Classics Encore   Catalog: 75865 Release Date: 06/10/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Antonín Dvorák
    Performer:  Paul Tortelier,  Yehudi Menuhin
    Conductor:  Paavo Berglund,  André Previn
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Philharmonic Orchestra,  London Symphony Orchestra
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  • 85.
    Trio - Brahms: Complete Concertos, Overtures /Brendel, Et Al
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 473267 Release Date: 01/14/2003   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Henryk Szeryng,  János Starker,  Alfred Brendel
    Conductor:  Bernard Haitink,  Hans Schmidt-Isserstedt
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra
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  • 86.
    Brahms: Violin Concerto, Double Concerto / Shaham, Et Al
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 469529 Release Date: 10/08/2002   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Gil Shaham,  Jian Wang
    Conductor:  Claudio Abbado
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 87.
    Brahms: Violin Concerto, Etc / Stern, Rose, Ormandy, Et Al
    Label: Sony Classical Essential Classics   Catalog: 89835 Release Date: 01/29/2002   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Isaac Stern,  Leonard Rose
    Conductor:  Eugene Ormandy
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philadelphia Orchestra
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  • 88.
    Brahms: Double Concerto, Etc / Adolph & Herman Busch, Et Al
    Label: Music & Arts Programs Of America   Catalog: 1083 Release Date: 05/22/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Felix Mendelssohn
    Performer:  Hermann Busch,  Adolf Busch,  Bruno Straumann,  Hugo Gottesmann  ... 
    Conductor:  Paul Kletzki
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  French National Radio Orchestra,  Busch String Quartet
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  • 89.
    Brahms: Double Concerto / Walter, Francescatti, Fournier
    Label: Cbs Masterworks   Catalog: 42024 Release Date: 05/20/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Robert Schumann
    Performer:  Zino Francescatti,  Pierre Fournier,  Eugene Istomin
    Conductor:  Bruno Walter
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Columbia Symphony Orchestra
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  • 90.
    Brahms, Bruch, Glazunov /Heifetz, Ormandy, Barbirolli, Et Al
    Label: Naxos Historical   Catalog: 8110940 Release Date: 02/20/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Alexander Glazunov,  Max Bruch
    Performer:  Jascha Heifetz,  Emanuel Feuermann
    Conductor:  Eugene Ormandy,  Sir John Barbirolli,  William Steinberg
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philadelphia Orchestra,  London Philharmonic Orchestra,  RCA Victor Symphony Orchestra
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  • 91.
    References - Brahms: Violin Concerto, Etc / Menuhin, Et Al
    Label: Emi Classics Special Import   Catalog: 63496 Release Date: 01/09/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Yehudi Menuhin,  Edgar Schann,  Emanuel Brabec,  Willi Boskovsky
    Conductor:  Wilhelm Furtwängler
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Lucerne Festival Orchestra,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 92.
    Brahms: Violin Concerto, Double Concerto
    Label: Eloquence   Catalog: 468172 Release Date: 09/12/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Henryk Szeryng,  János Starker
    Conductor:  Bernard Haitink
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra
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  • 93.
    Brahms, Mendelssohn: Double Concertos / Starker, Et Al
    Label: Eloquence   Catalog: 4643692 Release Date: 02/28/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Felix Mendelssohn
    Performer:  Henryk Szeryng,  János Starker,  Jaap Van Zweden,  Ronald Brautigam
    Conductor:  Bernard Haitink
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra,  Royal Concertgebouw Chamber Orchestra
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  • 94.
    Double Concertos - Bach, Mozart, Brahms / Heifetz, Et Al
    Label: Rca Victor Living Stereo   Catalog: 63531 Release Date: 01/11/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Jascha Heifetz,  Erick Friedman,  Thornton Lofthouse,  William Primrose  ... 
    Conductor:  Sir Malcolm Sargent,  Izler Solomon,  Alfred Wallenstein
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New Symphony Orchestra,  RCA Victor Symphony Orchestra
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  • 95.
    Beethoven: Triple Concerto; Brahms / Richter, Oistrakh, Rostropovich
    Label: Emi Great Recordings Of The Century   Catalog: 66954 Release Date: 03/09/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Sviatoslav Richter,  Mstislav Rostropovich,  David Oistrakh
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan,  George Szell
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Cleveland Orchestra
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  • 96.
    Wilhelm Furtwängler At The Lucerne Festival 1947-53
    Label: Music & Arts Programs Of America   Catalog: 1018 Release Date: 04/21/1998   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Richard Wagner,  Robert Schumann
    Performer:  Enrico Mainardi,  Wolfgang Schneiderhan,  Yehudi Menuhin,  Adrian Aeschbacher
    Conductor:  Wilhelm Furtwängler
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Lucerne Festival Orchestra
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  • 97.
    Brahms: Double Concerto;  Mendelssohn / Perlman, Ma, Et Al
    Label: Teldec   Catalog: 15870 Release Date: 05/27/1997   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Felix Mendelssohn
    Performer:  Itzhak Perlman,  Yo-Yo Ma
    Conductor:  Daniel Barenboim
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chicago Symphony Orchestra
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  • 98.
    Brahms: Concertos / Karajan, Abbado, Böhm, Pollini, Mutter
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 449607 Release Date: 04/22/1997   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Anne-Sophie Mutter,  Antonio Meneses,  Maurizio Pollini
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan,  Claudio Abbado,  Karl Böhm
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 99.
    Beethoven: Triple Concerto;  Brahms Et Al / Oistrakh, Oborin
    Label: Emi Classics Double Fforte   Catalog: 69331 Release Date: 08/13/1996   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Sergei Prokofiev,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Pierre Fournier,  David Oistrakh,  Lev Oborin,  Sviatoslav Knushevitzky
    Conductor:  Alceo Galliera,  David Oistrakh,  Sir Malcolm Sargent
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra
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  • 100.
    Kagan Edition Vol 15 - Schubert, Mendelssohn, Brahms
    Label: Live Classics   Catalog: 175 Release Date: 05/21/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Felix Mendelssohn,  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Oleg Kagan
    Conductor:  Arnold Katz,  Kurt Masur
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Novosibirsk Philharmonic Symphony Orchestra,  Leipzig Gewandhaus Orchestra
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