Johannes Brahms

Biography

Born: 1833   Died: 1897   Country: Germany   Period: Romantic
The stature of Johannes Brahms among classical composers is well illustrated by his inclusion among the "Three Bs" triumvirate of Bach, Beethoven, and Brahms. Of all the major composers of the late Romantic era, Brahms was the one most attached to the Classical ideal as manifested in the music of Haydn, Mozart, and especially Beethoven; indeed, Hans von Bülow once characterized Brahms' Symphony No. 1 (1855-1876) as "Beethoven's Tenth." As a Read more youth, Brahms was championed by Robert Schumann as music's greatest hope for the future; as a mature composer, Brahms became for conservative musical journalists the most potent symbol of musical tradition, a stalwart against the "degeneration" represented by the music of Wagner and his school. Brahms' symphonies, choral and vocal works, chamber music, and piano pieces are imbued with strong emotional feeling, yet take shape according to a thoroughly considered structural plan.

The son of a double bassist in the Hamburg Philharmonic Society, Brahms demonstrated great promise from the beginning. He began his musical career as a pianist, contributing to the family coffers as a teenager by playing in restaurants, taverns, and even brothels. Though by his early twenties he enjoyed associations with luminaries like violinists Eduard Reményi and Joseph Joachim, the friend and mentor who was most instrumental in advancing his career was Schumann, who all but adopted him and became his most ardent partisan, and their esteem was mutual. Following Schumann's death in 1856, Brahms became the closest confidant and lifelong friend of the composer's widow, pianist and composer Clara Wieck Schumann. After a life of spectacular musical triumphs and failed loves (the composer was involved in several romantic entanglements but never wed), Brahms died of liver cancer on April 3, 1897.

In every genre in which he composed, Brahms produced works that have become staples of the repertory. His most ambitious work, the German Requiem (1863-1867), is the composer's singular reinterpretation of an age-old form. The four symphonies -- lushly scored, grand in scope, and deeply expressive -- are cornerstones of the symphonic literature. Brahms' concertos are, similarly, in a monumental, quasi-symphonic vein: the two piano concertos (1856-1859 and 1881) and the Violin Concerto (1878) call for soloists with both considerable technical skill and stamina. His chamber music is among the most sophisticated and exquisitely crafted of the Romantic era; for but a single example, his works that incorporate the clarinet (e.g., the Trio in A minor, Op. 114 and the two Sonatas, Op. 120), an instrument largely overlooked by his contemporaries, remain unsurpassed. Though the piano sonata never held for Brahms the same appeal it had for Beethoven (Brahms wrote three to Beethoven's 32), he produced a voluminous body of music for the piano. He showed a particular affinity for variations -- notably, on themes of Schumann (1854), Handel (1861), and Paganini (1862-1863) -- and likewise produced a passel of national dances and character pieces such as ballades, intermezzi, and rhapsodies. Collectively, these constitute one of the essential bodies of work in the realm of nineteenth century keyboard music. Read less
Martin Frost Plays Brahms
Release Date: 07/08/2014   Label: Bis  
Catalog: 2063   Number of Discs: 1
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Schubert: Symphony No 8; Brahms: Symphony No 3 / Davis
Release Date: 04/26/2011   Label: Profil  
Catalog: 8043   Number of Discs: 1
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Brahms Beloved II / John Axelrod
Release Date: 07/22/2014   Label: Telarc  
Catalog: 34659   Number of Discs: 2
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Dvorák: Requiem;  Brahms / Mertens, Hagel, Et Al
Release Date: 10/31/2006   Label: Profil  
Catalog: 6050   Number of Discs: 2
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Wilhelm Backhaus Live In Vienna - Brahms: Piano Concertos; Haydn
Release Date: 11/15/2011   Label: Profil  
Catalog: 11051   Number of Discs: 2
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Work: Double Concerto, Op. 102

Browse 51-75 of 110 Available Recordings
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  • 51.
    Beethoven: Triple Concerto;  Brahms: Double Concerto
    Label: Cbs Masterworks Portrait   Catalog: 44842 Release Date: 06/25/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Rudolf Serkin,  Leslie Parnas,  Jaime Laredo,  Isaac Stern  ... 
    Conductor:  Alexander Schneider,  Eugene Ormandy
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Marlboro Festival Orchestra,  Philadelphia Orchestra
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  • 52.
    Elgar, Brahms: Cello Concertos; Debussy: Cello Sonata / Paul Tortelier
    Label: Bbc Legends   Catalog: 4236 Release Date: 05/13/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Claude Debussy,  Sir Edward Elgar
    Performer:  Paul Tortelier,  Ernest Lush
    Conductor:  John Pritchard,  Sir Adrian Boult
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  BBC Symphony Orchestra
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  • 53.
    Brahms - The Concerto Album / Arrau, Oistrakh, Fournier
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 09421 Release Date: 03/25/2008   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  David Oistrakh,  Pierre Fournier,  Claudio Arrau
    Conductor:  Otto Klemperer,  Alceo Galliera,  Carlo Maria Giulini
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  French National Radio Orchestra,  Philharmonia Orchestra
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  • 54.
    Brahms: Double Concerto, Piano Quartet No 1
    Label: Arte Nova   Catalog: 391150 Release Date: 03/11/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Frans Helmerson,  Mihaela Martin,  Marin Cazacu,  Nicolae Licaret  ... 
    Conductor:  Cristian Mandeal,  Christian Mandeal
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bucharest George Enescu Philharmonic Orchestra,  Bucharest Philharmonic Orchestra,  Pro Arte Piano Quartet
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  • 55.
    Barbiroli - New York Philharmonic - Live Recordings 1937-43
    Label: Guild   Catalog: 2330/31 Release Date: 01/22/2008   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Mario Castelnuovo-Tedesco,  Claude Debussy,  Charles Tomlinson Griffes  ... 
    Performer:  Gaspar Cassadó,  Albert Spalding
    Conductor:  Sir John Barbirolli
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New York Philharmonic
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  • 56.
    Legendary Performers - Piatigorsky
    Label: Rca Victor Gold Seal   Catalog: 61485 Release Date: 01/21/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Gregor Piatigorsky,  Nathan Milstein
    Conductor:  Fritz Reiner,  Charles Munch
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Robin Hood Dell Orchestra of Philadelphia,  Boston Symphony Orchestra
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  • 57.
    Beethoven: Symphony No 6;  Brahms / Sanderling, Et Al
    Label: Profil   Catalog: 8005 Release Date: 11/20/2007   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Antonio Meneses,  Thomas Zehetmair
    Conductor:  Kurt Sanderling
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cologne West German Radio Symphony Orchestra,  USSR Radio/TV Large Symphony Orchestra,  Russian State Academy Chorus
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  • 58.
    Brahms: Double Concerto, Etc / R. & G. Capuçon, Et Al
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 95147 Release Date: 11/06/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Gautier Capuçon,  Renaud Capuçon,  Béatrice Muthelet,  Paul Meyer  ... 
    Conductor:  Myung-Whun Chung
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Gustav Mahler Youth Orchestra
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  • 59.
    Bernstein - Brahms / Vienna Philharmonic
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 000983109 Release Date: 10/09/2007   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Gidon Kremer,  Mischa Maisky,  Krystian Zimerman
    Conductor:  Leonard Bernstein
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 60.
    Brahms: Violin Concerto, Double Concerto / Kremer, Maisky, Bernstein
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 000983409 Release Date: 10/09/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Gidon Kremer,  Mischa Maisky
    Conductor:  Leonard Bernstein
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 61.
    Brahms: Violin Concerto, Double Concerto / Fischer, Müller-Schott, Kreizberg, Netherlands PO
    Label: Pentatone   Catalog: 5186066 Release Date: 04/24/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Daniel Müller-Schott,  Julia Fischer
    Conductor:  Yakov Kreizberg
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Netherlands Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 62.
    Gemini - Beethoven, Brahms, Etc / Oistrakh, Et Al
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 81487 Release Date: 04/24/2007   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Sergei Prokofiev,  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  David Oistrakh,  Pierre Fournier,  Lev Oborin,  Sviatoslav Knushevitzky
    Conductor:  Alceo Galliera,  David Oistrakh,  Sir Malcolm Sargent
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra
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  • 63.
    Anthology Of The Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra Vol 4 1970-80
    Label: Rco Live   Catalog: 6004 Release Date: 04/10/2007   Number of Discs: 14
    Composer:  André Caplet,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Anton Bruckner,  Maarten Bon  ... 
    Performer:  Jean Decroos,  Maurice André,  Vera Badings,  Werner Herbers  ... 
    Conductor:  Jean Fournet,  Nikolaus Harnoncourt,  Carlo Maria Giulini,  Bernard Haitink  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra,  Marinus Choir,  NCRV Vocal Ensemble  ... 
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  • 64.
    Bach, Mozart, Brahms: Concertos / Jascha Heifetz, Et Al
    Label: Rca   Catalog: 704605 Release Date: 01/23/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Johann Sebastian Bach
    Performer:  Gregor Piatigorsky,  Jascha Heifetz,  William Primrose,  Thornton Lofthouse  ... 
    Conductor:  Alfred Wallenstein,  Izler Solomon,  Sir Malcolm Sargent
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  RCA Victor Symphony Orchestra,  New Symphony Orchestra
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  • 65.
    Legendary Treasures - Brahms, Bloch, Tchaikovsky / Menuhin
    Label: Doremi Records   Catalog: 7844 Release Date: 10/10/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Ernest Bloch
    Performer:  Leslie Parnas,  Yehudi Menuhin
    Conductor:  Pablo Casals,  Gervase de Peyer,  Antal Doráti
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Pablo Casals Orchestra,  London Mozart Players,  North German Radio Symphony Orchestra
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  • 66.
    The Art Of Vladimir Orloff
    Label: Doremi Records   Catalog: 7711 Release Date: 07/11/2006   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Robert Schumann,  Anatol Vieru,  Sir Edward Elgar,  Luigi Boccherini  ... 
    Performer:  Vladimir Orloff,  Alfred Holecek,  Josef Sivo,  Marian Friedman
    Conductor:  Mircea Cristescu,  Sir John Barbirolli,  Walter Weller,  Wolfgang Sawallisch  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bucharest State Opera Orchestra,  Bucharest George Enescu Philharmonic Orchestra,  Hallé Orchestra  ... 
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  • 67.
    Brahms: Symphony No 4, Double Concerto / Ma, Perlman, Barenboim
    Label: Elatus   Catalog: 23263 Release Date: 05/17/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Itzhak Perlman,  Yo-Yo Ma
    Conductor:  Daniel Barenboim
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chicago Symphony Orchestra
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  • 68.
    Brahms: The Concertos / Berliner Symphoniker
    Label: Brilliant Classics   Catalog: 99274 Release Date: 04/04/2006   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Emmy Verhey,  János Starker,  Borika Van Den Booren,  Karin Lechner
    Conductor:  Arpád Joó,  Eduardo Marturet
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Amsterdam Philharmonic Orchestra,  Berlin Symphony Orchestra
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  • 69.
    Brahms: Double Concerto; Bruch / Oistrakh, Fournier
    Label: Emi Great Recordings Of The Century   Catalog: 45765 Release Date: 03/07/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Max Bruch
    Performer:  Pierre Fournier,  David Oistrakh
    Conductor:  Alceo Galliera,  Lovro von Matacic
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra,  London Symphony Orchestra
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  • 70.
    Toscanini - The Television Concerts 1948-52 Vol. 2
    Label: Testament   Catalog: 1004 Release Date: 02/14/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Johannes Brahms,  Richard Wagner
    Performer:  Frank Miller,  Mischa Mischakoff
    Conductor:  Arturo Toscanini
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  NBC Symphony Orchestra
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  • 71.
    Brahms: Concerto For Violin And Cello, Etc / Schoch, Berger
    Label: Ebs   Catalog: 6147 Release Date: 10/25/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Julius Berger
    Conductor:  Johannes Wildner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New Philharmonie Westphalia
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  • 72.
    The Art Of Ruggiero Ricci
    Label: Vox Box   Catalog: 3611 Release Date: 10/18/2005   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Franz von Vecsey,  Giuseppe Tartini,  Frédéric Chopin  ... 
    Performer:  Giorgio Ricci,  Ruggiero Ricci,  Louis Persinger
    Conductor:  Kurt Masur,  Louis de Froment,  Matthias Kuntsch
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New Philharmonia Orchestra,  Luxembourg Radio/Television Symphony Orchestra,  Bochum Symphony Orchestra
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  • 73.
    Brahms: Symphonies No 1-4, Etc / Haitink, London So
    Label: Lso Live   Catalog: 70 Release Date: 10/11/2005   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Gordan Nikolic,  Timothy Hugh
    Conductor:  Bernard Haitink
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra
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  • 74.
    Goldmark: Violin Concerto;  Brahms / Schmid, Raiskin, Et Al
    Label: Oehms   Catalog: 359 Release Date: 03/22/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Karl Goldmark
    Performer:  Benjamin Schmid,  Ramon Jaffé
    Conductor:  Daniel Raiskin
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Witold Lutoslawski Philharmonic
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  • 75.
    Beethoven: Triple Concerto;  Brahms / Fricsay, Et Al
    Label: Dg The Originals   Catalog: 000403402 Release Date: 03/08/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Wolfgang Schneiderhan,  János Starker,  Géza Anda,  Pierre Fournier
    Conductor:  Ferenc Fricsay
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Radio Symphony Orchestra
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