Johannes Brahms

Biography

Born: 1833   Died: 1897   Country: Germany   Period: Romantic
The stature of Johannes Brahms among classical composers is well illustrated by his inclusion among the "Three Bs" triumvirate of Bach, Beethoven, and Brahms. Of all the major composers of the late Romantic era, Brahms was the one most attached to the Classical ideal as manifested in the music of Haydn, Mozart, and especially Beethoven; indeed, Hans von Bülow once characterized Brahms' Symphony No. 1 (1855-1876) as "Beethoven's Tenth." As a Read more youth, Brahms was championed by Robert Schumann as music's greatest hope for the future; as a mature composer, Brahms became for conservative musical journalists the most potent symbol of musical tradition, a stalwart against the "degeneration" represented by the music of Wagner and his school. Brahms' symphonies, choral and vocal works, chamber music, and piano pieces are imbued with strong emotional feeling, yet take shape according to a thoroughly considered structural plan.

The son of a double bassist in the Hamburg Philharmonic Society, Brahms demonstrated great promise from the beginning. He began his musical career as a pianist, contributing to the family coffers as a teenager by playing in restaurants, taverns, and even brothels. Though by his early twenties he enjoyed associations with luminaries like violinists Eduard Reményi and Joseph Joachim, the friend and mentor who was most instrumental in advancing his career was Schumann, who all but adopted him and became his most ardent partisan, and their esteem was mutual. Following Schumann's death in 1856, Brahms became the closest confidant and lifelong friend of the composer's widow, pianist and composer Clara Wieck Schumann. After a life of spectacular musical triumphs and failed loves (the composer was involved in several romantic entanglements but never wed), Brahms died of liver cancer on April 3, 1897.

In every genre in which he composed, Brahms produced works that have become staples of the repertory. His most ambitious work, the German Requiem (1863-1867), is the composer's singular reinterpretation of an age-old form. The four symphonies -- lushly scored, grand in scope, and deeply expressive -- are cornerstones of the symphonic literature. Brahms' concertos are, similarly, in a monumental, quasi-symphonic vein: the two piano concertos (1856-1859 and 1881) and the Violin Concerto (1878) call for soloists with both considerable technical skill and stamina. His chamber music is among the most sophisticated and exquisitely crafted of the Romantic era; for but a single example, his works that incorporate the clarinet (e.g., the Trio in A minor, Op. 114 and the two Sonatas, Op. 120), an instrument largely overlooked by his contemporaries, remain unsurpassed. Though the piano sonata never held for Brahms the same appeal it had for Beethoven (Brahms wrote three to Beethoven's 32), he produced a voluminous body of music for the piano. He showed a particular affinity for variations -- notably, on themes of Schumann (1854), Handel (1861), and Paganini (1862-1863) -- and likewise produced a passel of national dances and character pieces such as ballades, intermezzi, and rhapsodies. Collectively, these constitute one of the essential bodies of work in the realm of nineteenth century keyboard music. Read less
Arthur Rubinstein Plays Brahms
Release Date: 06/12/2012   Label: Rca  
Catalog: 760992   Number of Discs: 9
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Brahms: The Symphonies / Chailly, Gewandhausorchester
Release Date: 08/19/2014   Label: Decca  
Catalog: 002121502   Number of Discs: 3
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Leon Fleisher Plays Beethoven & Brahms
Release Date: 08/07/2012   Label: Sony  
Catalog: 1918052   Number of Discs: 5
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Brahms: Symphonies 3 & 4, Gergiev, London Symphony Orchestra
Release Date: 09/09/2014   Label: Lso Live  
Catalog: 737   Number of Discs: 1
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The Songs Of Brahms, Vol. 5 / Maltman, Johnson
Release Date: 09/09/2014   Label: Hyperion  
Catalog: 33125   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Double Concerto, Op. 102

Browse 26-50 of 111 Available Recordings
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  • 26.
    Zubin Mehta & The Israel Philharmonic Orchestra - Live Recordings 1963-2006 [12-CD Set]
    Label: Helicon   Catalog: 9625 Release Date: 12/07/2010   Number of Discs: 12
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Gioachino Rossini,  Giuseppe Verdi,  Ludwig van Beethoven  ... 
    Performer:  Radu Lupu,  Arie Vardi,  Yefim Bronfman,  Alicia De Larrocha  ... 
    Conductor:  Zubin Mehta
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Israel Philharmonic Orchestra,  Prague Philharmonic Choir,  Scottish National Chorus  ... 
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  • 27.
    Brahms: Concertos, Symphonies / Haitink, Arrau, Szeryng, Starker [7-CD Collector's Edition]
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 001479902 Release Date: 10/19/2010   Number of Discs: 7
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Claudio Arrau,  Henryk Szeryng,  János Starker
    Conductor:  Bernard Haitink
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra
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  • 28.
    Beethoven: Triple Concerto; Brahms: Double Concerto / Richter, Rostropovich, Oistrakh
    Label: Emi Great Recordings Of The Century   Catalog: 31768 Release Date: 10/12/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  David Oistrakh,  Mstislav Rostropovich,  Sviatoslav Richter
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan,  George Szell
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Cleveland Orchestra
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  • 29.
    Pierre Fournier - The Aristocrat Of Cellists
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 29539 Release Date: 09/14/2010   Number of Discs: 7
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Maurice Ravel,  Claude Debussy,  Gabriel Fauré  ... 
    Performer:  Pierre Fournier,  Ernest Lush,  Tasso Janopoulo,  Gerald Moore  ... 
    Conductor:  Rafael Kubelik,  Eugčne Bigot,  Walter Susskind,  Alceo Galliera  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra,  Lamoureux Concerts Association Orchestra
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  • 30.
    Brahms: Double Concerto, Symphony 4; Wagner / Rattle
    Label: Euroarts   Catalog: 2055998 Release Date: 03/30/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Richard Wagner
    Performer:  Lisa Batiashvili,  Truls Otterbech Mork
    Conductor:  Simon Rattle
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 31.
    Paul Tortelier - The Great EMI Recordings
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 88627 Release Date: 03/09/2010   Number of Discs: 20
    Composer:  Felix Mendelssohn,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Dmitri Shostakovich,  Richard Strauss  ... 
    Performer:  Paul Tortelier,  Jacques Manzone,  Maud Tortelier
    Conductor:  Jörg Faerber,  Sir Philip Ledger
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Württemberg Chamber Orchestra Heilbronn,  London Mozart Players
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  • 32.
    Beethoven: Triple Concerto, Brahms: Double Concerto / Jarvi, Trio Poseidon, Gothenburg
    Label: Chandos   Catalog: 10564 Release Date: 02/23/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Claes Gunnarsson,  Sara Trobäck Hesselink
    Conductor:  Neeme Järvi
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Gothenburg Symphony Orchestra,  Trio Poseidon
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  • 33.
    Bernstein Edition - Brahms: Violin Concerto, Double Concerto
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 431031 Release Date: 01/28/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Gidon Kremer,  Mischa Maisky
    Conductor:  Leonard Bernstein
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 34.
    Brahms: Double Concerto; Mendelssohn: Violin Concerto
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 49486 Release Date: 12/01/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Felix Mendelssohn
    Performer:  Itzhak Perlman,  Mstislav Rostropovich
    Conductor:  Bernard Haitink
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra
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  • 35.
    Yo-Yo Ma - 30 Years Outside the Box
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 752307 Release Date: 10/27/2009   Number of Discs: 90
    Composer:  Sandeep Das,  Traditional,  Kayhan Kalhor,  Zhou Long  ... 
    Performer:  Joseph Gramley,  Kim Dong-Won,  Yo-Yo Ma,  Mark Suter  ... 
    Conductor:  Miguel Harth-Bedoya,  John T. Williams,  Ennio Morricone,  Isaac Stern  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Silk Road Ensemble,  Chicago Symphony Orchestra,  Qi Lin  ... 
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  • 36.
    111 Years Of Deutsche Grammophon [55-CD Set]
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 001341002 Release Date: 10/20/2009   Number of Discs: 55
    Composer:  Franz Liszt,  Franz Schubert,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Robert Schumann  ... 
    Performer:  Krystian Zimerman,  Fritz Wunderlich,  Hubert Giesen,  Helmut Walcha  ... 
    Conductor:  Seiji Ozawa,  Daniele Callegari,  Herbert von Karajan,  Karl Richter  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Boston Symphony Orchestra,  Verdi Grand Symphonic Orchestra Milan,  Verdi Chorus Milan  ... 
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  • 37.
    1967 Carnegie Hall Marathon / Rostropovich, Rozhdestvensky, Et Al
    Label: Doremi Records   Catalog: 7974 Release Date: 10/13/2009   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Sir Edward Elgar,  Dmitri Shostakovich,  Walter Piston,  Boris Tchaikovsky  ... 
    Performer:  Mstislav Rostropovich,  Glynne Adams,  Itzhak Perlman
    Conductor:  Gennadi Rozhdestvensky,  Lukas Foss
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  • 38.
    Ultimate Brahms [5-CD Set]
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 001313402 Release Date: 08/25/2009   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Henryk Szeryng,  János Starker,  Claudio Arrau
    Conductor:  Bernard Haitink,  Wolfgang Sawallisch
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Concertgebouw Orchestra,  Vienna Symphony Orchestra
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  • 39.
    Szymon Goldberg Centenary Edition Vol 1 - Non-commercial Recordings
    Label: Music & Arts   Catalog: 1223 Release Date: 08/11/2009   Number of Discs: 8
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Robert Schumann,  Claude Debussy,  Antonín Dvorák  ... 
    Performer:  Szymon Goldberg,  Artur Balsam,  Zara Nelsova,  Victor Babin  ... 
    Conductor:  Szymon Goldberg,  Gerhard Samuel,  Eduard Van Beinum,  Dimitri Mitropoulos  ... 
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  • 40.
    Brahms Complete Edition [46-CD Set]
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 001302602 Release Date: 07/14/2009   Number of Discs: 46
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Johann Sebastian Bach
    Performer:  Edith Mathis,  Karl Engel,  Gernot Kahl,  Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau  ... 
    Conductor:  Günther Jena,  Claudio Abbado,  Herbert von Karajan,  Karl Böhm  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  North German Radio Chorus,  LaSalle String Quartet,  Amadeus String Quartet  ... 
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  • 41.
    Pablo Casals - The Complete EMI Recordings
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 94932 Release Date: 06/16/2009   Number of Discs: 9
    Composer:  Manel Saderra,  Julio Garreta,  Enrique Casals,  Pablo Casals  ... 
    Performer:  Pablo Casals,  Otto Schulhof,  Blas Net,  Jacques Thibaud  ... 
    Conductor:  Pablo Casals,  Landon Ronald,  Alfred Cortot,  Sir Adrian Boult  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cobla "La Principal de Gerona",  London Symphony Orchestra,  Pablo Casals Orchestra  ... 
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  • 42.
    Brahms: Violin Concerto, Double Concerto / Booren, Verhey, Starker, Et Al
    Label: Brilliant Classics   Catalog: 93249 Release Date: 05/05/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Borika Van Den Booren,  János Starker,  Emmy Verhey
    Conductor:  Eduardo Marturet,  Arpád Joó
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Symphony Orchestra,  Amsterdam Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 43.
    Yehudi Menuhin - The Great EMI Recordings
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 64131 Release Date: 04/21/2009   Number of Discs: 50
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Lili Boulanger,  Ernest Bloch,  Ludwig van Beethoven  ... 
    Performer:  Yehudi Menuhin,  Ferguson Webster,  Derek Simpson,  Robert Masters  ... 
    Conductor:  Sir Adrian Boult,  John Pritchard,  George Enescu,  Sir William Walton  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Philharmonic Orchestra,  Philharmonia Orchestra,  Colonne Concerts Orchestra  ... 
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  • 44.
    Brahms: Violin Concerto, Double Concerto / Repin, Mork
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 001264802 Release Date: 03/17/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Vadim Repin,  Truls Otterbech Mork
    Conductor:  Riccardo Chailly
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Leipzig Gewandhaus Orchestra
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  • 45.
    Georg Kulenkampff Plays Brahms / Mainardi, Schuricht, Et Al
    Label: Dutton Laboratories/Vocalion   Catalog: 9795 Release Date: 03/10/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Georg Kulenkampff,  Enrico Mainardi
    Conductor:  Carl Schuricht
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Suisse Romande Orchestra
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  • 46.
    Beethoven: Triple Concerto Op 56;  Brahms: Double Concerto Op 102 / Kertesz, Menuhin, Gendron
    Label: Bbc Legends   Catalog: 4252 Release Date: 02/24/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Hephzibah Menuhin,  Maurice Gendron,  Yehudi Menuhin
    Conductor:  István Kertész
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra
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  • 47.
    Brahms: Double Concerto, Academic Festival Overture
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 410031 Release Date: 11/18/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Mischa Maisky,  Gidon Kremer
    Conductor:  Leonard Bernstein
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 48.
    Zino Francescatti Vol 3 - Brahms, Tchaikovsky, Bruch, Kreisler
    Label: Doremi Records   Catalog: 7888 Release Date: 11/11/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Max Bruch,  Fritz Kreisler
    Performer:  Samuel Mayes,  Zino Francescatti
    Conductor:  Charles Munch,  Donald Voorhees
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Boston Symphony Orchestra,  Bell Telephone Hour Orchestra
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  • 49.
    Icon - Alfred Cortot - The Master Pianist
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 17304 Release Date: 10/28/2008   Number of Discs: 7
    Composer:  Franz Liszt,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Robert Schumann,  Felix Mendelssohn  ... 
    Performer:  Alfred Cortot,  Jacques Thibaud,  Pablo Casals
    Conductor:  Alfred Cortot
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Pablo Casals Orchestra
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  • 50.
    Classical Dreams / Norrington, Winschermann,  Zhukov, Hartung, Et Al
    Label: Profil   Catalog: 8065 Release Date: 09/30/2008   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Fernando Sor,  Josef Suk  ... 
    Performer:  Thomas Zehetmair,  Antonio Meneses,  Wilhelm Backhaus,  Friedemann Wuttke  ... 
    Conductor:  Kurt Sanderling,  Volker Hartung,  Roger Norrington,  Herbert von Karajan  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cologne West German Radio Symphony Orchestra,  European Philharmonic Orchestra,  Camerata Salzburg  ... 
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