Johannes Brahms

Biography

Born: 1833   Died: 1897   Country: Germany   Period: Romantic
The stature of Johannes Brahms among classical composers is well illustrated by his inclusion among the "Three Bs" triumvirate of Bach, Beethoven, and Brahms. Of all the major composers of the late Romantic era, Brahms was the one most attached to the Classical ideal as manifested in the music of Haydn, Mozart, and especially Beethoven; indeed, Hans von Bülow once characterized Brahms' Symphony No. 1 (1855-1876) as "Beethoven's Tenth." As a Read more youth, Brahms was championed by Robert Schumann as music's greatest hope for the future; as a mature composer, Brahms became for conservative musical journalists the most potent symbol of musical tradition, a stalwart against the "degeneration" represented by the music of Wagner and his school. Brahms' symphonies, choral and vocal works, chamber music, and piano pieces are imbued with strong emotional feeling, yet take shape according to a thoroughly considered structural plan.

The son of a double bassist in the Hamburg Philharmonic Society, Brahms demonstrated great promise from the beginning. He began his musical career as a pianist, contributing to the family coffers as a teenager by playing in restaurants, taverns, and even brothels. Though by his early twenties he enjoyed associations with luminaries like violinists Eduard Reményi and Joseph Joachim, the friend and mentor who was most instrumental in advancing his career was Schumann, who all but adopted him and became his most ardent partisan, and their esteem was mutual. Following Schumann's death in 1856, Brahms became the closest confidant and lifelong friend of the composer's widow, pianist and composer Clara Wieck Schumann. After a life of spectacular musical triumphs and failed loves (the composer was involved in several romantic entanglements but never wed), Brahms died of liver cancer on April 3, 1897.

In every genre in which he composed, Brahms produced works that have become staples of the repertory. His most ambitious work, the German Requiem (1863-1867), is the composer's singular reinterpretation of an age-old form. The four symphonies -- lushly scored, grand in scope, and deeply expressive -- are cornerstones of the symphonic literature. Brahms' concertos are, similarly, in a monumental, quasi-symphonic vein: the two piano concertos (1856-1859 and 1881) and the Violin Concerto (1878) call for soloists with both considerable technical skill and stamina. His chamber music is among the most sophisticated and exquisitely crafted of the Romantic era; for but a single example, his works that incorporate the clarinet (e.g., the Trio in A minor, Op. 114 and the two Sonatas, Op. 120), an instrument largely overlooked by his contemporaries, remain unsurpassed. Though the piano sonata never held for Brahms the same appeal it had for Beethoven (Brahms wrote three to Beethoven's 32), he produced a voluminous body of music for the piano. He showed a particular affinity for variations -- notably, on themes of Schumann (1854), Handel (1861), and Paganini (1862-1863) -- and likewise produced a passel of national dances and character pieces such as ballades, intermezzi, and rhapsodies. Collectively, these constitute one of the essential bodies of work in the realm of nineteenth century keyboard music. Read less
Brahms: 4 Ernste Gesange / Goerne, Eschenbach
Release Date: 05/27/2016   Label: Harmonia Mundi  
Catalog: 902174   Number of Discs: 1
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Brahms: String Quartet & Piano Quintet / Kudritskaya, Brodsky Quartet
Release Date: 04/29/2016   Label: Chandos  
Catalog: 10892   Number of Discs: 1
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Brahms, Schumann: Lieder / Murray, Martineau
Release Date: 02/10/2015   Label: Linn Records  
Catalog: 443   Number of Discs: 1
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Brahms: Symphonies Nos. 3 & 4 / Griffiths
Release Date: 05/13/2016   Label: Klanglogo  
Catalog: 1514   Number of Discs: 1
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Brahms: String Quartet No 2, Clarinet Quintet / Collins, Brodsky Quartet
Release Date: 03/25/2014   Label: Chandos  
Catalog: 10817   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Double Concerto, Op. 102

Browse 26-50 of 96 Available Recordings
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  • 26.
    Oistrakh Collection, Vol. 14
    Label: Doremi Records   Catalog: 8020 Release Date: 11/12/2013   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Franz Joseph Haydn,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Tor Aulin  ... 
    Performer:  David Oistrakh,  Torleif Lonnerholm,  Frans Helmerson,  Tore Rönnebäck  ... 
    Conductor:  Stig Westerberg,  David Oistrakh
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  • 27.
    Europakonzert 2007 / Rattle, Berlin Philharmonic [w. Euroarts & Ideale Audience 2013 Catalog]
    Label: Euroarts   Catalog: 2020238 Release Date: 10/29/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Richard Wagner
    Performer:  Lisa Batiashvili,  Truls Otterbech Mork
    Conductor:  Simon Rattle
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 28.
    Brahms: Double Concerto; Piano Quartet, Op. 60
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 755375 Release Date: 07/09/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Yo-Yo Ma,  Isaac Stern,  Emanuel Ax,  Jaime Laredo
    Conductor:  Claudio Abbado
    CD: $8.99
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  • 29.
    Wilhelm Furtwangler: Wiener Konzerte 1944-1954 [18-CD Set]
    Label: Orfeo   Catalog: 834118 Release Date: 04/30/2013   Number of Discs: 18
    Composer:  Anton Bruckner,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  César Franck,  Ludwig van Beethoven  ... 
    Performer:  Paul Badura-Skoda,  Dagmar Bella,  Paul Schöffler,  Anton Dermota  ... 
    Conductor:  Wilhelm Furtwängler
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Vienna Singakademie,  Vienna Boys' Choir
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    CD: $118.99
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  • 30.
    Emanuel Feuermann Plays Strauss & Brahms
    Label: Opus Kura   Catalog: 2102 Release Date: 12/11/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Emanuel Feuermann,  Jascha Heifetz,  Alexander Hilsberg,  Samuel Lifschey
    Conductor:  Eugene Ormandy
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philadelphia Orchestra
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  • 31.
    Alfred Cortot: Anniversary Edition
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 4907 Release Date: 11/19/2012   Number of Discs: 40
    Composer:  Isaac Albeniz,  Claude Debussy,  Frédéric Chopin,  Franz Liszt  ... 
    Performer:  Alfred Cortot,  Pablo Casals,  Jacques Thibaud,  Charles Panzera  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  International String Quartet
    CD: $126.99
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  • 32.
    Brahms: Violin Concerto, Double Concerto / Spivakov, Kniazev, Termikanov
    Label: Rca   Catalog: 61696 Release Date: 04/30/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Vladimir Spivakov,  Alexander Kniazev
    Conductor:  Yuri Temirkanov
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 33.
    Beethoven: Triple Concerto / Karajan
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 6787052 Release Date: 03/26/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  David Oistrakh,  Mstislav Rostropovich,  Sviatoslav Richter
    Conductor:  George Szell,  Herbert von Karajan
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  • 34.
    Georg Kulenkampff - Concerto Recordings Vol. 5
    Label: Opus Kura   Catalog: 2094 Release Date: 08/09/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Max Bruch,  Johannes Brahms,  Max Reger
    Performer:  Georg Kulenkampff,  Enrico Mainardi
    Conductor:  Carl Schuricht
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Zurich Tonhalle Orchestra,  Suisse Romande Orchestra
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  • 35.
    The Heifetz Collection Vol 5 - 1939-1946
    Label: Rca Victor Gold Seal   Catalog: 61736 Release Date: 01/25/2011   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Johannes Brahms,  Ernest Chausson,  Sergei Prokofiev  ... 
    Performer:  Jascha Heifetz,  Emanuel Feuermann,  Jesús María Sanromá,  Emanuel Bay
    Conductor:  Arturo Toscanini,  Eugene Ormandy,  Sir Eugene Goossens
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  NBC Symphony Orchestra,  Philadelphia Orchestra,  Musical Art String Quartet  ... 
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  • 36.
    Zubin Mehta & The Israel Philharmonic Orchestra - Live Recordings 1963-2006 [12-CD Set]
    Label: Helicon   Catalog: 9625 Release Date: 12/07/2010   Number of Discs: 12
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Gioachino Rossini,  Giuseppe Verdi,  Ludwig van Beethoven  ... 
    Performer:  Radu Lupu,  Arie Vardi,  Yefim Bronfman,  Alicia De Larrocha  ... 
    Conductor:  Zubin Mehta
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Israel Philharmonic Orchestra,  Prague Philharmonic Choir,  Scottish National Chorus  ... 
    On sale! $99.98
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  • 37.
    Brahms: Concertos, Symphonies / Haitink, Arrau, Szeryng, Starker [7-CD Collector's Edition]
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 001479902 Release Date: 10/19/2010   Number of Discs: 7
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Claudio Arrau,  Henryk Szeryng,  János Starker
    Conductor:  Bernard Haitink
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra
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  • 38.
    Brahms: Double Concerto, Symphony 4; Wagner / Rattle
    Label: Euroarts   Catalog: 2055998 Release Date: 03/30/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Richard Wagner
    Performer:  Lisa Batiashvili,  Truls Otterbech Mork
    Conductor:  Simon Rattle
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 39.
    Paul Tortelier - The Great EMI Recordings
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 88627 Release Date: 03/09/2010   Number of Discs: 20
    Composer:  Felix Mendelssohn,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Dmitri Shostakovich,  Richard Strauss  ... 
    Performer:  Paul Tortelier,  Jacques Manzone,  Maud Tortelier
    Conductor:  Jörg Faerber,  Sir Philip Ledger
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Württemberg Chamber Orchestra Heilbronn,  London Mozart Players
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  • 40.
    Beethoven: Triple Concerto, Brahms: Double Concerto / Jarvi, Trio Poseidon, Gothenburg
    Label: Chandos   Catalog: 10564 Release Date: 02/23/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Claes Gunnarsson,  Sara Trobäck Hesselink
    Conductor:  Neeme Järvi
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Gothenburg Symphony Orchestra,  Trio Poseidon
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  • 41.
    Bernstein Edition - Brahms: Violin Concerto, Double Concerto
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 431031 Release Date: 01/28/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Gidon Kremer,  Mischa Maisky
    Conductor:  Leonard Bernstein
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 42.
    Brahms: Double Concerto; Mendelssohn: Violin Concerto
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 49486 Release Date: 12/01/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Felix Mendelssohn
    Performer:  Itzhak Perlman,  Mstislav Rostropovich
    Conductor:  Bernard Haitink
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra
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  • 43.
    1967 Carnegie Hall Marathon / Rostropovich, Rozhdestvensky, Et Al
    Label: Doremi Records   Catalog: 7974 Release Date: 10/13/2009   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Sir Edward Elgar,  Dmitri Shostakovich,  Walter Piston,  Boris Tchaikovsky  ... 
    Performer:  Mstislav Rostropovich,  Glynne Adams,  Itzhak Perlman
    Conductor:  Gennadi Rozhdestvensky,  Lukas Foss
    On sale! $111.98
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  • 44.
    Ultimate Brahms [5-CD Set]
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 001313402 Release Date: 08/25/2009   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Henryk Szeryng,  János Starker,  Claudio Arrau
    Conductor:  Bernard Haitink,  Wolfgang Sawallisch
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra,  Vienna Symphony Orchestra
    CD: $21.99
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  • 45.
    Szymon Goldberg Centenary Edition Vol 1 - Non-commercial Recordings
    Label: Music & Arts   Catalog: 1223 Release Date: 08/11/2009   Number of Discs: 8
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Robert Schumann,  Claude Debussy,  Antonín Dvorák  ... 
    Performer:  Szymon Goldberg,  Artur Balsam,  Zara Nelsova,  Victor Babin  ... 
    Conductor:  Szymon Goldberg,  Gerhard Samuel,  Eduard Van Beinum,  Dimitri Mitropoulos  ... 
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  • 46.
    Brahms: Violin Concerto, Double Concerto / Booren, Verhey, Starker, Et Al
    Label: Brilliant Classics   Catalog: 93249 Release Date: 05/05/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Borika Van Den Booren,  János Starker,  Emmy Verhey
    Conductor:  Eduardo Marturet,  Arpád Joó
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Symphony Orchestra,  Amsterdam Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 47.
    Brahms: Violin Concerto, Double Concerto / Repin, Mork
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 001264802 Release Date: 03/17/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Vadim Repin,  Truls Otterbech Mork
    Conductor:  Riccardo Chailly
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Leipzig Gewandhaus Orchestra
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  • 48.
    Georg Kulenkampff Plays Brahms / Mainardi, Schuricht, Et Al
    Label: Dutton Laboratories/Vocalion   Catalog: 9795 Release Date: 03/10/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Georg Kulenkampff,  Enrico Mainardi
    Conductor:  Carl Schuricht
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Suisse Romande Orchestra
    CD: $12.99
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  • 49.
    Brahms: Double Concerto, Academic Festival Overture
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 410031 Release Date: 11/18/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Mischa Maisky,  Gidon Kremer
    Conductor:  Leonard Bernstein
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 50.
    Zino Francescatti Vol 3 - Brahms, Tchaikovsky, Bruch, Kreisler
    Label: Doremi Records   Catalog: 7888 Release Date: 11/11/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Max Bruch,  Fritz Kreisler
    Performer:  Samuel Mayes,  Zino Francescatti
    Conductor:  Charles Munch,  Donald Voorhees
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Boston Symphony Orchestra,  Bell Telephone Hour Orchestra
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