Johannes Brahms

Biography

Born: 1833   Died: 1897   Country: Germany   Period: Romantic
The stature of Johannes Brahms among classical composers is well illustrated by his inclusion among the "Three Bs" triumvirate of Bach, Beethoven, and Brahms. Of all the major composers of the late Romantic era, Brahms was the one most attached to the Classical ideal as manifested in the music of Haydn, Mozart, and especially Beethoven; indeed, Hans von Bülow once characterized Brahms' Symphony No. 1 (1855-1876) as "Beethoven's Tenth." As a Read more youth, Brahms was championed by Robert Schumann as music's greatest hope for the future; as a mature composer, Brahms became for conservative musical journalists the most potent symbol of musical tradition, a stalwart against the "degeneration" represented by the music of Wagner and his school. Brahms' symphonies, choral and vocal works, chamber music, and piano pieces are imbued with strong emotional feeling, yet take shape according to a thoroughly considered structural plan.

The son of a double bassist in the Hamburg Philharmonic Society, Brahms demonstrated great promise from the beginning. He began his musical career as a pianist, contributing to the family coffers as a teenager by playing in restaurants, taverns, and even brothels. Though by his early twenties he enjoyed associations with luminaries like violinists Eduard Reményi and Joseph Joachim, the friend and mentor who was most instrumental in advancing his career was Schumann, who all but adopted him and became his most ardent partisan, and their esteem was mutual. Following Schumann's death in 1856, Brahms became the closest confidant and lifelong friend of the composer's widow, pianist and composer Clara Wieck Schumann. After a life of spectacular musical triumphs and failed loves (the composer was involved in several romantic entanglements but never wed), Brahms died of liver cancer on April 3, 1897.

In every genre in which he composed, Brahms produced works that have become staples of the repertory. His most ambitious work, the German Requiem (1863-1867), is the composer's singular reinterpretation of an age-old form. The four symphonies -- lushly scored, grand in scope, and deeply expressive -- are cornerstones of the symphonic literature. Brahms' concertos are, similarly, in a monumental, quasi-symphonic vein: the two piano concertos (1856-1859 and 1881) and the Violin Concerto (1878) call for soloists with both considerable technical skill and stamina. His chamber music is among the most sophisticated and exquisitely crafted of the Romantic era; for but a single example, his works that incorporate the clarinet (e.g., the Trio in A minor, Op. 114 and the two Sonatas, Op. 120), an instrument largely overlooked by his contemporaries, remain unsurpassed. Though the piano sonata never held for Brahms the same appeal it had for Beethoven (Brahms wrote three to Beethoven's 32), he produced a voluminous body of music for the piano. He showed a particular affinity for variations -- notably, on themes of Schumann (1854), Handel (1861), and Paganini (1862-1863) -- and likewise produced a passel of national dances and character pieces such as ballades, intermezzi, and rhapsodies. Collectively, these constitute one of the essential bodies of work in the realm of nineteenth century keyboard music. Read less
Brahms, Schumann, Mahler: Piano Quartets /  Hope, Neubauer, Finckel, Han
Release Date: 04/21/2015   Label: Deutsche Grammophon  
Catalog: 002290602  
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Brahms: Piano Quintet, Clarinet Trio / Ashkenazy
Release Date: 11/27/2007   Label: Decca  
Catalog: 425839   Number of Discs: 1
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Brahms: Serenades / Chailly, Gewandhaus
Release Date: 03/10/2015   Label: Decca  
Catalog: 002268902  
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Johannes Brahms: Sonatas for Clarinet & Piano
Release Date: 04/14/2015   Label: Harmonia Mundi  
Catalog: 902187   Number of Discs: 1
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Brahms: Double Concerto, Piano Quartet No 1
Release Date: 03/11/2008   Label: Arte Nova  
Catalog: 391150   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Double Concerto, Op. 102

Browse 101-106 of 106 Available Recordings
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  • 101.
    Art Of Classics - Brahms: Masterpieces Vol 1
    Label: Intercord Klassische Diskothek   Catalog: 25924 Release Date: 05/23/1995   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Mark Kaplan,  David Geringas,  Dieter Goldmann
    Conductor:  Michael Gielen,  Hans Swarowsky,  Alfred Scholz
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Southwest German Radio Symphony Orchestra,  South German Philharmonic Orchestra,  Munich Symphony Orchestra
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  • 102.
    Brahms: Violin Concerto, Double Concerto / Mutter, Karajan
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 1154006 Release Date: 10/12/1993   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Antonio Meneses,  Anne-Sophie Mutter
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 103.
    Brahms, Bruch: Concertos / Mordkovitch, Wallfisch, Järvi
    Label: Chandos   Catalog: 8667 Release Date: 10/28/1992   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Max Bruch
    Performer:  Lydia Mordkovitch,  Raphael Wallfisch
    Conductor:  Neeme Järvi
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra
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  • 104.
    Isaac Stern Collection - The Early Concerto Recordings Vol 1
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 45952 Release Date: 07/01/1991   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Maurice Ravel,  Felix Mendelssohn,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky  ... 
    Performer:  Leonard Rose,  Isaac Stern,  Alexander Zakin,  David Oistrakh
    Conductor:  Bruno Walter,  Eugene Ormandy,  Alexander Hilsberg,  Sir Thomas Beecham  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New York Philharmonic,  Philadelphia Orchestra,  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
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  • 105.
    Brahms: Double Concerto / Francescatti, Fournier, Walter
    Label: Cbs Great Performances   Catalog: 37237 Release Date: 10/25/1990   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Pierre Fournier,  Zino Francescatti
    Conductor:  Bruno Walter
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Columbia Symphony Orchestra
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  • 106.
    Brahms: Double Concerto, Etc / Stern, Ma, Abbado, Et Al
    Label: Cbs Masterworks   Catalog: 42387 Release Date: 10/25/1990   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Yo-Yo Ma,  Isaac Stern,  Emanuel Ax,  Jaime Laredo
    Conductor:  Claudio Abbado
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chicago Symphony Orchestra
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Johannes Brahms


WORKS
Symphony No. 1 in C Minor, Op.68 (1999 - Remaster): I. Un poco sostenuto - Allegro
Symphony No. 1 in C Minor, Op.68 (1999 - Remaster): II. Andante sostenuto
Symphony No. 1 in C Minor, Op.68 (1999 - Remaster): III. Un poco allegretto e grazioso
Symphony No. 1 in C Minor, Op.68 (1999 - Remaster): IV. Adagio - Piů andante - Allegro non troppo ma con brio
1. Allegro non troppo
2. Adagio non troppo - L'istesso tempo, ma grazioso
3. Allegretto grazioso ( Quasi andantino) - Presto ma non assai
4. Allegro con spirito
Symphony No. 3 in F Major, Op. 90: I. Allegro con brio
II. Andante
III. Poco Allegretto
IV. Allegro
1. Allegro non troppo
2. Andante moderato
3. Allegro giocoso - Poco meno presto - Tempo I
4. Allegro energico e passionato - Piů allegro
I. Maestoso
II. Adagio
III. Rondo - Allegro non troppo
Piano Concerto No. 2 in B-Flat, Op. 83: Allegro non troppo
Allegro appassionato
Andante
Allegretto grazioso
Allegro non troppo
Adagio
Allegro giocoso, ma non troppo vivace
Double Concerto for Violin & Cello in A Minor, Op.102 (1997 - Remaster): I. Allegro
Double Concerto for Violin & Cello in A Minor, Op.102 (1997 - Remaster): II. Andante
Double Concerto for Violin & Cello in A Minor, Op.102 (1997 - Remaster): III. Vivace non troppo
Variations on a Theme by Haydn ('St Antoni Chorale') Op. 56a (1989 Digital Remaster): Variation VIII: Presto non troppo
Variations on a Theme by Haydn ('St Antoni Chorale') Op. 56a (1989 Digital Remaster): Finale: Andante
Hungarian Dance No.1 in G Minor, WoO 1
Hungarian Dance No.2 in D minor - Orchestrated by Iván Fischer
Hungarian Dance No.3 in F - Orchestrated by Brahms
Hungarian Dance No.4 in F sharp minor - Orchestrated by Iván Fischer
Hungarian Dance No.5 in G minor - Orchestrated by Iván Fischer
Hungarian Dance No.6 in D flat - Orchestrated by Albert Parlow
Hungarian Dance No.7 in F Hungarian Dance No. 7 in A - Orchestrated by Iván Fischer
Hungarian Dance No.8 in A minor - Orchestrated by R. Schollum
Hungarian Dance No.9 in E minor - Orchestrated by R. Schollum
Hungarian Dance No.10 in F - Orchestrated by Brahms
Hungarian Dance No.11 in D minor - Orchestrated by Iván Fischer
Hungarian Dance No.12 in D minor - Orchestrated by Iván Fischer
Hungarian Dance No.13 in D - Orchestrated by Iván Fischer
Hungarian Dance No.14 in D minor - Orchestrated by Iván Fischer
Hungarian Dance No.15 in B flat - Orchestrated by Frigyes Hidas
Hungarian Dance No.16 in F minor - Orchestrated by Albert Parlow
Hungarian Dance No.17 in F sharp minor - Orchestrated by Frigyes Hidas
Hungarian Dance No.18 in D - Orchestrated by Frigyes Hidas
Hungarian Dance No.19 in B minor - Orchestrated by Antonín Dvorák
Hungarian Dance No.20 in E minor - Orchestrated by Antonín Dvorák
Hungarian Dance No.21 in E minor - Orchestrated by Antonín Dvorák
Ein deutsches Requiem, Op. 45 (1997 Digital Remaster): Ziemlich langsam - Selig sind, die da Leid tragen
Ein deutsches Requiem, Op. 45 (1997 Digital Remaster): Langsam, marschmäßig - Denn alles Fleisch es ist wie Gras
Ein deutsches Requiem, Op. 45 (1997 Digital Remaster): Andante moderato - Herr, lehre doch mich
Ein deutsches Requiem, Op. 45 (1997 Digital Remaster): Mäßig bewegt - Wie lieblich sind deine Wohnungen
Ein deutsches Requiem, Op. 45 (1997 Digital Remaster): Langsam - Ihr habt nun Traurigkeit
Ein deutsches Requiem, Op. 45 (1997 Digital Remaster): Andante - Denn wir haben hie keine bleibende Statt
Ein deutsches Requiem, Op. 45 (1997 Digital Remaster): Feierlich - Selig sind die Toten, die in dem Herren sterben