Johannes Brahms

Biography

Born: 1833   Died: 1897   Country: Germany   Period: Romantic
The stature of Johannes Brahms among classical composers is well illustrated by his inclusion among the "Three Bs" triumvirate of Bach, Beethoven, and Brahms. Of all the major composers of the late Romantic era, Brahms was the one most attached to the Classical ideal as manifested in the music of Haydn, Mozart, and especially Beethoven; indeed, Hans von Bülow once characterized Brahms' Symphony No. 1 (1855-1876) as "Beethoven's Tenth." As a Read more youth, Brahms was championed by Robert Schumann as music's greatest hope for the future; as a mature composer, Brahms became for conservative musical journalists the most potent symbol of musical tradition, a stalwart against the "degeneration" represented by the music of Wagner and his school. Brahms' symphonies, choral and vocal works, chamber music, and piano pieces are imbued with strong emotional feeling, yet take shape according to a thoroughly considered structural plan.

The son of a double bassist in the Hamburg Philharmonic Society, Brahms demonstrated great promise from the beginning. He began his musical career as a pianist, contributing to the family coffers as a teenager by playing in restaurants, taverns, and even brothels. Though by his early twenties he enjoyed associations with luminaries like violinists Eduard Reményi and Joseph Joachim, the friend and mentor who was most instrumental in advancing his career was Schumann, who all but adopted him and became his most ardent partisan, and their esteem was mutual. Following Schumann's death in 1856, Brahms became the closest confidant and lifelong friend of the composer's widow, pianist and composer Clara Wieck Schumann. After a life of spectacular musical triumphs and failed loves (the composer was involved in several romantic entanglements but never wed), Brahms died of liver cancer on April 3, 1897.

In every genre in which he composed, Brahms produced works that have become staples of the repertory. His most ambitious work, the German Requiem (1863-1867), is the composer's singular reinterpretation of an age-old form. The four symphonies -- lushly scored, grand in scope, and deeply expressive -- are cornerstones of the symphonic literature. Brahms' concertos are, similarly, in a monumental, quasi-symphonic vein: the two piano concertos (1856-1859 and 1881) and the Violin Concerto (1878) call for soloists with both considerable technical skill and stamina. His chamber music is among the most sophisticated and exquisitely crafted of the Romantic era; for but a single example, his works that incorporate the clarinet (e.g., the Trio in A minor, Op. 114 and the two Sonatas, Op. 120), an instrument largely overlooked by his contemporaries, remain unsurpassed. Though the piano sonata never held for Brahms the same appeal it had for Beethoven (Brahms wrote three to Beethoven's 32), he produced a voluminous body of music for the piano. He showed a particular affinity for variations -- notably, on themes of Schumann (1854), Handel (1861), and Paganini (1862-1863) -- and likewise produced a passel of national dances and character pieces such as ballades, intermezzi, and rhapsodies. Collectively, these constitute one of the essential bodies of work in the realm of nineteenth century keyboard music. Read less
Brahms: Ein Deutsches Requiem / Wit, Warsaw
Release Date: 04/29/2014   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 573061   Number of Discs: 1
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Martin Frost Plays Brahms
Release Date: 07/08/2014   Label: Bis  
Catalog: 2063   Number of Discs: 1
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Brahms / Abbado, Berliner Philharmoniker [5-CD Set]
Release Date: 07/08/2014   Label: Deutsche Grammophon  
Catalog: 002065002   Number of Discs: 5
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Brahms, Schoenberg, Beethoven / Fujimura, Abbado, Lucerne Festival Orchestra
Release Date: 05/27/2014   Label: Accentus  
Catalog: 20282   Number of Discs: 1
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Dvorák: Requiem;  Brahms / Mertens, Hagel, Et Al
Release Date: 10/31/2006   Label: Profil  
Catalog: 6050   Number of Discs: 2
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Work: Concerto for Violin in D major, Op. 77

Browse 26-50 of 234 Available Recordings
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  • 26.
    Philips Original Jackets Collection  [55-CD Set]
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 001767702 Release Date: 12/04/2012   Number of Discs: 55
    Composer:  Max Bruch,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Johannes Brahms,  Gioachino Rossini  ... 
    Performer:  Salvatore Accardo,  Elisabeth Unger,  Claudio Arrau,  Thomas Zehetmair  ... 
    Conductor:  Kurt Masur,  Bernard Haitink,  Frans Brüggen,  Simon Rattle  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Leipzig Gewandhaus Orchestra,  London Philharmonic Orchestra,  Beaux Arts Trio  ... 
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  • 27.
    Brahms: Violin Concerto Op. 77 / Neveu, Desormiere, Orchestre National De France (Mono SACD)
    Label: Tahra   Catalog: 731 Release Date: 11/13/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Ginette Neveu
    Conductor:  Roger Desormičre
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  ORTF Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 28.
    Brahms: Violinkonzert, Op. 77 / 	Ginette Neveu, Schmidt-isserstedt
    Label: Acanta/Pilz   Catalog: 233585 Release Date: 10/30/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Ginette Neveu
    Conductor:  Hans Schmidt-Isserstedt
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  North German Radio Symphony Orchestra
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  • 29.
    Berg, Brahms: Violin Concertos / Capucon, Harding, Wiener Philharmoniker
    Label: Virgin Classics   Catalog: 2653 Release Date: 10/09/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Alban Berg,  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Renaud Capuçon
    Conductor:  Daniel Harding
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 30.
    Berg, Brahms: Violin Concertos / Capucon, Harding, Wiener Philharmoniker
    Label: Virgin Classics   Catalog: 973396 Release Date: 10/09/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Alban Berg,  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Renaud Capuçon
    Conductor:  Daniel Harding
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 31.
    Zino Francescatti Plays Brahms
    Label: Hänssler Classic   Catalog: 94219 Release Date: 08/28/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Zino Francescatti
    Conductor:  Ernest Bour
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  SWR Baden-Baden and Freiburg Symphony Orchestra
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  • 32.
    Label: Zyx Records   Catalog: 7 Release Date: 06/01/2012   Number of Discs: 10
    Composer:  Anton Rubinstein,  Bedrich Smetana,  Antonín Dvorák,  Niccolň Paganini  ... 
    Performer:  Michael Ponti,  Iwan Czerkow,  Dubravka Tomsic,  Ivan Cerkov  ... 
    Conductor:  Othmar M. F. Mága,  Heribert Beissel,  Vladimir Petroschoff,  Alfred Scholz  ... 
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  • 33.
    The Art Of Gioconda De Vito
    Label: Andromeda   Catalog: 9090 Release Date: 05/29/2012   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  George Frideric Handel,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Arcangelo Corelli  ... 
    Performer:  Gioconda De Vito
    Conductor:  Eugen Jochum
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra
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  • 34.
    Beethoven: Triple Concerto; Brahms: Double Concerto, Violin Concerto / Richter, Rostropovich, Oistrakh
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 55978 Release Date: 05/08/2012   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  David Oistrakh,  Mstislav Rostropovich,  Sviatoslav Richter
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan,  George Szell
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Cleveland Orchestra
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  • 35.
    Brahms: Violin Concerto, Double Concerto / Spivakov, Kniazev, Termikanov
    Label: Rca   Catalog: 61696 Release Date: 05/07/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Vladimir Spivakov,  Alexander Kniazev
    Conductor:  Yuri Temirkanov
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 36.
    Great Violin Concertos
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8501058 Release Date: 04/24/2012   Number of Discs: 10
    Composer:  Antonio Vivaldi,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Louis Spohr  ... 
    Performer:  Takako Nishizaki,  Simone Lamsma,  Ilya Kaler,  Misha Keylin  ... 
    Conductor:  Stephen Gunzenhauser,  Oliver Dohnányi,  Patrick Gallois,  Kenneth Jean  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Capella Istropolitana,  Sinfonia Finlandia,  Slovak Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
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  • 37.
    Mozart: Violin Concerto No. 3; Brahms: Violin Concerto
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 02297 Release Date: 04/24/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
    Performer:  Frank Peter Zimmermann
    Conductor:  Wolfgang Sawallisch
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  • 38.
    Brahms, Dvorak: Violin Concertos /  Perlman, Giulini, Barenboim
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 6787062 Release Date: 03/26/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Antonín Dvorák
    Performer:  Itzhak Perlman
    Conductor:  Carlo Maria Giulini,  Daniel Barenboim
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  • 39.
    Brahms: Violin Concerto / Kennedy, Tennstedt, London Philharmonic
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 6027375 Release Date: 03/13/2012  
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Nigel Kennedy
    Conductor:  Klaus Tennstedt
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 40.
    The Very Best Of David Oistrakh
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 678987 Release Date: 03/13/2012   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Sergei Prokofiev,  Franz Schubert,  Alexander Zaracycki  ... 
    Performer:  David Oistrakh,  Lev Oborin,  Svyatoslav Knushevitsky,  Vladimir Yampolsky  ... 
    Conductor:  George Szell,  Alceo Galliera,  Maxim Shostakovich,  Herbert von Karajan  ... 
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  • 41.
    Hilary Hahn Spectacular
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 795069 Release Date: 02/21/2012   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Felix Mendelssohn,  Dmitri Shostakovich,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Johannes Brahms  ... 
    Performer:  Hilary Hahn
    Conductor:  Marek Janowski,  Hugh Wolff,  David Zinman,  Sir Neville Marriner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Oslo Philharmonic Orchestra,  Baltimore Symphony Orchestra,  Academy of St. Martin in the Fields  ... 
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  • 42.
    Brahms: Concerto For Violin Op. 77; Bruch: Concerto For Violin No. 1
    Label: Archipel   Catalog: ARPCD0313 Release Date: 01/01/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Max Bruch
    CD: $9.99
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  • 43.
    Brahms: Violin Concerto; Dvorak: Symphony No. 8
    Label: Archipel   Catalog: ARPCD0233 Release Date: 01/01/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Antonín Dvorák
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  • 44.
    Label: Archipel   Catalog: ARPCD0476 Release Date: 01/01/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Ernest Chausson
    Performer:  David Oistrakh,  Igor Oistrakh
    Conductor:  Fritz Rieger,  Franz Konwitschny,  Kiril Kondrashin
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  • 45.
    Label: Archipel   Catalog: ARPCD0074 Release Date: 01/01/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Felix Mendelssohn,  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Yehudi Menuhin
    Conductor:  Wilhelm Furtwängler
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  • 46.
    Brahms, Sibelius, Arvo Part / Tasmin Little
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 0858622 Release Date: 11/29/2011   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Jean Sibelius,  Arvo Pärt
    Performer:  Tasmin Little,  Richard Studt,  Martin Roscoe
    Conductor:  Vernon Handley,  Richard Studt
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Liverpool Philharmonic Orchestra,  Bournemouth Sinfonietta
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  • 47.
    Anne-Sophie Mutter - The Complete Musician [40-CD Limited Edition]
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: B001587372 Release Date: 10/11/2011   Number of Discs: 40
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Felix Mendelssohn,  Max Bruch  ... 
    Performer:  Anne-Sophie Mutter,  Mark Zeltser,  Yo-Yo Ma,  Antonio Meneses  ... 
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan,  Paul Sacher,  Witold Lutoslawski,  James Levine  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Philharmonia Orchestra  ... 
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  • 48.
    Icon: William Steinberg
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 26486 Release Date: 10/11/2011   Number of Discs: 20
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Johannes Brahms,  Franz Joseph Haydn,  Franz Schubert  ... 
    Performer:  Nathan Milstein,  Rudolf Firkusny
    Conductor:  William Steinberg
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra,  Philharmonia Orchestra,  Los Angeles Philharmonic Orchestra
    CD: $63.99
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  • 49.
    Brahms: Violin Concerto, Hungarian Dances / Baiba Skride
    Label: Orfeo   Catalog: 829112 Release Date: 07/26/2011   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Baiba Skride,  Lauma Skride
    Conductor:  Sakari Oramo
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Stockholm Philharmonic Orchestra
    CD: $22.49
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  • 50.
    Violin Concertos - Bach, Beethoven, Brahms, Bruch
    Label: Brilliant Classics   Catalog: 94096 Release Date: 06/28/2011   Number of Discs: 10
    Composer:  Felix Mendelssohn,  Antonín Dvorák,  Niccolň Paganini,  Jean Sibelius  ... 
    Performer:  David Oistrakh,  Alexandre Dubach,  Ilya Grubert,  Borika Van Den Booren  ... 
    Conductor:  Kiril Kondrashin,  Michel Sasson,  Lawrence Foster,  Igor Golovschin  ... 
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