Johannes Brahms

Biography

Born: 1833   Died: 1897   Country: Germany   Period: Romantic
The stature of Johannes Brahms among classical composers is well illustrated by his inclusion among the "Three Bs" triumvirate of Bach, Beethoven, and Brahms. Of all the major composers of the late Romantic era, Brahms was the one most attached to the Classical ideal as manifested in the music of Haydn, Mozart, and especially Beethoven; indeed, Hans von Bülow once characterized Brahms' Symphony No. 1 (1855-1876) as "Beethoven's Tenth." As a Read more youth, Brahms was championed by Robert Schumann as music's greatest hope for the future; as a mature composer, Brahms became for conservative musical journalists the most potent symbol of musical tradition, a stalwart against the "degeneration" represented by the music of Wagner and his school. Brahms' symphonies, choral and vocal works, chamber music, and piano pieces are imbued with strong emotional feeling, yet take shape according to a thoroughly considered structural plan.

The son of a double bassist in the Hamburg Philharmonic Society, Brahms demonstrated great promise from the beginning. He began his musical career as a pianist, contributing to the family coffers as a teenager by playing in restaurants, taverns, and even brothels. Though by his early twenties he enjoyed associations with luminaries like violinists Eduard Reményi and Joseph Joachim, the friend and mentor who was most instrumental in advancing his career was Schumann, who all but adopted him and became his most ardent partisan, and their esteem was mutual. Following Schumann's death in 1856, Brahms became the closest confidant and lifelong friend of the composer's widow, pianist and composer Clara Wieck Schumann. After a life of spectacular musical triumphs and failed loves (the composer was involved in several romantic entanglements but never wed), Brahms died of liver cancer on April 3, 1897.

In every genre in which he composed, Brahms produced works that have become staples of the repertory. His most ambitious work, the German Requiem (1863-1867), is the composer's singular reinterpretation of an age-old form. The four symphonies -- lushly scored, grand in scope, and deeply expressive -- are cornerstones of the symphonic literature. Brahms' concertos are, similarly, in a monumental, quasi-symphonic vein: the two piano concertos (1856-1859 and 1881) and the Violin Concerto (1878) call for soloists with both considerable technical skill and stamina. His chamber music is among the most sophisticated and exquisitely crafted of the Romantic era; for but a single example, his works that incorporate the clarinet (e.g., the Trio in A minor, Op. 114 and the two Sonatas, Op. 120), an instrument largely overlooked by his contemporaries, remain unsurpassed. Though the piano sonata never held for Brahms the same appeal it had for Beethoven (Brahms wrote three to Beethoven's 32), he produced a voluminous body of music for the piano. He showed a particular affinity for variations -- notably, on themes of Schumann (1854), Handel (1861), and Paganini (1862-1863) -- and likewise produced a passel of national dances and character pieces such as ballades, intermezzi, and rhapsodies. Collectively, these constitute one of the essential bodies of work in the realm of nineteenth century keyboard music. Read less
Brahms: Piano Concertos Nos. 1 & 2 / Pollini, Thielemann, Staatskapelle Dresden
Release Date: 07/15/2016   Label: Deutsche Grammophon  
Catalog: B002520602   Number of Discs: 2
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Brahms: The Four Symphonies; Academic Festival & Tragic Overtures; Haydn Variations / Barbirolli
Release Date: 01/29/2016   Label: Warner Classics  
Catalog: 553993   Number of Discs: 3
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Brahms: Complete Piano Trios, Vol. 1 / Vienna Piano Trio
Release Date: 07/08/2016   Label: Md&g (Dabringhaus & Grimm)  
Catalog: 9421962   Number of Discs: 1
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Brahms: String Quartets Nos. 1 & 2 / New Zealand String Quartet
Release Date: 07/08/2016   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 8573433   Number of Discs: 1
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Herzogenberg & Brahms: String Quartets / Minguet Quartet
Release Date: 07/08/2016   Label: Cpo  
Catalog: 777084   Number of Discs: 2
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Work: Concerto for Violin in D major, Op. 77

Browse 176-200 of 202 Available Recordings
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  • 176.
    Karajan Edition - Mozart: Sinfonia Concertante;  Brahms
    Label: Emi Classics Special Import   Catalog: 66101 Release Date: 03/06/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
    Performer:  Gidon Kremer,  Norbert Hauptmann,  Herbert Stähr,  Manfred Braun  ... 
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 177.
    Brahms: Symphony No 3, Hungarian Dances / Karajan
    Label: Dg Panorama   Catalog: 469124 Release Date: 01/23/2001   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Wilhelm Kempff,  Christa Ludwig,  Pinchas Zukerman,  Daniel Barenboim  ... 
    Conductor:  Karl Böhm,  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Chamber Choir,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 178.
    Beethoven: Symphony No 2; Brahms Violin Concerto / Mitropoulos, Francescatti
    Label: Orfeo D'or   Catalog: 534001 Release Date: 09/19/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Zino Francescatti
    Conductor:  Dimitri Mitropoulos
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 179.
    Brahms, Mozart: Violinkonzerte / Zimmermann, Sawallisch
    Label: Emi Classics Special Import   Catalog: 55426 Release Date: 06/13/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
    Performer:  Frank Peter Zimmermann
    Conductor:  Wolfgang Sawallisch
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 180.
    Artists of the Century - Jascha Heifetz - The Supreme
    Label: Rca Victor Red Seal   Catalog: 63470 Release Date: 02/08/2000   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  George Gershwin,  Alexander Glazunov,  Jean Sibelius,  Max Bruch  ... 
    Performer:  Brooks Smith,  Jascha Heifetz,  Osian Ellis
    Conductor:  Walter Hendl,  Sir Malcolm Sargent,  Fritz Reiner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  RCA Victor Symphony Orchestra,  Chicago Symphony Orchestra,  New Symphony Orchestra
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  • 181.
    Brahms, Saint-saëns: Violin Concertos / Oliveira, Et Al
    Label: Artek   Catalog: 3 Release Date: 08/10/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Camille Saint-Saëns,  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Elmar Oliveira
    Conductor:  Gerard Schwarz
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Seattle Symphony Orchestra
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  • 182.
    Brahms, Beethoven: Violin Concertos / Rosand, Inouye, Et Al
    Label: Vox Classics   Catalog: 7902 Release Date: 04/27/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Aaron Rosand
    Conductor:  Derrick Inouye
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Monte Carlo Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 183.
    Brahms: Violin Concerto, Sonata No 3 / Vengerov, Barenboim
    Label: Teldec   Catalog: 17144 Release Date: 01/26/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Daniel Barenboim,  Maxim Vengerov
    Conductor:  Daniel Barenboim
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chicago Symphony Orchestra
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  • 184.
    Brahms, Mendelssohn: Violin Concertos / Schneiderhan, Et Al
    Label: Tuxedo Music   Catalog: 1005 Release Date: 11/01/1998   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Felix Mendelssohn,  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Walter Schneiderhan
    Conductor:  Edouard Van Remoortel
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bamberg Symphony Orchestra
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  • 185.
    Legendary Treasures - Jascha Heifetz Collection Vol 3
    Label: Doremi Records   Catalog: 7717 Release Date: 04/21/1998   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Edouard Lalo,  Camille Saint-Saëns,  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Jascha Heifetz,  Milton Kaye
    Conductor:  Donald Voorhees,  Arturo Toscanini
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bell Telephone Hour Orchestra,  Orchestra,  New York Philharmonic
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  • 186.
    Brahms: Violinkonzert;  Schumann: Fantasie / Mutter, Masur
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 457075 Release Date: 10/14/1997   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Robert Schumann,  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Anne-Sophie Mutter
    Conductor:  Kurt Masur
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New York Philharmonic
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  • 187.
    Brahms, Sibelius, Etc: Violin Concertos / Gidon Kremer
    Label: Emi Classics Double Fforte   Catalog: 69334 Release Date: 09/10/1996   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Carl Maria von Weber,  Alfred Schnittke,  Paul Hindemith,  Robert Schumann  ... 
    Performer:  Andrei Gavrilov,  Gidon Kremer
    Conductor:  Riccardo Muti,  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 188.
    Mendelssohn, Brahms: Violin Concerti / Sitkovetsky, Marriner
    Label: Hänssler Classic   Catalog: 98934 Release Date: 06/18/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Felix Mendelssohn
    Performer:  Dmitri Sitkovetsky
    Conductor:  Sir Neville Marriner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Academy of St. Martin in the Fields
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  • 189.
    Bach, Brahms, Tchaikovsky: Violin Concertos / David Oistrakh
    Label: Dg The Originals   Catalog: 447427 Release Date: 01/23/1996   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Johannes Brahms,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Johann Sebastian Bach
    Performer:  David Oistrakh,  Igor Oistrakh
    Conductor:  Franz Konwitschny,  Sir Eugene Goossens,  David Oistrakh
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Dresden Staatskapelle,  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra,  Vienna Symphony Orchestra
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  • 190.
    Brahms, Tchaikovsky: Violin Concertos / Ida Haendel
    Label: Testament   Catalog: 1038 Release Date: 01/01/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Ida Haendel
    Conductor:  Sir Eugene Goossens,  Sergiu Celibidache
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra,  London Symphony Orchestra
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  • 191.
    Brahms, Tchaikovsky: Violin Concertos / Nathan Milstein
    Label: Emi Seraphim   Catalog: 69035 Release Date: 10/17/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Nathan Milstein
    Conductor:  William Steinberg,  Anatole Fistoulari
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra,  Philharmonia Orchestra
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  • 192.
    Heifetz - Beethoven, Brahms: Concertos / Munch, Reiner
    Label: Rca Victor Red Seal   Catalog: 61742 Release Date: 05/09/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Jascha Heifetz
    Conductor:  Charles Munch,  Fritz Reiner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Boston Symphony Orchestra,  Chicago Symphony Orchestra
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  • 193.
    Mendelssohn, Brahms: Violin Concertos / Mutter, Karajan
    Label: Dg Masters   Catalog: 445515 Release Date: 03/14/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Felix Mendelssohn,  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Anne-Sophie Mutter
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 194.
    Brahms: Violin Concerto / Mullova, Abbado, Berlin PO
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 438998 Release Date: 01/17/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Viktoria Mullova
    Conductor:  Claudio Abbado
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 195.
    Favorite Violin Concertos / Arthur Grumiaux
    Label: Philips Duo   Catalog: 442287 Release Date: 04/12/1994   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Johannes Brahms,  Felix Mendelssohn,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Performer:  Arthur Grumiaux
    Conductor:  Bernard Haitink,  Sir Colin Davis,  Jan Krenz
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra,  New Philharmonia Orchestra
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  • 196.
    Brahms: Violin Concerto, Double Concerto / Mutter, Karajan
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 1154006 Release Date: 10/12/1993   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Antonio Meneses,  Anne-Sophie Mutter
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 197.
    Brahms, Tchaikovsky: Violin Concertos / Heifetz, Reiner
    Label: Rca Victor Living Stereo   Catalog: 61495 Release Date: 03/09/1993   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Jascha Heifetz
    Conductor:  Fritz Reiner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chicago Symphony Orchestra
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  • 198.
    Brahms: Violinkonzert / Perlman, Barenboim, Berlin Po
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 54580 Release Date: 11/17/1992   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Itzhak Perlman
    Conductor:  Daniel Barenboim
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 199.
    Brahms, Bruch: Violin Concertos / Nishizaki, Gunzenhauser
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8550195 Release Date: 06/30/1992   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Max Bruch,  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Takako Nishizaki
    Conductor:  Stephen Gunzenhauser
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Slovak Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 200.
    The Great Violin Concertos / Yehudi Menuhin
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 67310 Release Date: 07/05/1991   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Felix Mendelssohn  ... 
    Performer:  Christian Ferras,  Yehudi Menuhin
    Conductor:  Yehudi Menuhin,  Constantin Silvestri,  Efrem Kurtz,  Rudolf Kempe  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bath Festival Orchestra,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Philharmonia Orchestra  ... 
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