Johannes Brahms

Biography

Born: 1833   Died: 1897   Country: Germany   Period: Romantic
The stature of Johannes Brahms among classical composers is well illustrated by his inclusion among the "Three Bs" triumvirate of Bach, Beethoven, and Brahms. Of all the major composers of the late Romantic era, Brahms was the one most attached to the Classical ideal as manifested in the music of Haydn, Mozart, and especially Beethoven; indeed, Hans von Bülow once characterized Brahms' Symphony No. 1 (1855-1876) as "Beethoven's Tenth." As a Read more youth, Brahms was championed by Robert Schumann as music's greatest hope for the future; as a mature composer, Brahms became for conservative musical journalists the most potent symbol of musical tradition, a stalwart against the "degeneration" represented by the music of Wagner and his school. Brahms' symphonies, choral and vocal works, chamber music, and piano pieces are imbued with strong emotional feeling, yet take shape according to a thoroughly considered structural plan.

The son of a double bassist in the Hamburg Philharmonic Society, Brahms demonstrated great promise from the beginning. He began his musical career as a pianist, contributing to the family coffers as a teenager by playing in restaurants, taverns, and even brothels. Though by his early twenties he enjoyed associations with luminaries like violinists Eduard Reményi and Joseph Joachim, the friend and mentor who was most instrumental in advancing his career was Schumann, who all but adopted him and became his most ardent partisan, and their esteem was mutual. Following Schumann's death in 1856, Brahms became the closest confidant and lifelong friend of the composer's widow, pianist and composer Clara Wieck Schumann. After a life of spectacular musical triumphs and failed loves (the composer was involved in several romantic entanglements but never wed), Brahms died of liver cancer on April 3, 1897.

In every genre in which he composed, Brahms produced works that have become staples of the repertory. His most ambitious work, the German Requiem (1863-1867), is the composer's singular reinterpretation of an age-old form. The four symphonies -- lushly scored, grand in scope, and deeply expressive -- are cornerstones of the symphonic literature. Brahms' concertos are, similarly, in a monumental, quasi-symphonic vein: the two piano concertos (1856-1859 and 1881) and the Violin Concerto (1878) call for soloists with both considerable technical skill and stamina. His chamber music is among the most sophisticated and exquisitely crafted of the Romantic era; for but a single example, his works that incorporate the clarinet (e.g., the Trio in A minor, Op. 114 and the two Sonatas, Op. 120), an instrument largely overlooked by his contemporaries, remain unsurpassed. Though the piano sonata never held for Brahms the same appeal it had for Beethoven (Brahms wrote three to Beethoven's 32), he produced a voluminous body of music for the piano. He showed a particular affinity for variations -- notably, on themes of Schumann (1854), Handel (1861), and Paganini (1862-1863) -- and likewise produced a passel of national dances and character pieces such as ballades, intermezzi, and rhapsodies. Collectively, these constitute one of the essential bodies of work in the realm of nineteenth century keyboard music. Read less
Brahms: Early Piano Works Vol 2 / Hardy Rittner
Release Date: 02/10/2009   Label: Md&g (Dabringhaus & Grimm)  
Catalog: 9041538   Number of Discs: 1
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Brahms: Piano Works, Vol. 4 / Hardy Rittner
Release Date: 07/30/2013   Label: Md&g (Dabringhaus & Grimm)  
Catalog: 9041810   Number of Discs: 1
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Brahms: Piano Works, Vol. 5 / Rittner
Release Date: 12/02/2016   Label: Md&g (Dabringhaus & Grimm)  
Catalog: 9041974   Number of Discs: 1
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Brahms: Piano Concerto No. 1 & Haydn Variations / Belohlavek, Tiberghien, BBC Symphony Orchestra
Release Date: 08/11/2017   Label: Harmonia Mundi  
Catalog: 501977  
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Brahms: Complete Organ Works / Robert Parkins
Release Date: 10/04/1994   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 8550824   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Concerto for Violin in D major, Op. 77

Browse 1-25 of 196 Available Recordings
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  • 1.
    Brahms: Violin Concerto & Symphony No. 3 / Percan, National Symphony of the Republic of Bashkortostan
    Label: Pan Classics   Catalog: 10356 Release Date: 06/02/2017   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Emilio Percan
    Conductor:  Emilio Percan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Republic of Bashkortostan National Symphony Orchestra
    CD: $18.99
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  • 2.
    Karl Bohm: The Early Years
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 561986 Release Date: 06/02/2017   Number of Discs: 19
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Johannes Brahms,  Franz Schubert  ... 
    Performer:  Jan Dahmen,  Max Zimolong,  Elisabeth Höngen,  Josef Herrmann  ... 
    Conductor:  Karl Böhm
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Staatskapelle Dresden,  Dresden State Opera Chorus,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
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  • 3.
    Brahms: Violin Concerto & Sonata No. 1 / Gluzman, Gaffigan, Lucerne Symphony Orchestra
    Label: Bis   Catalog: 2172 Release Date: 05/05/2017   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Vadim Gluzman,  Angela Yoffe
    Conductor:  James Gaffigan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Lucerne Symphony Orchestra
    SuperAudio CD: $19.99
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  • 4.
    Brahms: Violin Concerto / Weithaas, Camerata Bern [Vinyl]
    Label: Cavi-music   Catalog: 8553343 Release Date: 04/14/2017   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Antje Weithaas,  Silke Avenhaus
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Camerata Bern
    LP: $34.99
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  • 5.
    Carl Schuricht: The Complete Decca Recordings
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 4831643 Release Date: 03/31/2017   Number of Discs: 10
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Johannes Brahms,  Max Bruch,  Felix Mendelssohn  ... 
    Performer:  Christian Ferras,  Georg Kulenkampff,  Enrico Mainardi,  Wilhelm Backhaus
    Conductor:  Carl Schuricht
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Paris Conservatoire Orchestra,  Suisse Romande Orchestra,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $66.99
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  • 6.
    Brahms: Piano Concerto No. 1 & Violin Concerto - Schumann: Piano Quartet / Haitink, Royal Concertgebouw
    Label: Rco Live   Catalog: 17001 Release Date: 03/17/2017   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Robert Schumann
    Performer:  Frank Peter Zimmermann,  Henk Rubingh,  Emanuel Ax,  Vesko Eschkenazy  ... 
    Conductor:  Bernard Haitink
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra Amsterdam
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  • 7.
    The David Oistrakh Edition
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 002599502 Release Date: 12/23/2016   Number of Discs: 22
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Antonio Vivaldi,  Johannes Brahms  ... 
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    CD: $78.99
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  • 8.
    Complete Concerto Recordings on Deutsche Grammophon / Kremer
    Label: Dg Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 002582102 Release Date: 11/18/2016   Number of Discs: 22
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Béla Bartók,  Alban Berg,  Ludwig van Beethoven  ... 
    Performer:  Gidon Kremer,  Heinz Holliger,  Mischa Maisky,  Rainer Keuschnig  ... 
    Conductor:  Gidon Kremer,  Pierre Boulez,  Sir Colin Davis,  Emil Tchakarov  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Academy of St. Martin in the Fields,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $120.49
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  • 9.
    Brahms: Violin Concerto, Op. 77 / Magi, Sparf, Uppsala Chamber Orchestra
    Label: Swedish Society Discofil   Catalog: 1162 Release Date: 11/11/2016   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Nils-Erik Sparf
    Conductor:  Paul Mägi
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Uppsala Chamber Orchestra
    CD: $18.99
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  • 10.
    Beethoven & Brahms: Violin Concertos / Neveu
    Label: Swr Music   Catalog: 19018 Release Date: 10/14/2016   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Ginette Neveu
    Conductor:  Roger Desormičre,  Hans Rosbaud
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Orchestre National de la Radiodiffusion Française,  SWR Baden-Baden and Freiburg Symphony Orchestra
    CD: $29.99
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  • 11.
    Brahms: Violin Concerto & Double Concerto / Fischer, Muller-Schott
    Label: Pentatone   Catalog: 5186592 Release Date: 10/14/2016   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Julia Fischer,  Daniel Müller-Schott
    Conductor:  Yakov Kreizberg
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Netherlands Philharmonic Orchestra
    SuperAudio CD: $19.99
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  • 12.
    Eugen Jochum: Complete Recordings on DG, Vol. 1 - Orchestral Works
    Label: Dg Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 002565702 Release Date: 10/14/2016   Number of Discs: 42
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Johannes Brahms,  Anton Bruckner,  Sir Edward Elgar  ... 
    Conductor:  Eugen Jochum
    CD: $108.49
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  • 13.
    Jascha Heifetz: The Complete Stereo Collection (Remastered)
    Label: Rca   Catalog: 309534 Release Date: 08/26/2016   Number of Discs: 24
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Felix Mendelssohn  ... 
    Performer:  Jascha Heifetz
    CD: $101.49
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  • 14.
    Pinchas Zukerman: Complete Recordings on DG, Decca, & Philips
    Label: Dg Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 002514302 Release Date: 07/22/2016   Number of Discs: 22
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Antonio Vivaldi,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Franz Schubert  ... 
    Performer:  Pinchas Zukerman,  Midori,  Daniel Barenboim,  Marc Neikrug  ... 
    Conductor:  Pinchas Zukerman,  Daniel Barenboim,  Charles Dutoit,  Pierre Boulez  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Los Angeles Philharmonic Orchestra,  St. Paul Chamber Orchestra,  Chicago Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 15.
    Beethoven, Mendelssohn, Brahms, Tchaikovsky & Bruch: Violin Concertos / Milstein
    Label: Urania Records   Catalog: 153 Release Date: 05/27/2016   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Johannes Brahms,  Felix Mendelssohn,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky  ... 
    Performer:  Nathan Milstein
    Conductor:  William Steinberg,  Anatole Fistoulari,  Leon Barzin
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra,  Philharmonia Orchestra
    CD: $29.99
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  • 16.
    Europakonzert: 25 DVD Anniversary Box (1991-2015) / Berliner Philharmoniker
    Label: Euroarts   Catalog: 26098 Release Date: 04/29/2016  
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Béla Bartók,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Hector Berlioz  ... 
    Performer:  Leonidas Kavakos,  Mikhail Pletnev,  Violeta Urmana,  Elke Wilm Schulte  ... 
    Conductor:  Simon Rattle,  Pierre Boulez,  Gustavo Dudamel,  Claudio Abbado  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Swedish Radio Choir,  Eric Ericson Chamber Choir
    On sale! $118.99
    DVD: $116.99
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  • 17.
    The Menuhin Century: Live Performances & Festival Recordings
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 555053 Release Date: 04/22/2016   Number of Discs: 7
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Johannes Brahms,  Niccolň Paganini,  Pablo de Sarasate  ... 
    Performer:  Yehudi Menuhin,  Eugene Istomin,  Pablo Casals,  Mieczyslaw Horszowski  ... 
    Conductor:  Georg Schnéevoigt,  Gary Bertini,  Edmond de Stoutz,  István Kertész  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New Friends of Music Orchestra,  Israel Philharmonic Orchestra,  Zurich Chamber Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $26.99
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  • 18.
    The Menuhin Century: Luxury Edition
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 555050 Release Date: 04/22/2016   Number of Discs: 91
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Pierre-Alexandre Monsigny,  Arcangelo Corelli  ... 
    Performer:  Yehudi Menuhin,  Hubert Giesen,  Artur Balsam,  Marcel Gazelle  ... 
    Conductor:  Landon Ronald,  Pierre Monteux,  Jean Fournet,  Anatole Fistoulari  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra,  Paris Symphonic Orchestra,  Colonne Concerts Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $250.99
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  • 19.
    The Menuhin Century: The Historic Recordings
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 555052 Release Date: 04/22/2016   Number of Discs: 18
    Composer:  Sir Edward Elgar,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Antonín Dvorák,  Niccolň Paganini  ... 
    Performer:  Yehudi Menuhin,  Gerald Moore,  George Enescu,  David Oistrakh  ... 
    Conductor:  Sir Edward Elgar,  George Enescu,  Pierre Monteux,  Sir John Barbirolli  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra,  Paris Symphonic Orchestra,  Orchestre de la Société des Concerts du Conservatoire  ... 
    CD: $58.49
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  • 20.
    111: 6 Classic Recordings [6 LP]
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: B002438901 Release Date: 01/15/2016   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Franz Joseph Haydn,  Robert Schumann,  Antonín Dvorák,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart  ... 
    Performer:  Mstislav Rostropovich,  Karl Ridderbusch,  Hans Haselbock,  Julia Hamari  ... 
    Conductor:  Wilhelm Furtwängler,  Herbert von Karajan,  Leonard Bernstein
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Vienna State Opera Concert Choir  ... 
    LP: $130.99
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  • 21.
    Brahms: Violin Concerto; Bartok: Violin Concerto No. 1 / Jansen, Pappano
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 002375902 Release Date: 01/08/2016   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Béla Bartók
    Performer:  Janine Jansen
    Conductor:  Antonio Pappano
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Rome Santa Cecilia Academy Orchestra,  London Symphony Orchestra
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  • 22.
    Johannes Brahms Cycle / Franz Welser-most, Cleveland Orchestra
    Label: Belvedere (Dvd)   Catalog: 8005 Release Date: 01/08/2016   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Julia Fischer,  Yefim Bronfman
    Conductor:  Franz Welser-Möst
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cleveland Orchestra
    DVD: $65.99
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  • 23.
    Johannes Brahms Cycle / Franz Welser-most, Cleveland Orchestra [blu-ray]
    Label: Belvedere   Catalog: 8009 Release Date: 01/08/2016   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Julia Fischer,  Yefim Bronfman
    Conductor:  Franz Welser-Möst
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cleveland Orchestra
    Blu-ray Video: $65.99
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  • 24.
    111: The Collector's Editions [111 CDs]
    Label: Dg Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 002422702 Release Date: 12/11/2015   Number of Discs: 111
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Maurice Ravel,  Felix Mendelssohn  ... 
    Performer:  David Oistrakh,  Igor Oistrakh,  Sviatoslav Richter,  Martha Argerich  ... 
    Conductor:  Claudio Abbado,  Daniel Barenboim,  Lorin Maazel,  Franz Konwitschny  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Amadeus Quartet,  Paris Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $325.49
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  • 25.
    Brahms: Violinkonzert
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 552357 Release Date: 11/20/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Itzhak Perlman
    Conductor:  Daniel Barenboim
    CD: $11.99
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