Johannes Brahms

Biography

Born: 1833   Died: 1897   Country: Germany   Period: Romantic
The stature of Johannes Brahms among classical composers is well illustrated by his inclusion among the "Three Bs" triumvirate of Bach, Beethoven, and Brahms. Of all the major composers of the late Romantic era, Brahms was the one most attached to the Classical ideal as manifested in the music of Haydn, Mozart, and especially Beethoven; indeed, Hans von Bülow once characterized Brahms' Symphony No. 1 (1855-1876) as "Beethoven's Tenth." As a Read more youth, Brahms was championed by Robert Schumann as music's greatest hope for the future; as a mature composer, Brahms became for conservative musical journalists the most potent symbol of musical tradition, a stalwart against the "degeneration" represented by the music of Wagner and his school. Brahms' symphonies, choral and vocal works, chamber music, and piano pieces are imbued with strong emotional feeling, yet take shape according to a thoroughly considered structural plan.

The son of a double bassist in the Hamburg Philharmonic Society, Brahms demonstrated great promise from the beginning. He began his musical career as a pianist, contributing to the family coffers as a teenager by playing in restaurants, taverns, and even brothels. Though by his early twenties he enjoyed associations with luminaries like violinists Eduard Reményi and Joseph Joachim, the friend and mentor who was most instrumental in advancing his career was Schumann, who all but adopted him and became his most ardent partisan, and their esteem was mutual. Following Schumann's death in 1856, Brahms became the closest confidant and lifelong friend of the composer's widow, pianist and composer Clara Wieck Schumann. After a life of spectacular musical triumphs and failed loves (the composer was involved in several romantic entanglements but never wed), Brahms died of liver cancer on April 3, 1897.

In every genre in which he composed, Brahms produced works that have become staples of the repertory. His most ambitious work, the German Requiem (1863-1867), is the composer's singular reinterpretation of an age-old form. The four symphonies -- lushly scored, grand in scope, and deeply expressive -- are cornerstones of the symphonic literature. Brahms' concertos are, similarly, in a monumental, quasi-symphonic vein: the two piano concertos (1856-1859 and 1881) and the Violin Concerto (1878) call for soloists with both considerable technical skill and stamina. His chamber music is among the most sophisticated and exquisitely crafted of the Romantic era; for but a single example, his works that incorporate the clarinet (e.g., the Trio in A minor, Op. 114 and the two Sonatas, Op. 120), an instrument largely overlooked by his contemporaries, remain unsurpassed. Though the piano sonata never held for Brahms the same appeal it had for Beethoven (Brahms wrote three to Beethoven's 32), he produced a voluminous body of music for the piano. He showed a particular affinity for variations -- notably, on themes of Schumann (1854), Handel (1861), and Paganini (1862-1863) -- and likewise produced a passel of national dances and character pieces such as ballades, intermezzi, and rhapsodies. Collectively, these constitute one of the essential bodies of work in the realm of nineteenth century keyboard music. Read less
Helene Grimaud Piano Recital - Bach, Beethoven, Brahms, Rachimaninov
Release Date: 10/29/2013   Label: Kultur Video  
Catalog: 4891   Number of Discs: 1
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Brahms: The Violin Sonatas / Tetzlaff, Vogt
Release Date: 08/12/2016   Label: Ondine  
Catalog: 1284   Number of Discs: 1
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Brahms: Piano Quartets Nos. 1 & 3 / Barakhovsky, Zemtsov, Schmidt, Nebolsin
Release Date: 11/11/2016   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 8572798   Number of Discs: 1
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Brahms: String Quartets Nos. 1 & 2 / New Zealand String Quartet
Release Date: 07/08/2016   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 8573433   Number of Discs: 1
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Brahms: Piano Concerto No. 1 & Ballades, Op. 10 / Lewis
Release Date: 04/15/2016   Label: Harmonia Mundi  
Catalog: 902191   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Waltzes (16) for Piano 4 hands, Op. 39: no 15 in A flat major

Browse 1-25 of 79 Available Recordings
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  • 1.
    The Golden Era of Living Stereo: Remastered Collector's Edition
    Label: Rca   Catalog: 532174 Release Date: 10/28/2016   Number of Discs: 60
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Robert Schumann,  Pietro Nardini,  Dmitri Shostakovich  ... 
    Performer:  Stuart Sankey,  Ania Dorfmann,  Leonid Kogan,  Andrei Mitnik  ... 
    Conductor:  Howard Mitchell,  Arthur Fiedler,  Arturo Basile,  Robert Shaw  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Festival Quartet,  Portland Symphonic Choir,  Choir Of The Abbey Of Mount Angel  ... 
    On sale! $149.98
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  • 2.
    The Romantic Piano, Vol. 1 / Coop
    Label: Skylark Digital   Catalog: 702 Release Date: 04/29/2016   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Frédéric Chopin,  Franz Liszt,  Robert Schumann,  Claude Debussy  ... 
    Performer:  Jane Coop
    CD: $17.99
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  • 3.
    Lullabies for Mila / Bax
    Label: Signum U.k.   Catalog: 439 Release Date: 02/12/2016   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Edvard Grieg,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Johannes Brahms,  Ludwig van Beethoven  ... 
    Performer:  Alessio Bax,  Lucille Chung
    Conductor:  Simon Over
    CD: $17.99
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  • 4.
    James Brawn: In Recital, Vol. 2
    Label: Msr   Catalog: 1502 Release Date: 11/10/2015   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Domenico Scarlatti,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Ludwig van Beethoven  ... 
    Performer:  James Brawn
    On sale! $28.98
    CD: $23.99
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  • 5.
    Label: Safe Management   Catalog: 5638537150 Release Date: 07/31/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Frédéric Chopin,  Richard M. Sherman,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Chris De Burgh  ... 
    Performer:  Russell Thompson
    CD: $14.99
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  • 6.
    Viennese Waltz Export / Fernandes, Markovic
    Label: Gramola   Catalog: 99046 Release Date: 02/10/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Sergey Rachmaninov,  Johannes Brahms,  Wolfgang Rihm  ... 
    Performer:  Ranko Markovic,  Marialena Fernandes
    CD: $18.99
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  • 7.
    Idyll Und Refugium / Patrizio Mazzola
    Label: Gall (Formerly Gallo)   Catalog: 1422 Release Date: 11/11/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Liszt,  Felix Mendelssohn,  Joachim Raff,  Theodor Kirchner  ... 
    Performer:  Patrizio Mazzola
    On sale! $22.98
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  • 8.
    Homage To Carlo Van Neste: Belgian Violin School
    Label: Pavane Records   Catalog: 7550 Release Date: 10/14/2014   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Charles-Auguste de Bériot,  Francis De Bourguignon,  Frederic Devreese,  Jacques Henri  ... 
    Performer:  Carlo Van Neste,  Naum Sluszny,  Eric Feldbusch
    Conductor:  Edgard Doneux,  Franz André,  Daniël Sternefeld,  Rene Defossez
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Trio Reine Elisabeth De Belgique
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  • 9.
    A Matthay Miscellany: Rare and Unissued Recordings by Tobias Matthay and His Pupils
    Label: Apr (Appian)   Catalog: 6014 Release Date: 06/10/2014   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Tobias Matthay,  Robert Schumann,  Frédéric Chopin,  Franz Schubert  ... 
    Performer:  Tobias Matthay,  Irene Scharrer,  Raie Da Costa,  Ethel Bartlett  ... 
    Conductor:  Eugene Ormandy
    CD: $19.99
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  • 10.
    A Noble Heart - Music Of Johannes Brahms / Barbara Nissman
    Label: Three Oranges Recordings   Catalog: 5638267621 Release Date: 04/01/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Barbara Nissman
    CD: $24.99
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  • 11.
    13 Valses / Aldo Ciccolini
    Label: La Dolce Volta   Catalog: 13 Release Date: 12/10/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Emmanuel Chabrier,  Frédéric Chopin,  Gabriel Pierné,  Edvard Grieg  ... 
    Performer:  Aldo Ciccolini
    CD: $23.99
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  • 12.
    Mit Der Flote Durch 5 Jahrhunderte
    Label: Bella Musica   Catalog: 312448 Release Date: 03/01/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov,  Jules Massenet,  Frédéric Chopin,  Gabriel Fauré  ... 
    Performer:  Junko Ukigaya,  Miyuki Motoi
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  • 13.
    Label: Somerset Entertainment   Catalog: 50841 Release Date: 01/01/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Pachelbel,  Richard Wagner,  Antonio Vivaldi,  Charles Gounod  ... 
    Performer:  Lucinda Walker,  Lloyd Swenson,  Bettina Gregory,  Zachary Rossi  ... 
    On sale! $17.98
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  • 14.
    Best Of Brahms
    Label: Berlin Classics   Catalog: 300344 Release Date: 07/10/2012   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Bruno Canino,  Jan Vogler,  Peter Rösel,  Amadeus Webersinke  ... 
    Conductor:  Václav Neumann,  Hartwig Eschenburg,  Günther Herbig,  Helmut Koch  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Radio Solistenvereinigung
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  • 15.
    Dinu Lipatti: The Solo Recordings
    Label: Regis   Catalog: 1370 Release Date: 03/13/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Domenico Scarlatti,  Johannes Brahms,  Frédéric Chopin,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart  ... 
    Performer:  Dinu Lipatti,  Nadia Boulanger
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  • 16.
    Josef Suk - Early Recordings
    Label: Supraphon   Catalog: 4075 Release Date: 12/13/2011   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák,  Josef Suk,  Leos Janácek,  Bedrich Smetana  ... 
    Performer:  Jan Panenka,  Josef Suk,  Josef Hála,  André Navarra  ... 
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  • 17.
    Smooth Dinner Classics: Beautiful Music For Two
    Label: Zyx Records   Catalog: 10123 Release Date: 10/21/2011   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Robert Schumann,  Claude Debussy,  Frédéric Chopin  ... 
    Performer:  Dubravka Tomsic,  Marian Pivka,  Christiane Jaccottet,  Sylvia Cápová  ... 
    Conductor:  Leone Magiera,  Eugen Duvier,  Vladimir Petroschoff,  Libor Pesek  ... 
    CD: $13.99
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  • 18.
    Sensual Classics: Romance
    Label: Berlin Classics   Catalog: 300255 Release Date: 09/13/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ottorino Respighi,  Franz Joseph Haydn,  Antonio Vivaldi,  Frédéric Chopin  ... 
    Performer:  Andreas Pistorius,  Nora Koch,  Renate Schorler,  Oskar Michallik  ... 
    Conductor:  Jörg-Peter Weigle,  Günther Herbig,  Herbert Kegel,  Kurt Sanderling  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Gitarren-Duo Klaus & Rainer Feldmann
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  • 19.
    Best Piano Music / Buchbinder
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 82166 Release Date: 07/26/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Robert Schumann,  Johannes Brahms,  Felix Mendelssohn  ... 
    Performer:  Rudolf Buchbinder
    CD: $7.99
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  • 20.
    Maurice Andre Edition: Suites, Dances And Arrangements
    Label: Erato   Catalog: 4676062 Release Date: 06/28/2011   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Antonio Vivaldi,  Traditional,  Arcangelo Corelli,  Jean-Michel Defaye  ... 
    Performer:  Maurice André,  Guy Pedersen,  Wolfgang Karius,  Gus Wallez  ... 
    Conductor:  Claude Pichaureau,  Marc Soustrot,  François Rauber,  Claude Lagrange  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Harmonie Municipale D'alčs,  Ensemble of Bologna,  Ensemble De Cuivres De Paris  ... 
    Recommendation
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  • 21.
    Complete 78-RPM Solo Recordings / Percy Grainger
    Label: Apr (Appian)   Catalog: 7501 Release Date: 03/08/2011   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Edvard Grieg,  Franz Liszt,  Charles Villiers Stanford,  Percy Aldridge Grainger  ... 
    Performer:  Percy Aldridge Grainger
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Columbia Concert Band
    Recommendation
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  • 22.
    Classical Strings
    Label: Tgg   Catalog: 60214 Release Date: 02/15/2011   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Luigi Boccherini,  Franz Schubert,  Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov,  Johan Svendsen  ... 
    CD: $7.99
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  • 23.
    Brailowsky Plays Virtuoso Showpieces
    Label: Rca Victor Gold Seal   Catalog: 68165 Release Date: 02/11/2011   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Camille Saint-Saëns,  Franz Liszt,  Sergei Lyapunov  ... 
    Performer:  Alexander Brailowsky
    Conductor:  Charles Munch
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Boston Symphony Orchestra
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  • 24.
    Classical Wellness
    Label: Music & Melody   Catalog: 5002 Release Date: 12/03/2010   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Pietro Mascagni,  Claude Debussy,  Giuseppe Tartini,  Franz Schubert  ... 
    Performer:  Anna Lelkes,  Iwan Czerkow,  Dubravka Tomsic,  Marian Pivka  ... 
    Conductor:  Leone Magiera,  Eugen Duvier,  Vladimir Petroschoff,  Libor Pesek  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Salzburg Mozarteum Quartet
    CD: $15.99
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  • 25.
    Essential Piano
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 27925 Release Date: 08/24/2010   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Frédéric Chopin,  Franz Liszt,  Johannes Brahms,  Claude Debussy  ... 
    Performer:  Stephen Kovacevich,  Daniel Adni,  John Ogdon,  Michel Béroff  ... 
    CD: $12.99
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