Johannes Brahms

Biography

Born: 1833   Died: 1897   Country: Germany   Period: Romantic
The stature of Johannes Brahms among classical composers is well illustrated by his inclusion among the "Three Bs" triumvirate of Bach, Beethoven, and Brahms. Of all the major composers of the late Romantic era, Brahms was the one most attached to the Classical ideal as manifested in the music of Haydn, Mozart, and especially Beethoven; indeed, Hans von Bülow once characterized Brahms' Symphony No. 1 (1855-1876) as "Beethoven's Tenth." As a Read more youth, Brahms was championed by Robert Schumann as music's greatest hope for the future; as a mature composer, Brahms became for conservative musical journalists the most potent symbol of musical tradition, a stalwart against the "degeneration" represented by the music of Wagner and his school. Brahms' symphonies, choral and vocal works, chamber music, and piano pieces are imbued with strong emotional feeling, yet take shape according to a thoroughly considered structural plan.

The son of a double bassist in the Hamburg Philharmonic Society, Brahms demonstrated great promise from the beginning. He began his musical career as a pianist, contributing to the family coffers as a teenager by playing in restaurants, taverns, and even brothels. Though by his early twenties he enjoyed associations with luminaries like violinists Eduard Reményi and Joseph Joachim, the friend and mentor who was most instrumental in advancing his career was Schumann, who all but adopted him and became his most ardent partisan, and their esteem was mutual. Following Schumann's death in 1856, Brahms became the closest confidant and lifelong friend of the composer's widow, pianist and composer Clara Wieck Schumann. After a life of spectacular musical triumphs and failed loves (the composer was involved in several romantic entanglements but never wed), Brahms died of liver cancer on April 3, 1897.

In every genre in which he composed, Brahms produced works that have become staples of the repertory. His most ambitious work, the German Requiem (1863-1867), is the composer's singular reinterpretation of an age-old form. The four symphonies -- lushly scored, grand in scope, and deeply expressive -- are cornerstones of the symphonic literature. Brahms' concertos are, similarly, in a monumental, quasi-symphonic vein: the two piano concertos (1856-1859 and 1881) and the Violin Concerto (1878) call for soloists with both considerable technical skill and stamina. His chamber music is among the most sophisticated and exquisitely crafted of the Romantic era; for but a single example, his works that incorporate the clarinet (e.g., the Trio in A minor, Op. 114 and the two Sonatas, Op. 120), an instrument largely overlooked by his contemporaries, remain unsurpassed. Though the piano sonata never held for Brahms the same appeal it had for Beethoven (Brahms wrote three to Beethoven's 32), he produced a voluminous body of music for the piano. He showed a particular affinity for variations -- notably, on themes of Schumann (1854), Handel (1861), and Paganini (1862-1863) -- and likewise produced a passel of national dances and character pieces such as ballades, intermezzi, and rhapsodies. Collectively, these constitute one of the essential bodies of work in the realm of nineteenth century keyboard music. Read less
Arthur Rubinstein Plays Brahms
Release Date: 06/12/2012   Label: Rca  
Catalog: 760992   Number of Discs: 9
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Leon Fleisher Plays Beethoven & Brahms
Release Date: 08/07/2012   Label: Sony  
Catalog: 1918052   Number of Discs: 5
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Brahms: Complete Piano Trios, Clarinet Trio, Horn Trio
Release Date: 10/14/2014   Label: Hyperion  
Catalog: 22082   Number of Discs: 2
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Brahms: Symphonies, Concertos / Pollini, Batiashvili, Thielemann
Release Date: 09/16/2014   Label: Deutsche Grammophon  
Catalog: 002133400   Number of Discs: 4
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Brahms: Viola Sonatas
Release Date: 02/11/2014   Label: Msr  
Catalog: 1479   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Waltzes (16) for Piano 4 hands, Op. 39: no 15 in A flat major

Browse 1-25 of 94 Available Recordings
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  • 1.
    Homage To Carlo Van Neste: Belgian Violin School
    Label: Pavane Records   Catalog: 7550 Release Date: 10/14/2014   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Charles-Auguste de Bériot,  Francis De Bourguignon,  Frederic Devreese,  Jacques Henri  ... 
    Performer:  Carlo Van Neste,  Naum Sluszny,  Eric Feldbusch
    Conductor:  Edgard Doneux,  Franz André,  Daniël Sternefeld,  Rene Defossez
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Trio Reine Elisabeth De Belgique
    On sale! $39.99
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  • 2.
    A Noble Heart - Music Of Johannes Brahms / Barbara Nissman
    Label: Three Oranges Recordings   Catalog: 5638267621 Release Date: 04/01/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Barbara Nissman
    CD: $24.99
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  • 3.
    13 Valses / Aldo Ciccolini
    Label: La Dolce Volta   Catalog: 13 Release Date: 12/10/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Emmanuel Chabrier,  Frédéric Chopin,  Gabriel Pierné,  Edvard Grieg  ... 
    Performer:  Aldo Ciccolini
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  • 4.
    Label: Sounds True   Catalog: 3971 Release Date: 10/15/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Robert Schumann,  Frédéric Chopin,  Johannes Brahms  ... 
    Performer:  Lisa Spector
    CD: $16.99
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  • 5.
    Vladimir Horowitz Live at Carnegie Hall
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 548417 Release Date: 09/30/2013   Number of Discs: 42
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Modest Mussorgsky,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Muzio Clementi  ... 
    Performer:  Vladimir Horowitz,  Mstislav Rostropovich,  Isaac Stern,  Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau  ... 
    Conductor:  Arturo Toscanini,  Leonard Bernstein,  Lyndon Woodside,  Eugene Ormandy
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  NBC Symphony Orchestra,  New York Philharmonic,  Oratorio Society of New York
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  • 6.
    Lullabies / Catrin Finch
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 4791482 Release Date: 07/30/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Robert Schumann,  Johannes Brahms,  Felix Mendelssohn,  Franz Schubert  ... 
    Performer:  Catrin Finch,  Hannah Stone,  Bryn Terfel,  Kate Royal  ... 
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  • 7.
    Through A Cat's Ear: Music For Calming, Vol. 1
    Label: Sounds True   Catalog: 3920 Release Date: 06/18/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Carl Philipp Emmanuel Bach,  Franz Schubert,  Frédéric Chopin,  Alexander Ilyinsky  ... 
    Performer:  Lisa Spector
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  • 8.
    Label: Sounds True   Catalog: 3919 Release Date: 06/11/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Anton Rubinstein,  Johannes Brahms,  Felix Mendelssohn,  Frédéric Chopin  ... 
    Performer:  Lisa Spector
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  • 9.
    Mit Der Flote Durch 5 Jahrhunderte
    Label: Bella Musica   Catalog: 312448 Release Date: 03/01/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov,  Jules Massenet,  Frédéric Chopin,  Gabriel Fauré  ... 
    Performer:  Junko Ukigaya,  Miyuki Motoi
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  • 10.
    Label: Reflections   Catalog: 52483 Release Date: 01/01/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Frédéric Chopin,  Johann Pachelbel,  Claude Debussy,  Ludwig van Beethoven  ... 
    Performer:  Laura Silberberg
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  • 11.
    Label: Somerset Entertainment   Catalog: 51767 Release Date: 01/01/2013   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Claude Debussy,  Sergei Rachmaninov,  George Frideric Handel,  Erik Satie  ... 
    CD: $23.99
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  • 12.
    Label: Mood Media Entertainment   Catalog: 60261 Release Date: 01/01/2013   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Johannes Brahms,  Johann Pachelbel  ... 
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  • 13.
    Label: Somerset Entertainment   Catalog: 50841 Release Date: 01/01/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Pachelbel,  Richard Wagner,  Antonio Vivaldi,  Charles Gounod  ... 
    Performer:  Bettina Gregory,  Lloyd Swenson,  Lucinda Walker,  Zachary Rossi  ... 
    On sale! $17.98
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  • 14.
    The Romantic Piano: A View From Sienna
    Label: Dal Segno   Catalog: 40 Release Date: 10/30/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Johannes Brahms,  Frédéric Chopin,  Claude Debussy  ... 
    On sale! $19.98
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  • 15.
    Best Of Brahms
    Label: Berlin Classics   Catalog: 300344 Release Date: 07/10/2012   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Bruno Canino,  Jan Vogler,  Peter Rösel,  Manfred Scherzer  ... 
    Conductor:  Václav Neumann,  Hartwig Eschenburg,  Günther Herbig,  Helmut Koch  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Radio Solistenvereinigung
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  • 16.
    Dinu Lipatti: The Solo Recordings
    Label: Regis   Catalog: 1370 Release Date: 03/13/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Domenico Scarlatti,  Johannes Brahms,  Frédéric Chopin,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart  ... 
    Performer:  Dinu Lipatti,  Nadia Boulanger
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  • 17.
    Essential Brahms
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 78131 Release Date: 02/07/2012   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Stephen Kovacevich,  Nicholas Angelich,  Natalie Clein,  Charles Owen  ... 
    Conductor:  Wolfgang Sawallisch,  Eugen Jochum,  Sir John Barbirolli,  Klaus Tennstedt  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Alban Berg String Quartet,  Artemis Quartett (String Quartet)
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  • 18.
    Josef Suk - Early Recordings
    Label: Supraphon   Catalog: 4075 Release Date: 12/13/2011   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák,  Josef Suk,  Leos Janácek,  Bedrich Smetana  ... 
    Performer:  Josef Suk,  Jan Panenka,  Josef Hála,  André Navarra  ... 
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  • 19.
    Best Of Brahms [tgg Direct]
    Label: Tgg Direct   Catalog: 60263 Release Date: 11/22/2011   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    CD: $6.99
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  • 20.
    Smooth Dinner Classics: Beautiful Music For Two
    Label: Zyx Records   Catalog: 10123 Release Date: 10/21/2011   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Robert Schumann,  Claude Debussy,  Frédéric Chopin  ... 
    Performer:  Sylvia Cápová,  Christiane Jaccottet,  Marian Pivka,  Dubravka Tomsic  ... 
    Conductor:  Leone Magiera,  Eugen Duvier,  Vladimir Petroschoff,  Libor Pesek  ... 
    CD: $12.99
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  • 21.
    Sensual Classics: Romance
    Label: Berlin Classics   Catalog: 300255 Release Date: 09/13/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ottorino Respighi,  Robert Schumann,  Franz Joseph Haydn,  Antonio Vivaldi  ... 
    Performer:  Andreas Pistorius,  Siegfried Stöckigt,  Nora Koch,  Renate Schorler  ... 
    Conductor:  Jörg-Peter Weigle,  Günther Herbig,  Herbert Kegel,  Kurt Sanderling  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Gitarren-Duo Klaus & Rainer Feldmann
    CD: $9.99
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  • 22.
    Best Piano Music
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 82166 Release Date: 07/26/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Robert Schumann,  Johannes Brahms,  Felix Mendelssohn  ... 
    Performer:  Rudolf Buchbinder
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  • 23.
    Maurice Andre Edition: Suites, Dances And Arrangements
    Label: Erato   Catalog: 4676062 Release Date: 06/28/2011   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Antonio Vivaldi,  Traditional,  Arcangelo Corelli,  Jean-Michel Defaye  ... 
    Performer:  Gus Wallez,  Maurice André,  Guy Pedersen,  Wolfgang Karius  ... 
    Conductor:  Claude Pichaureau,  Marc Soustrot,  François Rauber,  Claude Lagrange  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Harmonie Municipale D'alčs,  Ensemble of Bologna,  Ensemble De Cuivres De Paris  ... 
    Recommendation
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  • 24.
    Complete 78-RPM Solo Recordings / Percy Grainger
    Label: Apr (Appian)   Catalog: 7501 Release Date: 03/08/2011   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Edvard Grieg,  Franz Liszt,  Charles Villiers Stanford,  Percy Aldridge Grainger  ... 
    Performer:  Percy Aldridge Grainger
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Columbia Concert Band
    Recommendation
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  • 25.
    Classical Piano
    Label: Tgg Direct   Catalog: 60213 Release Date: 02/15/2011   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Frédéric Chopin,  Franz Liszt,  Franz Schubert  ... 
    CD: $6.99
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