Johannes Brahms

Biography

Born: 1833   Died: 1897   Country: Germany   Period: Romantic
The stature of Johannes Brahms among classical composers is well illustrated by his inclusion among the "Three Bs" triumvirate of Bach, Beethoven, and Brahms. Of all the major composers of the late Romantic era, Brahms was the one most attached to the Classical ideal as manifested in the music of Haydn, Mozart, and especially Beethoven; indeed, Hans von Bülow once characterized Brahms' Symphony No. 1 (1855-1876) as "Beethoven's Tenth." As a Read more youth, Brahms was championed by Robert Schumann as music's greatest hope for the future; as a mature composer, Brahms became for conservative musical journalists the most potent symbol of musical tradition, a stalwart against the "degeneration" represented by the music of Wagner and his school. Brahms' symphonies, choral and vocal works, chamber music, and piano pieces are imbued with strong emotional feeling, yet take shape according to a thoroughly considered structural plan.

The son of a double bassist in the Hamburg Philharmonic Society, Brahms demonstrated great promise from the beginning. He began his musical career as a pianist, contributing to the family coffers as a teenager by playing in restaurants, taverns, and even brothels. Though by his early twenties he enjoyed associations with luminaries like violinists Eduard Reményi and Joseph Joachim, the friend and mentor who was most instrumental in advancing his career was Schumann, who all but adopted him and became his most ardent partisan, and their esteem was mutual. Following Schumann's death in 1856, Brahms became the closest confidant and lifelong friend of the composer's widow, pianist and composer Clara Wieck Schumann. After a life of spectacular musical triumphs and failed loves (the composer was involved in several romantic entanglements but never wed), Brahms died of liver cancer on April 3, 1897.

In every genre in which he composed, Brahms produced works that have become staples of the repertory. His most ambitious work, the German Requiem (1863-1867), is the composer's singular reinterpretation of an age-old form. The four symphonies -- lushly scored, grand in scope, and deeply expressive -- are cornerstones of the symphonic literature. Brahms' concertos are, similarly, in a monumental, quasi-symphonic vein: the two piano concertos (1856-1859 and 1881) and the Violin Concerto (1878) call for soloists with both considerable technical skill and stamina. His chamber music is among the most sophisticated and exquisitely crafted of the Romantic era; for but a single example, his works that incorporate the clarinet (e.g., the Trio in A minor, Op. 114 and the two Sonatas, Op. 120), an instrument largely overlooked by his contemporaries, remain unsurpassed. Though the piano sonata never held for Brahms the same appeal it had for Beethoven (Brahms wrote three to Beethoven's 32), he produced a voluminous body of music for the piano. He showed a particular affinity for variations -- notably, on themes of Schumann (1854), Handel (1861), and Paganini (1862-1863) -- and likewise produced a passel of national dances and character pieces such as ballades, intermezzi, and rhapsodies. Collectively, these constitute one of the essential bodies of work in the realm of nineteenth century keyboard music. Read less
Brahms: The Violin Sonatas / Tetzlaff, Vogt
Release Date: 08/12/2016   Label: Ondine  
Catalog: 1284   Number of Discs: 1
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Helene Grimaud Piano Recital - Bach, Beethoven, Brahms, Rachimaninov
Release Date: 10/29/2013   Label: Kultur Video  
Catalog: 4891   Number of Discs: 1
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Brahms: Piano Concerto No. 1 & Ballades, Op. 10 / Lewis
Release Date: 04/15/2016   Label: Harmonia Mundi  
Catalog: 902191   Number of Discs: 1
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Brahms: Piano Concertos Nos. 1 & 2 / Pollini, Thielemann, Staatskapelle Dresden
Release Date: 07/15/2016   Label: Deutsche Grammophon  
Catalog: 002520602   Number of Discs: 2
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Brahms: Works for Solo Piano Vol. 1 / Douglas
Release Date: 04/24/2012   Label: Chandos  
Catalog: 10716   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Variations on a theme by Haydn

Browse 76-100 of 149 Available Recordings
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  • 76.
    Brahms: Symphony No 1, Variations On A Theme By Haydn, Etc / Fischer, Et Al
    Label: Channel Classics   Catalog: 28309 Release Date: 10/13/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Iván Fischer
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Budapest Festival Orchestra
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  • 77.
    Ultimate Brahms [5-CD Set]
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 001313402 Release Date: 08/25/2009   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Henryk Szeryng,  János Starker,  Claudio Arrau
    Conductor:  Bernard Haitink,  Wolfgang Sawallisch
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra,  Vienna Symphony Orchestra
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  • 78.
    Brahms: Symphony No 4, Haydn Variations, Hungarian Dance No 5 / Eschenbach
    Label: Hänssler Classic   Catalog: 98593 Release Date: 06/09/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Christoph Eschenbach
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Schleswig-Holstein Festival Orchestra
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  • 79.
    Edition Wilhelm Furtwängler - The Complete RIAS Recordings
    Label: Audite   Catalog: 21403 Release Date: 06/09/2009   Number of Discs: 13
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Richard Wagner,  Richard Strauss,  Johannes Brahms  ... 
    Performer:  Gerhard Taschner,  Yehudi Menuhin
    Conductor:  Wilhelm Furtwängler
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 80.
    Bruckner: Symphony No 7 / Ormandy, Philadelphia Orchestra
    Label: Rca   Catalog: 38113 Release Date: 04/22/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Anton Bruckner,  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Eugene Ormandy
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philadelphia Orchestra
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  • 81.
    Brahms: Symphony No 1, Haydn Variations, Alto Rhapsody / Heynis, Van Beinum
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 420854 Release Date: 12/09/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Aafje Heynis
    Conductor:  Eduard Van Beinum
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra
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  • 82.
    Karajan - Symphony Edition
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 001211702 Release Date: 11/18/2008   Number of Discs: 38
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Robert Schumann,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart  ... 
    Performer:  Agnes Baltsa,  Peter Schreier,  Anna Tomowa-Sintow,  José Van Dam
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Vienna Singverein,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 83.
    Brahms: Symphonie No 1, Haydn-variationen / Furtwängler
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 427402 Release Date: 09/30/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Wilhelm Furtwängler
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 84.
    Brahms: Piano Concertos No 1 & 2, Variations On A Theme By Haydn, Solo Piano Pieces
    Label: Telarc   Catalog: 80734 Release Date: 08/12/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Horacio Gutierrez
    Conductor:  André Previn
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 85.
    Greatest Works - Brahms / Masur, Neumann, Herbig, Et Al
    Label: Berlin Classics   Catalog: 184272 Release Date: 08/12/2008   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Peter Rösel,  Jürnjakob Timm,  Cécile Ousset
    Conductor:  Kurt Masur,  Günther Herbig,  Václav Neumann
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Leipzig Gewandhaus Orchestra,  Berlin Symphony Orchestra
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  • 86.
    Toscanini Collection Vol 65 - Mozart, Brahms, Wagner
    Label: Rca Victor Gold Seal   Catalog: 60317 Release Date: 07/08/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Felix Mendelssohn,  Johannes Brahms,  Richard Wagner  ... 
    Performer:  Bruno Jaenicke
    Conductor:  Arturo Toscanini
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New York Philharmonic
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  • 87.
    Brahms: Serenade No 2, Haydn Variationen / Slatkin, St Louis
    Label: Rca Victor Red Seal   Catalog: 7920 Release Date: 07/03/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Leonard Slatkin
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  St. Louis Symphony Orchestra
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  • 88.
    Marlboro Fest 40th Anniversary- Beethoven: Symphony No 2 / Casals
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 46247 Release Date: 06/19/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Pablo Casals
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Marlboro Festival Orchestra
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  • 89.
    Karajan - Complete Emi Recordings 1946-84 Vol 1 - Orchestral Works
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 12038 Release Date: 04/01/2008   Number of Discs: 88
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss,  E. Nikolaus von Reznicek,  Johannes Brahms  ... 
    Performer:  Karl Leister,  Elisabeth Schwarzkopf,  Ernst Haefliger,  Anne-Sophie Mutter  ... 
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
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  • 90.
    Brahms - The Concerto Album / Arrau, Oistrakh, Fournier
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 09421 Release Date: 03/25/2008   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  David Oistrakh,  Pierre Fournier,  Claudio Arrau
    Conductor:  Otto Klemperer,  Alceo Galliera,  Carlo Maria Giulini
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  French National Radio Orchestra,  Philharmonia Orchestra
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  • 91.
    Klemperer Edition- Strauss, Brahms, Mozart, Handel Et Al
    Label: Emi Studio   Catalog: 64146 Release Date: 03/12/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  George Frideric Handel,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Johannes Brahms,  Johann Strauss Jr.  ... 
    Conductor:  Otto Klemperer
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra
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  • 92.
    Brahms: Symphonie No 2, Haydn-variationen / Karajan
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 423142 Release Date: 01/21/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 93.
    Brahms: Symphony No 4, Haydn Variations / Haitink, Boston
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 434991 Release Date: 10/31/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Bernard Haitink
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Boston Symphony Orchestra
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  • 94.
    Beecham Collection - Brahms, Bax, Strauss / Beecham
    Label: Somm   Catalog: 21 Release Date: 10/23/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Arnold Bax,  Richard Strauss
    Conductor:  Sir Thomas Beecham
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 95.
    Brahms, Schubert, Strauss / Otto Klemperer, Et Al
    Label: Music & Arts Programs Of America   Catalog: 1207 Release Date: 10/23/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Franz Schubert,  Richard Strauss
    Conductor:  Otto Klemperer
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra
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  • 96.
    Bernstein - Brahms / Vienna Philharmonic
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 000983109 Release Date: 10/09/2007   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Gidon Kremer,  Mischa Maisky,  Krystian Zimerman
    Conductor:  Leonard Bernstein
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 97.
    Brahms: Symphonies No 1-4, Etc / Wolfgang Sawallisch, Et Al
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 913 Release Date: 10/02/2007   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Wolfgang Sawallisch
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Ambrosian Singers,  London Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 98.
    Brahms: Symphonies 1 & 2, Etc / Kertész, Vienna Po
    Label: London/Decca Double Decker   Catalog: 448197 Release Date: 09/17/2007   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  István Kertész
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  London Symphony Orchestra
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  • 99.
    Brahms: Symphony No 1 In C Minor Op 68, Haydn Variations
    Label: Pentatone   Catalog: 5186307 Release Date: 08/28/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Marek Janowski
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra
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  • 100.
    Brahms: Symphony No 3, Etc / Mandeal, Bucharest Po
    Label: Arte Nova   Catalog: 340140 Release Date: 08/07/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Cristian Mandeal
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bucharest George Enescu Philharmonic Orchestra
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