Johannes Brahms

Biography

Born: 1833   Died: 1897   Country: Germany   Period: Romantic
The stature of Johannes Brahms among classical composers is well illustrated by his inclusion among the "Three Bs" triumvirate of Bach, Beethoven, and Brahms. Of all the major composers of the late Romantic era, Brahms was the one most attached to the Classical ideal as manifested in the music of Haydn, Mozart, and especially Beethoven; indeed, Hans von Bülow once characterized Brahms' Symphony No. 1 (1855-1876) as "Beethoven's Tenth." As a Read more youth, Brahms was championed by Robert Schumann as music's greatest hope for the future; as a mature composer, Brahms became for conservative musical journalists the most potent symbol of musical tradition, a stalwart against the "degeneration" represented by the music of Wagner and his school. Brahms' symphonies, choral and vocal works, chamber music, and piano pieces are imbued with strong emotional feeling, yet take shape according to a thoroughly considered structural plan.

The son of a double bassist in the Hamburg Philharmonic Society, Brahms demonstrated great promise from the beginning. He began his musical career as a pianist, contributing to the family coffers as a teenager by playing in restaurants, taverns, and even brothels. Though by his early twenties he enjoyed associations with luminaries like violinists Eduard Reményi and Joseph Joachim, the friend and mentor who was most instrumental in advancing his career was Schumann, who all but adopted him and became his most ardent partisan, and their esteem was mutual. Following Schumann's death in 1856, Brahms became the closest confidant and lifelong friend of the composer's widow, pianist and composer Clara Wieck Schumann. After a life of spectacular musical triumphs and failed loves (the composer was involved in several romantic entanglements but never wed), Brahms died of liver cancer on April 3, 1897.

In every genre in which he composed, Brahms produced works that have become staples of the repertory. His most ambitious work, the German Requiem (1863-1867), is the composer's singular reinterpretation of an age-old form. The four symphonies -- lushly scored, grand in scope, and deeply expressive -- are cornerstones of the symphonic literature. Brahms' concertos are, similarly, in a monumental, quasi-symphonic vein: the two piano concertos (1856-1859 and 1881) and the Violin Concerto (1878) call for soloists with both considerable technical skill and stamina. His chamber music is among the most sophisticated and exquisitely crafted of the Romantic era; for but a single example, his works that incorporate the clarinet (e.g., the Trio in A minor, Op. 114 and the two Sonatas, Op. 120), an instrument largely overlooked by his contemporaries, remain unsurpassed. Though the piano sonata never held for Brahms the same appeal it had for Beethoven (Brahms wrote three to Beethoven's 32), he produced a voluminous body of music for the piano. He showed a particular affinity for variations -- notably, on themes of Schumann (1854), Handel (1861), and Paganini (1862-1863) -- and likewise produced a passel of national dances and character pieces such as ballades, intermezzi, and rhapsodies. Collectively, these constitute one of the essential bodies of work in the realm of nineteenth century keyboard music. Read less
Brahms: The Violin Sonatas / Tetzlaff, Vogt
Release Date: 08/12/2016   Label: Ondine  
Catalog: ODE 1284-2   Number of Discs: 1
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Brahms / Gabriele Carcano
Release Date: 08/12/2016   Label: Oehms  
Catalog: OC 1850   Number of Discs: 1
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Brahms, Ravel & Poulenc: Piano Works / Trpceski
Release Date: 08/05/2016   Label: Wigmore Hall Live  
Catalog: 81   Number of Discs: 1
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Weber, Schumann, Brahms & Berg: Chamber Music / Kamyshev, Gavrilov, Monighetti
Release Date: 08/12/2016   Label: Melodiya  
Catalog: MELCD1002242   Number of Discs: 1
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Brahms: Cello Sonatas & 4 Serious Songs / Baillie, Thwaites
Release Date: 08/26/2016   Label: Somm  
Catalog: SOMMCD 0158   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Variations on a theme by Haydn

Browse 51-75 of 146 Available Recordings
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  • 51.
    Celibidache Vol 1 - Symphonies / Munich Philharmonic
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 85566 Release Date: 11/29/2011   Number of Discs: 14
    Composer:  Franz Joseph Haydn,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Franz Schubert  ... 
    Performer:  Siegfried Jerusalem,  Helen Donath,  Doris Soffel,  Peter Lika
    Conductor:  Sergiu Celibidache
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Munich Philharmonic Orchestra,  Munich Philharmonic Choir
    CD: $95.99
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  • 52.
    Brahms: Haydn Variations, Serenade No. 1, Hungarian Dances 1, 3 & 10 / Ticciati
    Label: Tudor Records   Catalog: 7183 Release Date: 11/15/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Robin Ticciati
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bamberg Symphony Orchestra
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  • 53.
    Brahms: 4 Symphonies, Alto Rhapsody, Haydn Variations / Markert, Sanderling
    Label: Profil   Catalog: 11019 Release Date: 05/31/2011   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Annette Markert
    Conductor:  Kurt Sanderling
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Symphony Orchestra,  Berlin Radio Chorus
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  • 54.
    Wilhelm Furtwangler - The Great EMI Recordings
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 07878 Release Date: 05/17/2011   Number of Discs: 21
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Béla Bartók,  Felix Mendelssohn,  Johannes Brahms  ... 
    Performer:  Elisabeth Schwarzkopf,  Elisabeth Höngen,  Hans Hopf,  Otto Edelmann  ... 
    Conductor:  Wilhelm Furtwängler
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Stockholm Philharmonic Orchestra,  Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $73.99
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  • 55.
    Brahms: Orchestral Works
    Label: Nimbus   Catalog: 6130 Release Date: 02/08/2011   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Yondani Butt
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  • 56.
    100 Best Vienna Philharmonic
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 17639 Release Date: 01/11/2011   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss,  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 57.
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 648513 Release Date: 01/11/2011   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss,  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart  ... 
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  • 58.
    Brahms: Haydn Variations; Piano Concerto No. 1
    Label: Fuga Libera   Catalog: 573 Release Date: 01/11/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Plamena Mangova
    Conductor:  Walter Weller
    CD: $18.99
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  • 59.
    Brahms: Symphony No 1, Haydn Variations / Muti, Philadelphia
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 426299 Release Date: 12/08/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Riccardo Muti
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philadelphia Orchestra
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  • 60.
    The Brahms Experience
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 2564680814 Release Date: 11/16/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Rudolf Buchbinder,  Thomas Zehetmair,  Hélčne Grimaud,  Brigitte Fassbaender  ... 
    Conductor:  Domonkos Héja,  Christoph von Dohnányi,  Juha Kuivanen,  Pedro Halffter-Caro  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Danubia Symphony Orchestra,  Arnold Schoenberg Choir,  Cleveland Orchestra  ... 
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  • 61.
    Brahms: Symphony No 1, Haydn Variations / Karajan
    Label: Dg Galleria   Catalog: 427253 Release Date: 11/02/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 62.
    Brahms: Concertos, Symphonies / Haitink, Arrau, Szeryng, Starker [7-CD Collector's Edition]
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 001479902 Release Date: 10/19/2010   Number of Discs: 7
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Claudio Arrau,  Henryk Szeryng,  János Starker
    Conductor:  Bernard Haitink
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra
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  • 63.
    Radetzky March - Orchestral Favourites / Hans Knappertsbusch
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 440624 Release Date: 09/03/2010   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Karel Komzak II,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Carl Michael Ziehrer  ... 
    Conductor:  Hans Knappertsbusch
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 64.
    Brahms: Symphonies 1-4, Etc. / Mehta, Israel Philharmonic
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 53279 Release Date: 03/30/2010   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Zubin Mehta
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Israel Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 65.
    Brahms: Symphonies 1-4, Etc / Eschenbach, Houston Symphony
    Label: Erato   Catalog: 61360 Release Date: 01/28/2010   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Dunja Vejzovic
    Conductor:  Christoph Eschenbach
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Houston Symphony Orchestra,  Houston Symphony Male Chorus
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  • 66.
    Brahms: Violin Concerto, Symphony No 4 / Menuhin, Giulini
    Label: Emi Seraphim   Catalog: 68526 Release Date: 01/28/2010   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Yehudi Menuhin
    Conductor:  Rudolf Kempe,  Rafael Kubelik,  Carlo Maria Giulini
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra,  New Philharmonia Orchestra  ... 
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  • 67.
    Furtwangler - The Best Of The Early Recordings 1929-1943
    Label: Music & Arts   Catalog: 954 Release Date: 01/28/2010   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Christoph W. Gluck,  Gioachino Rossini,  Wilhelm Furtwängler  ... 
    Conductor:  Wilhelm Furtwängler
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  • 68.
    Brahms: Symphony No 4 / Loughran, Halle Orchestra
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 767601 Release Date: 01/12/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  James Loughran
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Hallé Orchestra
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  • 69.
    Brahms: Symphonie no 3, Haydn-Variationen / Bernstein
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 410083 Release Date: 11/10/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Leonard Bernstein
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 70.
    Brahms: Alto Rhapsody, Haydn Variations / Knappertsbusch
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 470254 Release Date: 10/26/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Wagner,  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Lucretia West
    Conductor:  Hans Knappertsbusch
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Vienna Academy Choir
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  • 71.
    Schubert: Symphonies Nos 4, 8, 9 / Kubelik, Barbirolli
    Label: Emi Seraphim   Catalog: 68534 Release Date: 10/26/2009   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Rafael Kubelik,  Sir John Barbirolli
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Hallé Orchestra
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  • 72.
    Brahms: Symphony No 1, Variations On A Theme By Haydn, Etc / Fischer, Et Al
    Label: Channel Classics   Catalog: 28309 Release Date: 10/13/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Iván Fischer
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Budapest Festival Orchestra
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  • 73.
    Ultimate Brahms [5-CD Set]
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 001313402 Release Date: 08/25/2009   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Henryk Szeryng,  János Starker,  Claudio Arrau
    Conductor:  Bernard Haitink,  Wolfgang Sawallisch
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra,  Vienna Symphony Orchestra
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  • 74.
    Brahms: Symphony No 4, Haydn Variations, Hungarian Dance No 5 / Eschenbach
    Label: Hänssler Classic   Catalog: 98593 Release Date: 06/09/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Christoph Eschenbach
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Schleswig-Holstein Festival Orchestra
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  • 75.
    Edition Wilhelm Furtwängler - The Complete RIAS Recordings
    Label: Audite   Catalog: 21403 Release Date: 06/09/2009   Number of Discs: 13
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Richard Wagner,  Richard Strauss,  Johannes Brahms  ... 
    Performer:  Gerhard Taschner,  Yehudi Menuhin
    Conductor:  Wilhelm Furtwängler
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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