Johannes Brahms

Biography

Born: 1833   Died: 1897   Country: Germany   Period: Romantic
The stature of Johannes Brahms among classical composers is well illustrated by his inclusion among the "Three Bs" triumvirate of Bach, Beethoven, and Brahms. Of all the major composers of the late Romantic era, Brahms was the one most attached to the Classical ideal as manifested in the music of Haydn, Mozart, and especially Beethoven; indeed, Hans von Bülow once characterized Brahms' Symphony No. 1 (1855-1876) as "Beethoven's Tenth." As a Read more youth, Brahms was championed by Robert Schumann as music's greatest hope for the future; as a mature composer, Brahms became for conservative musical journalists the most potent symbol of musical tradition, a stalwart against the "degeneration" represented by the music of Wagner and his school. Brahms' symphonies, choral and vocal works, chamber music, and piano pieces are imbued with strong emotional feeling, yet take shape according to a thoroughly considered structural plan.

The son of a double bassist in the Hamburg Philharmonic Society, Brahms demonstrated great promise from the beginning. He began his musical career as a pianist, contributing to the family coffers as a teenager by playing in restaurants, taverns, and even brothels. Though by his early twenties he enjoyed associations with luminaries like violinists Eduard Reményi and Joseph Joachim, the friend and mentor who was most instrumental in advancing his career was Schumann, who all but adopted him and became his most ardent partisan, and their esteem was mutual. Following Schumann's death in 1856, Brahms became the closest confidant and lifelong friend of the composer's widow, pianist and composer Clara Wieck Schumann. After a life of spectacular musical triumphs and failed loves (the composer was involved in several romantic entanglements but never wed), Brahms died of liver cancer on April 3, 1897.

In every genre in which he composed, Brahms produced works that have become staples of the repertory. His most ambitious work, the German Requiem (1863-1867), is the composer's singular reinterpretation of an age-old form. The four symphonies -- lushly scored, grand in scope, and deeply expressive -- are cornerstones of the symphonic literature. Brahms' concertos are, similarly, in a monumental, quasi-symphonic vein: the two piano concertos (1856-1859 and 1881) and the Violin Concerto (1878) call for soloists with both considerable technical skill and stamina. His chamber music is among the most sophisticated and exquisitely crafted of the Romantic era; for but a single example, his works that incorporate the clarinet (e.g., the Trio in A minor, Op. 114 and the two Sonatas, Op. 120), an instrument largely overlooked by his contemporaries, remain unsurpassed. Though the piano sonata never held for Brahms the same appeal it had for Beethoven (Brahms wrote three to Beethoven's 32), he produced a voluminous body of music for the piano. He showed a particular affinity for variations -- notably, on themes of Schumann (1854), Handel (1861), and Paganini (1862-1863) -- and likewise produced a passel of national dances and character pieces such as ballades, intermezzi, and rhapsodies. Collectively, these constitute one of the essential bodies of work in the realm of nineteenth century keyboard music. Read less
Brahms: Symphonies No 3 & 4, Alto Rhapsody, Tragic Overture / Eschenbach, Houston
Release Date: 05/19/2009   Label: Virgin Classics  
Catalog: 93228   Number of Discs: 2
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Brahms: Symphony No 1, Etc / Sawallisch, London Po
Release Date: 08/10/1999   Label: Emi Seraphim  
Catalog: 73555   Number of Discs: 1
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Brahms: Piano Concerto No 1, Etc / Gelber, Decker
Release Date: 11/22/2005   Label: Emi Classics Encore  
Catalog: 86867   Number of Discs: 1
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Brahms: Symphony No 4, Etc / Sawallisch, London Po, Et Al
Release Date: 10/19/1999   Label: Emi Seraphim  
Catalog: 73570   Number of Discs: 1
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Dvorak: Cello Concerto; Brahms: Double Concerto / Tortelier, Menuhin
Release Date: 06/10/2003   Label: Emi Classics Encore  
Catalog: 75865   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Variations on a theme by Haydn

Browse 51-75 of 152 Available Recordings
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  • 51.
    Brahms: Orchestral Works
    Label: Nimbus   Catalog: 6130 Release Date: 02/08/2011   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Yondani Butt
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  • 52.
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 648513 Release Date: 01/11/2011   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss,  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart  ... 
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  • 53.
    Brahms: Haydn Variations; Piano Concerto No. 1
    Label: Fuga Libera   Catalog: 573 Release Date: 01/11/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Plamena Mangova
    Conductor:  Walter Weller
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  • 54.
    Brahms: Symphony No 1, Haydn Variations / Judd, Royal Philharmonic Orchestra
    Label: Royal Philharmonic Masterworks   Catalog: 29230 Release Date: 01/10/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  James Judd
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 55.
    Brahms: Symphony No 1, Haydn Variations / Muti, Philadelphia
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 426299 Release Date: 12/08/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Riccardo Muti
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philadelphia Orchestra
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  • 56.
    The Brahms Experience
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 2564680814 Release Date: 11/16/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Rudolf Buchbinder,  Thomas Zehetmair,  Hélčne Grimaud,  Brigitte Fassbaender  ... 
    Conductor:  Domonkos Héja,  Christoph von Dohnányi,  Juha Kuivanen,  Pedro Halffter-Caro  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Danubia Symphony Orchestra,  Arnold Schoenberg Choir,  Cleveland Orchestra  ... 
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  • 57.
    Brahms: Symphony No 1, Haydn Variations / Karajan
    Label: Dg Galleria   Catalog: 427253 Release Date: 11/02/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 58.
    Brahms: Concertos, Symphonies / Haitink, Arrau, Szeryng, Starker [7-CD Collector's Edition]
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 001479902 Release Date: 10/19/2010   Number of Discs: 7
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Claudio Arrau,  Henryk Szeryng,  János Starker
    Conductor:  Bernard Haitink
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra
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  • 59.
    Radetzky March - Orchestral Favourites / Hans Knappertsbusch
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 440624 Release Date: 09/03/2010   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Karel Komzak II,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Carl Michael Ziehrer  ... 
    Conductor:  Hans Knappertsbusch
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 60.
    Brahms: Symphonies 1-4, Etc. / Mehta, Israel Philharmonic
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 53279 Release Date: 04/08/2010   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Zubin Mehta
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Israel Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 61.
    Brahms: Complete Symphonies / Alsop, London PO
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 940257 Release Date: 03/09/2010   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Marin Alsop
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 62.
    Furtwangler - The Best Of The Early Recordings 1929-1943
    Label: Music & Arts   Catalog: 954 Release Date: 01/28/2010   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Christoph W. Gluck,  Gioachino Rossini,  Wilhelm Furtwängler  ... 
    Conductor:  Wilhelm Furtwängler
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  • 63.
    Brahms: Symphonie no 3, Haydn-Variationen / Bernstein
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 410083 Release Date: 11/10/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Leonard Bernstein
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 64.
    Brahms: Alto Rhapsody, Haydn Variations / Knappertsbusch
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 470254 Release Date: 10/26/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Wagner,  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Lucretia West
    Conductor:  Hans Knappertsbusch
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Vienna Academy Choir
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  • 65.
    Brahms: Symphony No 1, Variations On A Theme By Haydn, Etc / Fischer, Et Al
    Label: Channel Classics   Catalog: 28309 Release Date: 10/13/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Iván Fischer
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Budapest Festival Orchestra
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  • 66.
    Ultimate Brahms [5-CD Set]
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 001313402 Release Date: 08/25/2009   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Henryk Szeryng,  János Starker,  Claudio Arrau
    Conductor:  Bernard Haitink,  Wolfgang Sawallisch
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra,  Vienna Symphony Orchestra
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  • 67.
    Brahms Complete Edition [46-CD Set]
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 001302602 Release Date: 07/14/2009   Number of Discs: 46
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Johann Sebastian Bach
    Performer:  Andreas Schmidt,  Barbara Bonney,  René Kollo,  Brigitte Fassbaender  ... 
    Conductor:  Carlo Maria Giulini,  Giuseppe Sinopoli,  Karl Böhm,  Claudio Abbado  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna State Opera Chorus,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Vienna State Opera Chorus Konzertvereinigung  ... 
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  • 68.
    Brahms: Symphony No 4, Haydn Variations, Hungarian Dance No 5 / Eschenbach
    Label: Hänssler Classic   Catalog: 98593 Release Date: 06/09/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Christoph Eschenbach
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Schleswig-Holstein Festival Orchestra
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  • 69.
    Edition Wilhelm Furtwängler - The Complete RIAS Recordings
    Label: Audite   Catalog: 21403 Release Date: 06/09/2009   Number of Discs: 13
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Richard Wagner,  Richard Strauss,  Johannes Brahms  ... 
    Performer:  Gerhard Taschner,  Yehudi Menuhin
    Conductor:  Wilhelm Furtwängler
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 70.
    Bruckner: Symphony No 7 / Ormandy, Philadelphia Orchestra
    Label: Rca   Catalog: 38113 Release Date: 05/08/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Anton Bruckner,  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Eugene Ormandy
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philadelphia Orchestra
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  • 71.
    Brahms Par Furtwängler - Symphony No 1, Haydn Variations / Berlin Po
    Label: Tahra   Catalog: 2005 Release Date: 03/10/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Wilhelm Furtwängler
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 72.
    Brahms: Symphony No 1, Haydn Variations, Alto Rhapsody / Heynis, Van Beinum
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 420854 Release Date: 12/09/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Aafje Heynis
    Conductor:  Eduard Van Beinum
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra
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  • 73.
    Karajan - Symphony Edition
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 001211702 Release Date: 11/18/2008   Number of Discs: 38
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Robert Schumann,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart  ... 
    Performer:  Agnes Baltsa,  Peter Schreier,  Anna Tomowa-Sintow,  José Van Dam
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Vienna Singverein,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 74.
    Brahms: Symphonie No 1, Haydn-variationen / Furtwängler
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 427402 Release Date: 09/30/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Wilhelm Furtwängler
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 75.
    Brahms: The Four Symphonies / Abbado, Berlin Philharmonic
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 435683 Release Date: 08/19/2008   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Marjana Lipovsek
    Conductor:  Claudio Abbado
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Berlin Radio Chorus,  Ernst Senff Chamber Choir
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Johannes Brahms


WORKS
Symphony No. 1 in C Minor, Op.68 (1999 - Remaster): I. Un poco sostenuto - Allegro
Symphony No. 1 in C Minor, Op.68 (1999 - Remaster): II. Andante sostenuto
Symphony No. 1 in C Minor, Op.68 (1999 - Remaster): III. Un poco allegretto e grazioso
Symphony No. 1 in C Minor, Op.68 (1999 - Remaster): IV. Adagio - Piů andante - Allegro non troppo ma con brio
Brahms: Symphony No.2 In D, Op.73 - 1. Allegro non troppo
Brahms: Symphony No.2 In D, Op.73 - 2. Adagio non troppo - L'istesso tempo, ma grazioso
Brahms: Symphony No.2 In D, Op.73 - 3. Allegretto grazioso ( Quasi andantino) - Presto ma non assai
Brahms: Symphony No.2 In D, Op.73 - 4. Allegro con spirito
Symphony No. 3 in F Major, Op. 90: I. Allegro con brio
II. Andante
III. Poco Allegretto
IV. Allegro
1. Allegro non troppo
2. Andante moderato
3. Allegro giocoso - Poco meno presto - Tempo I
4. Allegro energico e passionato - Piů allegro
I. Maestoso
II. Adagio
III. Rondo - Allegro non troppo
Piano Concerto No. 2 in B-Flat, Op. 83: Allegro non troppo
Allegro appassionato
Andante
Allegretto grazioso
Allegro non troppo
Adagio
Allegro giocoso, ma non troppo vivace
Double Concerto for Violin & Cello in A Minor, Op.102 (1997 - Remaster): I. Allegro
Double Concerto for Violin & Cello in A Minor, Op.102 (1997 - Remaster): II. Andante
Double Concerto for Violin & Cello in A Minor, Op.102 (1997 - Remaster): III. Vivace non troppo
Variations on a Theme by Haydn ('St Antoni Chorale') Op. 56a (1989 Digital Remaster): Variation VIII: Presto non troppo
Variations on a Theme by Haydn ('St Antoni Chorale') Op. 56a (1989 Digital Remaster): Finale: Andante
Hungarian Dance No.1 in G Minor, WoO 1
Hungarian Dance No.2 in D minor - Orchestrated by Iván Fischer
Hungarian Dance No.3 in F - Orchestrated by Brahms
Hungarian Dance No.4 in F sharp minor - Orchestrated by Iván Fischer
Hungarian Dance No.5 in G minor - Orchestrated by Iván Fischer
Hungarian Dance No.6 in D flat - Orchestrated by Albert Parlow
Hungarian Dance No.7 in F Hungarian Dance No. 7 in A - Orchestrated by Iván Fischer
Hungarian Dance No.8 in A minor - Orchestrated by R. Schollum
Hungarian Dance No.9 in E minor - Orchestrated by R. Schollum
Hungarian Dance No.10 in F - Orchestrated by Brahms
Hungarian Dance No.11 in D minor - Orchestrated by Iván Fischer
Hungarian Dance No.12 in D minor - Orchestrated by Iván Fischer
Hungarian Dance No.13 in D - Orchestrated by Iván Fischer
Hungarian Dance No.14 in D minor - Orchestrated by Iván Fischer
Hungarian Dance No.15 in B flat - Orchestrated by Frigyes Hidas
Hungarian Dance No.16 in F minor - Orchestrated by Albert Parlow
Hungarian Dance No.17 in F sharp minor - Orchestrated by Frigyes Hidas
Hungarian Dance No.18 in D - Orchestrated by Frigyes Hidas
Hungarian Dance No.19 in B minor - Orchestrated by Antonín Dvorák
Hungarian Dance No.20 in E minor - Orchestrated by Antonín Dvorák
Hungarian Dance No.21 in E minor - Orchestrated by Antonín Dvorák
Ein deutsches Requiem, Op. 45 (1997 Digital Remaster): Ziemlich langsam - Selig sind, die da Leid tragen
Ein deutsches Requiem, Op. 45 (1997 Digital Remaster): Langsam, marschmäßig - Denn alles Fleisch es ist wie Gras
Ein deutsches Requiem, Op. 45 (1997 Digital Remaster): Andante moderato - Herr, lehre doch mich
Ein deutsches Requiem, Op. 45 (1997 Digital Remaster): Mäßig bewegt - Wie lieblich sind deine Wohnungen
Ein deutsches Requiem, Op. 45 (1997 Digital Remaster): Langsam - Ihr habt nun Traurigkeit
Ein deutsches Requiem, Op. 45 (1997 Digital Remaster): Andante - Denn wir haben hie keine bleibende Statt
Ein deutsches Requiem, Op. 45 (1997 Digital Remaster): Feierlich - Selig sind die Toten, die in dem Herren sterben