Johannes Brahms

Biography

Born: 1833   Died: 1897   Country: Germany   Period: Romantic
The stature of Johannes Brahms among classical composers is well illustrated by his inclusion among the "Three Bs" triumvirate of Bach, Beethoven, and Brahms. Of all the major composers of the late Romantic era, Brahms was the one most attached to the Classical ideal as manifested in the music of Haydn, Mozart, and especially Beethoven; indeed, Hans von Bülow once characterized Brahms' Symphony No. 1 (1855-1876) as "Beethoven's Tenth." As a Read more youth, Brahms was championed by Robert Schumann as music's greatest hope for the future; as a mature composer, Brahms became for conservative musical journalists the most potent symbol of musical tradition, a stalwart against the "degeneration" represented by the music of Wagner and his school. Brahms' symphonies, choral and vocal works, chamber music, and piano pieces are imbued with strong emotional feeling, yet take shape according to a thoroughly considered structural plan.

The son of a double bassist in the Hamburg Philharmonic Society, Brahms demonstrated great promise from the beginning. He began his musical career as a pianist, contributing to the family coffers as a teenager by playing in restaurants, taverns, and even brothels. Though by his early twenties he enjoyed associations with luminaries like violinists Eduard Reményi and Joseph Joachim, the friend and mentor who was most instrumental in advancing his career was Schumann, who all but adopted him and became his most ardent partisan, and their esteem was mutual. Following Schumann's death in 1856, Brahms became the closest confidant and lifelong friend of the composer's widow, pianist and composer Clara Wieck Schumann. After a life of spectacular musical triumphs and failed loves (the composer was involved in several romantic entanglements but never wed), Brahms died of liver cancer on April 3, 1897.

In every genre in which he composed, Brahms produced works that have become staples of the repertory. His most ambitious work, the German Requiem (1863-1867), is the composer's singular reinterpretation of an age-old form. The four symphonies -- lushly scored, grand in scope, and deeply expressive -- are cornerstones of the symphonic literature. Brahms' concertos are, similarly, in a monumental, quasi-symphonic vein: the two piano concertos (1856-1859 and 1881) and the Violin Concerto (1878) call for soloists with both considerable technical skill and stamina. His chamber music is among the most sophisticated and exquisitely crafted of the Romantic era; for but a single example, his works that incorporate the clarinet (e.g., the Trio in A minor, Op. 114 and the two Sonatas, Op. 120), an instrument largely overlooked by his contemporaries, remain unsurpassed. Though the piano sonata never held for Brahms the same appeal it had for Beethoven (Brahms wrote three to Beethoven's 32), he produced a voluminous body of music for the piano. He showed a particular affinity for variations -- notably, on themes of Schumann (1854), Handel (1861), and Paganini (1862-1863) -- and likewise produced a passel of national dances and character pieces such as ballades, intermezzi, and rhapsodies. Collectively, these constitute one of the essential bodies of work in the realm of nineteenth century keyboard music. Read less
Brahms: Ein Deutsches Requiem / Wit, Warsaw
Release Date: 04/29/2014   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 573061   Number of Discs: 1
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Martin Frost Plays Brahms
Release Date: 07/08/2014   Label: Bis  
Catalog: 2063   Number of Discs: 1
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Brahms / Abbado, Berliner Philharmoniker [5-CD Set]
Release Date: 07/08/2014   Label: Deutsche Grammophon  
Catalog: 002065002   Number of Discs: 5
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Wilhelm Backhaus Live In Vienna - Brahms: Piano Concertos; Haydn
Release Date: 11/15/2011   Label: Profil  
Catalog: 11051   Number of Discs: 2
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Dvorák: Requiem;  Brahms / Mertens, Hagel, Et Al
Release Date: 10/31/2006   Label: Profil  
Catalog: 6050   Number of Discs: 2
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Work: Variations on a theme by Haydn

Browse 51-75 of 172 Available Recordings
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  • 51.
    Brahms: Symphony No 1, Haydn Variations / Muti, Philadelphia
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 426299 Release Date: 12/08/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Riccardo Muti
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philadelphia Orchestra
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  • 52.
    The Brahms Experience
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 2564680814 Release Date: 11/16/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Rudolf Buchbinder,  Thomas Zehetmair,  Hélène Grimaud,  Brigitte Fassbaender  ... 
    Conductor:  Domonkos Héja,  Christoph von Dohnányi,  Juha Kuivanen,  Pedro Halffter-Caro  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Danubia Symphony Orchestra,  Arnold Schoenberg Choir,  Cleveland Orchestra  ... 
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  • 53.
    Brahms: Symphony No 1, Haydn Variations / Karajan
    Label: Dg Galleria   Catalog: 427253 Release Date: 11/02/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 54.
    Brahms: Concertos, Symphonies / Haitink, Arrau, Szeryng, Starker [7-CD Collector's Edition]
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 001479902 Release Date: 10/19/2010   Number of Discs: 7
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Claudio Arrau,  Henryk Szeryng,  János Starker
    Conductor:  Bernard Haitink
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra
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  • 55.
    Radetzky March - Orchestral Favourites / Hans Knappertsbusch
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 440624 Release Date: 09/03/2010   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Johannes Brahms,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Otto Nicolai  ... 
    Conductor:  Hans Knappertsbusch
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 56.
    Brahms: Symphonies 1-4, Etc. / Mehta, Israel Philharmonic
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 53279 Release Date: 04/08/2010   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Zubin Mehta
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Israel Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 57.
    Brahms: Complete Symphonies / Alsop, London PO
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 940257 Release Date: 03/09/2010   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Marin Alsop
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 58.
    Brahms: Symphonies 1-4, Etc / Eschenbach, Houston Symphony
    Label: Virgin Classics   Catalog: 61360 Release Date: 01/28/2010   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Dunja Vejzovic
    Conductor:  Christoph Eschenbach
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Houston Symphony Orchestra,  Houston Symphony Male Chorus
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  • 59.
    Brahms: Violin Concerto, Symphony No 4 / Menuhin, Giulini
    Label: Emi Seraphim   Catalog: 68526 Release Date: 01/28/2010   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Yehudi Menuhin
    Conductor:  Rudolf Kempe,  Rafael Kubelik,  Carlo Maria Giulini
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra,  New Philharmonia Orchestra  ... 
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  • 60.
    Furtwangler - The Best Of The Early Recordings 1929-1943
    Label: Music & Arts   Catalog: 954 Release Date: 01/28/2010   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Christoph W. Gluck,  Gioachino Rossini,  Wilhelm Furtwängler  ... 
    Conductor:  Wilhelm Furtwängler
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  • 61.
    Brahms: Symphonie no 3, Haydn-Variationen / Bernstein
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 410083 Release Date: 11/10/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Leonard Bernstein
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 62.
    Brahms: Alto Rhapsody, Haydn Variations / Knappertsbusch
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 470254 Release Date: 10/26/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Wagner,  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Lucretia West
    Conductor:  Hans Knappertsbusch
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Vienna Academy Choir
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  • 63.
    Schubert: Symphonies Nos 4, 8, 9 / Kubelik, Barbirolli
    Label: Emi Seraphim   Catalog: 68534 Release Date: 10/26/2009   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Rafael Kubelik,  Sir John Barbirolli
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Hallé Orchestra
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  • 64.
    Brahms: Symphony No 1, Variations On A Theme By Haydn, Etc / Fischer, Et Al
    Label: Channel Classics   Catalog: 28309 Release Date: 10/13/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Iván Fischer
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Budapest Festival Orchestra
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  • 65.
    Ultimate Brahms [5-CD Set]
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 001313402 Release Date: 08/25/2009   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Henryk Szeryng,  János Starker,  Claudio Arrau
    Conductor:  Bernard Haitink,  Wolfgang Sawallisch
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Concertgebouw Orchestra,  Vienna Symphony Orchestra
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  • 66.
    Brahms Complete Edition [46-CD Set]
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 001302602 Release Date: 07/14/2009   Number of Discs: 46
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Johann Sebastian Bach
    Performer:  Edith Mathis,  Karl Engel,  Gernot Kahl,  Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau  ... 
    Conductor:  Günther Jena,  Claudio Abbado,  Herbert von Karajan,  Karl Böhm  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  North German Radio Chorus,  LaSalle String Quartet,  Amadeus String Quartet  ... 
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  • 67.
    Brahms: Symphony No 4, Haydn Variations, Hungarian Dance No 5 / Eschenbach
    Label: Hänssler Classic   Catalog: 98593 Release Date: 06/09/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Christoph Eschenbach
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Schleswig-Holstein Festival Orchestra
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  • 68.
    Edition Wilhelm Furtwängler - The Complete RIAS Recordings
    Label: Audite   Catalog: 21403 Release Date: 06/09/2009   Number of Discs: 13
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Richard Wagner,  Richard Strauss,  Johannes Brahms  ... 
    Performer:  Gerhard Taschner,  Yehudi Menuhin
    Conductor:  Wilhelm Furtwängler
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 69.
    Bruckner: Symphony No 7 / Ormandy, Philadelphia Orchestra
    Label: Rca   Catalog: 38113 Release Date: 05/08/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Anton Bruckner,  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Eugene Ormandy
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philadelphia Orchestra
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  • 70.
    Brahms Par Furtwängler - Symphony No 1, Haydn Variations / Berlin Po
    Label: Tahra   Catalog: 2005 Release Date: 03/10/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Wilhelm Furtwängler
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 71.
    Brahms: Symphony No 1, Haydn Variations, Alto Rhapsody / Heynis, Van Beinum
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 420854 Release Date: 12/09/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Aafje Heynis
    Conductor:  Eduard Van Beinum
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra
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  • 72.
    Brahms: The Symphonies
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 4777579 Release Date: 11/18/2008   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
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  • 73.
    Karajan - Symphony Edition
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 001211702 Release Date: 11/18/2008   Number of Discs: 38
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Robert Schumann,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart  ... 
    Performer:  Agnes Baltsa,  Peter Schreier,  Anna Tomowa-Sintow,  José Van Dam
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Vienna Singverein,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 74.
    Brahms: Symphony No 4, Etc / Furtwängler, Berlin Po
    Label: Melodiya   Catalog: 1001100 Release Date: 10/20/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Wilhelm Furtwängler
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 75.
    Brahms: Symphonie No 1, Haydn-variationen / Furtwängler
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 427402 Release Date: 09/30/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Wilhelm Furtwängler
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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