Johannes Brahms

Biography

Born: 1833   Died: 1897   Country: Germany   Period: Romantic
The stature of Johannes Brahms among classical composers is well illustrated by his inclusion among the "Three Bs" triumvirate of Bach, Beethoven, and Brahms. Of all the major composers of the late Romantic era, Brahms was the one most attached to the Classical ideal as manifested in the music of Haydn, Mozart, and especially Beethoven; indeed, Hans von Bülow once characterized Brahms' Symphony No. 1 (1855-1876) as "Beethoven's Tenth." As a Read more youth, Brahms was championed by Robert Schumann as music's greatest hope for the future; as a mature composer, Brahms became for conservative musical journalists the most potent symbol of musical tradition, a stalwart against the "degeneration" represented by the music of Wagner and his school. Brahms' symphonies, choral and vocal works, chamber music, and piano pieces are imbued with strong emotional feeling, yet take shape according to a thoroughly considered structural plan.

The son of a double bassist in the Hamburg Philharmonic Society, Brahms demonstrated great promise from the beginning. He began his musical career as a pianist, contributing to the family coffers as a teenager by playing in restaurants, taverns, and even brothels. Though by his early twenties he enjoyed associations with luminaries like violinists Eduard Reményi and Joseph Joachim, the friend and mentor who was most instrumental in advancing his career was Schumann, who all but adopted him and became his most ardent partisan, and their esteem was mutual. Following Schumann's death in 1856, Brahms became the closest confidant and lifelong friend of the composer's widow, pianist and composer Clara Wieck Schumann. After a life of spectacular musical triumphs and failed loves (the composer was involved in several romantic entanglements but never wed), Brahms died of liver cancer on April 3, 1897.

In every genre in which he composed, Brahms produced works that have become staples of the repertory. His most ambitious work, the German Requiem (1863-1867), is the composer's singular reinterpretation of an age-old form. The four symphonies -- lushly scored, grand in scope, and deeply expressive -- are cornerstones of the symphonic literature. Brahms' concertos are, similarly, in a monumental, quasi-symphonic vein: the two piano concertos (1856-1859 and 1881) and the Violin Concerto (1878) call for soloists with both considerable technical skill and stamina. His chamber music is among the most sophisticated and exquisitely crafted of the Romantic era; for but a single example, his works that incorporate the clarinet (e.g., the Trio in A minor, Op. 114 and the two Sonatas, Op. 120), an instrument largely overlooked by his contemporaries, remain unsurpassed. Though the piano sonata never held for Brahms the same appeal it had for Beethoven (Brahms wrote three to Beethoven's 32), he produced a voluminous body of music for the piano. He showed a particular affinity for variations -- notably, on themes of Schumann (1854), Handel (1861), and Paganini (1862-1863) -- and likewise produced a passel of national dances and character pieces such as ballades, intermezzi, and rhapsodies. Collectively, these constitute one of the essential bodies of work in the realm of nineteenth century keyboard music. Read less
Brahms: The Violin Sonatas / Tetzlaff, Vogt
Release Date: 08/12/2016   Label: Ondine  
Catalog: ODE 1284-2   Number of Discs: 1
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Brahms: Piano Concertos Nos. 1 & 2 / Pollini, Thielemann, Staatskapelle Dresden
Release Date: 07/15/2016   Label: Deutsche Grammophon  
Catalog: B002520602   Number of Discs: 2
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Brahms: Works for Solo Piano, Vol. 6 / Douglas
Release Date: 07/29/2016   Label: Chandos  
Catalog: CHAN 10903   Number of Discs: 1
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Brahms / Gabriele Carcano
Release Date: 08/12/2016   Label: Oehms  
Catalog: OC 1850   Number of Discs: 1
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Brahms & Sergerstam: Orchestral Works / Turku Philharmonic
Release Date: 07/29/2016   Label: Alba Records  
Catalog: ABCD 390   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Variations on a theme by Haydn

Browse 26-50 of 146 Available Recordings
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  • 26.
    Leonard Bernstein Collection Vol 1 [59 CDs & 1 DVD]
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 2027800 Release Date: 04/22/2014   Number of Discs: 60
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Johannes Brahms,  Leonard Bernstein,  Benjamin Britten  ... 
    Performer:  René Kollo,  Dame Gwyneth Jones,  Kurt Moll,  Hanna Schwarz  ... 
    Conductor:  Leonard Bernstein,  Michael Tilson Thomas,  Kent Nagano
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Vienna State Opera Concert Choir,  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra  ... 
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    CD: $259.49
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  • 27.
    Sir Colin Davis - The Complete RCA Legacy
    Label: Rca   Catalog: 300607 Release Date: 04/15/2014   Number of Discs: 51
    Composer:  Richard Wagner,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Jean Sibelius  ... 
    Performer:  Jan-Hendrik Rootering,  Barbara Fleckenstein,  Ben Heppner,  Heinrich Weber  ... 
    Conductor:  Sir Colin Davis
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Bavarian Radio Chorus,  Bavarian State Opera Chorus  ... 
    CD: $115.49
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  • 28.
    Bernard Haitink: The Symphony Edition [36-CD Set]
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 002010702 Release Date: 03/11/2014   Number of Discs: 36
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Johannes Brahms,  Anton Bruckner,  Gustav Mahler  ... 
    Performer:  Lucia Popp,  Carolyn Watkinson,  Peter Schreier,  Robert Holl  ... 
    Conductor:  Bernard Haitink
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra,  Netherlands Radio Chorus,  St. Willibrod Boy's Choir  ... 
    CD: $117.99
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  • 29.
    Icon: Wolfgang Sawallisch - Beethoven, Brahms The Complete Symphonies
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 9356521 Release Date: 01/28/2014   Number of Discs: 8
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Margaret Price,  Jan-Hendrik Rootering,  Marjana Lipovsek,  Peter Seiffert
    Conductor:  Wolfgang Sawallisch
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra,  Düsseldorf Städtischer Musikvereins Chorus,  London Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
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  • 30.
    Brahms - Romanticism & Formal Genius
    Label: Harmonia Mundi   Catalog: 2908401 Release Date: 01/14/2014   Number of Discs: 8
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Alessandro Carbonare,  Luc Héry,  Florence Binder,  Nicolas Böne  ... 
    Conductor:  Philippe Herreweghe,  Kent Nagano,  Jiri Belohlávek,  Daniel Harding  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Collegium Vocale,  Champs-Élysées Orchestra,  La Chapelle Royale Paris  ... 
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  • 31.
    Carlo Maria Giulini: The London Years
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 93739 Release Date: 12/03/2013   Number of Discs: 17
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák,  Modest Mussorgsky,  Benjamin Britten,  César Franck  ... 
    Performer:  Sheila Armstrong,  Anna Reynolds,  Robert Tear,  John Shirley-Quirk
    Conductor:  Carlo Maria Giulini
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Philharmonic Orchestra,  Philharmonia Orchestra,  New Philharmonia Orchestra  ... 
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  • 32.
    Brahms: Symphonies 1 & 2 / Gergiev
    Label: Lso Live   Catalog: 733 Release Date: 10/08/2013   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Valery Gergiev
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra
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  • 33.
    The European Concert - Brahms Haydn, Beethoven / Dudamel, Berlin Philharmonic
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 001831309 Release Date: 05/14/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Franz Joseph Haydn,  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Gautier Capuçon
    Conductor:  Gustavo Dudamel
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
    DVD: $32.99
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  • 34.
    Wilhelm Furtwangler: Wiener Konzerte 1944-1954 [18-CD Set]
    Label: Orfeo   Catalog: 834118 Release Date: 04/30/2013   Number of Discs: 18
    Composer:  Anton Bruckner,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  César Franck,  Ludwig van Beethoven  ... 
    Performer:  Paul Badura-Skoda,  Dagmar Bella,  Paul Schöffler,  Anton Dermota  ... 
    Conductor:  Wilhelm Furtwängler
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Vienna Singakademie,  Vienna Boys' Choir
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  • 35.
    Brahms: Symphonies No. 1-4
    Label: Royal Philharmonic Orchestra   Catalog: 38 Release Date: 03/26/2013   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Grzegorz Nowak
    CD: $39.99
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  • 36.
    Brahms: Symphony No. 1; Tragic Overture; St. Anthony Variations
    Label: Regis   Catalog: 1395 Release Date: 01/29/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    CD: $9.99
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  • 37.
    Brahms: Symphonies, Overtures, Ein Deutsches Requiem / Klemperer [4-CD Set]
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 043382 Release Date: 01/22/2013   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Unspecified
    Performer:  Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau,  Ralph Downes,  Elisabeth Schwarzkopf,  Christa Ludwig
    Conductor:  Otto Klemperer
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra,  Philharmonia Chorus
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  • 38.
    Monumental Karajan!
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 232892 Release Date: 01/22/2013   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Johannes Brahms,  Richard Wagner,  Antonín Dvorák  ... 
    Performer:  Karlheinz Zöller
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
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  • 39.
    Icon: Colin Davis - The Early Recordings
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 63989 Release Date: 09/18/2012   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Gioachino Rossini,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Felix Mendelssohn  ... 
    Performer:  Leon Goossens,  Yehudi Menuhin,  John Ogdon,  Sir Ralph Richardson  ... 
    Conductor:  Sir Colin Davis
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Sinfonia of London,  Philharmonia Orchestra,  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $42.99
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  • 40.
    From Bach To Wagner / Boult, London Philharmonic Orchestra
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 35657 Release Date: 08/14/2012   Number of Discs: 11
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Franz Schubert  ... 
    Performer:  Dame Janet Baker
    Conductor:  Sir Adrian Boult
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Philharmonic Orchestra,  John Alldis Choir
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  • 41.
    Arturo Toscanini Conducts Schubert, Elgar, Mozart, Rossini, Wagner, Brahms & Mendelssohn
    Label: Guild   Catalog: 2384 Release Date: 07/10/2012   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Sir Edward Elgar,  Gioachino Rossini,  Richard Wagner  ... 
    Performer:  Nathan Milstein
    Conductor:  Arturo Toscanini
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  • 42.
    Best Of Brahms
    Label: Berlin Classics   Catalog: 300344 Release Date: 07/10/2012   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Bruno Canino,  Jan Vogler,  Peter Rösel,  Amadeus Webersinke  ... 
    Conductor:  Václav Neumann,  Hartwig Eschenburg,  Günther Herbig,  Helmut Koch  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Radio Solistenvereinigung
    CD: $14.99
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  • 43.
    Ferdinand Leitner Anniversary Edition
    Label: Profil   Catalog: 12019 Release Date: 06/26/2012   Number of Discs: 12
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Ermanno Wolf-Ferrari,  Franz Joseph Haydn  ... 
    Performer:  Monique Haas,  Deon Van der Walt,  Barbara Kilduff,  Edith Wiens  ... 
    Conductor:  Ferdinand Leitner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Württemberg State Orchestra,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $68.99
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  • 44.
    Brahms: Symphonies No 1-4, Haydn Variations, Overtures / Manze, Helsingborg Symphony Orchestra
    Label: Cpo   Catalog: 777720 Release Date: 03/27/2012   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Andrew Manze
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Helsingborg Symphony Orchestra
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  • 45.
    Edition Wilhelm Furtwangler [Vinyl]
    Label: Audite   Catalog: AUD87101 Release Date: 01/31/2012   Number of Discs: 14
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Anton Bruckner,  Franz Schubert,  Johannes Brahms  ... 
    Conductor:  Wilhelm Furtwängler
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
    LP: $349.99
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  • 46.
    Brahms: Complete Symphonies / Hans Knappertsbusch
    Label: Andromeda   Catalog: 5066 Release Date: 01/01/2012   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Lucretia West
    Conductor:  Hans Knappertsbusch
    CD: $14.99
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  • 47.
    Brahms: Ein Deutsches Requiem; Haydn-variations
    Label: Archipel   Catalog: 154 Release Date: 01/01/2012   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
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  • 48.
    Brahms: The Four Symphonies; Piano Concerto No. 2
    Label: Archipel   Catalog: 190 Release Date: 01/01/2012   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Franz Schubert,  Bedrich Smetana
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  • 49.
    Johannes Brahms: Symphony No. 1; Variations On A Theme By Haydn
    Label: Archipel   Catalog: 254 Release Date: 01/01/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
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  • 50.
    Label: Andromeda   Catalog: 5034 Release Date: 01/01/2012   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Richard Wagner,  Christoph W. Gluck,  Franz Joseph Haydn  ... 
    Performer:  Edwin Fischer
    Conductor:  Wilhelm Furtwängler
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