Johannes Brahms

Biography

Born: 1833   Died: 1897   Country: Germany   Period: Romantic
The stature of Johannes Brahms among classical composers is well illustrated by his inclusion among the "Three Bs" triumvirate of Bach, Beethoven, and Brahms. Of all the major composers of the late Romantic era, Brahms was the one most attached to the Classical ideal as manifested in the music of Haydn, Mozart, and especially Beethoven; indeed, Hans von Bülow once characterized Brahms' Symphony No. 1 (1855-1876) as "Beethoven's Tenth." As a Read more youth, Brahms was championed by Robert Schumann as music's greatest hope for the future; as a mature composer, Brahms became for conservative musical journalists the most potent symbol of musical tradition, a stalwart against the "degeneration" represented by the music of Wagner and his school. Brahms' symphonies, choral and vocal works, chamber music, and piano pieces are imbued with strong emotional feeling, yet take shape according to a thoroughly considered structural plan.

The son of a double bassist in the Hamburg Philharmonic Society, Brahms demonstrated great promise from the beginning. He began his musical career as a pianist, contributing to the family coffers as a teenager by playing in restaurants, taverns, and even brothels. Though by his early twenties he enjoyed associations with luminaries like violinists Eduard Reményi and Joseph Joachim, the friend and mentor who was most instrumental in advancing his career was Schumann, who all but adopted him and became his most ardent partisan, and their esteem was mutual. Following Schumann's death in 1856, Brahms became the closest confidant and lifelong friend of the composer's widow, pianist and composer Clara Wieck Schumann. After a life of spectacular musical triumphs and failed loves (the composer was involved in several romantic entanglements but never wed), Brahms died of liver cancer on April 3, 1897.

In every genre in which he composed, Brahms produced works that have become staples of the repertory. His most ambitious work, the German Requiem (1863-1867), is the composer's singular reinterpretation of an age-old form. The four symphonies -- lushly scored, grand in scope, and deeply expressive -- are cornerstones of the symphonic literature. Brahms' concertos are, similarly, in a monumental, quasi-symphonic vein: the two piano concertos (1856-1859 and 1881) and the Violin Concerto (1878) call for soloists with both considerable technical skill and stamina. His chamber music is among the most sophisticated and exquisitely crafted of the Romantic era; for but a single example, his works that incorporate the clarinet (e.g., the Trio in A minor, Op. 114 and the two Sonatas, Op. 120), an instrument largely overlooked by his contemporaries, remain unsurpassed. Though the piano sonata never held for Brahms the same appeal it had for Beethoven (Brahms wrote three to Beethoven's 32), he produced a voluminous body of music for the piano. He showed a particular affinity for variations -- notably, on themes of Schumann (1854), Handel (1861), and Paganini (1862-1863) -- and likewise produced a passel of national dances and character pieces such as ballades, intermezzi, and rhapsodies. Collectively, these constitute one of the essential bodies of work in the realm of nineteenth century keyboard music. Read less
Arthur Rubinstein Plays Brahms
Release Date: 06/12/2012   Label: Rca  
Catalog: 760992   Number of Discs: 9
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Brahms: The Symphonies / Chailly, Gewandhaus
Release Date: 08/19/2014   Label: Decca  
Catalog: 002121502   Number of Discs: 3
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Leon Fleisher Plays Beethoven & Brahms
Release Date: 08/07/2012   Label: Sony  
Catalog: 1918052   Number of Discs: 5
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Brahms: Symphonies 3 & 4, Gergiev, London Symphony Orchestra
Release Date: 09/09/2014   Label: Lso Live  
Catalog: 737   Number of Discs: 1
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The Songs Of Brahms, Vol. 5 / Maltman, Johnson
Release Date: 09/09/2014   Label: Hyperion  
Catalog: 33125   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Variations on a theme by Haydn

Browse 126-150 of 169 Available Recordings
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  • 126.
    Brahms - Greatest Hits
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 000191702 Release Date: 02/10/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Nathan Milstein,  Martha Argerich,  Julian Lloyd Webber,  John Lenehan
    Conductor:  Carlo Maria Giulini,  Iván Fischer,  Bernard Haitink,  Eugen Jochum  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Budapest Festival Orchestra,  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra  ... 
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  • 127.
    Chicago Symphony Orchestra - Historic Telecasts / Reiner, Stokowski, Hindemith
    Label: Video Artists International   Catalog: 4237 Release Date: 06/24/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Anton Bruckner,  Paul Hindemith,  Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov,  Johannes Brahms  ... 
    Conductor:  Paul Hindemith,  Leopold Stokowski,  Fritz Reiner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chicago Symphony Orchestra
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  • 128.
    Original Masters - Wilhelm Furtwängler - Live Recordings
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 474030 Release Date: 02/11/2003   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Richard Wagner,  Maurice Ravel,  César Franck,  Paul Hindemith  ... 
    Conductor:  Wilhelm Furtwängler
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 129.
    Trio - Brahms: Complete Concertos, Overtures /Brendel, Et Al
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 473267 Release Date: 01/14/2003   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Henryk Szeryng,  János Starker,  Alfred Brendel
    Conductor:  Bernard Haitink,  Hans Schmidt-Isserstedt
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra
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  • 130.
    Classics - Brahms: Piano Concerto No 2, Etc / Previn, Et Al
    Label: Telarc   Catalog: 80197 Release Date: 11/26/2002   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Horacio Gutierrez
    Conductor:  André Previn
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 131.
    Brahms: 4 Symphonies, Haydn Variations / Böhm, Vienna Po
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 471443 Release Date: 10/08/2002   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Christa Ludwig,  Gerhart Hetzel
    Conductor:  Karl Böhm
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Vienna Singverein
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  • 132.
    Brahms: Serenades Nos 1 & 2, Etc / Boult, Baker
    Label: Emi Classics Double Fforte   Catalog: 68655 Release Date: 09/10/2002   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Dame Janet Baker
    Conductor:  Sir Adrian Boult
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  John Alldis Choir,  London Philharmonic Orchestra,  London Symphony Orchestra
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  • 133.
    Trio - Brahms: Complete Symphonies / Riccardo Muti, Et Al
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 470942 Release Date: 06/11/2002   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Riccardo Muti
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philadelphia Orchestra
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  • 134.
    Brahms: Piano Concertos, Haydn & Handel Variations
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 470519 Release Date: 05/31/2002   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Robert Scheiwein,  Vladimir Ashkenazy
    Conductor:  Vladimir Ashkenazy,  Bernard Haitink
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cleveland Orchestra,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra
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  • 135.
    Carnegie Hall Project / Sir Georg Solti
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 444458 Release Date: 04/29/2002   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Bedrich Smetana,  Richard Strauss,  Dmitri Shostakovich,  Johannes Brahms  ... 
    Conductor:  Sir Georg Solti
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Orchestra
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  • 136.
    Brahms: Symphony No 1, Etc / Wilhelm Furtwangler, Et Al
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 90432 Release Date: 01/30/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Wilhelm Furtwängler
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 137.
    Brahms: Symphony No 1, Haydn Variations / Horenstein, Et Al
    Label: Vox Box Legends   Catalog: 7801 Release Date: 07/11/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Jascha Horenstein
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Southwest German Radio Symphony Orchestra
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  • 138.
    Brahms: The Four Symphonies, Etc / Toscanini, Philharmonia
    Label: Testament   Catalog: 3167 Release Date: 03/10/2000   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Arturo Toscanini
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra
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  • 139.
    Brahms: Symphony No 1, Haydn Variations / Abendroth, Et Al
    Label: Berlin Classics   Catalog: 9243 Release Date: 11/16/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Hermann Abendroth
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Leipzig Radio Orchestra
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  • 140.
    Furtwängler Conducts Brahms - Complete Symphonies, Etc
    Label: Music & Arts Programs Of America   Catalog: 4941 Release Date: 11/16/1999   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Edwin Fischer
    Conductor:  Wilhelm Furtwängler
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  North German Radio Symphony Orchestra
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  • 141.
    Immortal Toscanini Vol 8 - Orchestral Showpieces
    Label: Rca Victor Red Seal   Catalog: 59484 Release Date: 11/09/1999   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Modest Mussorgsky,  Jean Sibelius,  Bedrich Smetana  ... 
    Conductor:  Arturo Toscanini
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  NBC Symphony Orchestra
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  • 142.
    Brahms: Symphony No 1, Etc / Sawallisch, London Po
    Label: Emi Seraphim   Catalog: 73555 Release Date: 08/10/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Wolfgang Sawallisch
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 143.
    Brahms: Symphony No. 3, Etc;  Dvorák / Ashkenazy, Cleveland
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 433548 Release Date: 08/30/1998   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Antonín Dvorák
    Conductor:  Vladimir Ashkenazy
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cleveland Orchestra
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  • 144.
    Brahms: Piano Concertos 1 & 2, Etc / Barenboim, Barbirolli
    Label: Emi Classics Double Fforte   Catalog: 72649 Release Date: 08/11/1998   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Daniel Barenboim
    Conductor:  Sir John Barbirolli
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 145.
    Brahms, Strauss, Stravinsky / Krips, Philharmonia Orchestra
    Label: Testament   Catalog: 1122 Release Date: 08/01/1998   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Richard Strauss,  Igor Stravinsky
    Conductor:  Josef Krips
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra
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  • 146.
    Mahler: Symphony No 1; Brahms: Haydn Variations / Walter
    Label: Sony Classical Masterworks   Catalog: 63328 Release Date: 06/16/1998   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler,  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Bruno Walter
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New York Philharmonic
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  • 147.
    Wilhelm Furtwangler - Brahms: Haydn Variations, Symphony 1
    Label: Testament   Catalog: 1142 Release Date: 04/01/1998   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Wilhelm Furtwängler
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 148.
    Brahms: Symphony No 3, Etc / Masur, New York Philharmonic
    Label: Teldec   Catalog: 90862 Release Date: 02/17/1998   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Kurt Masur
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New York Philharmonic
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  • 149.
    Brahms: The Symphonies, Etc / Harnoncourt, Berlin Po
    Label: Teldec   Catalog: 13136 Release Date: 11/25/1997   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Nikolaus Harnoncourt
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 150.
    The Classic Sound - Haydn: Symphonies 94 & 101 / Monteux
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 452893 Release Date: 11/11/1997   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Franz Joseph Haydn
    Conductor:  Pierre Monteux
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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