Johannes Brahms

Biography

Born: 1833   Died: 1897   Country: Germany   Period: Romantic
The stature of Johannes Brahms among classical composers is well illustrated by his inclusion among the "Three Bs" triumvirate of Bach, Beethoven, and Brahms. Of all the major composers of the late Romantic era, Brahms was the one most attached to the Classical ideal as manifested in the music of Haydn, Mozart, and especially Beethoven; indeed, Hans von Bülow once characterized Brahms' Symphony No. 1 (1855-1876) as "Beethoven's Tenth." As a Read more youth, Brahms was championed by Robert Schumann as music's greatest hope for the future; as a mature composer, Brahms became for conservative musical journalists the most potent symbol of musical tradition, a stalwart against the "degeneration" represented by the music of Wagner and his school. Brahms' symphonies, choral and vocal works, chamber music, and piano pieces are imbued with strong emotional feeling, yet take shape according to a thoroughly considered structural plan.

The son of a double bassist in the Hamburg Philharmonic Society, Brahms demonstrated great promise from the beginning. He began his musical career as a pianist, contributing to the family coffers as a teenager by playing in restaurants, taverns, and even brothels. Though by his early twenties he enjoyed associations with luminaries like violinists Eduard Reményi and Joseph Joachim, the friend and mentor who was most instrumental in advancing his career was Schumann, who all but adopted him and became his most ardent partisan, and their esteem was mutual. Following Schumann's death in 1856, Brahms became the closest confidant and lifelong friend of the composer's widow, pianist and composer Clara Wieck Schumann. After a life of spectacular musical triumphs and failed loves (the composer was involved in several romantic entanglements but never wed), Brahms died of liver cancer on April 3, 1897.

In every genre in which he composed, Brahms produced works that have become staples of the repertory. His most ambitious work, the German Requiem (1863-1867), is the composer's singular reinterpretation of an age-old form. The four symphonies -- lushly scored, grand in scope, and deeply expressive -- are cornerstones of the symphonic literature. Brahms' concertos are, similarly, in a monumental, quasi-symphonic vein: the two piano concertos (1856-1859 and 1881) and the Violin Concerto (1878) call for soloists with both considerable technical skill and stamina. His chamber music is among the most sophisticated and exquisitely crafted of the Romantic era; for but a single example, his works that incorporate the clarinet (e.g., the Trio in A minor, Op. 114 and the two Sonatas, Op. 120), an instrument largely overlooked by his contemporaries, remain unsurpassed. Though the piano sonata never held for Brahms the same appeal it had for Beethoven (Brahms wrote three to Beethoven's 32), he produced a voluminous body of music for the piano. He showed a particular affinity for variations -- notably, on themes of Schumann (1854), Handel (1861), and Paganini (1862-1863) -- and likewise produced a passel of national dances and character pieces such as ballades, intermezzi, and rhapsodies. Collectively, these constitute one of the essential bodies of work in the realm of nineteenth century keyboard music. Read less
Martin Frost Plays Brahms
Release Date: 07/08/2014   Label: Bis  
Catalog: 2063   Number of Discs: 1
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Brahms: Violin Concerto, Double Concerto / Mutter, Karajan
Release Date: 10/12/1993   Label: Deutsche Grammophon  
Catalog: 439007   Number of Discs: 1
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Brahms: Complete Edition
Release Date: 04/29/2014   Label: Brilliant Classics  
Catalog: 94860   Number of Discs: 58
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Brahms: Hungarian Dances / Ivan Fischer, Budapest Festival
Release Date: 11/09/1999   Label: Philips  
Catalog: 462589   Number of Discs: 1
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Brahms: Piano Concerto No. 1, Beethoven: Piano Concerto No. 3 / Shure, Bernstein, New York Philharmonic
Release Date: 07/09/2013   Label: Doremi Records  
Catalog: 8017   Number of Discs: 3
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Work: Variations on a theme by Haydn

Browse 101-125 of 166 Available Recordings
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  • 101.
    Brahms: Orchestral Works / Boult, Et Al
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 65229 Release Date: 11/21/2006   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Dame Janet Baker
    Conductor:  Sir Adrian Boult
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Philharmonic Orchestra,  John Alldis Choir,  London Symphony Orchestra
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  • 102.
    Brahms: Symphonies 1-4 / Barenboim, Chicago So
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 61892 Release Date: 08/22/2006   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Daniel Barenboim
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chicago Symphony Orchestra
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  • 103.
    Brahms: Symphony No 1 / George Szell, Cleveland Orchestra
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 678764 Release Date: 08/01/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  George Szell,  Eugene Ormandy
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cleveland Orchestra,  Philadelphia Orchestra
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  • 104.
    The Post-war Revival / Van Beinum, Lpo
    Label: Lpo   Catalog: 11 Release Date: 07/25/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Malcolm Arnold,  Sir Edward Elgar,  Johannes Brahms,  Ludwig van Beethoven  ... 
    Performer:  Eugenia Zareska
    Conductor:  Eduard Van Beinum
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 105.
    Brahms: Symphonies, Serenades, Etc / Belohlávek, Czech Po
    Label: Supraphon   Catalog: 3868 Release Date: 06/27/2006   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Jiri Belohlávek
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Czech Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 106.
    Brahms: Symphony No 1-4, Etc / Janowski, Et Al
    Label: Resonance   Catalog: 405 Release Date: 06/27/2006   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Marek Janowski
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Liverpool Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 107.
    Brahms: Symphony No 2, Haydn Variations / Gielen, Et Al
    Label: Hänssler Classic   Catalog: 93135 Release Date: 05/09/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Michael Gielen
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Southwest German Radio Symphony Orchestra
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  • 108.
    Brahms: The Symphonies, Overtures, Song Of Destiny, German Requiem / Masur
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 4627682 Release Date: 04/17/2006   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Sylvia McNair,  Håkan Hagegård
    Conductor:  Kurt Masur
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New York Philharmonic,  Westminster Symphonic Choir
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  • 109.
    Midnight in the Grand Court, Lord & Taylor / Conte
    Label: Gothic Records   Catalog: 49247 Release Date: 04/11/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Sir Edward Elgar,  Richard Wagner,  Claude Debussy,  Louis Vierne  ... 
    Performer:  Peter Richard Conte
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  • 110.
    Gemini - Brahms: Piano Concertos, Etc / Barenboim
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 76939 Release Date: 02/21/2006   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Daniel Barenboim
    Conductor:  Sir John Barbirolli
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New Philharmonia Orchestra,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 111.
    Brahms: Symphonies, Overtures, Haydn Variations, Song Of Destiny / Sawallisch
    Label: Brilliant Classics   Catalog: 92878 Release Date: 01/24/2006   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Wolfgang Sawallisch
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Philharmonic Orchestra,  Ambrosian Singers
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  • 112.
    Hans Vonk - The Final Sessions
    Label: Pentatone   Catalog: 5186045 Release Date: 10/18/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Yvonne Naef
    Conductor:  Hans Vonk
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Netherlands Radio Symphony,  Netherlands Radio Men's Chorus
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  • 113.
    Brahms: Variations, Op. 56; Mozart, Wolf-ferrari / Leitner, Haas
    Label: Profil   Catalog: 4063 Release Date: 09/20/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Ermanno Wolf-Ferrari
    Performer:  Monique Haas
    Conductor:  Ferdinand Leitner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Württemberg State Orchestra,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 114.
    Schubert: Symphony No 9;  Brahms: Variations / Furtwängler
    Label: Opus Kura   Catalog: 7010 Release Date: 08/30/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Wilhelm Furtwängler
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 115.
    Brahms: Symphony No 1, Haydn Variations / Masur, Gewandhausorchester Leipzig
    Label: Eloquence   Catalog: 4762814 Release Date: 03/14/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Kurt Masur
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Leipzig Gewandhaus Orchestra
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  • 116.
    Original Masters - Eduard Van Beinum Vol 2
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 000394802 Release Date: 02/08/2005   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  George Frideric Handel,  Claude Debussy,  Franz Schubert  ... 
    Performer:  Hubert Barwahser,  Aafje Heynis,  Phia Berghout
    Conductor:  Eduard Van Beinum
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra,  Collegium Musicum Amstelodamense,  Apollo Royal Male Choir
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  • 117.
    Brahms: Symphony No 4, Haydn Variations, Etc / Giulini
    Label: Emi Great Recordings Of The Century   Catalog: 62883 Release Date: 09/07/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Carlo Maria Giulini
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chicago Symphony Orchestra,  Philharmonia Orchestra
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  • 118.
    Brahms: Symphony No 4, Etc / Haitink, Et Al
    Label: Universal   Catalog: 000291802 Release Date: 08/10/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Bernard Haitink
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra
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  • 119.
    Brahms: Symphony No 1
    Label: Avid Master Series   Catalog: 603 Release Date: 06/04/2004  
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Arturo Toscanini,  Bruno Walter
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New York Philharmonic Symphony Orchestra,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 120.
    Bernstein Collectors Edition - Brahms: Symphonies, Etc
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 000218702 Release Date: 05/11/2004   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Gidon Kremer,  Mischa Maisky,  Gerhart Hetzel
    Conductor:  Leonard Bernstein
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 121.
    Romantic Favourites / Vernon Handley, Ulster Orchestra
    Label: Chandos Collect   Catalog: 6680 Release Date: 04/27/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Antonín Dvorák,  Edvard Grieg,  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Vernon Handley
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Ulster Orchestra
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  • 122.
    Brahms: Symphonies No 1-4... / Otto Klemperer
    Label: Emi Great Recordings Of The Century   Catalog: 62760 Release Date: 04/06/2004   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Christa Ludwig
    Conductor:  Otto Klemperer
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra,  Philharmonia Chorus
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  • 123.
    Brahms - Greatest Hits
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 000191702 Release Date: 02/10/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Nathan Milstein,  Martha Argerich,  Julian Lloyd Webber,  John Lenehan
    Conductor:  Carlo Maria Giulini,  Iván Fischer,  Bernard Haitink,  Eugen Jochum  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Budapest Festival Orchestra,  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra  ... 
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  • 124.
    Chicago Symphony Orchestra - Historic Telecasts / Reiner, Stokowski, Hindemith
    Label: Video Artists International   Catalog: 4237 Release Date: 06/24/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Anton Bruckner,  Paul Hindemith,  Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov,  Johannes Brahms  ... 
    Conductor:  Paul Hindemith,  Leopold Stokowski,  Fritz Reiner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chicago Symphony Orchestra
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  • 125.
    Original Masters - Wilhelm Furtwängler - Live Recordings
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 474030 Release Date: 02/11/2003   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Richard Wagner,  Maurice Ravel,  César Franck,  Paul Hindemith  ... 
    Conductor:  Wilhelm Furtwängler
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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