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Johannes Brahms

Biography

Born: 1833   Died: 1897   Country: Germany   Period: Romantic
The stature of Johannes Brahms among classical composers is well illustrated by his inclusion among the "Three Bs" triumvirate of Bach, Beethoven, and Brahms. Of all the major composers of the late Romantic era, Brahms was the one most attached to the Classical ideal as manifested in the music of Haydn, Mozart, and especially Beethoven; indeed, Hans von Bülow once characterized Brahms' Symphony No. 1 (1855-1876) as "Beethoven's Tenth." As a Read more youth, Brahms was championed by Robert Schumann as music's greatest hope for the future; as a mature composer, Brahms became for conservative musical journalists the most potent symbol of musical tradition, a stalwart against the "degeneration" represented by the music of Wagner and his school. Brahms' symphonies, choral and vocal works, chamber music, and piano pieces are imbued with strong emotional feeling, yet take shape according to a thoroughly considered structural plan.

The son of a double bassist in the Hamburg Philharmonic Society, Brahms demonstrated great promise from the beginning. He began his musical career as a pianist, contributing to the family coffers as a teenager by playing in restaurants, taverns, and even brothels. Though by his early twenties he enjoyed associations with luminaries like violinists Eduard Reményi and Joseph Joachim, the friend and mentor who was most instrumental in advancing his career was Schumann, who all but adopted him and became his most ardent partisan, and their esteem was mutual. Following Schumann's death in 1856, Brahms became the closest confidant and lifelong friend of the composer's widow, pianist and composer Clara Wieck Schumann. After a life of spectacular musical triumphs and failed loves (the composer was involved in several romantic entanglements but never wed), Brahms died of liver cancer on April 3, 1897.

In every genre in which he composed, Brahms produced works that have become staples of the repertory. His most ambitious work, the German Requiem (1863-1867), is the composer's singular reinterpretation of an age-old form. The four symphonies -- lushly scored, grand in scope, and deeply expressive -- are cornerstones of the symphonic literature. Brahms' concertos are, similarly, in a monumental, quasi-symphonic vein: the two piano concertos (1856-1859 and 1881) and the Violin Concerto (1878) call for soloists with both considerable technical skill and stamina. His chamber music is among the most sophisticated and exquisitely crafted of the Romantic era; for but a single example, his works that incorporate the clarinet (e.g., the Trio in A minor, Op. 114 and the two Sonatas, Op. 120), an instrument largely overlooked by his contemporaries, remain unsurpassed. Though the piano sonata never held for Brahms the same appeal it had for Beethoven (Brahms wrote three to Beethoven's 32), he produced a voluminous body of music for the piano. He showed a particular affinity for variations -- notably, on themes of Schumann (1854), Handel (1861), and Paganini (1862-1863) -- and likewise produced a passel of national dances and character pieces such as ballades, intermezzi, and rhapsodies. Collectively, these constitute one of the essential bodies of work in the realm of nineteenth century keyboard music. Read less
Brahms: Ein Deutsches Requiem / Wit, Warsaw
Release Date: 04/29/2014   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 573061   Number of Discs: 1
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Brahms: The Symphonies / Chailly, Gewandhaus
Release Date: 08/19/2014   Label: Decca  
Catalog: 002121502   Number of Discs: 3
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Beethoven: Trio; Brahms: Trio; Weber: Grand Duo
Release Date: 11/11/2014   Label: Harmonia Mundi  
Catalog: 807618   Number of Discs: 1
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Warum - Brahms: Choral Works / Reuss, Cappella Amsterdam
Release Date: 11/11/2014   Label: Harmonia Mundi  
Catalog: 902160   Number of Discs: 1
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Brahms: Mass, Motets / Dijkstra, Swedish Radio Choir
Release Date: 12/09/2014   Label: Channel Classics  
Catalog: 35814   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Academic Festival Overture in C minor, Op. 80

Browse 76-100 of 119 Available Recordings
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  • 76.
    Bernstein Collectors Edition - Brahms: Symphonies, Etc
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 000218702 Release Date: 05/11/2004   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Gidon Kremer,  Mischa Maisky,  Gerhart Hetzel
    Conductor:  Leonard Bernstein
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 77.
    German Romantic Organ Music / Johannes Skudlik
    Label: Motette   Catalog: 1300 Release Date: 04/27/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Anton Bruckner,  Robert Schumann,  Sigfrid Karg-Elert,  Johannes Brahms  ... 
    Performer:  Johannes Skudlik
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  • 78.
    Brahms: Symphonies No 1-4... / Otto Klemperer
    Label: Emi Great Recordings Of The Century   Catalog: 62760 Release Date: 04/06/2004   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Christa Ludwig
    Conductor:  Otto Klemperer
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra,  Philharmonia Chorus
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  • 79.
    Otto Klemperer Conducts Weber, Beethoven, Brahms, Mozart
    Label: Symposium   Catalog: 1241 Release Date: 03/30/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Carl Maria von Weber,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Johannes Brahms  ... 
    Performer:  Marguerite Roesgen-Champion,  Cortet,,  Henri Merckel
    Conductor:  Otto Klemperer
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin State Opera Orchestra,  ProMusica Chamber Orchestra
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  • 80.
    Schubert: Symphony No 9; Brahms: Alto Rhapsody / Baker, Boult
    Label: Emi Great Artists Of The Century   Catalog: 62792 Release Date: 03/23/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Dame Janet Baker
    Conductor:  Sir Adrian Boult
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Philharmonic Orchestra,  John Alldis Choir
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  • 81.
    Brahms - Greatest Hits
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 000191702 Release Date: 02/10/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Nathan Milstein,  Martha Argerich,  Julian Lloyd Webber,  John Lenehan
    Conductor:  Carlo Maria Giulini,  Iván Fischer,  Bernard Haitink,  Eugen Jochum  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Budapest Festival Orchestra,  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra  ... 
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  • 82.
    Brahms: Four Hand Piano Music Vol 9 / Matthies, Köhn
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8554116 Release Date: 11/18/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Silke-Thora Matthies,  Christian Köhn
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  • 83.
    Chicago Symphony Orchestra - Historic Telecasts / Reiner, Stokowski, Hindemith
    Label: Video Artists International   Catalog: 4237 Release Date: 06/24/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Anton Bruckner,  Paul Hindemith,  Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov,  Johannes Brahms  ... 
    Conductor:  Paul Hindemith,  Leopold Stokowski,  Fritz Reiner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chicago Symphony Orchestra
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  • 84.
    Life And Works - Johannes Brahms / Jeremy Siepmann
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8558071-74 Release Date: 01/21/2003   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Jénö Jandó,  Christian Köhn,  Silke-Thora Matthies,  Jenö Keveházi  ... 
    Conductor:  Alexander Rahbari,  Antoni Wit,  Andrew Constantine,  Robert Jones  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Brussels Belgian Radio & TV Philharmonic Orchestra,  Stuttgart Soloists,  Polish Radio/TV Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 85.
    Trio - Brahms: Complete Concertos, Overtures /Brendel, Et Al
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 473267 Release Date: 01/14/2003   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Henryk Szeryng,  János Starker,  Alfred Brendel
    Conductor:  Bernard Haitink,  Hans Schmidt-Isserstedt
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra
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  • 86.
    Winds Of A Higher Order
    Label: Mark Custom Recording Service,   Catalog: 4722 Release Date: 01/01/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Morton Gould,  Johannes Brahms,  Luigi Zaninelli,  David Gillingham  ... 
    Conductor:  James Keene
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Illinois State University Wind Symphony
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  • 87.
    Brahms: Serenades Nos 1 & 2, Etc / Boult, Baker
    Label: Emi Classics Double Fforte   Catalog: 68655 Release Date: 09/10/2002   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Dame Janet Baker
    Conductor:  Sir Adrian Boult
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  John Alldis Choir,  London Philharmonic Orchestra,  London Symphony Orchestra
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  • 88.
    Trio - Brahms: Complete Symphonies / Riccardo Muti, Et Al
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 470942 Release Date: 06/11/2002   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Riccardo Muti
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philadelphia Orchestra
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  • 89.
    A Night At The Symphony
    Label: Lifestyles   Catalog: 215003 Release Date: 01/16/2001   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov,  Frédéric Chopin,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Orchestra
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  • 90.
    Famous Overtures - Marriage Of Figaro, Egmont, Hebrides, Etc
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8553627 Release Date: 10/05/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Felix Mendelssohn,  Johannes Brahms  ... 
    Conductor:  Barry Wordsworth,  Stephen Gunzenhauser,  Oliver Dohnányi,  Alexander Rahbari  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Capella Istropolitana,  Slovak Philharmonic Orchestra,  Brussels Belgian Radio & TV Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
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  • 91.
    Bernstein Century - Brahms: Symphony No 4, Overtures
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 61846 Release Date: 04/11/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Leonard Bernstein
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New York Philharmonic
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  • 92.
    Classics For Poets
    Label: Platinum Disc   Catalog: 1069 Release Date: 01/01/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz von Suppé,  Johannes Brahms,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Richard Wagner  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra
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  • 93.
    Famous Overtures / Sir Georg Solti
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 460982 Release Date: 11/09/1999   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Engelbert Humperdinck,  Carl Maria von Weber,  Gioachino Rossini,  Franz von Suppé  ... 
    Performer:  Emanuel Brabec
    Conductor:  Sir Georg Solti
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Chicago Symphony Orchestra,  London Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 94.
    Brahms: Symphony No 4, Etc / Sawallisch, London Po, Et Al
    Label: Emi Seraphim   Catalog: 73570 Release Date: 10/19/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Wolfgang Sawallisch
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Philharmonic Orchestra,  Ambrosian Singers
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  • 95.
    Classics For The Occasion - Classical Workout
    Label: Columbia River Entertainment   Catalog: 1058 Release Date: 03/31/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Franz von Suppé,  Modest Mussorgsky
    Conductor:  Václáv Smetácek,  Václav Neumann
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Prague Symphony Orchestra,  Czech Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 96.
    Brahms: Piano Concertos 1 & 2, Etc / Barenboim, Barbirolli
    Label: Emi Classics Double Fforte   Catalog: 72649 Release Date: 08/11/1998   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Daniel Barenboim
    Conductor:  Sir John Barbirolli
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 97.
    Brahms, Strauss, Stravinsky / Krips, Philharmonia Orchestra
    Label: Testament   Catalog: 1122 Release Date: 08/01/1998   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Richard Strauss,  Igor Stravinsky
    Conductor:  Josef Krips
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra
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  • 98.
    Brahms: The Symphonies, Etc / Harnoncourt, Berlin Po
    Label: Teldec   Catalog: 13136 Release Date: 11/25/1997   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Nikolaus Harnoncourt
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 99.
    Brahms: Symphony No 1, Etc / Mackerras, Scottish Co
    Label: Telarc   Catalog: 80463 Release Date: 10/28/1997   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Sir Charles Mackerras
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Scottish Chamber Orchestra
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  • 100.
    Brahms: Symphony No 2 / Davis, Bavarian Radio Sym Orch
    Label: Rca Victor Red Seal   Catalog: 7980 Release Date: 08/30/1997   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Sir Colin Davis
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra
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