Johannes Brahms

Biography

Born: 1833   Died: 1897   Country: Germany   Period: Romantic
The stature of Johannes Brahms among classical composers is well illustrated by his inclusion among the "Three Bs" triumvirate of Bach, Beethoven, and Brahms. Of all the major composers of the late Romantic era, Brahms was the one most attached to the Classical ideal as manifested in the music of Haydn, Mozart, and especially Beethoven; indeed, Hans von Bülow once characterized Brahms' Symphony No. 1 (1855-1876) as "Beethoven's Tenth." As a Read more youth, Brahms was championed by Robert Schumann as music's greatest hope for the future; as a mature composer, Brahms became for conservative musical journalists the most potent symbol of musical tradition, a stalwart against the "degeneration" represented by the music of Wagner and his school. Brahms' symphonies, choral and vocal works, chamber music, and piano pieces are imbued with strong emotional feeling, yet take shape according to a thoroughly considered structural plan.

The son of a double bassist in the Hamburg Philharmonic Society, Brahms demonstrated great promise from the beginning. He began his musical career as a pianist, contributing to the family coffers as a teenager by playing in restaurants, taverns, and even brothels. Though by his early twenties he enjoyed associations with luminaries like violinists Eduard Reményi and Joseph Joachim, the friend and mentor who was most instrumental in advancing his career was Schumann, who all but adopted him and became his most ardent partisan, and their esteem was mutual. Following Schumann's death in 1856, Brahms became the closest confidant and lifelong friend of the composer's widow, pianist and composer Clara Wieck Schumann. After a life of spectacular musical triumphs and failed loves (the composer was involved in several romantic entanglements but never wed), Brahms died of liver cancer on April 3, 1897.

In every genre in which he composed, Brahms produced works that have become staples of the repertory. His most ambitious work, the German Requiem (1863-1867), is the composer's singular reinterpretation of an age-old form. The four symphonies -- lushly scored, grand in scope, and deeply expressive -- are cornerstones of the symphonic literature. Brahms' concertos are, similarly, in a monumental, quasi-symphonic vein: the two piano concertos (1856-1859 and 1881) and the Violin Concerto (1878) call for soloists with both considerable technical skill and stamina. His chamber music is among the most sophisticated and exquisitely crafted of the Romantic era; for but a single example, his works that incorporate the clarinet (e.g., the Trio in A minor, Op. 114 and the two Sonatas, Op. 120), an instrument largely overlooked by his contemporaries, remain unsurpassed. Though the piano sonata never held for Brahms the same appeal it had for Beethoven (Brahms wrote three to Beethoven's 32), he produced a voluminous body of music for the piano. He showed a particular affinity for variations -- notably, on themes of Schumann (1854), Handel (1861), and Paganini (1862-1863) -- and likewise produced a passel of national dances and character pieces such as ballades, intermezzi, and rhapsodies. Collectively, these constitute one of the essential bodies of work in the realm of nineteenth century keyboard music. Read less
Brahms, Schumann, Mahler: Piano Quartets /  Hope, Neubauer, Finckel, Han
Release Date: 04/21/2015   Label: Deutsche Grammophon  
Catalog: 002290602  
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Brahms: Sonatas for Clarinet & Piano / Coppola, Staier
Release Date: 04/14/2015   Label: Harmonia Mundi  
Catalog: 902187   Number of Discs: 1
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Beethoven: Trio; Brahms: Trio; Weber: Grand Duo
Release Date: 11/11/2014   Label: Harmonia Mundi  
Catalog: 807618   Number of Discs: 1
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Beethoven: Violin Concerto; Symphony No. 8; Brahms: String Sextet
Release Date: 05/12/2015   Label: Onyx  
Catalog: 4154   Number of Discs: 1
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Brahms - The Hungarian Connection / Andreas Ottensamer
Release Date: 03/31/2015   Label: Mercury  
Catalog: 002288602  
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Work: Academic Festival Overture in C minor, Op. 80

Browse 26-50 of 119 Available Recordings
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  • 26.
    Brahms: Symphonies No 1-4, Haydn Variations, Overtures / Manze, Helsingborg Symphony Orchestra
    Label: Cpo   Catalog: 777720 Release Date: 03/27/2012   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Andrew Manze
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Helsingborg Symphony Orchestra
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  • 27.
    Essential Brahms
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 78131 Release Date: 02/07/2012   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Stephen Kovacevich,  Nicholas Angelich,  Natalie Clein,  Charles Owen  ... 
    Conductor:  Wolfgang Sawallisch,  Eugen Jochum,  Sir John Barbirolli,  Klaus Tennstedt  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Alban Berg String Quartet,  Artemis Quartett (String Quartet)
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  • 28.
    Brahms: Complete Symphonies / Hans Knappertsbusch
    Label: Andromeda   Catalog: 5066 Release Date: 01/01/2012   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Lucretia West
    Conductor:  Hans Knappertsbusch
    CD: $14.99
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  • 29.
    Best Of Brahms [tgg Direct]
    Label: Tgg Direct   Catalog: 60263 Release Date: 11/22/2011   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
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  • 30.
    Brahms: Complete Symphonies / Hughes, Stuttgart Philharmonic
    Label: Quartz Records   Catalog: 2054 Release Date: 10/11/2011   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Owain A. Hughes
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Stuttgart Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 31.
    Brahms: The 4 Symphonies / Masur, Leipzig Gewandhaus
    Label: Pentatone   Catalog: 5186182 Release Date: 06/28/2011   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Kurt Masur
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Leipzig Gewandhaus Orchestra
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  • 32.
    Willen Van Otterloo: The Original Recordings: 1951-1966
    Label: Challenge   Catalog: 72383 Release Date: 06/14/2011   Number of Discs: 7
    Composer:  Bedrich Smetana,  César Franck,  Franz Schubert,  Johannes Brahms  ... 
    Performer:  Feike Asma,  Cor de Groot,  Theo Olof,  Herman Krebbers
    Conductor:  Willem van Otterloo
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  • 33.
    Sir Thomas Beecham: The Later Tradition - Beethoven, Schubert, Mendelssohn, Etc.
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 18611 Release Date: 03/22/2011   Number of Discs: 8
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Johannes Brahms,  Franz Liszt,  Felix Mendelssohn  ... 
    Performer:  Jennifer Vyvyan,  Monica Sinclair,  Richard Lewis,  Marian Nowakowski  ... 
    Conductor:  Sir Thomas Beecham
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra,  Beecham Choral Society
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  • 34.
    Toscanini Collection Vol 6 - Brahms: Symphony No 1
    Label: Rca   Catalog: 60257 Release Date: 03/10/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Arturo Toscanini
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  NBC Symphony Orchestra
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  • 35.
    Brahms: Orchestral Works
    Label: Nimbus   Catalog: 6130 Release Date: 02/08/2011   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Yondani Butt
    CD: $35.99
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  • 36.
    100 Best Vienna Philharmonic
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 17639 Release Date: 01/11/2011   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss,  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
    CD: $19.99
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  • 37.
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 648513 Release Date: 01/11/2011   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss,  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart  ... 
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  • 38.
    The Brahms Experience
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 2564680814 Release Date: 11/16/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Rudolf Buchbinder,  Thomas Zehetmair,  Hélčne Grimaud,  Brigitte Fassbaender  ... 
    Conductor:  Domonkos Héja,  Christoph von Dohnányi,  Juha Kuivanen,  Pedro Halffter-Caro  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Danubia Symphony Orchestra,  Arnold Schoenberg Choir,  Cleveland Orchestra  ... 
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  • 39.
    Brahms: Concertos, Symphonies / Haitink, Arrau, Szeryng, Starker [7-CD Collector's Edition]
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 001479902 Release Date: 10/19/2010   Number of Discs: 7
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Claudio Arrau,  Henryk Szeryng,  János Starker
    Conductor:  Bernard Haitink
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra
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  • 40.
    Radetzky March - Orchestral Favourites / Hans Knappertsbusch
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 440624 Release Date: 09/03/2010   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Karel Komzak II,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Carl Michael Ziehrer  ... 
    Conductor:  Hans Knappertsbusch
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 41.
    Brahms Greatest Hits / Various
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 761878 Release Date: 02/02/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  George Szell,  Alfred Scholz
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cleveland Orchestra,  London Festival Orchestra
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  • 42.
    Brahms: Symphony No 3 / Sir Georg Solti, Chicago Symphony
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 414488 Release Date: 01/12/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Sir Georg Solti
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chicago Symphony Orchestra
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  • 43.
    Brahms: Symphonie 2, Academic Festival Overture / Bernstein
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 410082 Release Date: 11/10/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Leonard Bernstein
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 44.
    Berlitz Passport - The Music Of Germany
    Label: Sony Classical Masterworks   Catalog: 47276 Release Date: 10/26/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Carl Orff,  Richard Wagner,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Ludwig van Beethoven  ... 
    Performer:  William Wildermann,  Emilia Cundari,  Albert Da Costa,  Nell Rankin
    Conductor:  Michael Tilson Thomas,  Leonard Bernstein,  Eugene Ormandy,  Andre Kostelanetz  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cleveland Orchestra,  Cleveland Orchestra Boys Choir,  Cleveland Orchestra Chorus  ... 
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  • 45.
    Brahms: Alto Rhapsody, Haydn Variations / Knappertsbusch
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 470254 Release Date: 10/26/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Wagner,  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Lucretia West
    Conductor:  Hans Knappertsbusch
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Vienna Academy Choir
    ArkivCD $16.99
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  • 46.
    Ultimate Brahms [5-CD Set]
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 001313402 Release Date: 08/25/2009   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Henryk Szeryng,  János Starker,  Claudio Arrau
    Conductor:  Bernard Haitink,  Wolfgang Sawallisch
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra,  Vienna Symphony Orchestra
    CD: $17.99
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  • 47.
    Brahms Complete Edition [46-CD Set]
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 001302602 Release Date: 07/14/2009   Number of Discs: 46
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Johann Sebastian Bach
    Performer:  Andreas Schmidt,  Barbara Bonney,  René Kollo,  Brigitte Fassbaender  ... 
    Conductor:  Carlo Maria Giulini,  Giuseppe Sinopoli,  Karl Böhm,  Claudio Abbado  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna State Opera Chorus,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Vienna State Opera Chorus Konzertvereinigung  ... 
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  • 48.
    Brahms: Symphony No 2, Academic Festival Overture / Judd, Royal Philharmonic Orchestra
    Label: Royal Philharmonic Masterworks   Catalog: 28500 Release Date: 02/10/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  James Judd
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 49.
    Brahms: Double Concerto, Academic Festival Overture
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 410031 Release Date: 11/18/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Mischa Maisky,  Gidon Kremer
    Conductor:  Leonard Bernstein
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 50.
    Brahms: Violin Concerto, Academic Festival Overture / Abbado
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 423617 Release Date: 09/16/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Shlomo Mintz
    Conductor:  Claudio Abbado
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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Johannes Brahms


WORKS
Symphony No. 1 in C Minor, Op.68 (1999 - Remaster): I. Un poco sostenuto - Allegro
Symphony No. 1 in C Minor, Op.68 (1999 - Remaster): II. Andante sostenuto
Symphony No. 1 in C Minor, Op.68 (1999 - Remaster): III. Un poco allegretto e grazioso
Symphony No. 1 in C Minor, Op.68 (1999 - Remaster): IV. Adagio - Piů andante - Allegro non troppo ma con brio
1. Allegro non troppo
2. Adagio non troppo - L'istesso tempo, ma grazioso
3. Allegretto grazioso ( Quasi andantino) - Presto ma non assai
4. Allegro con spirito
Symphony No. 3 in F Major, Op. 90: I. Allegro con brio
II. Andante
III. Poco Allegretto
IV. Allegro
1. Allegro non troppo
2. Andante moderato
3. Allegro giocoso - Poco meno presto - Tempo I
4. Allegro energico e passionato - Piů allegro
I. Maestoso
II. Adagio
III. Rondo - Allegro non troppo
Piano Concerto No. 2 in B-Flat, Op. 83: Allegro non troppo
Allegro appassionato
Andante
Allegretto grazioso
Allegro non troppo
Adagio
Allegro giocoso, ma non troppo vivace
Double Concerto for Violin & Cello in A Minor, Op.102 (1997 - Remaster): I. Allegro
Double Concerto for Violin & Cello in A Minor, Op.102 (1997 - Remaster): II. Andante
Double Concerto for Violin & Cello in A Minor, Op.102 (1997 - Remaster): III. Vivace non troppo
Variations on a Theme by Haydn ('St Antoni Chorale') Op. 56a (1989 Digital Remaster): Variation VIII: Presto non troppo
Variations on a Theme by Haydn ('St Antoni Chorale') Op. 56a (1989 Digital Remaster): Finale: Andante
Hungarian Dance No.1 in G Minor, WoO 1
Hungarian Dance No.2 in D minor - Orchestrated by Iván Fischer
Hungarian Dance No.3 in F - Orchestrated by Brahms
Hungarian Dance No.4 in F sharp minor - Orchestrated by Iván Fischer
Hungarian Dance No.5 in G minor - Orchestrated by Iván Fischer
Hungarian Dance No.6 in D flat - Orchestrated by Albert Parlow
Hungarian Dance No.7 in F Hungarian Dance No. 7 in A - Orchestrated by Iván Fischer
Hungarian Dance No.8 in A minor - Orchestrated by R. Schollum
Hungarian Dance No.9 in E minor - Orchestrated by R. Schollum
Hungarian Dance No.10 in F - Orchestrated by Brahms
Hungarian Dance No.11 in D minor - Orchestrated by Iván Fischer
Hungarian Dance No.12 in D minor - Orchestrated by Iván Fischer
Hungarian Dance No.13 in D - Orchestrated by Iván Fischer
Hungarian Dance No.14 in D minor - Orchestrated by Iván Fischer
Hungarian Dance No.15 in B flat - Orchestrated by Frigyes Hidas
Hungarian Dance No.16 in F minor - Orchestrated by Albert Parlow
Hungarian Dance No.17 in F sharp minor - Orchestrated by Frigyes Hidas
Hungarian Dance No.18 in D - Orchestrated by Frigyes Hidas
Hungarian Dance No.19 in B minor - Orchestrated by Antonín Dvorák
Hungarian Dance No.20 in E minor - Orchestrated by Antonín Dvorák
Hungarian Dance No.21 in E minor - Orchestrated by Antonín Dvorák
Ein deutsches Requiem, Op. 45 (1997 Digital Remaster): Ziemlich langsam - Selig sind, die da Leid tragen
Ein deutsches Requiem, Op. 45 (1997 Digital Remaster): Langsam, marschmäßig - Denn alles Fleisch es ist wie Gras
Ein deutsches Requiem, Op. 45 (1997 Digital Remaster): Andante moderato - Herr, lehre doch mich
Ein deutsches Requiem, Op. 45 (1997 Digital Remaster): Mäßig bewegt - Wie lieblich sind deine Wohnungen
Ein deutsches Requiem, Op. 45 (1997 Digital Remaster): Langsam - Ihr habt nun Traurigkeit
Ein deutsches Requiem, Op. 45 (1997 Digital Remaster): Andante - Denn wir haben hie keine bleibende Statt
Ein deutsches Requiem, Op. 45 (1997 Digital Remaster): Feierlich - Selig sind die Toten, die in dem Herren sterben