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Johannes Brahms

Biography

Born: 1833   Died: 1897   Country: Germany   Period: Romantic
The stature of Johannes Brahms among classical composers is well illustrated by his inclusion among the "Three Bs" triumvirate of Bach, Beethoven, and Brahms. Of all the major composers of the late Romantic era, Brahms was the one most attached to the Classical ideal as manifested in the music of Haydn, Mozart, and especially Beethoven; indeed, Hans von Bülow once characterized Brahms' Symphony No. 1 (1855-1876) as "Beethoven's Tenth." As a Read more youth, Brahms was championed by Robert Schumann as music's greatest hope for the future; as a mature composer, Brahms became for conservative musical journalists the most potent symbol of musical tradition, a stalwart against the "degeneration" represented by the music of Wagner and his school. Brahms' symphonies, choral and vocal works, chamber music, and piano pieces are imbued with strong emotional feeling, yet take shape according to a thoroughly considered structural plan.

The son of a double bassist in the Hamburg Philharmonic Society, Brahms demonstrated great promise from the beginning. He began his musical career as a pianist, contributing to the family coffers as a teenager by playing in restaurants, taverns, and even brothels. Though by his early twenties he enjoyed associations with luminaries like violinists Eduard Reményi and Joseph Joachim, the friend and mentor who was most instrumental in advancing his career was Schumann, who all but adopted him and became his most ardent partisan, and their esteem was mutual. Following Schumann's death in 1856, Brahms became the closest confidant and lifelong friend of the composer's widow, pianist and composer Clara Wieck Schumann. After a life of spectacular musical triumphs and failed loves (the composer was involved in several romantic entanglements but never wed), Brahms died of liver cancer on April 3, 1897.

In every genre in which he composed, Brahms produced works that have become staples of the repertory. His most ambitious work, the German Requiem (1863-1867), is the composer's singular reinterpretation of an age-old form. The four symphonies -- lushly scored, grand in scope, and deeply expressive -- are cornerstones of the symphonic literature. Brahms' concertos are, similarly, in a monumental, quasi-symphonic vein: the two piano concertos (1856-1859 and 1881) and the Violin Concerto (1878) call for soloists with both considerable technical skill and stamina. His chamber music is among the most sophisticated and exquisitely crafted of the Romantic era; for but a single example, his works that incorporate the clarinet (e.g., the Trio in A minor, Op. 114 and the two Sonatas, Op. 120), an instrument largely overlooked by his contemporaries, remain unsurpassed. Though the piano sonata never held for Brahms the same appeal it had for Beethoven (Brahms wrote three to Beethoven's 32), he produced a voluminous body of music for the piano. He showed a particular affinity for variations -- notably, on themes of Schumann (1854), Handel (1861), and Paganini (1862-1863) -- and likewise produced a passel of national dances and character pieces such as ballades, intermezzi, and rhapsodies. Collectively, these constitute one of the essential bodies of work in the realm of nineteenth century keyboard music. Read less
Brahms: Ein Deutsches Requiem / Wit, Warsaw
Release Date: 04/29/2014   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 573061   Number of Discs: 1
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Brahms: The Symphonies / Chailly, Gewandhaus
Release Date: 08/19/2014   Label: Decca  
Catalog: 002121502   Number of Discs: 3
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Brahms: Mass, Motets / Dijkstra, Swedish Radio Choir
Release Date: 12/09/2014   Label: Channel Classics  
Catalog: 35814   Number of Discs: 1
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Warum - Brahms: Choral Works / Reuss, Cappella Amsterdam
Release Date: 11/11/2014   Label: Harmonia Mundi  
Catalog: 902160   Number of Discs: 1
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Beethoven: Trio; Brahms: Trio; Weber: Grand Duo
Release Date: 11/11/2014   Label: Harmonia Mundi  
Catalog: 807618   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Academic Festival Overture in C minor, Op. 80

Browse 101-120 of 120 Available Recordings
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  • 101.
    Brahms: Symphony No 2 / Davis, Bavarian Radio Sym Orch
    Label: Rca Victor Red Seal   Catalog: 7980 Release Date: 08/30/1997   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Sir Colin Davis
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra
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  • 102.
    Brahms: The Four Symphonies, Etc / Mackerras, Scottish Co
    Label: Telarc   Catalog: 80450 Release Date: 07/29/1997   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Sir Charles Mackerras
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Scottish Chamber Orchestra
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  • 103.
    Brahms: Symphonies 1-3, Overtures / Jochum, London SO
    Label: Emi Classics Special Import   Catalog: 69515 Release Date: 02/18/1997   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Eugen Jochum
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 104.
    Brahms: Hungarian Dances For Piano 4 Hands / Moreno, Capelli
    Label: Arts Music   Catalog: 47136 Release Date: 09/01/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Norberto Capelli,  Hector Moreno
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  • 105.
    Famous Symphonies - Beethoven, Brahms, Schubert, Tchaikovsky
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8504012 Release Date: 06/18/1996   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Johannes Brahms,  Franz Schubert
    Conductor:  Michael Halász,  Richard Edlinger,  Antoni Wit,  Alexander Rahbari
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Slovak State Symphony Orchestra,  Polish Radio Symphony Orchestra Katowice,  Brussels Belgian Radio & TV Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
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  • 106.
    Bruno Walter Edition - Brahms: Symphony No 1, Etc
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 64470 Release Date: 10/31/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Bruno Walter
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Columbia Symphony Orchestra
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  • 107.
    Art Of Classics - Brahms: Masterpieces Vol 1
    Label: Intercord Klassische Diskothek   Catalog: 25924 Release Date: 05/23/1995   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Mark Kaplan,  David Geringas,  Dieter Goldmann
    Conductor:  Michael Gielen,  Hans Swarowsky,  Alfred Scholz
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Southwest German Radio Symphony Orchestra,  South German Philharmonic Orchestra,  Munich Symphony Orchestra
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  • 108.
    Brahms: Symphony No 2, Tragic Overture, Etc / Pritchard
    Label: Imp Bbc Radio Classics   Catalog: IMP3BBCRD9113 Release Date: 03/01/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  John Pritchard
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  BBC Symphony Orchestra
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  • 109.
    The Complete Josef Hofmann Vol 2
    Label: Vai Audio   Catalog: 1020 Release Date: 09/01/1994   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Frédéric Chopin,  Moritz Moszkowski,  Sergei Rachmaninov  ... 
    Performer:  Josef Hofmann
    Conductor:  Ignace Hilsberg,  Fritz Reiner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Curtis Symphony Orchestra
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  • 110.
    Brahms - Greatest Hits
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 64054 Release Date: 08/09/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Emanuel Ax,  Jaime Laredo,  Yo-Yo Ma,  Isaac Stern  ... 
    Conductor:  Zubin Mehta,  Michael Tilson Thomas,  George Szell,  Andre Kostelanetz  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New York Philharmonic,  London Symphony Orchestra,  Cleveland Orchestra  ... 
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  • 111.
    Best Of Brahms
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8556659 Release Date: 02/15/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Péter Nagy,  Jénö Jandó,  Takako Nishizaki,  Idil Biret
    Conductor:  Alexander Rahbari,  István Bogár,  Stephen Gunzenhauser
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Brussels Belgian Radio & TV Philharmonic Orchestra,  Budapest Symphony Orchestra,  Slovak Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
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  • 112.
    Brahms: Symphony No 4, Tragic & Academic Overtures / Rahbari
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8550281 Release Date: 02/15/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Alexander Rahbari
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Brussels Belgian Radio & TV Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 113.
    Brahms: Choral Works & Overtures / Sawallisch, Vienna So
    Label: Philips Duo   Catalog: 438760 Release Date: 01/18/1994   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Aafje Heynis,  Wilma Lipp,  Franz Crass
    Conductor:  Wolfgang Sawallisch
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Singverein,  Vienna Symphony Orchestra
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  • 114.
    Brahms: Symphony No 2 For Piano Duo / Lonskov, Llambias
    Label: Kontrapunkt   Catalog: 32120 Release Date: 09/18/1993   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Rodolfo Llambias,  Tove Lonskov
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Lonskov-Llambias Piano Duo
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  • 115.
    Brahms: Piano Concertos, Overtures / Arrau, Haitink
    Label: Philips Duo   Catalog: 438320 Release Date: 08/10/1993   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Claudio Arrau
    Conductor:  Bernard Haitink
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra
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  • 116.
    Best Of Brahms
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8551109 Release Date: 04/02/1993   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Idil Biret,  Takako Nishizaki,  Péter Nagy,  Jénö Jandó
    Conductor:  Alexander Rahbari,  Stephen Gunzenhauser,  István Bogár
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Brussels Belgian Radio & TV Philharmonic Orchestra,  Bratislava Slovak State Philharmonic Orchestra,  Stuttgart Soloists  ... 
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  • 117.
    Brahms: The Symphonies / Solti, Chicago Symphony Orchestra
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 430799 Release Date: 02/11/1992   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Sir Georg Solti
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chicago Symphony Orchestra
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  • 118.
    Brahms: Symphony No 4, Etc / Szell, Cleveland Orchestra
    Label: Sony Classical Essential Classics   Catalog: 46330 Release Date: 04/05/1991   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  George Szell
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cleveland Orchestra
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  • 119.
    Brahms: Symphony No 2 / Muti, Philadelphia Orchestra
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 422334 Release Date: 02/05/1990   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Riccardo Muti
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philadelphia Orchestra
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  • 120.
    Brahms: Symphony No 4, Academic Festival Overture / Previn
    Label: Telarc   Catalog: 80155 Release Date: 10/27/1987   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  André Previn
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra
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