Johannes Brahms

Biography

Born: 1833   Died: 1897   Country: Germany   Period: Romantic
The stature of Johannes Brahms among classical composers is well illustrated by his inclusion among the "Three Bs" triumvirate of Bach, Beethoven, and Brahms. Of all the major composers of the late Romantic era, Brahms was the one most attached to the Classical ideal as manifested in the music of Haydn, Mozart, and especially Beethoven; indeed, Hans von Bülow once characterized Brahms' Symphony No. 1 (1855-1876) as "Beethoven's Tenth." As a Read more youth, Brahms was championed by Robert Schumann as music's greatest hope for the future; as a mature composer, Brahms became for conservative musical journalists the most potent symbol of musical tradition, a stalwart against the "degeneration" represented by the music of Wagner and his school. Brahms' symphonies, choral and vocal works, chamber music, and piano pieces are imbued with strong emotional feeling, yet take shape according to a thoroughly considered structural plan.

The son of a double bassist in the Hamburg Philharmonic Society, Brahms demonstrated great promise from the beginning. He began his musical career as a pianist, contributing to the family coffers as a teenager by playing in restaurants, taverns, and even brothels. Though by his early twenties he enjoyed associations with luminaries like violinists Eduard Reményi and Joseph Joachim, the friend and mentor who was most instrumental in advancing his career was Schumann, who all but adopted him and became his most ardent partisan, and their esteem was mutual. Following Schumann's death in 1856, Brahms became the closest confidant and lifelong friend of the composer's widow, pianist and composer Clara Wieck Schumann. After a life of spectacular musical triumphs and failed loves (the composer was involved in several romantic entanglements but never wed), Brahms died of liver cancer on April 3, 1897.

In every genre in which he composed, Brahms produced works that have become staples of the repertory. His most ambitious work, the German Requiem (1863-1867), is the composer's singular reinterpretation of an age-old form. The four symphonies -- lushly scored, grand in scope, and deeply expressive -- are cornerstones of the symphonic literature. Brahms' concertos are, similarly, in a monumental, quasi-symphonic vein: the two piano concertos (1856-1859 and 1881) and the Violin Concerto (1878) call for soloists with both considerable technical skill and stamina. His chamber music is among the most sophisticated and exquisitely crafted of the Romantic era; for but a single example, his works that incorporate the clarinet (e.g., the Trio in A minor, Op. 114 and the two Sonatas, Op. 120), an instrument largely overlooked by his contemporaries, remain unsurpassed. Though the piano sonata never held for Brahms the same appeal it had for Beethoven (Brahms wrote three to Beethoven's 32), he produced a voluminous body of music for the piano. He showed a particular affinity for variations -- notably, on themes of Schumann (1854), Handel (1861), and Paganini (1862-1863) -- and likewise produced a passel of national dances and character pieces such as ballades, intermezzi, and rhapsodies. Collectively, these constitute one of the essential bodies of work in the realm of nineteenth century keyboard music. Read less
Martin Frost Plays Brahms
Release Date: 07/08/2014   Label: Bis  
Catalog: 2063   Number of Discs: 1
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Schubert: Symphony No 8; Brahms: Symphony No 3 / Davis
Release Date: 04/26/2011   Label: Profil  
Catalog: 8043   Number of Discs: 1
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Brahms Beloved II / John Axelrod
Release Date: 07/22/2014   Label: Telarc  
Catalog: 34659   Number of Discs: 2
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Dvorák: Requiem;  Brahms / Mertens, Hagel, Et Al
Release Date: 10/31/2006   Label: Profil  
Catalog: 6050   Number of Discs: 2
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Wilhelm Backhaus Live In Vienna - Brahms: Piano Concertos; Haydn
Release Date: 11/15/2011   Label: Profil  
Catalog: 11051   Number of Discs: 2
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Work: Tragic Overture, Op. 81

Browse 76-100 of 150 Available Recordings
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  • 76.
    Brahms: Symphony No 2, Tragic Overture / Haitink, Boston Sym
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 432094 Release Date: 05/07/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Bernard Haitink
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Boston Symphony Orchestra
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  • 77.
    Brahms: Symphonies, Overtures & Violin Concerto / Dohnanyi, Lindemann, Cleveland Orchestra
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 64159 Release Date: 04/24/2007   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Thomas Zehetmair
    Conductor:  Christoph von Dohnányi
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cleveland Orchestra
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  • 78.
    Sunday Evenings With Pierre Monteux - California 1941-52
    Label: Music & Arts Programs Of America   Catalog: 1192 Release Date: 03/13/2007   Number of Discs: 13
    Composer:  Sir William Walton,  Olivier Messiaen,  Carl Maria von Weber,  Gioachino Rossini  ... 
    Performer:  Dorothy Warenskjold,  William Kapell,  Boris Blinder,  Naum Blinder  ... 
    Conductor:  Pierre Monteux
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Standard Symphony Orchestra
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  • 79.
    Original Masters - Pierre Monteux - Decca And Philips Recordings 1956-1964
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 000797902 Release Date: 01/09/2007   Number of Discs: 7
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Christoph W. Gluck,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Franz Joseph Haydn  ... 
    Performer:  Claude Monteux,  Julius Katchen
    Conductor:  Pierre Monteux
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Orchestre de la Société du Conservatoire Paris
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  • 80.
    Brahms: Orchestral Works / Boult, Et Al
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 65229 Release Date: 11/21/2006   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Dame Janet Baker
    Conductor:  Sir Adrian Boult
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Philharmonic Orchestra,  John Alldis Choir,  London Symphony Orchestra
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  • 81.
    Weber, Schubert, Brahms / Tennstedt, London Po
    Label: Bbc Legends   Catalog: 4195 Release Date: 10/17/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Carl Maria von Weber,  Johannes Brahms,  Franz Schubert
    Conductor:  Klaus Tennstedt
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 82.
    Festspieldokumente - Brahms / Knappertsbusch, Curzon, Vpo
    Label: Orfeo D'or   Catalog: 329062 Release Date: 09/26/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Clifford Curzon
    Conductor:  Hans Knappertsbusch
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 83.
    Brahms: Symphonies 1-4 / Barenboim, Chicago So
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 61892 Release Date: 08/22/2006   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Daniel Barenboim
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chicago Symphony Orchestra
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  • 84.
    Brahms: Symphonies, Serenades, Etc / Belohlávek, Czech Po
    Label: Supraphon   Catalog: 3868 Release Date: 06/27/2006   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Jiri Belohlávek
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Czech Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 85.
    Brahms: Symphony No 1-4, Etc / Janowski, Et Al
    Label: Resonance   Catalog: 405 Release Date: 06/27/2006   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Marek Janowski
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Liverpool Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 86.
    Desert Island Collection - Brahms / Curzon, Knappertsbusch
    Label: Archipel   Catalog: 222 Release Date: 06/27/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Clifford Curzon
    Conductor:  Hans Knappertsbusch
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 87.
    Brahms: The Symphonies, Overtures, Song Of Destiny, German Requiem / Masur
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 4627682 Release Date: 04/17/2006   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Sylvia McNair,  Håkan Hagegård
    Conductor:  Kurt Masur
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New York Philharmonic,  Westminster Symphonic Choir
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  • 88.
    Brahms: Symphony No 1, Etc / Gielen, Et Al
    Label: Hänssler Classic   Catalog: 93134 Release Date: 03/14/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Michael Gielen
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Southwest German Radio Symphony Orchestra
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  • 89.
    Brahms: Double Concerto; Bruch / Oistrakh, Fournier
    Label: Emi Great Recordings Of The Century   Catalog: 45765 Release Date: 03/07/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Max Bruch
    Performer:  Pierre Fournier,  David Oistrakh
    Conductor:  Alceo Galliera,  Lovro von Matacic
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra,  London Symphony Orchestra
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  • 90.
    Gemini - Brahms: Piano Concertos, Etc / Barenboim
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 76939 Release Date: 02/21/2006   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Daniel Barenboim
    Conductor:  Sir John Barbirolli
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New Philharmonia Orchestra,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 91.
    Brahms: Symphonies, Overtures, Haydn Variations, Song Of Destiny / Sawallisch
    Label: Brilliant Classics   Catalog: 92878 Release Date: 01/24/2006   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Wolfgang Sawallisch
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Philharmonic Orchestra,  Ambrosian Singers
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  • 92.
    Brahms: Symphonies No 1-4, Etc / Haitink, London So
    Label: Lso Live   Catalog: 70 Release Date: 10/11/2005   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Gordan Nikolic,  Timothy Hugh
    Conductor:  Bernard Haitink
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra
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  • 93.
    Schumann: Symphony No 2;  Brahms, Strauss / Szell, Et Al
    Label: Testament   Catalog: 1378 Release Date: 08/09/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Robert Schumann,  Johannes Brahms,  Richard Strauss
    Conductor:  George Szell
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 94.
    Anthology Of The Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra Vol 3 1960-70
    Label: Rco Live   Catalog: 5001 Release Date: 07/12/2005   Number of Discs: 15
    Composer:  Frank Martin,  Witold Lutoslawski,  Sergei Prokofiev,  Igor Stravinsky  ... 
    Performer:  André Vessieres,  Heinz Holliger,  Ursula Holliger,  Halina Lukomska  ... 
    Conductor:  Bernard Haitink,  Eugen Jochum,  Hans Werner Henze,  Edo De Waart  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra,  NCRV Vocal Ensemble,  Netherlands Radio Chorus members  ... 
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  • 95.
    Monteux - Pierre Monteux Conducts The Boston Symphony Orchestra
    Label: Video Artists International   Catalog: 4316 Release Date: 04/26/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Paul Hindemith,  Johannes Brahms,  Igor Stravinsky
    Conductor:  Pierre Monteux
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Boston Symphony Orchestra
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  • 96.
    Brahms: Symphony No 1 [dvd Audio]
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 5110077 Release Date: 02/22/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Marin Alsop
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Philharmonic Orchestra
    DVD Audio: $14.99
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  • 97.
    Brahms: Symphony No 1, Overtures / Alsop, London PO
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8557428 Release Date: 02/22/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Marin Alsop
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 98.
    Lorin Maazel - Complete Early Berlin Philharmonic Recordings
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 000389202 Release Date: 02/08/2005   Number of Discs: 8
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Johannes Brahms,  Franz Schubert,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart  ... 
    Conductor:  Lorin Maazel
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 99.
    Brahms: Symphony No 1, Etc / Sawallisch
    Label: Emi Classics Encore   Catalog: 86092 Release Date: 01/11/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Wolfgang Sawallisch
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 100.
    Brahms: Symphony No 4, Haydn Variations, Etc / Giulini
    Label: Emi Great Recordings Of The Century   Catalog: 62883 Release Date: 09/07/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Carlo Maria Giulini
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chicago Symphony Orchestra,  Philharmonia Orchestra
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