Johannes Brahms

Biography

Born: 1833   Died: 1897   Country: Germany   Period: Romantic
The stature of Johannes Brahms among classical composers is well illustrated by his inclusion among the "Three Bs" triumvirate of Bach, Beethoven, and Brahms. Of all the major composers of the late Romantic era, Brahms was the one most attached to the Classical ideal as manifested in the music of Haydn, Mozart, and especially Beethoven; indeed, Hans von Bülow once characterized Brahms' Symphony No. 1 (1855-1876) as "Beethoven's Tenth." As a Read more youth, Brahms was championed by Robert Schumann as music's greatest hope for the future; as a mature composer, Brahms became for conservative musical journalists the most potent symbol of musical tradition, a stalwart against the "degeneration" represented by the music of Wagner and his school. Brahms' symphonies, choral and vocal works, chamber music, and piano pieces are imbued with strong emotional feeling, yet take shape according to a thoroughly considered structural plan.

The son of a double bassist in the Hamburg Philharmonic Society, Brahms demonstrated great promise from the beginning. He began his musical career as a pianist, contributing to the family coffers as a teenager by playing in restaurants, taverns, and even brothels. Though by his early twenties he enjoyed associations with luminaries like violinists Eduard Reményi and Joseph Joachim, the friend and mentor who was most instrumental in advancing his career was Schumann, who all but adopted him and became his most ardent partisan, and their esteem was mutual. Following Schumann's death in 1856, Brahms became the closest confidant and lifelong friend of the composer's widow, pianist and composer Clara Wieck Schumann. After a life of spectacular musical triumphs and failed loves (the composer was involved in several romantic entanglements but never wed), Brahms died of liver cancer on April 3, 1897.

In every genre in which he composed, Brahms produced works that have become staples of the repertory. His most ambitious work, the German Requiem (1863-1867), is the composer's singular reinterpretation of an age-old form. The four symphonies -- lushly scored, grand in scope, and deeply expressive -- are cornerstones of the symphonic literature. Brahms' concertos are, similarly, in a monumental, quasi-symphonic vein: the two piano concertos (1856-1859 and 1881) and the Violin Concerto (1878) call for soloists with both considerable technical skill and stamina. His chamber music is among the most sophisticated and exquisitely crafted of the Romantic era; for but a single example, his works that incorporate the clarinet (e.g., the Trio in A minor, Op. 114 and the two Sonatas, Op. 120), an instrument largely overlooked by his contemporaries, remain unsurpassed. Though the piano sonata never held for Brahms the same appeal it had for Beethoven (Brahms wrote three to Beethoven's 32), he produced a voluminous body of music for the piano. He showed a particular affinity for variations -- notably, on themes of Schumann (1854), Handel (1861), and Paganini (1862-1863) -- and likewise produced a passel of national dances and character pieces such as ballades, intermezzi, and rhapsodies. Collectively, these constitute one of the essential bodies of work in the realm of nineteenth century keyboard music. Read less
Mahler, Brahms, Lieberson / Hunt Lieberson
Release Date: 04/10/2007   Label: Wigmore Hall Live  
Catalog: 13   Number of Discs: 1
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Mozart, Brahms: Clarinet Quintets / Anthony McGill, Pacifica Quartet
Release Date: 05/27/2014   Label: Cedille Records  
Catalog: 147   Number of Discs: 1
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Stravinsky: Petrouchka, Brahms: Liebeslieder Waltzes / Stenzl, Racz
Release Date: 11/16/2004   Label: Arthaus Musik  
Catalog: 100715   Number of Discs: 1
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Brahms: Symphony No 3, Etc / Bernard Haitink, London So
Release Date: 11/09/2004   Label: Lso Live  
Catalog: 56   Number of Discs: 1
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Brahms: Ein Deutsches Requiem / Thielemann, Schafer, Gerhaher, Munich Philharmonic
Release Date: 10/26/2010   Label: C Major  
Catalog: 703308   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Tragic Overture, Op. 81

Browse 76-100 of 119 Available Recordings
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  • 76.
    Desert Island Collection - Brahms / Curzon, Knappertsbusch
    Label: Archipel   Catalog: 222 Release Date: 06/27/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Clifford Curzon
    Conductor:  Hans Knappertsbusch
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 77.
    Brahms: Symphonies No 1-4, Etc / Haitink, London So
    Label: Lso Live   Catalog: 70 Release Date: 10/11/2005   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Gordan Nikolic,  Timothy Hugh
    Conductor:  Bernard Haitink
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra
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  • 78.
    Monteux - Pierre Monteux Conducts The Boston Symphony Orchestra
    Label: Video Artists International   Catalog: 4316 Release Date: 04/26/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Paul Hindemith,  Johannes Brahms,  Igor Stravinsky
    Conductor:  Pierre Monteux
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Boston Symphony Orchestra
    DVD: $28.99
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  • 79.
    Brahms: Symphony No 1 [dvd Audio]
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 5110077 Release Date: 02/22/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Marin Alsop
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Philharmonic Orchestra
    DVD Audio: $19.99
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  • 80.
    Brahms: Symphony No 1, Overtures / Alsop, London PO
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8557428 Release Date: 02/22/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Marin Alsop
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 81.
    Great Conductors Of The 20th Century / Fritz Reiner
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 62866 Release Date: 07/13/2004   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Manuel de Falla,  Maurice Ravel,  Richard Strauss  ... 
    Performer:  Carol Brice,  Emil Gilels
    Conductor:  Fritz Reiner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chicago Symphony Orchestra,  Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra,  NBC Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 82.
    Bernstein Collectors Edition - Brahms: Symphonies,  Concertos
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 000218702 Release Date: 05/11/2004   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Gidon Kremer,  Mischa Maisky,  Gerhart Hetzel
    Conductor:  Leonard Bernstein
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 83.
    Brahms: Symphony No 2, Tragic Overture / Vonk, Et Al
    Label: Pentatone   Catalog: 5186042 Release Date: 04/27/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Hans Vonk
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Netherlands Radio Symphony
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  • 84.
    Brahms: Symphony No 1 / Bernard Haitink, London So
    Label: Lso Live   Catalog: 45 Release Date: 04/13/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Bernard Haitink
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra
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  • 85.
    Brahms: Symphony No 2, Tragic Overture / Barenboim
    Label: Elatus   Catalog: 4606622 Release Date: 01/26/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Daniel Barenboim
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chicago Symphony Orchestra
    On sale! $18.98
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  • 86.
    Great Conductors Of The 20th Century - Rudolf Kempe
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 75950 Release Date: 08/05/2003   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Maurice Ravel,  Hugo Wolf,  Anton Bruckner  ... 
    Conductor:  Rudolf Kempe
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Munich Philharmonic Choir,  Munich Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
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  • 87.
    Classics - Brahms: Piano Concerto No 1 / Gutiérrez, Previn
    Label: Telarc   Catalog: 80252 Release Date: 07/22/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Horacio Gutierrez
    Conductor:  André Previn
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 88.
    Brahms: Four Hand Piano Music Vol 8 / Matthies, C. Köhn
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8554117 Release Date: 05/20/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Silke-Thora Matthies,  Christian Köhn
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  • 89.
    Label: Supraphon   Catalog: 3675 Release Date: 04/22/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Erik Then-Bergh
    Conductor:  Karel Ancerl
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  • 90.
    Great Conductors Of The 20th Century - Leopold Stokowski
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 75480 Release Date: 02/11/2003   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Carl Nielsen,  Percy Aldridge Grainger,  Reinhold Gliere,  Richard Wagner  ... 
    Performer:  Percy Aldridge Grainger
    Conductor:  Leopold Stokowski
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Danish State Radio Orchestra,  Leopold Stokowski Orchestra,  Philadelphia Orchestra  ... 
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  • 91.
    Trio - Brahms: Complete Concertos, Overtures /Brendel, Et Al
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 473267 Release Date: 01/14/2003   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Alfred Brendel,  Henryk Szeryng,  János Starker
    Conductor:  Hans Schmidt-Isserstedt,  Bernard Haitink
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra
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  • 92.
    Brahms: Tragic Overture, Piano Concerto No 1 / Zilberstein, Garben
    Label: Hänssler Classic   Catalog: 93075 Release Date: 12/24/2002   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Lilya Zilberstein,  Cord Garben
    CD: $18.99
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  • 93.
    Brahms: 4 Symphonies, Haydn Variations / Böhm, Vienna Po
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 471443 Release Date: 10/08/2002   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Christa Ludwig,  Gerhart Hetzel
    Conductor:  Karl Böhm
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Vienna Singverein
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  • 94.
    Bruckner: Symphony No 5;  Et Al / Knappertsbusch, Munich Po
    Label: Music & Arts Programs Of America   Catalog: 1105 Release Date: 09/24/2002   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Anton Bruckner
    Conductor:  Hans Knappertsbusch
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  South German Philharmonic Orchestra,  Munich Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 95.
    Brahms: Serenades Nos 1 & 2, Etc / Boult, Baker
    Label: Emi Classics Double Fforte   Catalog: 68655 Release Date: 09/10/2002   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Dame Janet Baker
    Conductor:  Sir Adrian Boult
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  John Alldis Choir,  London Philharmonic Orchestra,  London Symphony Orchestra
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  • 96.
    Trio - Brahms: Complete Symphonies / Riccardo Muti, Et Al
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 470942 Release Date: 06/11/2002   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Riccardo Muti
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philadelphia Orchestra
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  • 97.
    Great Conductors Of The 20th Century - Fritz Busch
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 75103 Release Date: 06/04/2002   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Carl Maria von Weber,  Richard Strauss,  Johannes Brahms,  Franz Joseph Haydn  ... 
    Performer:  Waldemar Wolsing,  Carl Bloch,  Leo Hansen,  Alberto Medici
    Conductor:  Fritz Busch
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Danish State Radio Orchestra,  London Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 98.
    Karajan Edition - Brahms: Tragic Overture;  Hindemith, Et Al
    Label: Emi Classics Special Import   Catalog: 66109 Release Date: 11/07/2000   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Paul Hindemith,  Anton Bruckner
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 99.
    Bernstein Century - Brahms: Symphony No 4, Overtures
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 61846 Release Date: 04/11/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Leonard Bernstein
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New York Philharmonic
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  • 100.
    Brahms: Symphony No 1, Etc / Sawallisch, London Po
    Label: Emi Seraphim   Catalog: 73555 Release Date: 08/10/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Wolfgang Sawallisch
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Philharmonic Orchestra
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