Johannes Brahms

Biography

Born: 1833   Died: 1897   Country: Germany   Period: Romantic
The stature of Johannes Brahms among classical composers is well illustrated by his inclusion among the "Three Bs" triumvirate of Bach, Beethoven, and Brahms. Of all the major composers of the late Romantic era, Brahms was the one most attached to the Classical ideal as manifested in the music of Haydn, Mozart, and especially Beethoven; indeed, Hans von Bülow once characterized Brahms' Symphony No. 1 (1855-1876) as "Beethoven's Tenth." As a Read more youth, Brahms was championed by Robert Schumann as music's greatest hope for the future; as a mature composer, Brahms became for conservative musical journalists the most potent symbol of musical tradition, a stalwart against the "degeneration" represented by the music of Wagner and his school. Brahms' symphonies, choral and vocal works, chamber music, and piano pieces are imbued with strong emotional feeling, yet take shape according to a thoroughly considered structural plan.

The son of a double bassist in the Hamburg Philharmonic Society, Brahms demonstrated great promise from the beginning. He began his musical career as a pianist, contributing to the family coffers as a teenager by playing in restaurants, taverns, and even brothels. Though by his early twenties he enjoyed associations with luminaries like violinists Eduard Reményi and Joseph Joachim, the friend and mentor who was most instrumental in advancing his career was Schumann, who all but adopted him and became his most ardent partisan, and their esteem was mutual. Following Schumann's death in 1856, Brahms became the closest confidant and lifelong friend of the composer's widow, pianist and composer Clara Wieck Schumann. After a life of spectacular musical triumphs and failed loves (the composer was involved in several romantic entanglements but never wed), Brahms died of liver cancer on April 3, 1897.

In every genre in which he composed, Brahms produced works that have become staples of the repertory. His most ambitious work, the German Requiem (1863-1867), is the composer's singular reinterpretation of an age-old form. The four symphonies -- lushly scored, grand in scope, and deeply expressive -- are cornerstones of the symphonic literature. Brahms' concertos are, similarly, in a monumental, quasi-symphonic vein: the two piano concertos (1856-1859 and 1881) and the Violin Concerto (1878) call for soloists with both considerable technical skill and stamina. His chamber music is among the most sophisticated and exquisitely crafted of the Romantic era; for but a single example, his works that incorporate the clarinet (e.g., the Trio in A minor, Op. 114 and the two Sonatas, Op. 120), an instrument largely overlooked by his contemporaries, remain unsurpassed. Though the piano sonata never held for Brahms the same appeal it had for Beethoven (Brahms wrote three to Beethoven's 32), he produced a voluminous body of music for the piano. He showed a particular affinity for variations -- notably, on themes of Schumann (1854), Handel (1861), and Paganini (1862-1863) -- and likewise produced a passel of national dances and character pieces such as ballades, intermezzi, and rhapsodies. Collectively, these constitute one of the essential bodies of work in the realm of nineteenth century keyboard music. Read less
Brahms: Piano Concertos Nos. 1 & 2 / Pollini, Thielemann, Staatskapelle Dresden
Release Date: 07/15/2016   Label: Deutsche Grammophon  
Catalog: B002520602   Number of Discs: 2
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Brahms: The Four Symphonies; Academic Festival & Tragic Overtures; Haydn Variations / Barbirolli
Release Date: 01/29/2016   Label: Warner Classics  
Catalog: 553993   Number of Discs: 3
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Brahms: Complete Piano Trios, Vol. 1 / Vienna Piano Trio
Release Date: 07/08/2016   Label: Md&g (Dabringhaus & Grimm)  
Catalog: 9421962   Number of Discs: 1
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Brahms: String Quartets Nos. 1 & 2 / New Zealand String Quartet
Release Date: 07/08/2016   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 8573433   Number of Discs: 1
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Herzogenberg & Brahms: String Quartets / Minguet Quartet
Release Date: 07/08/2016   Label: Cpo  
Catalog: 777084   Number of Discs: 2
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Work: Symphony no 4 in E minor, Op. 98

Browse 176-200 of 218 Available Recordings
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  • 176.
    Brahms: Four Hand Piano Music Vol 8 / Matthies, C. Köhn
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8554117 Release Date: 05/20/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Silke-Thora Matthies,  Christian Köhn
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  • 177.
    Karajan - The Collection - Brahms: 4 Symphonies / Berlin Po
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 000019902 Release Date: 05/13/2003   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 178.
    Great Conductors Of The 20th Century - Paul Kletzki
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 75468 Release Date: 02/11/2003   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Antonín Dvorák,  Richard Wagner,  Johannes Brahms  ... 
    Performer:  Hugh Bean
    Conductor:  Paul Kletzki
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra,  French National Radio Orchestra,  Czech Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
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  • 179.
    Red Seal - Günter Wand Edition - Brahms: Symphonies No 1-4
    Label: Rca Victor Special Imports   Catalog: 89103 Release Date: 11/19/2002   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Günter Wand
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  North German Radio Symphony Orchestra
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  • 180.
    Mozart: Symphony No 41;  Brahms / Walter, Vienna Po, Bbc So
    Label: Opus Kura   Catalog: 2023 Release Date: 10/29/2002   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
    Conductor:  Bruno Walter
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  BBC Symphony Orchestra,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 181.
    Brahms: 4 Symphonies, Haydn Variations / Böhm, Vienna Po
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 471443 Release Date: 10/08/2002   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Christa Ludwig,  Gerhart Hetzel
    Conductor:  Karl Böhm
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Vienna Singverein
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  • 182.
    Brahms: Symphony No 4, Requiem / Jochum, Tennstedt
    Label: Emi Classics Double Fforte   Catalog: 69518 Release Date: 09/10/2002   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Jessye Norman,  Jorma Hynninen
    Conductor:  Klaus Tennstedt,  Eugen Jochum
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  BBC Symphony Chorus,  London Philharmonic Choir,  London Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 183.
    Trio - Brahms: Complete Symphonies / Riccardo Muti, Et Al
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 470942 Release Date: 06/11/2002   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Riccardo Muti
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philadelphia Orchestra
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  • 184.
    Great Conductors Of The 20th Century - Eugene Ormandy
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 75127 Release Date: 06/04/2002   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius,  Sergei Rachmaninov,  Dmitri Kabalevsky,  Anton Webern  ... 
    Conductor:  Eugene Ormandy
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philadelphia Orchestra,  Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra
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  • 185.
    Legendary Treasures - Brahms: Four Symphonies / Mravinsky
    Label: Doremi Records   Catalog: 7798 Release Date: 02/05/2002   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Yevgeny Mravinsky
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Leningrad Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 186.
    Brahms: Symphonies No 3 & 4 / Daniel Harding, Et Al
    Label: Erato   Catalog: 45480 Release Date: 01/08/2002   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Daniel Harding
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  German Chamber Philharmonic Bremen
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  • 187.
    Mahler: Symphony No 4;  Mozart, Brahms, Et Al / Bruno Walter
    Label: Music & Arts Programs Of America   Catalog: 1090 Release Date: 05/22/2001   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Richard Strauss,  Gustav Mahler,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
    Performer:  Elisabeth Schwarzkopf
    Conductor:  Bruno Walter
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonic Symphony Orchestra,  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra
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  • 188.
    Herman Abendroth - Unissued Broadcast 1939-1950 / Abendroth
    Label: Music & Arts Programs Of America   Catalog: 1065 Release Date: 01/23/2001   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Johannes Brahms,  Robert Schumann,  Richard Wagner
    Performer:  Josef Greindl,  Lotte Wolf-Matthäus,  Lea Piltti,  Heinz Matthei  ... 
    Conductor:  Hermann Abendroth
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Leipzig Gewandhaus Chorus,  Leipzig Gewandhaus Orchestra,  Grosses Orchester des Reichssenders Breslau  ... 
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  • 189.
    Wilhelm Furtwängler Dirigiert Pfitzner, Brahms / Berliner
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 90430 Release Date: 09/26/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Hans Pfitzner
    Conductor:  Wilhelm Furtwängler
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 190.
    Bernstein Century - Brahms: Symphony No 4, Overtures
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 61846 Release Date: 04/11/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Leonard Bernstein
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New York Philharmonic
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  • 191.
    Label: Simax   Catalog: 1205 Release Date: 03/30/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Joseph Joachim
    Conductor:  Mariss Jansons
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Oslo Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 192.
    Label: Music & Arts Programs Of America   Catalog: 4845 Release Date: 02/22/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Richard Strauss,  Felix Mendelssohn,  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Leopold Stokowski
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  All-American Youth Orchestra
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  • 193.
    Furtwängler Conducts Brahms - Complete Symphonies, Etc
    Label: Music & Arts Programs Of America   Catalog: 4941 Release Date: 11/16/1999   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Edwin Fischer
    Conductor:  Wilhelm Furtwängler
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  North German Radio Symphony Orchestra
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  • 194.
    Beethoven, Pfitzner, Brahms / Furtwängler, Vienna Po
    Label: Orfeo D'or   Catalog: 525991 Release Date: 11/15/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Hans Pfitzner,  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Conductor:  Wilhelm Furtwängler
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 195.
    Brahms: Complete Symphonies / Neeme Järvi, London So
    Label: Chandos   Catalog: 9776 Release Date: 10/19/1999   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Neeme Järvi
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra
    CD: $54.49
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  • 196.
    Brahms: Symphony No 4, Etc / Sawallisch, London Po, Et Al
    Label: Emi Seraphim   Catalog: 73570 Release Date: 10/19/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Wolfgang Sawallisch
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Philharmonic Orchestra,  Ambrosian Singers
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  • 197.
    Brahms: Symphonies No 2, 3 & 4 / Celibidache, Münchner Po
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 56846 Release Date: 08/10/1999   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Sergiu Celibidache
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Munich Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 198.
    Immortal Toscanini Vol 4 - Brahms: The 4 Symphonies / NBC SO
    Label: Rca Victor Red Seal   Catalog: 55838 Release Date: 08/10/1999   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Arturo Toscanini
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  NBC Symphony Orchestra
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  • 199.
    Klemperer Legacy - Brahms: Symphony No 4, Etc;  Schumann
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 67031 Release Date: 06/08/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Robert Schumann,  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Otto Klemperer
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New Philharmonia Orchestra,  Philharmonia Orchestra
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  • 200.
    Brahms: Symphony No 4; Choruses A Cappella, Op. 74/1, 109-10
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 455510 Release Date: 08/03/1998   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Herbert Blomstedt
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Leipzig Radio Men's Chorus,  Leipzig Gewandhaus Orchestra
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