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Johannes Brahms

Biography

Born: 1833   Died: 1897   Country: Germany   Period: Romantic
The stature of Johannes Brahms among classical composers is well illustrated by his inclusion among the "Three Bs" triumvirate of Bach, Beethoven, and Brahms. Of all the major composers of the late Romantic era, Brahms was the one most attached to the Classical ideal as manifested in the music of Haydn, Mozart, and especially Beethoven; indeed, Hans von Bülow once characterized Brahms' Symphony No. 1 (1855-1876) as "Beethoven's Tenth." As a Read more youth, Brahms was championed by Robert Schumann as music's greatest hope for the future; as a mature composer, Brahms became for conservative musical journalists the most potent symbol of musical tradition, a stalwart against the "degeneration" represented by the music of Wagner and his school. Brahms' symphonies, choral and vocal works, chamber music, and piano pieces are imbued with strong emotional feeling, yet take shape according to a thoroughly considered structural plan.

The son of a double bassist in the Hamburg Philharmonic Society, Brahms demonstrated great promise from the beginning. He began his musical career as a pianist, contributing to the family coffers as a teenager by playing in restaurants, taverns, and even brothels. Though by his early twenties he enjoyed associations with luminaries like violinists Eduard Reményi and Joseph Joachim, the friend and mentor who was most instrumental in advancing his career was Schumann, who all but adopted him and became his most ardent partisan, and their esteem was mutual. Following Schumann's death in 1856, Brahms became the closest confidant and lifelong friend of the composer's widow, pianist and composer Clara Wieck Schumann. After a life of spectacular musical triumphs and failed loves (the composer was involved in several romantic entanglements but never wed), Brahms died of liver cancer on April 3, 1897.

In every genre in which he composed, Brahms produced works that have become staples of the repertory. His most ambitious work, the German Requiem (1863-1867), is the composer's singular reinterpretation of an age-old form. The four symphonies -- lushly scored, grand in scope, and deeply expressive -- are cornerstones of the symphonic literature. Brahms' concertos are, similarly, in a monumental, quasi-symphonic vein: the two piano concertos (1856-1859 and 1881) and the Violin Concerto (1878) call for soloists with both considerable technical skill and stamina. His chamber music is among the most sophisticated and exquisitely crafted of the Romantic era; for but a single example, his works that incorporate the clarinet (e.g., the Trio in A minor, Op. 114 and the two Sonatas, Op. 120), an instrument largely overlooked by his contemporaries, remain unsurpassed. Though the piano sonata never held for Brahms the same appeal it had for Beethoven (Brahms wrote three to Beethoven's 32), he produced a voluminous body of music for the piano. He showed a particular affinity for variations -- notably, on themes of Schumann (1854), Handel (1861), and Paganini (1862-1863) -- and likewise produced a passel of national dances and character pieces such as ballades, intermezzi, and rhapsodies. Collectively, these constitute one of the essential bodies of work in the realm of nineteenth century keyboard music. Read less
Brahms: Ein Deutsches Requiem / Wit, Warsaw
Release Date: 04/29/2014   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 573061   Number of Discs: 1
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Brahms: The Symphonies / Chailly, Gewandhaus
Release Date: 08/19/2014   Label: Decca  
Catalog: 002121502   Number of Discs: 3
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Beethoven: Trio; Brahms: Trio; Weber: Grand Duo
Release Date: 11/11/2014   Label: Harmonia Mundi  
Catalog: 807618   Number of Discs: 1
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Warum - Brahms: Choral Works / Reuss, Cappella Amsterdam
Release Date: 11/11/2014   Label: Harmonia Mundi  
Catalog: 902160   Number of Discs: 1
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Brahms: Mass, Motets / Dijkstra, Swedish Radio Choir
Release Date: 12/09/2014   Label: Channel Classics  
Catalog: 35814   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Symphony no 4 in E minor, Op. 98

Browse 176-200 of 245 Available Recordings
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  • 176.
    Original Masters - Leonard Bernstein: 1953 Recordings
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 000389002 Release Date: 02/08/2005   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Robert Schumann,  Johannes Brahms,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky  ... 
    Conductor:  Leonard Bernstein
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Stadium Symphony Orchestra New York
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  • 177.
    Brahms: Symphony No 4; Mozart: Symphony No 33; Beethoven / Kleiber, Et Al
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 000384109 Release Date: 01/11/2005  
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Johannes Brahms,  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Conductor:  Carlos Kleiber
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bavarian State Orchestra
    DVD: $29.99
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  • 178.
    Art Of Igor Markevitch
    Label: Video Artists International   Catalog: 4301 Release Date: 10/26/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
    Performer:  Maureen Forrester,  Irmgard Seefried
    Conductor:  Igor Markevitch
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Radio Canada Orchestra
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  • 179.
    Schubert, Brahms, Wagner / Carlos Kleiber
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 000344702 Release Date: 10/12/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Wagner,  Johannes Brahms,  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau,  Wolfgang Hellmich,  Brigitte Fassbaender,  Werner Goetz  ... 
    Conductor:  Carlos Kleiber
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Dresden Staatskapelle,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 180.
    Brahms: Symphony No 4, Haydn Variations, Etc / Giulini
    Label: Emi Great Recordings Of The Century   Catalog: 62883 Release Date: 09/07/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Carlo Maria Giulini
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chicago Symphony Orchestra,  Philharmonia Orchestra
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  • 181.
    Brahms: Symphony No 4, Etc / Haitink, Et Al
    Label: Universal   Catalog: 000291802 Release Date: 08/10/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Bernard Haitink
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra
    CD: $8.99
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  • 182.
    Great Conductors Of The 20th Century - Arturo Toscanini
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 62939 Release Date: 07/27/2004   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Hector Berlioz,  Johannes Brahms,  Antonín Dvorák,  Giacomo Puccini  ... 
    Performer:  Helen Traubel,  Nicola Moscona
    Conductor:  Arturo Toscanini
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  NBC Symphony Orchestra,  BBC Symphony Orchestra,  Westminster Cathedral Boys Choir  ... 
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  • 183.
    Bernstein Collectors Edition - Brahms: Symphonies, Etc
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 000218702 Release Date: 05/11/2004   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Gidon Kremer,  Mischa Maisky,  Gerhart Hetzel
    Conductor:  Leonard Bernstein
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 184.
    Brahms: Symphonies No 1-4... / Otto Klemperer
    Label: Emi Great Recordings Of The Century   Catalog: 62760 Release Date: 04/06/2004   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Christa Ludwig
    Conductor:  Otto Klemperer
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra,  Philharmonia Chorus
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  • 185.
    Brahms: Symphonies No 3 & 4 / Lindenberg
    Label: Apex   Catalog: 7498802 Release Date: 08/25/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Edouard von Lindenberg
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Northwest German Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 186.
    Brahms: The Symphonies / Maurice Abravanel, Utah Symphony
    Label: Vanguard   Catalog: 1184 Release Date: 08/12/2003   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Maurice Abravanel
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Utah Symphony Orchestra
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  • 187.
    Original Masters - Igor Markevitch - Un Veritable Artiste
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 000085602 Release Date: 08/12/2003   Number of Discs: 9
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Claude Debussy,  Georges Bizet,  Charles Gounod  ... 
    Performer:  Suzanne Cotelle,  Fritz Demmle,  Aurèle Nicolet,  Georges Alès  ... 
    Conductor:  Igor Markevitch
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Lamoureux Concerts Association Orchestra,  USSR State Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 188.
    Brahms: Four Hand Piano Music Vol 8 / Matthies, C. Köhn
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8554117 Release Date: 05/20/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Silke-Thora Matthies,  Christian Köhn
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  • 189.
    Karajan - The Collection - Brahms: 4 Symphonies / Berlin Po
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 000019902 Release Date: 05/13/2003   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 190.
    Original Masters - Josef Krips
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 000017702 Release Date: 05/13/2003   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Felix Mendelssohn,  Franz Joseph Haydn,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Richard Strauss  ... 
    Performer:  Inge Borkh,  Zara Nelsova
    Conductor:  Josef Krips
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Israel Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 191.
    Brahms: Symphony No 4;  Mendelssohn / Kempe, Royal Po
    Label: Testament   Catalog: 1278 Release Date: 02/11/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Felix Mendelssohn,  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Rudolf Kempe
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 192.
    Johannes Brahms: The Four Symphonies
    Label: Budapest Music Center   Catalog: 67 Release Date: 01/21/2003   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Erich Bergel
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  • 193.
    Red Seal - Günter Wand Edition - Brahms: Symphonies No 1-4
    Label: Rca Victor Special Imports   Catalog: 89103 Release Date: 11/19/2002   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Günter Wand
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  North German Radio Symphony Orchestra
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  • 194.
    Karajan Collection - Brahms: 4 Symphonies / Berlin Philharmonic
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 429644 Release Date: 11/06/2002   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 195.
    Mozart: Symphony No 41;  Brahms / Walter, Vienna Po, Bbc So
    Label: Opus Kura   Catalog: 2023 Release Date: 10/29/2002   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
    Conductor:  Bruno Walter
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  BBC Symphony Orchestra,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 196.
    Brahms: 4 Symphonies, Haydn Variations / Böhm, Vienna Po
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 471443 Release Date: 10/08/2002   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Christa Ludwig,  Gerhart Hetzel
    Conductor:  Karl Böhm
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Vienna Singverein
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  • 197.
    Beethoven, Mozart, Brahms: Symphonies, Etc /Klemperer, Et Al
    Label: Testament   Catalog: 2242 Release Date: 06/11/2002   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Conductor:  Otto Klemperer
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Danish Orchestra
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  • 198.
    Trio - Brahms: Complete Symphonies / Riccardo Muti, Et Al
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 470942 Release Date: 06/11/2002   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Riccardo Muti
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philadelphia Orchestra
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  • 199.
    Legendary Treasures - Brahms: Four Symphonies / Mravinsky
    Label: Doremi Records   Catalog: 7798 Release Date: 02/05/2002   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Yevgeny Mravinsky
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Leningrad Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 200.
    Brahms: Symphonies No 3 & 4 / Daniel Harding, Et Al
    Label: Virgin Classics   Catalog: 45480 Release Date: 01/08/2002   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Daniel Harding
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  German Chamber Philharmonic Bremen
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