Johannes Brahms

Biography

Born: 1833   Died: 1897   Country: Germany   Period: Romantic
The stature of Johannes Brahms among classical composers is well illustrated by his inclusion among the "Three Bs" triumvirate of Bach, Beethoven, and Brahms. Of all the major composers of the late Romantic era, Brahms was the one most attached to the Classical ideal as manifested in the music of Haydn, Mozart, and especially Beethoven; indeed, Hans von Bülow once characterized Brahms' Symphony No. 1 (1855-1876) as "Beethoven's Tenth." As a Read more youth, Brahms was championed by Robert Schumann as music's greatest hope for the future; as a mature composer, Brahms became for conservative musical journalists the most potent symbol of musical tradition, a stalwart against the "degeneration" represented by the music of Wagner and his school. Brahms' symphonies, choral and vocal works, chamber music, and piano pieces are imbued with strong emotional feeling, yet take shape according to a thoroughly considered structural plan.

The son of a double bassist in the Hamburg Philharmonic Society, Brahms demonstrated great promise from the beginning. He began his musical career as a pianist, contributing to the family coffers as a teenager by playing in restaurants, taverns, and even brothels. Though by his early twenties he enjoyed associations with luminaries like violinists Eduard Reményi and Joseph Joachim, the friend and mentor who was most instrumental in advancing his career was Schumann, who all but adopted him and became his most ardent partisan, and their esteem was mutual. Following Schumann's death in 1856, Brahms became the closest confidant and lifelong friend of the composer's widow, pianist and composer Clara Wieck Schumann. After a life of spectacular musical triumphs and failed loves (the composer was involved in several romantic entanglements but never wed), Brahms died of liver cancer on April 3, 1897.

In every genre in which he composed, Brahms produced works that have become staples of the repertory. His most ambitious work, the German Requiem (1863-1867), is the composer's singular reinterpretation of an age-old form. The four symphonies -- lushly scored, grand in scope, and deeply expressive -- are cornerstones of the symphonic literature. Brahms' concertos are, similarly, in a monumental, quasi-symphonic vein: the two piano concertos (1856-1859 and 1881) and the Violin Concerto (1878) call for soloists with both considerable technical skill and stamina. His chamber music is among the most sophisticated and exquisitely crafted of the Romantic era; for but a single example, his works that incorporate the clarinet (e.g., the Trio in A minor, Op. 114 and the two Sonatas, Op. 120), an instrument largely overlooked by his contemporaries, remain unsurpassed. Though the piano sonata never held for Brahms the same appeal it had for Beethoven (Brahms wrote three to Beethoven's 32), he produced a voluminous body of music for the piano. He showed a particular affinity for variations -- notably, on themes of Schumann (1854), Handel (1861), and Paganini (1862-1863) -- and likewise produced a passel of national dances and character pieces such as ballades, intermezzi, and rhapsodies. Collectively, these constitute one of the essential bodies of work in the realm of nineteenth century keyboard music. Read less
Brahms & Schumann: Chamber Music / Pressler, Pacifica Quartet
Release Date: 03/10/2017   Label: Cedille Records  
Catalog: 170   Number of Discs: 1
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Brahms: Serenades Nos. 1 & 2 / Martin, Gavle Symphony
Release Date: 03/17/2017   Label: Ondine  
Catalog: 1291   Number of Discs: 1
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Brahms: String Quartet No. 3 & Clarinet Quintet / Campbell, New Zealand String Quartet
Release Date: 04/14/2017   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 8573454   Number of Discs: 1
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Brahms: String Quintets / West German Radio Symphony Chamber Players
Release Date: 04/28/2017   Label: Pentatone  
Catalog: 5186663   Number of Discs: 1
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Brahms: The Violin Sonatas / Tetzlaff, Vogt
Release Date: 08/12/2016   Label: Ondine  
Catalog: 1284   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Symphony no 3 in F major, Op. 90

Browse 1-25 of 189 Available Recordings
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  • 1.
    Wiener Philharmoniker: 175th Anniversary Edition
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 4797090 Release Date: 03/31/2017   Number of Discs: 45
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Johannes Brahms,  Anton Bruckner,  Emmanuel Chabrier  ... 
    Performer:  Anton Dermota,  Irmgard Seefried,  Rosette Anday,  Paul Schöffler  ... 
    Conductor:  Leonard Bernstein,  Rafael Kubelik,  Wilhelm Furtwängler,  James Levine  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Arnold Schoenberg Choir,  Kuchl String Quartet  ... 
    CD: $175.49
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  • 2.
    Brahms: Symphonies Nos. 1-4 / Young, Philharmoniker Hamburg
    Label: Oehms   Catalog: 030 Release Date: 01/27/2017   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Simone Young
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Hamburg State Philharmonic Orchestra
    CD: $19.99
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  • 3.
    Klemperer: Long Journey Through His Times & The Last Concert
    Label: Arthaus Musik   Catalog: 109289 Release Date: 11/18/2016   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Daniel Adni
    Conductor:  Otto Klemperer
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New Philharmonia Orchestra
    CD: $94.99
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  • 4.
    Eugen Jochum: Complete Recordings on DG, Vol. 1 - Orchestral Works
    Label: Dg Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 002565702 Release Date: 10/14/2016   Number of Discs: 42
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Johannes Brahms,  Anton Bruckner,  Sir Edward Elgar  ... 
    Conductor:  Eugen Jochum
    CD: $108.49
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  • 5.
    Michael Gielen Edition, Vol. 3 (1989-2005): Brahms - Symphonies and Concertos
    Label: Swr Music   Catalog: 19022 Release Date: 10/14/2016   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Gerhard Oppitz,  Mark Kaplan,  David Geringas
    Conductor:  Michael Gielen
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  South West German Radio Orchestra,  Cologne West German Radio Chorus
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  • 6.
    The Originals, Vol. 2
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 002534902 Release Date: 09/09/2016   Number of Discs: 50
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Béla Bartók,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart  ... 
    Performer:  Helmut Walcha,  Nathan Milstein,  Géza Anda,  Arturo Benedetti Michelangeli  ... 
    Conductor:  Ferenc Fricsay,  Carlo Maria Giulini,  Eugen Jochum,  Wolfgang Schneiderhan  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Vienna Symphony Orchestra,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $142.49
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  • 7.
    Brahms: Symphonies, Piano Concertos, Overtures & Haydn Variations / Harnoncourt, Buchbinder
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 556697 Release Date: 08/26/2016   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Rudolf Buchbinder
    Conductor:  Nikolaus Harnoncourt
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra
    CD: $16.99
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  • 8.
    Zubin Mehta conducts Brahms
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 88875166762 Release Date: 05/27/2016   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Zubin Mehta
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Israel Philharmonic Orchestra
    CD: $25.49
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  • 9.
    Brahms: Symphonies Nos. 3 & 4 / Griffiths
    Label: Klanglogo   Catalog: 1514 Release Date: 05/13/2016   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Howard Griffiths
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Frankfurt State Orchestra
    CD: $18.99
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  • 10.
    Kurt Sanderling Edition
    Label: Profil   Catalog: 13037 Release Date: 03/11/2016   Number of Discs: 11
    Composer:  Anton Bruckner,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Johannes Brahms,  Sergei Rachmaninov
    Performer:  Thomas Zehetmair,  Antonio Meneses,  Sviatoslav Richter,  Annette Markert
    Conductor:  Kurt Sanderling
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Cologne West German Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Berlin Symphony Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $68.99
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  • 11.
    Philips Classics: The Stereo Years
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 002445602 Release Date: 02/19/2016   Number of Discs: 50
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Robert Schumann,  Franz Schubert  ... 
    Performer:  Salvatore Accardo,  Elly Ameling,  Dalton Baldwin,  Jörg Demus  ... 
    Conductor:  Sir Colin Davis,  Bernard Haitink,  Raymond Leppard,  Eduard Van Beinum  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra,  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra,  English Chamber Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $134.49
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  • 12.
    Brahms: The Four Symphonies; Academic Festival & Tragic Overtures; Haydn Variations / Barbirolli
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 553993 Release Date: 01/29/2016   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Sir John Barbirolli
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
    CD: $23.99
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  • 13.
    Johannes Brahms Cycle / Franz Welser-most, Cleveland Orchestra
    Label: Belvedere (Dvd)   Catalog: 8005 Release Date: 01/08/2016   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Julia Fischer,  Yefim Bronfman
    Conductor:  Franz Welser-Möst
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cleveland Orchestra
    DVD: $65.99
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  • 14.
    Johannes Brahms Cycle / Franz Welser-most, Cleveland Orchestra [blu-ray]
    Label: Belvedere   Catalog: 8009 Release Date: 01/08/2016   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Julia Fischer,  Yefim Bronfman
    Conductor:  Franz Welser-Möst
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cleveland Orchestra
    Blu-ray Video: $65.99
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  • 15.
    Brahms: Complete Orchestral Music / Chailly
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 002405502 Release Date: 11/06/2015   Number of Discs: 7
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Leonidas Kavakos,  Péter Nagy,  Vadim Repin,  Truls Otterbech Mork  ... 
    Conductor:  Riccardo Chailly
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Leipzig Gewandhaus Orchestra
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  • 16.
    Brahms: Die Symphonien / Jansons, Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra
    Label: Br Klassik   Catalog: 900140 Release Date: 09/11/2015   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Mariss Jansons
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra
    CD: $39.99
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  • 17.
    Brahms: Symphonies Nos 3 & 4 / Wand, NDR Sinfonieorchester
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 88697711362 Release Date: 09/11/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Günter Wand
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  NDR Symphony Orchestra
    CD: $6.99
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  • 18.
    Brahms: Symphonies Nos. 1-4
    Label: Oehms   Catalog: 1813 Release Date: 06/09/2015   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Andres Orozco-Estrada
    CD: $39.99
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  • 19.
    Yevgeny Mravinsky: Special Edition
    Label: Melodiya   Catalog: 1002295 Release Date: 05/12/2015   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Claude Debussy,  Richard Wagner,  Johannes Brahms  ... 
    Performer:  A. Vavilina-Mravinskaya
    Conductor:  Yevgeny Mravinsky
    CD: $54.49
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  • 20.
    Bruno Walter Conducts Brahms
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 88843072592 Release Date: 04/28/2015   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Pierre Fournier,  Zino Francescatti,  George London,  Irmgard Seefried  ... 
    Conductor:  Bruno Walter
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Columbia Symphony Orchestra,  Occidental College Consort,  New York Philharmonic  ... 
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  • 21.
    Mercury Living Presence - The Collector's Edition Vol 3
    Label: Mercury Living Presence   Catalog: 002275902 Release Date: 03/23/2015   Number of Discs: 53
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Franz Lehár,  Emil Waldteufel,  Johann Strauss Jr.  ... 
    Performer:  Rafael Druian,  Georges Miquelle,  Eugene List,  Alfred Mouledous  ... 
    Conductor:  Antal Doráti,  Stanislaw Skrowaczewski,  Frederick Fennell,  Anatole Fistoulari  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra,  Minneapolis Symphony Orchestra,  Philharmonia Hungarica  ... 
    CD: $213.99
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  • 22.
    Brahms: Symphony No. 3 / Manze, Helsingborg Symphony [Vinyl]
    Label: Cpo   Catalog: 777991-1 Release Date: 03/10/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Andrew Manze
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Helsingborg Symphony Orchestra
    LP: $19.99
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  • 23.
    Lorin Maazel - The Complete Early Recordings on Deutsche Grammophon
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 002251502 Release Date: 02/17/2015   Number of Discs: 18
    Composer:  Maurice Ravel,  Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov,  Igor Stravinsky,  Ludwig van Beethoven  ... 
    Performer:  Jeanine Collard,  Jane Berbié,  Sylvaine Gilma,  Colette Herzog  ... 
    Conductor:  Lorin Maazel
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  French National Radio Orchestra,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Berlin Radio Symphony Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $85.99
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  • 24.
    Brahms: Symphonies Nos. 1-4 / Jurowski, London Philharmonic [Vinyl]
    Label: Lpo   Catalog: LPO-LP906 Release Date: 11/11/2014   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Vladimir Jurowski
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Philharmonic Orchestra
    LP: $179.99
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  • 25.
    Brahms: Symphonies / Wand, NDR Sinfonieorchester
    Label: Profil   Catalog: 14046 Release Date: 10/14/2014   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Günter Wand
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  North German Radio Symphony Orchestra
    CD: $48.99
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