Johannes Brahms

Biography

Born: 1833   Died: 1897   Country: Germany   Period: Romantic
The stature of Johannes Brahms among classical composers is well illustrated by his inclusion among the "Three Bs" triumvirate of Bach, Beethoven, and Brahms. Of all the major composers of the late Romantic era, Brahms was the one most attached to the Classical ideal as manifested in the music of Haydn, Mozart, and especially Beethoven; indeed, Hans von Bülow once characterized Brahms' Symphony No. 1 (1855-1876) as "Beethoven's Tenth." As a Read more youth, Brahms was championed by Robert Schumann as music's greatest hope for the future; as a mature composer, Brahms became for conservative musical journalists the most potent symbol of musical tradition, a stalwart against the "degeneration" represented by the music of Wagner and his school. Brahms' symphonies, choral and vocal works, chamber music, and piano pieces are imbued with strong emotional feeling, yet take shape according to a thoroughly considered structural plan.

The son of a double bassist in the Hamburg Philharmonic Society, Brahms demonstrated great promise from the beginning. He began his musical career as a pianist, contributing to the family coffers as a teenager by playing in restaurants, taverns, and even brothels. Though by his early twenties he enjoyed associations with luminaries like violinists Eduard Reményi and Joseph Joachim, the friend and mentor who was most instrumental in advancing his career was Schumann, who all but adopted him and became his most ardent partisan, and their esteem was mutual. Following Schumann's death in 1856, Brahms became the closest confidant and lifelong friend of the composer's widow, pianist and composer Clara Wieck Schumann. After a life of spectacular musical triumphs and failed loves (the composer was involved in several romantic entanglements but never wed), Brahms died of liver cancer on April 3, 1897.

In every genre in which he composed, Brahms produced works that have become staples of the repertory. His most ambitious work, the German Requiem (1863-1867), is the composer's singular reinterpretation of an age-old form. The four symphonies -- lushly scored, grand in scope, and deeply expressive -- are cornerstones of the symphonic literature. Brahms' concertos are, similarly, in a monumental, quasi-symphonic vein: the two piano concertos (1856-1859 and 1881) and the Violin Concerto (1878) call for soloists with both considerable technical skill and stamina. His chamber music is among the most sophisticated and exquisitely crafted of the Romantic era; for but a single example, his works that incorporate the clarinet (e.g., the Trio in A minor, Op. 114 and the two Sonatas, Op. 120), an instrument largely overlooked by his contemporaries, remain unsurpassed. Though the piano sonata never held for Brahms the same appeal it had for Beethoven (Brahms wrote three to Beethoven's 32), he produced a voluminous body of music for the piano. He showed a particular affinity for variations -- notably, on themes of Schumann (1854), Handel (1861), and Paganini (1862-1863) -- and likewise produced a passel of national dances and character pieces such as ballades, intermezzi, and rhapsodies. Collectively, these constitute one of the essential bodies of work in the realm of nineteenth century keyboard music. Read less
Arthur Rubinstein Plays Brahms
Release Date: 06/12/2012   Label: Rca  
Catalog: 760992   Number of Discs: 9
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Brahms: The Symphonies / Chailly, Gewandhausorchester
Release Date: 08/19/2014   Label: Decca  
Catalog: 002121502   Number of Discs: 3
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Leon Fleisher Plays Beethoven & Brahms
Release Date: 08/07/2012   Label: Sony  
Catalog: 1918052   Number of Discs: 5
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Brahms: Symphonies 3 & 4, Gergiev, London Symphony Orchestra
Release Date: 09/09/2014   Label: Lso Live  
Catalog: 737   Number of Discs: 1
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The Songs Of Brahms, Vol. 5 / Maltman, Johnson
Release Date: 09/09/2014   Label: Hyperion  
Catalog: 33125   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Symphony no 2 in D major, Op. 73

Browse 151-175 of 227 Available Recordings
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  • 151.
    Brahms: Symphonies No 1 & 2 / Bychkov, Wdr Sinfonieorchester
    Label: Arthaus Musik   Catalog: 101243 Release Date: 09/20/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Semyon Bychkov
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cologne West German Radio Symphony Orchestra
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  • 152.
    Beethoven: Symphony No 2;  Brahms / Jansons, Et Al
    Label: Rco Live   Catalog: 5002 Release Date: 09/13/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Mariss Jansons
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra
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  • 153.
    Brahms: Symphonies No 1-4 / Otmar Suitner
    Label: Berlin Classics   Catalog: 1350 Release Date: 08/30/2005   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Otmar Suitner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Staatskapelle Orchestra
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  • 154.
    Wagner, Strauss, Brahms / Willem Mengelberg
    Label: Opus Kura   Catalog: 2026 Release Date: 07/26/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Wagner,  Richard Strauss,  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Willem Mengelberg
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra
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  • 155.
    Brahms: The 4 Symphonies / Bychkov, Wdr So Koln
    Label: Avie   Catalog: 2051 Release Date: 02/08/2005   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Semyon Bychkov
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cologne West German Radio Symphony Orchestra
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  • 156.
    Sir John Barbirolli - Boston Symphony Historic Telecasts
    Label: Video Artists International   Catalog: 4304 Release Date: 01/25/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Frederick Delius,  Sir William Walton,  Johannes Brahms,  Sir John Barbirolli
    Conductor:  Sir John Barbirolli
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Boston Symphony Orchestra
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  • 157.
    Brahms: Symphony no 2; Mozart: Symphony no 36 / Kleiber, VPO
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 000388109 Release Date: 01/11/2005  
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
    Conductor:  Carlos Kleiber
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 158.
    Label: Supraphon   Catalog: 3691 Release Date: 10/26/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Josef Suk,  André Navarra
    Conductor:  Karel Ancerl
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  • 159.
    Classic Library - Brahms: Symphonies No 1 & 2
    Label: Rca Victor Red Seal   Catalog: 62322 Release Date: 10/12/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Arturo Toscanini
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  NBC Symphony Orchestra
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  • 160.
    Brahms: Symphony No 2; Strauss, R: Don Juan
    Label: Somm   Catalog: 37 Release Date: 09/28/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Richard Strauss
    Conductor:  Jascha Horenstein
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Czech Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 161.
    Original Masters - Carl Schuricht
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 4756074 Release Date: 08/10/2004   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Felix Mendelssohn,  Johannes Brahms,  Robert Schumann  ... 
    Performer:  Wilhelm Backhaus,  Christian Ferras
    Conductor:  Carl Schuricht
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Orchestre de la Société du Conservatoire Paris
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  • 162.
    Carl Schuricht-collection - Brahms: Symphony No 2, Etc
    Label: Hänssler Classic   Catalog: 93143 Release Date: 08/01/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Carl Schuricht
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Stuttgart Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Stuttgart Southwest German Radio Vocal Ensemble
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  • 163.
    Musik...sprache Der Welt - Brahms: Symphony No 2;  Reger
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 4749892 Release Date: 07/13/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Max Reger
    Conductor:  Karl Böhm
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 164.
    Musik...sprache Der Welt - Fricsay, Furtwängler, Et Al
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 474980 Release Date: 06/01/2004   Number of Discs: 10
    Composer:  Anton Bruckner,  Johannes Brahms,  Robert Schumann,  Hector Berlioz  ... 
    Performer:  Michael Raucheisen,  Diana Eustrati,  Sviatoslav Richter
    Conductor:  Eugen Jochum,  Karl Böhm,  Wilhelm Furtwängler,  Igor Markevitch  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Berlin Motet Choir,  Vienna Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 165.
    Bernstein Collectors Edition - Brahms: Symphonies, Etc
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 000218702 Release Date: 05/11/2004   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Gidon Kremer,  Mischa Maisky,  Gerhart Hetzel
    Conductor:  Leonard Bernstein
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 166.
    Brahms: Symphony No 2, Tragic Overture / Vonk, Et Al
    Label: Pentatone   Catalog: 5186042 Release Date: 04/27/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Hans Vonk
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Netherlands Radio Symphony
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  • 167.
    Brahms: Symphonies No 1-4... / Otto Klemperer
    Label: Emi Great Recordings Of The Century   Catalog: 62760 Release Date: 04/06/2004   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Christa Ludwig
    Conductor:  Otto Klemperer
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra,  Philharmonia Chorus
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  • 168.
    Brahms: Symphony No 2, Tragic Overture / Barenboim
    Label: Elatus   Catalog: 4606622 Release Date: 01/26/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Daniel Barenboim
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chicago Symphony Orchestra
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  • 169.
    Brahms: Symphony No 2, Double Concerto / Haitink, London So
    Label: Lso Live   Catalog: 43 Release Date: 01/13/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Timothy Hugh,  Gordan Nikolic
    Conductor:  Bernard Haitink
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra
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  • 170.
    Brahms: The Symphonies / Maurice Abravanel, Utah Symphony
    Label: Vanguard   Catalog: 1184 Release Date: 08/12/2003   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Maurice Abravanel
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Utah Symphony Orchestra
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  • 171.
    Restored Masterworks - J. Brahms, R. Strauss / Schuricht
    Label: Urania   Catalog: 905 Release Date: 06/24/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Carl Schuricht
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Milan Teatro alla Scala Orchestra,  North German Radio Symphony Orchestra Hamburg
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  • 172.
    Brahms: Symphonies No 1 & 2 / Lindenberg
    Label: Apex   Catalog: 7498792 Release Date: 06/23/2003   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Edouard von Lindenberg
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Northwest German Philharmonic Orchestra
    CD: $11.99
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  • 173.
    Karajan - The Collection - Brahms: 4 Symphonies / Berlin Po
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 000019902 Release Date: 05/13/2003   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 174.
    Original Masters - Wilhelm Furtwängler - Live Recordings
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 474030 Release Date: 02/11/2003   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Richard Wagner,  Maurice Ravel,  César Franck,  Paul Hindemith  ... 
    Conductor:  Wilhelm Furtwängler
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 175.
    Johannes Brahms: The Four Symphonies
    Label: Budapest Music Center   Catalog: 67 Release Date: 01/21/2003   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Erich Bergel
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