Johannes Brahms

Biography

Born: 1833   Died: 1897   Country: Germany   Period: Romantic
The stature of Johannes Brahms among classical composers is well illustrated by his inclusion among the "Three Bs" triumvirate of Bach, Beethoven, and Brahms. Of all the major composers of the late Romantic era, Brahms was the one most attached to the Classical ideal as manifested in the music of Haydn, Mozart, and especially Beethoven; indeed, Hans von Bülow once characterized Brahms' Symphony No. 1 (1855-1876) as "Beethoven's Tenth." As a Read more youth, Brahms was championed by Robert Schumann as music's greatest hope for the future; as a mature composer, Brahms became for conservative musical journalists the most potent symbol of musical tradition, a stalwart against the "degeneration" represented by the music of Wagner and his school. Brahms' symphonies, choral and vocal works, chamber music, and piano pieces are imbued with strong emotional feeling, yet take shape according to a thoroughly considered structural plan.

The son of a double bassist in the Hamburg Philharmonic Society, Brahms demonstrated great promise from the beginning. He began his musical career as a pianist, contributing to the family coffers as a teenager by playing in restaurants, taverns, and even brothels. Though by his early twenties he enjoyed associations with luminaries like violinists Eduard Reményi and Joseph Joachim, the friend and mentor who was most instrumental in advancing his career was Schumann, who all but adopted him and became his most ardent partisan, and their esteem was mutual. Following Schumann's death in 1856, Brahms became the closest confidant and lifelong friend of the composer's widow, pianist and composer Clara Wieck Schumann. After a life of spectacular musical triumphs and failed loves (the composer was involved in several romantic entanglements but never wed), Brahms died of liver cancer on April 3, 1897.

In every genre in which he composed, Brahms produced works that have become staples of the repertory. His most ambitious work, the German Requiem (1863-1867), is the composer's singular reinterpretation of an age-old form. The four symphonies -- lushly scored, grand in scope, and deeply expressive -- are cornerstones of the symphonic literature. Brahms' concertos are, similarly, in a monumental, quasi-symphonic vein: the two piano concertos (1856-1859 and 1881) and the Violin Concerto (1878) call for soloists with both considerable technical skill and stamina. His chamber music is among the most sophisticated and exquisitely crafted of the Romantic era; for but a single example, his works that incorporate the clarinet (e.g., the Trio in A minor, Op. 114 and the two Sonatas, Op. 120), an instrument largely overlooked by his contemporaries, remain unsurpassed. Though the piano sonata never held for Brahms the same appeal it had for Beethoven (Brahms wrote three to Beethoven's 32), he produced a voluminous body of music for the piano. He showed a particular affinity for variations -- notably, on themes of Schumann (1854), Handel (1861), and Paganini (1862-1863) -- and likewise produced a passel of national dances and character pieces such as ballades, intermezzi, and rhapsodies. Collectively, these constitute one of the essential bodies of work in the realm of nineteenth century keyboard music. Read less
Brahms: Ein Deutsches Requiem / Wit, Warsaw
Release Date: 04/29/2014   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 573061   Number of Discs: 1
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Martin Frost Plays Brahms
Release Date: 07/08/2014   Label: Bis  
Catalog: 2063   Number of Discs: 1
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Brahms / Abbado, Berliner Philharmoniker [5-CD Set]
Release Date: 07/08/2014   Label: Deutsche Grammophon  
Catalog: 002065002   Number of Discs: 5
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Wilhelm Backhaus Live In Vienna - Brahms: Piano Concertos; Haydn
Release Date: 11/15/2011   Label: Profil  
Catalog: 11051   Number of Discs: 2
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Dvorák: Requiem;  Brahms / Mertens, Hagel, Et Al
Release Date: 10/31/2006   Label: Profil  
Catalog: 6050   Number of Discs: 2
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Work: Symphony no 1 in C minor, Op. 68

Browse 201-225 of 275 Available Recordings
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  • 201.
    Brahms: Symphony No 1, Etc / Sawallisch
    Label: Emi Classics Encore   Catalog: 86092 Release Date: 01/11/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Wolfgang Sawallisch
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 202.
    James Levine - Documents Of The Munich Years Vol 6 - Brahms
    Label: Oehms   Catalog: 506 Release Date: 12/14/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  James Levine
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Munich Philharmonic Choir,  Munich Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 203.
    Classic Library - Brahms: Symphonies No 1 & 2
    Label: Rca Victor Red Seal   Catalog: 62322 Release Date: 10/12/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Arturo Toscanini
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  NBC Symphony Orchestra
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  • 204.
    Original Masters - Wilhelm Furtwangler - Anniversary Tribute
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 000302902 Release Date: 09/14/2004   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Carl Maria von Weber,  Richard Strauss,  Johannes Brahms  ... 
    Performer:  Wilhelm Furtwängler
    Conductor:  Wilhelm Furtwängler
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 205.
    Jascha Horenstein - Broadcast Performances From Paris
    Label: Music & Arts Programs Of America   Catalog: 1146 Release Date: 08/31/2004   Number of Discs: 9
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Sergei Prokofiev,  Samuel Barber,  Johannes Brahms  ... 
    Performer:  Lola Bobesco,  Marian Anderson,  Pilar Lorengar,  Marga Höffgen  ... 
    Conductor:  Jascha Horenstein
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  ORTF National Orchestra
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  • 206.
    Brahms: Symphony No 1
    Label: Avid Master Series   Catalog: 603 Release Date: 06/04/2004  
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Arturo Toscanini,  Bruno Walter
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New York Philharmonic Symphony Orchestra,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 207.
    Bernstein Collectors Edition - Brahms: Symphonies, Etc
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 000218702 Release Date: 05/11/2004   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Gidon Kremer,  Mischa Maisky,  Gerhart Hetzel
    Conductor:  Leonard Bernstein
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 208.
    Brahms: Symphony No 1 / Bernard Haitink, London So
    Label: Lso Live   Catalog: 45 Release Date: 04/13/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Bernard Haitink
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra
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  • 209.
    Brahms: Symphonies No 1-4... / Otto Klemperer
    Label: Emi Great Recordings Of The Century   Catalog: 62760 Release Date: 04/06/2004   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Christa Ludwig
    Conductor:  Otto Klemperer
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra,  Philharmonia Chorus
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  • 210.
    Great Conductors Of The 20th Century - Hermann Scherchen
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 75956 Release Date: 11/04/2003   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Franz Joseph Haydn,  Arnold Schoenberg,  Igor Stravinsky,  Johannes Brahms  ... 
    Conductor:  Hermann Scherchen
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Symphony Orchestra,  Berlin Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
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  • 211.
    Brahms: The Symphonies / Maurice Abravanel, Utah Symphony
    Label: Vanguard   Catalog: 1184 Release Date: 08/12/2003   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Maurice Abravanel
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Utah Symphony Orchestra
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  • 212.
    Original Masters - Igor Markevitch - Un Veritable Artiste
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 000085602 Release Date: 08/12/2003   Number of Discs: 9
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Claude Debussy,  Georges Bizet,  Charles Gounod  ... 
    Performer:  Suzanne Cotelle,  Fritz Demmle,  Aurèle Nicolet,  Georges Alès  ... 
    Conductor:  Igor Markevitch
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Lamoureux Concerts Association Orchestra,  USSR State Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 213.
    Brahms: Symphonies No 1 & 2 / Lindenberg
    Label: Apex   Catalog: 7498792 Release Date: 06/23/2003   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Edouard von Lindenberg
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Northwest German Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 214.
    James Levine - A Celebration In Music
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 000041502 Release Date: 06/10/2003   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Richard Wagner,  Richard Strauss,  Igor Stravinsky,  Anton Webern  ... 
    Conductor:  James Levine
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Metropolitan Opera Orchestra,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
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  • 215.
    Karajan - The Collection - Brahms: 4 Symphonies / Berlin Po
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 000019902 Release Date: 05/13/2003   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 216.
    Original Masters - Eduard Van Beinum
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 000017402 Release Date: 05/13/2003   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Gioachino Rossini,  Alphons Diepenbrock,  Felix Mendelssohn,  Franz Schubert  ... 
    Performer:  Alfredo Campoli,  Clifford Curzon
    Conductor:  Eduard Van Beinum
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra,  London Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 217.
    Johannes Brahms: The Four Symphonies
    Label: Budapest Music Center   Catalog: 67 Release Date: 01/21/2003   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Erich Bergel
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  • 218.
    Red Seal - Günter Wand Edition - Brahms: Symphonies No 1-4
    Label: Rca Victor Special Imports   Catalog: 89103 Release Date: 11/19/2002   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Günter Wand
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  North German Radio Symphony Orchestra
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  • 219.
    Karajan Collection - Brahms: 4 Symphonies / Berlin Philharmonic
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 429644 Release Date: 11/06/2002   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 220.
    Label: Supraphon   Catalog: 3669 Release Date: 10/29/2002   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Conductor:  Karel Ancerl
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  • 221.
    Brahms: 4 Symphonies, Haydn Variations / Böhm, Vienna Po
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 471443 Release Date: 10/08/2002   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Christa Ludwig,  Gerhart Hetzel
    Conductor:  Karl Böhm
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Vienna Singverein
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  • 222.
    Brahms, Mozart / Bruno Walter, Vienna Philharmonic
    Label: Opus Kura   Catalog: 2022 Release Date: 09/24/2002   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
    Performer:  Bruno Walter
    Conductor:  Bruno Walter
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 223.
    Brahms: Symphony No 1, Tragic Overture / Masur, Nypo
    Label: Apex   Catalog: 44351 Release Date: 07/16/2002   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Kurt Masur
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New York Philharmonic
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  • 224.
    Trio - Brahms: Complete Symphonies / Riccardo Muti, Et Al
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 470942 Release Date: 06/11/2002   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Riccardo Muti
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philadelphia Orchestra
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  • 225.
    Legendary Treasures - Brahms: Four Symphonies / Mravinsky
    Label: Doremi Records   Catalog: 7798 Release Date: 02/05/2002   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Yevgeny Mravinsky
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Leningrad Philharmonic Orchestra
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