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Teresa Berganza

Composers

Biography

Born: March 16, 1935; Madrid, Spain  
Mezzo-soprano Teresa Berganza's career always had something of a Spanish flavor to it, even though she excelled in Mozart and Rossini roles and other elements of the traditional repertory. She consistently championed Spanish music, from zarzuela (the Spanish musical theater genre), to the songs of Granados and Falla. She also sang the title role of Carmen frequently, bringing her own unique sense of the character (as well as extensive research, Read more much of it in Spain, observing Spanish gypsy women) to both stage and recordings. A musician of unusual breadth and ability, Berganza was an accomplished pianist and organist, and even studied conducting and composition. Her voice, which had an impressive upper extension, managed to cross boundaries as well: in 1960 she was offered the role of Violetta -- a mainstay of the soprano repertory -- in Verdi's La traviata at La Scala in Milan.

Berganza studied at the Madrid Conservatory, under Lola Rodriguez Aragon, who herself studied with Elisabeth Schumann. She credits her teacher with the complete process of her development, from a raw talent to a polished artist; throughout her career, she continued to study with Aragon, developing interpretations or working out minor vocal problems. Berganza made her professional debut in 1956 at the Madrid Athenaeum in Schumann's song cycle Frauenliebe und -Leben, and made her operatic debut at the Aix-in-Provence Festival as Dorabella in Cosě fan tutte. She made her Glyndebourne debut in 1958 as Cherubino.

In the same year, she made her U.S. debut in Dallas, singing the comprimario role of Neris in a production of Medea. The Medea was Maria Callas, and Berganza later declared that she never learned as much about musical drama and stage discipline as from Callas, who treated her "like a younger sister," even insisting that Berganza be allowed to portray Neris as a young woman close to Medea's own age, rather than an older, matronly figure, as was customary. Berganza made her Covent Garden debut as Rosina in 1960; throughout the 1960s and early 1970s she sang mostly Rossini and Mozart. She made her Met debut as Cherubino in 1967.

Berganza first sang Carmen in 1977, and described it later as a deeply liberating experience -- personally as well as musically. In preparing the role, she visited Seville to observe gypsy women, read the original novel by Prosper Merimee, and studied the score deeply. She developed her own perceptions of Carmen: she was a free spirit within a restrictive culture, but far from being a prostitute or a tramp, and even possessing a certain sweetness. While many critics applauded her presentation, others found it lacking in blood and guts -- too "ladylike." (Berganza countered this with her observation that, far from being the flamboyant, hand-on-the-hip, promiscuous creatures of popular thinking, real Spanish gypsy women in fact follow a fairly rigid standard of decorum.) She brought the same kind of original thinking to the role of Zerlina in Don Giovanni, and in the famous Joseph Losey film, she sang her as a fully mature and sensual young woman, rather than a simple and bedazzled girl.

Berganza was also a prominent recitalist, specializing in Spanish song. Among her recordings, her Rosina (one of the most beautiful on record), and her collection of Spanish songs on Claves are both outstanding. Read less
Browse 76-100 of 135 Available Recordings
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  • 76.
    Gemini - Mozart: Le Nozze Di Figaro / Barenboim, Et Al
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 85520 Release Date: 06/01/2004   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
    Performer:  Teresa Berganza,  Birgit Finnilä,  Sir Geraint Evans,  Judith Blegen  ... 
    Conductor:  Daniel Barenboim
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  English Chamber Orchestra,  John Alldis Choir
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  • 77.
    Bizet - Greatest Hits
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 000233802 Release Date: 05/11/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Georges Bizet
    Performer:  Teresa Berganza,  Léopold Simoneau,  René Bianco,  Ileana Cotrubas  ... 
    Conductor:  Claudio Abbado,  Antal Doráti,  Jean Fournet
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Ambrosian Singers,  London Symphony Orchestra,  Lamoureux Concerts Association Orchestra
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  • 78.
    Una Voce Poco Fa - Portrait Of Teresa Berganza
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 000233502 Release Date: 05/11/2004   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Jesus Guridi,  Gioachino Rossini,  Jesús y Gárate Arámbarri,  Manuel de Falla  ... 
    Performer:  Teresa Berganza,  Felix Lavilla Munarriz,  Roger Hager,  Geoffrey Parsons
    Conductor:  London Symphony Orchestra,  Sir Alexander Gibson,  Gerardo Gombau,  Benito Lauret  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Sir Alexander Gibson,  London Symphony Orchestra,  Orchestra  ... 
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  • 79.
    De Falla-halffter: Atlántida / Colomer, Estes, Bayo
    Label: Naive   Catalog: 4685 Release Date: 03/25/2004   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Manuel de Falla
    Performer:  Simon Estes,  Maria Bayo,  Teresa Berganza,  Francesc Garrigosa  ... 
    Conductor:  Edmon Colomer
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Joven National Orchestra of Spain,  University of La Laguna Chorus,  Oeféon Universitario Simón Bolívar  ... 
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  • 80.
    My Figure Skating Album - All The Favourite Classics
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 000186102 Release Date: 02/10/2004   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Sergei Rachmaninov,  Sir Edward Elgar,  Camille Saint-Saëns,  Gustav Holst  ... 
    Performer:  Tamás Vásáry,  Gil Shaham,  Luben Yordanoff,  Nicolai Ghiaurov  ... 
    Conductor:  Yuri Ahronovitch,  Daniel Barenboim,  William Steinberg,  Carlo Maria Giulini  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra,  Orpheus Chamber Orchestra,  Orchestre de Paris  ... 
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  • 81.
    Love Moods - The Most Romantic Classics
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 000174302 Release Date: 01/13/2004   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Agustín Barrios Mangoré,  Gioachino Rossini,  Sir Edward Elgar,  Franz Schmidt  ... 
    Performer:  Alexander-Sergei Ramirez,  Teresa Berganza,  Gil Shaham,  Ben Heppner  ... 
    Conductor:  Claudio Abbado,  Giuseppe Sinopoli,  Neeme Järvi,  Karl-Heinz Loges  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra,  Philharmonia Orchestra,  Orpheus Chamber Orchestra  ... 
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  • 82.
    Sacred Classics - Bach, Fauré, Franck, Handel, Mozart, Et Al
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 69107 Release Date: 08/05/2003   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gioachino Rossini,  Giuseppe Verdi,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Sir Edward Elgar  ... 
    Performer:  Robert Gambill,  Julia Hamari,  Richard Lewis,  Lisa Otto  ... 
    Conductor:  Riccardo Muti,  Sir John Barbirolli,  Wolfgang Gönnenwein,  Karl Foster  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Florence Maggio Musicale Orchestra,  Florence Maggio Musicale Chorus,  New Philharmonia Orchestra  ... 
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  • 83.
    Mozart: Cosě Fan Tutte / Solti, Lorengar, Berganza, Et Al
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 000064312 Release Date: 07/01/2003   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
    Performer:  Teresa Berganza,  Jane Berbié,  Tom Krause,  Pilar Lorengar  ... 
    Conductor:  Sir Georg Solti
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Opera House Covent Garden Chorus,  London Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 84.
    The Voice of Opera - Tebaldi, Horne, Pavarotti...
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 000024602 Release Date: 05/13/2003   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Benjamin Britten,  George Gershwin,  Richard Strauss,  Richard Wagner  ... 
    Performer:  Peter Pears,  Roberta Alexander,  Simon Estes,  Helen Donath  ... 
    Conductor:  Benjamin Britten,  Leonard Slatkin,  Sir Georg Solti,  Eugen Jochum  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Opera House Covent Garden Orchestra,  Berlin Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
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  • 85.
    The Very Best Of José Carreras
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 75903 Release Date: 04/22/2003   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Jacques Offenbach,  Jules Massenet,  Charles Gounod,  Ruggero Leoncavallo  ... 
    Performer:  Teresa Berganza,  José Carreras,  Agnes Baltsa,  Mirella Freni  ... 
    Conductor:  Michel Plasson,  Jacques Delacôte,  Riccardo Muti,  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Toulouse Capitole Orchestra,  Royal Opera House Covent Garden Orchestra,  New Philharmonia Orchestra  ... 
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  • 86.
    Essential Mozart Opera
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 473824 Release Date: 03/11/2003   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
    Performer:  Pilar Lorengar,  Teresa Berganza,  Gabriel Bacquier,  Ryland Davies  ... 
    Conductor:  Sir Georg Solti,  István Kertész,  Sir Colin Davis,  Sir Neville Marriner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Philharmonic Orchestra,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Vienna State Opera Orchestra  ... 
    On sale! $29.99
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  • 87.
    Rapture - Opera's Most Heavenly Moments
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 471717 Release Date: 10/08/2002   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Richard Wagner,  Vincenzo Bellini,  Georges Bizet,  Giacomo Puccini  ... 
    Performer:  Marilyn Horne,  Dame Joan Sutherland,  Teresa Berganza,  Mirella Freni  ... 
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan,  Richard Bonynge,  Giuseppe Sinopoli,  Sir Colin Davis  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Deutsche Oper Chorus,  Berlin Deutsche Oper Orchestra,  London Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 88.
    Mozart: Marriage Of Figaro / Barenboim, Evans, Blegen, Et Al
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 72230 Release Date: 09/10/2002   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
    Performer:  Sir Geraint Evans,  Heather Harper,  Judith Blegen,  Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau  ... 
    Conductor:  Daniel Barenboim
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  English Chamber Orchestra,  John Alldis Choir
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  • 89.
    The Voice Of The Baroque - Bartoli, Berganza, Price, Et Al
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 472315 Release Date: 05/14/2002   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Claudio Monteverdi,  George Frideric Handel,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Gottfried H. Stölzel  ... 
    Performer:  Dana Hanchard,  Sylvia McNair,  Bryn Terfel,  Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau  ... 
    Conductor:  John Eliot Gardiner,  Sir Charles Mackerras,  Karl Richter,  Barry Rose  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  English Baroque Soloists,  Scottish Chamber Orchestra,  Munich Bach Orchestra  ... 
    On sale! $24.98
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  • 90.
    Essential Rossini - 23 Of His Greatest Masterpieces
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 472213 Release Date: 04/09/2002   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gioachino Rossini
    Performer:  Marilyn Horne,  Luciano Pavarotti,  Katia Ricciarelli,  Cecilia Bartoli  ... 
    Conductor:  Sir Neville Marriner,  Henry Lewis,  Claudio Abbado,  Charles Dutoit  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Academy of St. Martin in the Fields,  Royal Opera House Covent Garden Orchestra,  London Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 91.
    Hommage Ŕ Teresa Berganza
    Label: Claves   Catalog: 2000/3 Release Date: 04/09/2002   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Manuel de Falla
    Performer:  Teresa Berganza,  Juan Antonio Alvarez-Parejo
    Conductor:  Jesús Lopez-Cobos
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Lausanne Chamber Orchestra
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  • 92.
    The #1 Soprano Album / Battle, Caballé, Fleming, Et Al
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 472179 Release Date: 04/09/2002   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gioachino Rossini,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Traditional,  Charles Gounod  ... 
    Performer:  Teresa Berganza,  Dame Kiri Te Kanawa,  Marilyn Horne,  Barbara Bonney  ... 
    Conductor:  Silvio Varviso,  André Previn,  Carl Davis,  Julius Rudel  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Naples Rossini Orchestra,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  English Chamber Orchestra  ... 
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  • 93.
    The Voice of Italy / Pavarotti, Freni, di Stefano...
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 470829 Release Date: 04/09/2002   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gioachino Rossini,  Ruggero Leoncavallo,  Umberto Giordano,  Giuseppe Verdi  ... 
    Performer:  Teresa Berganza,  Manuel Ausensi,  Luciano Pavarotti,  Giuseppe Di Stefano  ... 
    Conductor:  Silvio Varviso,  Leone Magiera,  Piero Gamba,  Franco Patanč  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Naples Rossini Orchestra,  Vienna Volksoper Orchestra,  Philharmonia Orchestra  ... 
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  • 94.
    Mozart: Le Nozze Di Figaro / Abbado, Berganza, Prey, Et Al
    Label: Opera D'oro   Catalog: 1328 Release Date: 01/08/2002   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
    Performer:  Maria Borgato,  Mirto Picchi,  Mirella Freni,  José Van Dam  ... 
    Conductor:  Claudio Abbado
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Milan Teatro alla Scala Orchestra,  Milan Teatro alla Scala Chorus
    On sale! $27.98
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  • 95.
    Falla: Atlantida, Etc / Schippers, Argenta, Stratas, Et Al
    Label: Opera D'oro   Catalog: 1307 Release Date: 07/10/2001   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Manuel de Falla
    Performer:  Teresa Berganza,  Teresa Stratas,  Giulietta Simionato,  Roger Browne  ... 
    Conductor:  Ataulfo Argenta,  Thomas Schippers
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  ORTF National Orchestra,  Milan Teatro alla Scala Chorus,  Milan Teatro alla Scala Orchestra
    On sale! $18.98
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  • 96.
    Puccini: Madama Butterfly, Tosca, Etc / Freni, Ramey, Et Al
    Label: Dg Panorama   Catalog: 469175 Release Date: 02/27/2001   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Giacomo Puccini
    Performer:  Anthony Laciura,  Ralf Lukas,  Mirella Freni,  Samuel Ramey  ... 
    Conductor:  Giuseppe Sinopoli,  Tullio Serafin,  Herbert von Karajan,  Bruno Bartoletti
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Opera House Covent Garden Chorus,  Royal Opera House Covent Garden Childrens Chorus,  Philharmonia Orchestra  ... 
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  • 97.
    Rossini Gala / Sutherland, Pavarotti, Horne, Berganza, Et Al
    Label: London/Decca Grand Opera Series   Catalog: 458247 Release Date: 02/13/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gioachino Rossini
    Performer:  Teresa Berganza,  Fernando Corena,  Luigi Alva,  Rolando Panerai  ... 
    Conductor:  Silvio Varviso,  Alberto Erede,  Henry Lewis,  Richard Bonynge  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Florence Maggio Musicale Orchestra,  Florence Maggio Musicale Chorus,  Santa Cecilia Academy Rome Orchestra  ... 
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  • 98.
    The Glories Of Handel Opera / Berganza, Kirkby, Horne, Et Al
    Label: London/Decca Grand Opera Series   Catalog: 458249 Release Date: 02/13/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  George Frideric Handel
    Performer:  Dame Joan Sutherland,  Marilyn Horne,  Sir Geraint Evans,  Renata Tebaldi  ... 
    Conductor:  Richard Bonynge,  Henry Lewis,  Bryan Balkwill,  Sir Neville Marriner  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New Symphony Orchestra,  Vienna Cantata Orchestra,  Suisse Romande Orchestra  ... 
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  • 99.
    Falla: Three-cornered Hat, Etc / Ansermet, Berganza, Et Al
    Label: London/Decca Legends   Catalog: 466991 Release Date: 07/18/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Manuel de Falla
    Performer:  Marina De Gaburain,  Teresa Berganza
    Conductor:  Ernest Ansermet
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Suisse Romande Orchestra
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  • 100.
    Cherubini: Medea / Maria Callas, Et Al
    Label: Gala   Catalog: 521 Release Date: 06/06/2000   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Luigi Cherubini
    Performer:  Maria Callas,  Carlos Giuchandet,  Fedora Barbieri,  Elizabeth Carron  ... 
    Conductor:  Vittorio Gui,  Nicola Rescigno
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Florence Maggio Musicale Chorus,  Florence Maggio Musicale Orchestra,  Dallas Civic Opera Chorus  ... 
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