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Teresa Berganza

Composers

Biography

Born: March 16, 1935; Madrid, Spain  
Mezzo-soprano Teresa Berganza's career always had something of a Spanish flavor to it, even though she excelled in Mozart and Rossini roles and other elements of the traditional repertory. She consistently championed Spanish music, from zarzuela (the Spanish musical theater genre), to the songs of Granados and Falla. She also sang the title role of Carmen frequently, bringing her own unique sense of the character (as well as extensive research, Read more much of it in Spain, observing Spanish gypsy women) to both stage and recordings. A musician of unusual breadth and ability, Berganza was an accomplished pianist and organist, and even studied conducting and composition. Her voice, which had an impressive upper extension, managed to cross boundaries as well: in 1960 she was offered the role of Violetta -- a mainstay of the soprano repertory -- in Verdi's La traviata at La Scala in Milan.

Berganza studied at the Madrid Conservatory, under Lola Rodriguez Aragon, who herself studied with Elisabeth Schumann. She credits her teacher with the complete process of her development, from a raw talent to a polished artist; throughout her career, she continued to study with Aragon, developing interpretations or working out minor vocal problems. Berganza made her professional debut in 1956 at the Madrid Athenaeum in Schumann's song cycle Frauenliebe und -Leben, and made her operatic debut at the Aix-in-Provence Festival as Dorabella in Così fan tutte. She made her Glyndebourne debut in 1958 as Cherubino.

In the same year, she made her U.S. debut in Dallas, singing the comprimario role of Neris in a production of Medea. The Medea was Maria Callas, and Berganza later declared that she never learned as much about musical drama and stage discipline as from Callas, who treated her "like a younger sister," even insisting that Berganza be allowed to portray Neris as a young woman close to Medea's own age, rather than an older, matronly figure, as was customary. Berganza made her Covent Garden debut as Rosina in 1960; throughout the 1960s and early 1970s she sang mostly Rossini and Mozart. She made her Met debut as Cherubino in 1967.

Berganza first sang Carmen in 1977, and described it later as a deeply liberating experience -- personally as well as musically. In preparing the role, she visited Seville to observe gypsy women, read the original novel by Prosper Merimee, and studied the score deeply. She developed her own perceptions of Carmen: she was a free spirit within a restrictive culture, but far from being a prostitute or a tramp, and even possessing a certain sweetness. While many critics applauded her presentation, others found it lacking in blood and guts -- too "ladylike." (Berganza countered this with her observation that, far from being the flamboyant, hand-on-the-hip, promiscuous creatures of popular thinking, real Spanish gypsy women in fact follow a fairly rigid standard of decorum.) She brought the same kind of original thinking to the role of Zerlina in Don Giovanni, and in the famous Joseph Losey film, she sang her as a fully mature and sensual young woman, rather than a simple and bedazzled girl.

Berganza was also a prominent recitalist, specializing in Spanish song. Among her recordings, her Rosina (one of the most beautiful on record), and her collection of Spanish songs on Claves are both outstanding. Read less
Browse 101-125 of 135 Available Recordings
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  • 101.
    Massenet: Don Quichotte / Simonetto, Christoff, Berganza
    Label: Opera D'oro   Catalog: 1240 Release Date: 04/11/2000   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Jules Massenet
    Performer:  Boris Christoff,  Teresa Berganza,  Carlo Badioli,  Ornella Rovero  ... 
    Conductor:  Alfredo Simonetto
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Italian Radio Symphony Orchestra Milan,  Italian Radio Chorus Milan
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  • 102.
    Beethoven: Symphonies No 7, 8 & 9 / Rafael Kubelik, Et Al
    Label: Dg Double   Catalog: 459463 Release Date: 12/30/1999   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Helen Donath,  Teresa Berganza,  Wieslaw Ochman,  Thomas Stewart
    Conductor:  Rafael Kubelik
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bavarian Radio Chorus,  Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Cleveland Orchestra  ... 
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  • 103.
    Zarzuela Castiza / Teresa Berganza, Enrique Garcia Asensio
    Label: Ensayo   Catalog: 9710 Release Date: 11/23/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Simeon José Serrano,  Francisco Asenjo Barbieri,  Reveriano Soutullo,  Ruperto Chapi  ... 
    Performer:  Teresa Berganza
    Conductor:  Enrique Garcia-Asensio
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  • 104.
    Rossini: La Cenerentola / Abbado, Berganza, Alva, Et Al
    Label: Opera D'oro   Catalog: 1212 Release Date: 09/14/1999   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gioachino Rossini
    Performer:  Renato Capecchi,  Paolo Montarsolo,  Margherita Guglielmi,  Laura Zannini  ... 
    Conductor:  Claudio Abbado
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chorus,  Orchestra
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  • 105.
    Vivaldi: Magnificat, Gloria / Muti, Berganza, Terrani, Et Al
    Label: Emi Great Recordings Of The Century   Catalog: 67002 Release Date: 05/04/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonio Vivaldi
    Performer:  Teresa Berganza,  Lucia Valentini-Terrani,  Leslie Pearson,  Norman Jones
    Conductor:  Riccardo Muti
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New Philharmonia Orchestra,  New Philharmonia Chorus
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  • 106.
    Rossini: The Barber Of Seville / Varviso, Berganza, Et Al
    Label: London/Decca Double Decker   Catalog: 452591 Release Date: 03/09/1999   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gioachino Rossini
    Performer:  Dino Mantovani,  Manuel Ausensi,  Nicolai Ghiaurov,  Stefania Malagú  ... 
    Conductor:  Silvio Varviso
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Naples Rossini Chorus,  Naples Rossini Orchestra
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  • 107.
    Mozart: Le Nozze Di Figaro / Mehta, Bruscantini, Berganza
    Label: Opera D'oro   Catalog: 1161 Release Date: 08/25/1998   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
    Performer:  Sena Jurinac,  Teresa Stratas,  Nucci Condo,  Agostino Lazzari  ... 
    Conductor:  Zubin Mehta
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Italian Radio Symphony Orchestra Rome,  Italian Radio Chorus Rome
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  • 108.
    Treasures Of Baroque Opera / Sutherland, Horne, Baker, Et Al
    Label: London/Decca Opera Gala Series   Catalog: 458217 Release Date: 06/09/1998   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jean-Philippe Rameau,  Thomas Augustine Arne,  Niccolò Piccinni,  George Frideric Handel  ... 
    Performer:  Gérard Souzay,  John Shirley-Quirk,  Dame Joan Sutherland,  Harry Dilley  ... 
    Conductor:  Paul Bonneau,  Raymond Leppard,  Anthony Lewis,  Francesco Molinari-Pradelli  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New Symphony Orchestra,  English Chamber Orchestra,  Royal Opera House Covent Garden Orchestra  ... 
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  • 109.
    Rossini: Il Barbiere Di Siviglia / Abbado, Prey, Et Al
    Label: Dg The Originals   Catalog: 457733 Release Date: 05/12/1998   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gioachino Rossini
    Performer:  Luigi Roni,  Stefania Malagú,  Renato Cesari,  Enzo Dara  ... 
    Conductor:  Claudio Abbado
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra,  Ambrosian Opera Chorus
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  • 110.
    The Yellow Guide - Classical Music
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 457440 Release Date: 03/17/1998   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  George Frideric Handel,  Richard Wagner,  Camille Saint-Saëns,  Modest Mussorgsky  ... 
    Performer:  Marita Napier,  Marilyn Mims,  Linda Kelm,  Diane Kesling  ... 
    Conductor:  Trevor Pinnock,  James Levine,  Semyon Bychkov,  Carlo Maria Giulini  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  English Concert,  English Concert Choir,  Metropolitan Opera Orchestra  ... 
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  • 111.
    Rossini: L'italiana In Algeri / Sanzogno, Berganza, Et Al
    Label: Opera D'oro   Catalog: 1146 Release Date: 02/17/1998   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gioachino Rossini
    Performer:  Sesto Bruscantini,  Alvinio Misciano,  Mario Petri,  Vittoria Palombini  ... 
    Conductor:  Nino Sanzogno
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Italian Radio Chorus Milan,  Italian Radio Symphony Orchestra Milan
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  • 112.
    Mozart: The Concert Arias / Te Kanawa, Gruberova, Et Al
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 455241 Release Date: 11/11/1997   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
    Performer:  Dame Kiri Te Kanawa,  Rainer Küchl,  Edita Gruberova,  Teresa Berganza  ... 
    Conductor:  György Fischer,  John Pritchard,  Reinhard Peters,  Argeo Quadri
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Chamber Orchestra,  London Symphony Orchestra,  Vienna Haydn Orchestra  ... 
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  • 113.
    Rossini: La Cenerentola / Rossi, Berganza, Monti, Et Al
    Label: Opera D'oro   Catalog: 1135 Release Date: 09/16/1997   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gioachino Rossini
    Performer:  Teresa Berganza,  Nicola Monti,  Sesto Bruscantini,  Mario Petri  ... 
    Conductor:  Mario Rossi
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Italian Radio Symphony Orchestra Naples,  Naples Teatro San Carlo Chorus
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  • 114.
    Stravinsky: Le Sacre Du Printemps, Etc / Abbado, London So
    Label: Dg Double   Catalog: 453085 Release Date: 07/15/1997   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky
    Performer:  Teresa Berganza,  John Shirley-Quirk,  Ryland Davies,  Leslie Howard
    Conductor:  Claudio Abbado
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra
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  • 115.
    Mozart: Don Giovanni (Highlights) / Maazel, Raimondi, Et Al
    Label: Sony Classical Essential Classics   Catalog: 62663 Release Date: 09/10/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
    Performer:  Dame Kiri Te Kanawa,  Kenneth Riegel,  Malcolm King,  Teresa Berganza  ... 
    Conductor:  Lorin Maazel
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Paris Opera Orchestra,  Paris Opera Chorus
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  • 116.
    Domingo Duets
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 447270 Release Date: 07/16/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Giuseppe Verdi,  Giacomo Puccini,  Pietro Mascagni,  Jacques Offenbach  ... 
    Performer:  Placido Domingo,  Ileana Cotrubas,  Rosalind Plowright,  Cheryl Studer  ... 
    Conductor:  Carlos Kleiber,  Carlo Maria Giulini,  Myung-Whun Chung,  Lorin Maazel  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bavarian State Opera Orchestra,  Santa Cecilia Academy Rome Orchestra,  Santa Cecilia Academy Rome Chorus  ... 
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  • 117.
    Mozart: La Finta Semplice / Hager, Donath, Ihloff, Berganza
    Label: Orfeo   Catalog: 85843 Release Date: 05/23/1995   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
    Performer:  Robert Holl,  Jutta-Renate Ihloff,  Thomas Moser,  Robert Lloyd  ... 
    Conductor:  Leopold Hager
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Salzburg Mozarteum Orchestra
    CD: $64.49
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  • 118.
    Falla: E Corregidor Y La Molinera / Berganza, Lopez-cobos
    Label: Claves   Catalog: 8405 Release Date: 04/06/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Manuel de Falla
    Performer:  Teresa Berganza,  Juan Antonio Alvarez-Parejo
    Conductor:  Jesús Lopez-Cobos
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Lausanne Chamber Orchestra
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  • 119.
    Teresa Berganza Sings South American Songs
    Label: Claves   Catalog: 8401 Release Date: 01/19/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Heitor Villa-Lobos,  Carlos Guastavino,  Ernani Braga
    Performer:  Juan Antonio Alvarez-Parejo,  Teresa Berganza
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  • 120.
    Mozart - Greatest Hits
    Label: Sony Classical   Catalog: 64053 Release Date: 08/09/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
    Performer:  Murray Perahia,  Ferruccio Furlanetto,  Elzbieta Szmytka,  Dale Clevenger  ... 
    Conductor:  Murray Perahia,  Bruno Weil,  Gerhard Schmidt-Gaden,  Erich Leinsdorf  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chamber Orchestra of Europe,  Tafelmusik,  European Baroque Soloists  ... 
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  • 121.
    The Essential 3 Tenors / Pavarotti, Domingo, Carreras
    Label: Rca Victor Gold Seal   Catalog: 21273 Release Date: 07/12/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ruggero Leoncavallo,  Giuseppe Verdi,  Giacomo Puccini,  Richard Wagner  ... 
    Performer:  José Carreras,  Giacomo Aragall,  Juan Pons,  Teresa Berganza  ... 
    Conductor:  Luis Garcia-Navarro,  Daniel Oren,  Edward Downes,  Sir Georg Solti  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Barcelona Symphony Orchestra,  Seville Symphony Orchestra,  Rome Opera House Orchestra  ... 
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  • 122.
    Mad About Sopranos
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 439153 Release Date: 07/13/1993   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Wagner,  Richard Strauss,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Giacomo Puccini  ... 
    Performer:  Hildegard Behrens,  Agnes Baltsa,  Janet Perry,  Anna Tomowa-Sintow  ... 
    Conductor:  James Levine,  Herbert von Karajan,  Giuseppe Sinopoli,  Claudio Abbado  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Metropolitan Opera Orchestra,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
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  • 123.
    Spanish Songs / Teresa Berganza
    Label: Claves   Catalog: 8704 Release Date: 01/20/1993   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Enrique Granados,  Joaquin Turina,  Jesus Guridi
    Performer:  Teresa Berganza,  Juan Antonio Alvarez-Parejo
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  • 124.
    Opera's Greatest Moments - Domingo, Price, Caballe, Et Al
    Label: Rca Victor Red Seal   Catalog: 61440 Release Date: 11/10/1992   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Gioachino Rossini,  Ruggero Leoncavallo,  Giacomo Puccini  ... 
    Performer:  Dmitri Hvorostovsky,  Robert Merrill,  Placido Domingo,  Helen Donath  ... 
    Conductor:  Seiji Ozawa,  Erich Leinsdorf,  Nello Santi,  Giuseppe Patané  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Boston Symphony Orchestra,  Metropolitan Opera Orchestra,  London Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 125.
    Penella: El Gato Montés / Roa, Domingo, Berganza, Pons
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 435776 Release Date: 10/13/1992   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Manuel Penella
    Performer:  Ricardo Muñiz,  Teresa Berganza,  Placido Domingo,  Lorenzo Jiménez  ... 
    Conductor:  Miguel Roa
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Madrid Symphony Orchestra,  Escolania de Nuestra Señora del Recuerdo
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