Teresa Berganza

Composers

Biography

Born: March 16, 1935; Madrid, Spain  
Mezzo-soprano Teresa Berganza's career always had something of a Spanish flavor to it, even though she excelled in Mozart and Rossini roles and other elements of the traditional repertory. She consistently championed Spanish music, from zarzuela (the Spanish musical theater genre), to the songs of Granados and Falla. She also sang the title role of Carmen frequently, bringing her own unique sense of the character (as well as extensive research, Read more much of it in Spain, observing Spanish gypsy women) to both stage and recordings. A musician of unusual breadth and ability, Berganza was an accomplished pianist and organist, and even studied conducting and composition. Her voice, which had an impressive upper extension, managed to cross boundaries as well: in 1960 she was offered the role of Violetta -- a mainstay of the soprano repertory -- in Verdi's La traviata at La Scala in Milan.

Berganza studied at the Madrid Conservatory, under Lola Rodriguez Aragon, who herself studied with Elisabeth Schumann. She credits her teacher with the complete process of her development, from a raw talent to a polished artist; throughout her career, she continued to study with Aragon, developing interpretations or working out minor vocal problems. Berganza made her professional debut in 1956 at the Madrid Athenaeum in Schumann's song cycle Frauenliebe und -Leben, and made her operatic debut at the Aix-in-Provence Festival as Dorabella in Così fan tutte. She made her Glyndebourne debut in 1958 as Cherubino.

In the same year, she made her U.S. debut in Dallas, singing the comprimario role of Neris in a production of Medea. The Medea was Maria Callas, and Berganza later declared that she never learned as much about musical drama and stage discipline as from Callas, who treated her "like a younger sister," even insisting that Berganza be allowed to portray Neris as a young woman close to Medea's own age, rather than an older, matronly figure, as was customary. Berganza made her Covent Garden debut as Rosina in 1960; throughout the 1960s and early 1970s she sang mostly Rossini and Mozart. She made her Met debut as Cherubino in 1967.

Berganza first sang Carmen in 1977, and described it later as a deeply liberating experience -- personally as well as musically. In preparing the role, she visited Seville to observe gypsy women, read the original novel by Prosper Merimee, and studied the score deeply. She developed her own perceptions of Carmen: she was a free spirit within a restrictive culture, but far from being a prostitute or a tramp, and even possessing a certain sweetness. While many critics applauded her presentation, others found it lacking in blood and guts -- too "ladylike." (Berganza countered this with her observation that, far from being the flamboyant, hand-on-the-hip, promiscuous creatures of popular thinking, real Spanish gypsy women in fact follow a fairly rigid standard of decorum.) She brought the same kind of original thinking to the role of Zerlina in Don Giovanni, and in the famous Joseph Losey film, she sang her as a fully mature and sensual young woman, rather than a simple and bedazzled girl.

Berganza was also a prominent recitalist, specializing in Spanish song. Among her recordings, her Rosina (one of the most beautiful on record), and her collection of Spanish songs on Claves are both outstanding. Read less
Browse 101-125 of 148 Available Recordings
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  • 101.
    Ravel: Melodies / Berganza, Lott, Mesple, Bacquier, Et Al
    Label: Emi Classics Special Import   Catalog: 69299 Release Date: 07/10/2001   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Maurice Ravel
    Performer:  Dalton Baldwin,  Jessye Norman,  Felicity Lott,  Gabriel Bacquier  ... 
    Conductor:  Michel Plasson
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Orchestre de Paris Ensemble,  Toulouse Capitole Orchestra
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  • 102.
    Puccini: Madama Butterfly, Tosca, Etc / Freni, Ramey, Et Al
    Label: Dg Panorama   Catalog: 469175 Release Date: 02/27/2001   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Giacomo Puccini
    Performer:  Anthony Laciura,  Ralf Lukas,  Mirella Freni,  Samuel Ramey  ... 
    Conductor:  Giuseppe Sinopoli,  Tullio Serafin,  Herbert von Karajan,  Bruno Bartoletti
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Opera House Covent Garden Chorus,  Royal Opera House Covent Garden Childrens Chorus,  Philharmonia Orchestra  ... 
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  • 103.
    Rossini Gala / Sutherland, Pavarotti, Horne, Berganza, Et Al
    Label: London/Decca Grand Opera Series   Catalog: 458247 Release Date: 02/13/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gioachino Rossini
    Performer:  Teresa Berganza,  Fernando Corena,  Luigi Alva,  Rolando Panerai  ... 
    Conductor:  Silvio Varviso,  Alberto Erede,  Henry Lewis,  Richard Bonynge  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Florence Maggio Musicale Orchestra,  Florence Maggio Musicale Chorus,  Santa Cecilia Academy Rome Orchestra  ... 
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  • 104.
    The Glories Of Handel Opera / Berganza, Kirkby, Horne, Et Al
    Label: London/Decca Grand Opera Series   Catalog: 458249 Release Date: 02/13/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  George Frideric Handel
    Performer:  Dame Joan Sutherland,  Marilyn Horne,  Sir Geraint Evans,  Renata Tebaldi  ... 
    Conductor:  Richard Bonynge,  Henry Lewis,  Bryan Balkwill,  Sir Neville Marriner  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New Symphony Orchestra,  Vienna Cantata Orchestra,  Suisse Romande Orchestra  ... 
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  • 105.
    The World's Greatest Arias / Domingo, Price, Heppner, Et Al
    Label: Rca   Catalog: 145660 Release Date: 09/26/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Giacomo Puccini,  Gaetano Donizetti,  Georges Bizet,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart  ... 
    Performer:  Leontyne Price,  Montserrat Caballé,  Placido Domingo,  Robert Merrill  ... 
    Conductor:  Erich Leinsdorf,  Nello Santi,  Renato Cellini,  Sir Colin Davis  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  RCA Italian Opera Orchestra,  London Symphony Orchestra,  RCA Victor Orchestra  ... 
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  • 106.
    Bizet: Carmen Suite
    Label: Eloquence   Catalog: 4696302 Release Date: 09/04/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Georges Bizet
    Performer:  Placido Domingo,  Teresa Berganza,  Ileana Cotrubas,  Yvonne Kenny  ... 
    Conductor:  Claudio Abbado
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra,  Ambrosian Singers,  George Watson's College Boys' Chorus
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  • 107.
    Falla: Three-cornered Hat, Etc / Ansermet, Berganza, Et Al
    Label: London/Decca Legends   Catalog: 466991 Release Date: 07/18/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Manuel de Falla
    Performer:  Marina De Gaburain,  Teresa Berganza
    Conductor:  Ernest Ansermet
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Suisse Romande Orchestra
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  • 108.
    Cherubini: Medea / Maria Callas, Et Al
    Label: Gala   Catalog: 521 Release Date: 06/06/2000   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Luigi Cherubini
    Performer:  Maria Callas,  Carlos Giuchandet,  Fedora Barbieri,  Elizabeth Carron  ... 
    Conductor:  Vittorio Gui,  Nicola Rescigno
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Florence Maggio Musicale Chorus,  Florence Maggio Musicale Orchestra,  Dallas Civic Opera Chorus  ... 
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  • 109.
    Massenet: Don Quichotte / Simonetto, Christoff, Berganza
    Label: Opera D'oro   Catalog: 1240 Release Date: 04/11/2000   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Jules Massenet
    Performer:  Boris Christoff,  Teresa Berganza,  Carlo Badioli,  Ornella Rovero  ... 
    Conductor:  Alfredo Simonetto
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Italian Radio Symphony Orchestra Milan,  Italian Radio Chorus Milan
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  • 110.
    Beethoven: Symphonies No 7, 8 & 9 / Rafael Kubelik, Et Al
    Label: Dg Double   Catalog: 459463 Release Date: 12/30/1999   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Helen Donath,  Teresa Berganza,  Wieslaw Ochman,  Thomas Stewart
    Conductor:  Rafael Kubelik
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bavarian Radio Chorus,  Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Cleveland Orchestra  ... 
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  • 111.
    Zarzuela Castiza / Teresa Berganza, Enrique Garcia Asensio
    Label: Ensayo   Catalog: 9710 Release Date: 11/23/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Simeon José Serrano,  Francisco Asenjo Barbieri,  Reveriano Soutullo,  Ruperto Chapi  ... 
    Performer:  Teresa Berganza
    Conductor:  Enrique Garcia-Asensio
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  • 112.
    Rossini: La Cenerentola / Abbado, Berganza, Alva, Et Al
    Label: Opera D'oro   Catalog: 1212 Release Date: 09/14/1999   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gioachino Rossini
    Performer:  Renato Capecchi,  Paolo Montarsolo,  Margherita Guglielmi,  Laura Zannini  ... 
    Conductor:  Claudio Abbado
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chorus,  Orchestra
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  • 113.
    Vivaldi: Magnificat, Gloria / Muti, Berganza, Terrani, Et Al
    Label: Emi Great Recordings Of The Century   Catalog: 67002 Release Date: 05/04/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonio Vivaldi
    Performer:  Teresa Berganza,  Lucia Valentini-Terrani,  Leslie Pearson,  Norman Jones
    Conductor:  Riccardo Muti
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New Philharmonia Orchestra,  New Philharmonia Chorus
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  • 114.
    Pergolesi: Stabat Mater, Scarlatti: Stabat Mater,Concerti Grossi / Mackerras, Berganza, Freni
    Label: Archiv Produktion (Dg)   Catalog: 459454 Release Date: 05/03/1999   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Alessandro Scarlatti,  Giovanni Battista Pergolesi
    Performer:  Teresa Berganza,  Mirella Freni
    Conductor:  Sir Charles Mackerras,  Ettore Gracis
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Paul Kuentz Chamber Orchestra,  Alessandro Scarlatti Orchestra
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  • 115.
    Rossini: La Cenerentola / Berganza, Abbado
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 459448 Release Date: 05/03/1999   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gioachino Rossini
    Performer:  Ugo Trama,  Paolo Montarsolo,  Margherita Guglielmi,  Renato Capecchi  ... 
    Conductor:  Claudio Abbado
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra,  Scottish Opera Chorus
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  • 116.
    Rossini: The Barber Of Seville / Varviso, Berganza, Et Al
    Label: London/Decca Double Decker   Catalog: 452591 Release Date: 03/09/1999   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gioachino Rossini
    Performer:  Dino Mantovani,  Manuel Ausensi,  Nicolai Ghiaurov,  Stefania Malagú  ... 
    Conductor:  Silvio Varviso
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Naples Rossini Chorus,  Naples Rossini Orchestra
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  • 117.
    Mozart: Le Nozze Di Figaro / Mehta, Bruscantini, Berganza
    Label: Opera D'oro   Catalog: 1161 Release Date: 08/25/1998   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
    Performer:  Sena Jurinac,  Teresa Stratas,  Nucci Condo,  Agostino Lazzari  ... 
    Conductor:  Zubin Mehta
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Italian Radio Symphony Orchestra Rome,  Italian Radio Chorus Rome
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  • 118.
    Treasures Of Baroque Opera / Sutherland, Horne, Baker, Et Al
    Label: London/Decca Opera Gala Series   Catalog: 458217 Release Date: 06/09/1998   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jean-Philippe Rameau,  Thomas Augustine Arne,  Niccolò Piccinni,  George Frideric Handel  ... 
    Performer:  Gérard Souzay,  John Shirley-Quirk,  Dame Joan Sutherland,  Harry Dilley  ... 
    Conductor:  Paul Bonneau,  Raymond Leppard,  Anthony Lewis,  Francesco Molinari-Pradelli  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New Symphony Orchestra,  English Chamber Orchestra,  Royal Opera House Covent Garden Orchestra  ... 
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  • 119.
    Rossini: Il Barbiere Di Siviglia / Abbado, Prey, Et Al
    Label: Dg The Originals   Catalog: 457733 Release Date: 05/12/1998   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gioachino Rossini
    Performer:  Luigi Roni,  Stefania Malagú,  Renato Cesari,  Enzo Dara  ... 
    Conductor:  Claudio Abbado
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra,  Ambrosian Opera Chorus
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  • 120.
    The Yellow Guide - Classical Music
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 457440 Release Date: 03/17/1998   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  George Frideric Handel,  Richard Wagner,  Camille Saint-Saëns,  Modest Mussorgsky  ... 
    Performer:  Marita Napier,  Marilyn Mims,  Linda Kelm,  Diane Kesling  ... 
    Conductor:  Trevor Pinnock,  James Levine,  Semyon Bychkov,  Carlo Maria Giulini  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  English Concert,  English Concert Choir,  Metropolitan Opera Orchestra  ... 
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  • 121.
    Rossini: L'italiana In Algeri / Sanzogno, Berganza, Et Al
    Label: Opera D'oro   Catalog: 1146 Release Date: 02/17/1998   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gioachino Rossini
    Performer:  Sesto Bruscantini,  Alvinio Misciano,  Mario Petri,  Vittoria Palombini  ... 
    Conductor:  Nino Sanzogno
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Italian Radio Chorus Milan,  Italian Radio Symphony Orchestra Milan
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  • 122.
    Mozart: The Concert Arias / Te Kanawa, Gruberova, Et Al
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 455241 Release Date: 11/11/1997   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
    Performer:  Dame Kiri Te Kanawa,  Rainer Küchl,  Edita Gruberova,  Teresa Berganza  ... 
    Conductor:  György Fischer,  John Pritchard,  Reinhard Peters,  Argeo Quadri
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Chamber Orchestra,  London Symphony Orchestra,  Vienna Haydn Orchestra  ... 
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  • 123.
    Rossini: La Cenerentola / Rossi, Berganza, Monti, Et Al
    Label: Opera D'oro   Catalog: 1135 Release Date: 09/16/1997   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gioachino Rossini
    Performer:  Teresa Berganza,  Nicola Monti,  Sesto Bruscantini,  Mario Petri  ... 
    Conductor:  Mario Rossi
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Italian Radio Symphony Orchestra Naples,  Naples Teatro San Carlo Chorus
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  • 124.
    Stravinsky: Le Sacre Du Printemps, Etc / Abbado, London So
    Label: Dg Double   Catalog: 453085 Release Date: 07/15/1997   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky
    Performer:  Teresa Berganza,  John Shirley-Quirk,  Ryland Davies,  Leslie Howard
    Conductor:  Claudio Abbado
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra
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  • 125.
    Mozart: Don Giovanni (Highlights) / Maazel, Raimondi, Et Al
    Label: Sony Classical Essential Classics   Catalog: 62663 Release Date: 09/10/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
    Performer:  Dame Kiri Te Kanawa,  Kenneth Riegel,  Malcolm King,  Teresa Berganza  ... 
    Conductor:  Lorin Maazel
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Paris Opera Orchestra,  Paris Opera Chorus
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