Teresa Berganza

Composers

Biography

Born: March 16, 1935; Madrid, Spain  
Mezzo-soprano Teresa Berganza's career always had something of a Spanish flavor to it, even though she excelled in Mozart and Rossini roles and other elements of the traditional repertory. She consistently championed Spanish music, from zarzuela (the Spanish musical theater genre), to the songs of Granados and Falla. She also sang the title role of Carmen frequently, bringing her own unique sense of the character (as well as extensive research, Read more much of it in Spain, observing Spanish gypsy women) to both stage and recordings. A musician of unusual breadth and ability, Berganza was an accomplished pianist and organist, and even studied conducting and composition. Her voice, which had an impressive upper extension, managed to cross boundaries as well: in 1960 she was offered the role of Violetta -- a mainstay of the soprano repertory -- in Verdi's La traviata at La Scala in Milan.

Berganza studied at the Madrid Conservatory, under Lola Rodriguez Aragon, who herself studied with Elisabeth Schumann. She credits her teacher with the complete process of her development, from a raw talent to a polished artist; throughout her career, she continued to study with Aragon, developing interpretations or working out minor vocal problems. Berganza made her professional debut in 1956 at the Madrid Athenaeum in Schumann's song cycle Frauenliebe und -Leben, and made her operatic debut at the Aix-in-Provence Festival as Dorabella in Cosě fan tutte. She made her Glyndebourne debut in 1958 as Cherubino.

In the same year, she made her U.S. debut in Dallas, singing the comprimario role of Neris in a production of Medea. The Medea was Maria Callas, and Berganza later declared that she never learned as much about musical drama and stage discipline as from Callas, who treated her "like a younger sister," even insisting that Berganza be allowed to portray Neris as a young woman close to Medea's own age, rather than an older, matronly figure, as was customary. Berganza made her Covent Garden debut as Rosina in 1960; throughout the 1960s and early 1970s she sang mostly Rossini and Mozart. She made her Met debut as Cherubino in 1967.

Berganza first sang Carmen in 1977, and described it later as a deeply liberating experience -- personally as well as musically. In preparing the role, she visited Seville to observe gypsy women, read the original novel by Prosper Merimee, and studied the score deeply. She developed her own perceptions of Carmen: she was a free spirit within a restrictive culture, but far from being a prostitute or a tramp, and even possessing a certain sweetness. While many critics applauded her presentation, others found it lacking in blood and guts -- too "ladylike." (Berganza countered this with her observation that, far from being the flamboyant, hand-on-the-hip, promiscuous creatures of popular thinking, real Spanish gypsy women in fact follow a fairly rigid standard of decorum.) She brought the same kind of original thinking to the role of Zerlina in Don Giovanni, and in the famous Joseph Losey film, she sang her as a fully mature and sensual young woman, rather than a simple and bedazzled girl.

Berganza was also a prominent recitalist, specializing in Spanish song. Among her recordings, her Rosina (one of the most beautiful on record), and her collection of Spanish songs on Claves are both outstanding. Read less
Bizet: Carmen / Abbado, Berganza, Domingo, Cotrubas, Et Al
Release Date: 03/08/2005   Label: Dg The Originals  
Catalog: 000402902   Number of Discs: 2
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Rossini: La Cenerentola / Abbado, Berganza, Alva, Capecchi
Release Date: 11/14/2006   Label: Deutsche Grammophon  
Catalog: 000768302   Number of Discs: 2
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Mozart: La Finta Semplice / Hager, Donath, Ihloff, Berganza
Release Date: 05/23/1995   Label: Orfeo  
Catalog: 85843   Number of Discs: 3
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Penella: El Gato Montés / Roa, Domingo, Berganza, Pons
Release Date: 10/13/1992   Label: Deutsche Grammophon  
Catalog: 435776   Number of Discs: 2
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Mozart: Le Nozze Di Figaro / Mehta, Bruscantini, Berganza
Release Date: 08/25/1998   Label: Opera D'oro  
Catalog: 1161   Number of Discs: 3
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Browse 1-25 of 136 Available Recordings
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  • 1.
    Great Italian Operas - Tosca, Falstaff, Il Barbiere Di Siviglia / Molinari-Pradelli, Giulini [6-CD Set]
    Label: Ica Classics   Catalog: 5131 Release Date: 10/28/2014   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Giacomo Puccini,  Giuseppe Verdi,  Gioachino Rossini
    Performer:  Howell Glynne,  Noreen Berry,  Rhydderch Davies,  Tito Gobbi  ... 
    Conductor:  Francesco Molinari-Pradelli,  Carlo Maria Giulini
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Opera House Covent Garden Orchestra,  Royal Opera House Covent Garden Chorus,  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
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  • 2.
    Rossini: L'italiana In Algeri / Varviso, Berganza, Corena
    Label: Urania   Catalog: 121235 Release Date: 09/09/2014   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gioachino Rossini
    Performer:  Paolo Montarsolo,  Teresa Berganza,  Mitě Truccato Pace,  Giuliana Tavolaccini  ... 
    Conductor:  Silvio Varviso
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Florence Maggio Musicale Orchestra,  Florence Maggio Musicale Chorus
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  • 3.
    Mozart: Complete Edition
    Label: Brilliant Classics   Catalog: 1116167 Release Date: 09/02/2014   Number of Discs: 170
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Johann Christian Bach
    Performer:  Margaret Urquhart,  Pieter-Jan Belder,  Marten Boeken,  Remy Baudet  ... 
    Conductor:  Jaap ter Linden,  Paul Freeman,  János Ferencsik,  Kurt Masur  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Amsterdam Mozart Academy,  Musica Amphion,  Philharmonia Orchestra  ... 
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  • 4.
    The Early Domingo
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 975792 Release Date: 08/26/2014   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  George Frideric Handel,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Gaetano Donizetti,  Jacques Halévy  ... 
    Performer:  Placido Domingo,  Georgetta Psaros,  John McCaw,  Franklyn Whiteley  ... 
    Conductor:  Edward Downes,  Nello Santi,  Sherrill Milnes,  James Levine  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra,  London Symphony Orchestra,  John Alldis Choir  ... 
    CD: $14.99
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  • 5.
    Gluck: The Great Operas / Gardiner, Minkowski, McCreesh
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 002088102 Release Date: 07/15/2014   Number of Discs: 15
    Composer:  Christoph W. Gluck
    Performer:  Derek Lee Ragin,  Sylvia McNair,  Cyndia Sieden,  Richard Croft  ... 
    Conductor:  John Eliot Gardiner,  Marc Minkowski,  Paul McCreesh,  Bernhard Forck  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  English Baroque Soloists,  Monteverdi Choir,  Les Musiciens du Louvre  ... 
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  • 6.
    Rossini: Il Barbiere di Siviglia, La Cenerentola, L'italiana in Algeri, La Donna del Lago, Mose
    Label: Bravissimo Opera Library   Catalog: 9920 Release Date: 07/08/2014   Number of Discs: 10
    Composer:  Gioachino Rossini
    Performer:  Teresa Berganza,  Ornella Rovero,  Nicola Monti,  Mario Petri  ... 
    Conductor:  Mario Rossi,  Piero Bellugi,  Claudio Abbado,  Wolfgang Sawallisch  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Italian Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Naples Teatro San Carlo Chorus,  Italian Radio Symphony Orchestra Turin  ... 
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  • 7.
    Erato - 50 CD Collection
    Label: Erato   Catalog: 46441 Release Date: 11/19/2013   Number of Discs: 50
    Composer:  Tomaso Albinoni,  Giuseppe Tartini,  Georg Philipp Telemann,  Giuseppe Torelli  ... 
    Performer:  Maurice André,  Pierre Pierlot,  Paul Hongne,  Jacques Chambon  ... 
    Conductor:  Sir Neville Marriner,  Jean-François Paillard,  Frigyes Sándor,  Kent Nagano  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Academy of St. Martin in the Fields Chamber Ens.,  Paillard Chamber Orchestra,  Vienna Soloists  ... 
    On sale! $299.98
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  • 8.
    Mozart: Operas / Otto Klemperer [11-CD Set]
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 43782 Release Date: 03/26/2013   Number of Discs: 11
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
    Performer:  Margaret Price,  Yvonne Minton,  Sir Geraint Evans,  Luigi Alva  ... 
    Conductor:  Otto Klemperer
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  John Alldis Choir,  New Philharmonia Orchestra,  New Philharmonia Chorus  ... 
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  • 9.
    100 Best Operetta
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 972635 Release Date: 11/19/2012   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Various,  Franz Lehár,  Carl Zeller,  Johann Strauss Jr.  ... 
    Performer:  Mady Mesplé,  Régine Crespin,  Hermann Prey,  Victoria de los Angeles  ... 
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  • 10.
    Solti Conducts The Mozart Operas [15-CD Set]
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 001745402 Release Date: 10/16/2012   Number of Discs: 15
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
    Performer:  Tom Krause,  Arthur Davies,  Gabriel Bacquier,  Pilar Lorengar  ... 
    Conductor:  Sir Georg Solti
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Philharmonic Orchestra,  Royal Opera House Covent Garden Chorus,  London Opera Chorus  ... 
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  • 11.
    Falla: Siete Canciones Populares Espanolas, La Vida Breve, El Amor Brujo / Bream, Reiner, Mata
    Label: Rca   Catalog: 35636 Release Date: 10/09/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Manuel de Falla
    Performer:  Felix Lavilla,  Teresa Berganza,  Julian Bream,  Nati Mistral  ... 
    Conductor:  Fritz Reiner,  Eduardo Mata,  Rafael Frühbeck de Burgos
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chicago Symphony Orchestra,  London Symphony Orchestra,  Spanish National Orchestra  ... 
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  • 12.
    Michel Plasson & L'Opera Francais [38-CD Set]
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 36363 Release Date: 10/09/2012   Number of Discs: 38
    Composer:  Albéric Magnard,  Jules Massenet,  Charles Gounod,  Jacques Offenbach  ... 
    Performer:  Nadine Denize,  Gary Lakes,  José Van Dam,  Hildegard Behrens  ... 
    Conductor:  Michel Plasson
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Toulouse Capitole Orchestra,  Orféon Donostiarra,  Toulouse Capitole Chorus  ... 
    On sale! $158.98
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  • 13.
    Mozart: La Finta Semplice / Hager, Salzburg Mozarteum Orchestra
    Label: Brilliant Classics   Catalog: 94374 Release Date: 07/31/2012   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
    Performer:  Thomas Moser,  Robert Lloyd,  Robert Holl,  Teresa Berganza  ... 
    Conductor:  Leopold Hager
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Salzburg Mozarteum Orchestra
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  • 14.
    Opera 2012
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 001675802 Release Date: 05/08/2012   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Giuseppe Verdi,  Vincenzo Bellini,  Umberto Giordano,  Antonio Vivaldi  ... 
    Performer:  Andrea Bocelli,  Anna Netrebko,  Jonas Kaufmann,  Cecilia Bartoli  ... 
    Conductor:  Zubin Mehta,  Fabio Luisi,  Antonio Pappano,  Giovanni Antonini  ... 
    CD: $18.99
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  • 15.
    Rossini: Operas / Claudio Abbado [9-CD Collector's Edition]
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 001676502 Release Date: 05/08/2012   Number of Discs: 9
    Composer:  Gioachino Rossini
    Performer:  Luigi Roni,  Stefania Malagú,  Renato Cesari,  Enzo Dara  ... 
    Conductor:  Claudio Abbado
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra,  Ambrosian Opera Chorus,  Prague Philharmonic Chorus  ... 
    Recommendation
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  • 16.
    Best Of José Carreras
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 7317012 Release Date: 02/14/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Giuseppe Verdi,  Charles Gounod,  Georges Bizet,  Jacques Halévy  ... 
    Performer:  José Carreras,  Teresa Berganza
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan,  Jacques Delacôte,  Michel Plasson,  Riccardo Muti  ... 
    CD: $7.99
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  • 17.
    Vivaldi: Gloria, Magnificat / Muti, Berganza, Terrani, New Philharmonia Chorus & Orchestra
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 85223 Release Date: 01/24/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonio Vivaldi
    Performer:  Teresa Berganza,  Lucia Valentini-Terrani,  Leslie Pearson,  Norman Jones
    Conductor:  Riccardo Muti
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New Philharmonia Orchestra,  New Philharmonia Chorus
    CD: $12.99
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  • 18.
    Teresa Berganza Master Classes - Mozart: Le Nozze De Figaro, Don Giovanni
    Label: Mélisande   Catalog: 1 Release Date: 12/13/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
    Performer:  Aline Bartissol,  Teresa Berganza,  Laure André,  Sandra Liz Cartagena  ... 
    Recommendation
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  • 19.
    Rossini: Il Barbiere Di Siviglia / Giulini, Berganza, Alva, Corena, Vinco
    Label: Ica Classics   Catalog: 5046 Release Date: 11/15/2011   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gioachino Rossini
    Performer:  Ronald Lewis,  Fernando Corena,  Teresa Berganza,  Luigi Alva  ... 
    Conductor:  Carlo Maria Giulini
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Opera House Covent Garden Orchestra,  Royal Opera House Covent Garden Chorus
    Recommendation
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  • 20.
    The Decca Sound [50-CD Set]
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 001619902 Release Date: 11/15/2011   Number of Discs: 50
    Composer:  Manuel de Falla,  Claude Debussy,  Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov,  Enrique Granados  ... 
    Performer:  Teresa Berganza,  Alfredo Campoli,  Vladimir Ashkenazy,  Cecilia Bartoli  ... 
    Conductor:  Ernest Ansermet,  Ataulfo Argenta,  Anatole Fistoulari,  Vladimir Ashkenazy  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Suisse Romande Orchestra,  London Symphony Orchestra,  Philharmonia Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $175.49
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  • 21.
    Falla: La Vida Breve / Berganza, Nafe, Carreras, Pons, Navarro
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 435851 Release Date: 11/07/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Manuel de Falla
    Performer:  Ramon Contreras,  Manuel Cid,  José Carreras,  Paloma Pérez Ińigo  ... 
    Conductor:  Luis Garcia-Navarro
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra,  Ambrosian Opera Chorus
    Recommendation
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  • 22.
    J. Strauss, Jr.: Die Fledermaus / Karajan, Gueden, Kmentt, Resnik
    Label: Musical Concepts   Catalog: 2018 Release Date: 09/13/2011   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Franz Lehár,  Louis Ferrari,  Frederick Loewe  ... 
    Performer:  Waldemar Kmentt,  Erika Köth,  Walter Berry,  Erich Kunz  ... 
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna State Opera Chorus,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
    CD: $13.99
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  • 23.
    Puccini: Madama Butterfly / Sinopoli, Freni, Carreras
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 001572002 Release Date: 07/12/2011   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Giacomo Puccini
    Performer:  Teresa Berganza,  Juan Pons,  Anthony Laciura,  Mark Curtis  ... 
    Conductor:  Giuseppe Sinopoli
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Ambrosian Opera Chorus,  Philharmonia Orchestra
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  • 24.
    The Opera Album 2011
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 001566102 Release Date: 06/14/2011   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Georges Bizet,  Giacomo Puccini,  Ruggero Leoncavallo,  Alfredo Catalani  ... 
    Performer:  Bryn Terfel,  Anna Netrebko,  Andrea Bocelli,  Jonas Kaufmann  ... 
    Conductor:  Barry Wordsworth,  Gianandrea Noseda,  Zubin Mehta,  Antonio Pappano  ... 
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  • 25.
    Opera 2011
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 96666 Release Date: 04/19/2011   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gioachino Rossini,  Antonio Caldara,  Giacomo Puccini,  George Frideric Handel  ... 
    Performer:  Edgaras Montvidas,  Joyce DiDonato,  Philippe Jaroussky,  Anna Netrebko  ... 
    Conductor:  Kazushi Ono,  Emmanuelle Haďm,  Antonio Pappano,  Eugene Kohn  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Seminario Musicale,  L'arpeggiata
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