Hugo Wolf

Biography

Born: March 13, 1860; Windischgraz, Austria   Died: February 22, 1903; Vienna, Austria  
Hugo Wolf, a native of Windischgraz (now Slovenjgradec, Slovenia), in the Austro-Hungarian province of Styria, was born on March 13, 1860 and died on February 22, 1903, three weeks before his 43rd birthday -- like Schubert, German music's first great lieder composer, of tertiary syphilis. Like Schumann, the other great lieder composer (also syphilitic), Wolf died in an insane asylum after trying to drown himself in October 1898. (He had committed Read more himself a year earlier, but was discharged after four months.) Also like Schumann, he composed in manic bursts between periods of depression, once the disease entered its second stage, and like two predecessors, was an unsuccessful composer of stage music.

Wolf completed only one opera, Der Corregidor (1895-1896), based on the same Spanish comedy Falla later used in The Three-Cornered Hat. Indifferently and with difficulty he also composed incidental music for two plays long forgotten. As a teenager, he began but never finished a violin concerto and two symphonies (in 1879 he lost the manuscript of a third symphony while traveling). His orchestral repertory amounts to Penthesilea (after Kleist; 1883-1885), a turbidly scored, Liszt-Wagnerian symphonic poem; Christnacht, a choral work both naive and sublime (1886-1889), and the Italian Serenade (a 1892 arrangement of his charming 1887 Serenade in G for String Quartet).

Despite haphazard education that ended in a series of expulsions, Wolf the lieder composer was possessed of (and by) a psychological insight that revealed as early as 1878 what poured forth later between arid stretches -- some 300 songs, the finest of them both emotionally penetrating and musically profound. Mörike, Goethe (the Mignon - Lieder are incomparable), Kleist, Lenau, and Heine were his favorite German poets, plus Eichendorff when Wolf reached the expressive summit in 1887. For three years prior he had been an outspoken critic -- the only job he ever held -- in Vienna's weekly Salonblatt. Pro-Wagner and anti-Brahms, he was as honest as Berlioz had been, and thus made powerful enemies who took revenge later on. Wolf habitually lived hand to mouth, supported by a circle of friends who provided shelter and sustenance for ten years, and finally in 1896 gave him his own apartment. By then, however, the disease had entered its third stage, and his mood swings alienated many who cared deeply. On September 19, 1897, he cracked -- blaming Mahler, his friend of 20 years and onetime roommate, of sabotaging Der Corregidor at the Hofoper.

In October 1889, Wolf had turned his attention from German poetry to translations of Spanish poets. Between Halloween and the following May, he composed 44 songs called the Spanish Songbook. Then, between September 1890 and December 1891, he composed 22 song translations comprising Part I of an Italian Songbook. Thereafter he didn't write a note of original music until March 1895, when he undertook Der Corregidor, completing all four acts in piano score within twelve weeks. After laboriously scoring it, he wrote twenty-four songs in isolation between 25 March and 30 April 1896 -- Part II of the Italian Songbook. He spent the next months revising Der Corregidor. After setting his last songs in March 1897, three somber sonnets by Michelangelo, Wolf worked tirelessly on another Spanish opera, Manuel Venegas, which amounted to 60 pages of piano score, before his breakdown. Following his death, he was buried alongside Beethoven and Schubert in Vienna's Central Cemetery, impoverished to the end but officially a cultural hero. Read less
Wolf: Morike Lieder / Gura, Schultsz
Release Date: 03/12/2013   Label: Harmonia Mundi  
Catalog: 1951882   Number of Discs: 1
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Wolf: Morike Lieder / May, Renzikowski
Release Date: 08/09/2005   Label: Arte Nova  
Catalog: 971270   Number of Discs: 2
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Wolf: Mörike Lieder / Güra, Schultsz
Release Date: 11/08/2005   Label: Harmonia Mundi  
Catalog: 901882   Number of Discs: 1
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Schubert, Berg, Wolf: Lieder / Stotijn, Breinl
Release Date: 04/11/2006   Label: Onyx  
Catalog: 4009   Number of Discs: 1
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Strauss, Faure, Debussy, Poulenc, Wolf & Berg: Songs / Christiane Karg
Release Date: 09/24/2013   Label: Wigmore Hall Live  
Catalog: 62   Number of Discs: 1
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Composition Type: Lieder (Various)

Work: Michelangelo Lieder (3)

Browse 1-11 of 11 Available Recordings

Hugo Wolf


WORKS
No. 1. Tretet ein, hoher Krieger
No. 2. Singt mein Schatz wie ein Fink
No. 3. Du milchjunger Knabe
No. 4. Wandl ich in dem Morgentau
No. 5. Das Kohlerweib ist trunken
No. 6. Wie glanzt der helle Mond
No. 1. Gesellenlied
No. 2. Morgenstimmung
No. 3. Skolie
No. 1. Gesang Margits
No. 2. Gudmunds erster Gesang
No. 3. Gudmunds zweiter Gesang
No. 1. Auch kleine Dinge
No. 2. Mir ward gesagt
No. 3. Ihr seid die Allerschonste
No. 4. Gesegnet sei, durch den die Welt
No. 5. Selig ihr Blinden
No. 6. Wer rief dich denn
No. 7. Der Mond hat eine schwere Klag' erhoben
No. 8. Nun lass uns Frieden schliessen
No. 9. Dass doch gemalt
No. 10. Du denkst mit einem Fadchen
No. 11. Wie lange schon
No. 12. Nein, junger Herr
No. 13. Hoffartig seid Ihr, schones Kind
No. 14. Geselle, woll'n wir uns in Kutten hullen
No. 15. Mein liebster ist so klein
No. 16. Ihr jungen Leute
No. 17. Und willst du deinen Liebsten sterben sehen
No. 18. Heb auf dein blondes Haupt
No. 19. Wir haben beide lange Zeit geschwiegen
No. 20. Mein Liebster singt am Haus
No. 21. Man sagt mir, deine Mutter
No. 22. Ein Standchen Euch zu bringen
No. 23. Was fur ein Lied soll dir gesungen werden?
No. 24. Ich esse nun mein Brot
No. 25. Mein Liebster hat zu Tische
No. 26. Ich liess mir sagen
No. 27. Schon streckt' ich aus im Bett
No. 28. Du sagst mir, dass ich keine Furstin
No. 29. Wohl kenn ich Euren Stand
No. 30. Lass sie nur gehn
No. 31. Wie soll ich frohlich sein
No. 32. Was soll der Zorn, mein Schatz
No. 33. Sterb' ich, so hullt in Blumen
No. 34. Und steht Ihr fruh am Morgen auf
No. 35. Benedeit die sel'ge Mutter
No. 36. Wenn du, mein Liebster
No. 37. Wie viele Zeit verlor ich
No. 38. Wenn du mich mit den Augen
No. 39. Gesegnet sei das Grun
No. 40. O war' dein Haus
No. 41. Heut Nacht erhob ich mich
No. 42. Nicht langer kann ich singen
No. 43. Schweig einmal still
No. 44. O wusstest du, wie viel ich deinetwegen
No. 45. Verschling' der Abgrund
No. 46. Ich hab in Penna einen Liebsten
No. 1. Wohl denk Ich oft
No. 2. Alles endet, was entstehet
No. 3. Fuhlt meine Seele
Mörike-Lieder: Gebet
Mörike-Lieder: Fußreise
Mörike-Lieder: Er ist's
Mörike-Lieder: Im Frühling
Mörike-Lieder: Auf ein altes Bild
Mörike-Lieder: Der Genesene an die Hoffnung
Mörike-Lieder: Auf einer Wanderung
Mörike-Lieder: Zitronenfalter im April
Mörike-Lieder: Der Gärtner
Mörike-Lieder: Begegnung
Mörike-Lieder: Der Tambour
Mörike-Lieder: Jägerlied
Mörike-Lieder: Nimmersatte Liebe
Mörike-Lieder: In der Frühe
Mörike-Lieder: Denk' es, o Seele
Mörike-Lieder: An die Geliebte
Mörike-Lieder: Peregrina I
Mörike-Lieder: Peregrina II
Mörike-Lieder: Lebe wohl
Mörike-Lieder: Verborgenheit
Mörike-Lieder: Der Feuerreiter
Mörike-Lieder: Storchenbotschaft
Mörike-Lieder: Abschied
1. Grave - Leidenschaftlich bewegt
2. Scherzo. Resolut
3. Langsam
4. Sehr lebhaft
No. 1. Nun bin ich dein
No. 2. Die du Gott gebarst, du Reine
No. 3. Nun wandre, Maria
No. 4. Die ihr schwebet
No. 5. Fuhr mich, Kind, nach Bethlehem
No. 6. Ach, des Knaben Augen
No. 7. Muhvoll komm ich und beladen
No. 8. Ach, wie lang die Seele schlummert!
No. 9. Herr, was tragt der Boden hier
No. 10. Wunden tragst du, mein Geliebter