Johann Friedrich Reichardt

Biography

Born: November 25, 1752; Königsberg, Germany   Died: June 27, 1814; Giebichenstein  
Johann Friedrich Reichardt was a minor but important German composer whose song style broke from the more rigid traditions of the late eighteenth century Berlin School to augur elements of the coming Romantic movement and whose stage works look toward newer forms, like those that were emerging in Italian and French opera.

Reichardt was born in Königsberg, then capital of East Prussia. By age 10 he was an accomplished violinist and
Read more keyboardist, having received most of his musical training from his father, Johann, a virtuoso lutenist. Reichardt had a string of notable teachers later on that included violinist F.A. Veichtner and keyboard player C.G. Richter.

Reichardt enrolled in Königsberg University at 15, spending three largely uneventful years there. After a period of travel abroad for concertizing and further instruction, he began turning out his first compositions, an opera Hänschen und Gretchen (1771-1772) and a collection of songs, Vermischte Musicalien (1773). Reichardt was appointed kapellmeister at Berlin's Royal Opera near the end of 1775 by Frederick the Great. The following year he married the daughter of composer Franz Benda, Juliane Benda. In Berlin Reichardt wrote songs and the melodrama Cephalus und Prokris, premiered in Hamburg in 1777, but without gaining much attention.

After his wife's death in 1783, Reichardt remained active as kapellmeister, traveler, and composer. In 1786, now remarried, he completed two operas, Tamerlan and Panthée, both written for Paris audiences, but with only the latter presented in the French capital. In Germany his music was also achieving little notice. With the death of Frederick the Great in 1786 and the accession of Friedrich Wilhelm II, however, Reichardt's fortunes sharply changed. Not only did he receive regular performances of his works, but his salary and powers as kapellmeister were increased.

Following a lengthy illness in 1791, Reichardt took a leave from his kapellmeister duties and never again enjoyed such success. He got into political hot water in 1794 and was dismissed from his Berlin post.

Still, he managed to support himself and his family as director of the salt mines at Halle (1796). But troubles arose once more with Napoleon's advance, which forced Reichardt and his family to move north in 1806. Thereafter, he held a musical post in Kassel (1807-1808) and did some traveling, but had to eek out a living for his remaining years largely from his compositions and writings. Read less
Browse 1-25 of 30 Available Recordings
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  • 1.
    Abend Wird Es Weider: Evening Moods
    Label: Tyx Art   Catalog: 13031 Release Date: 11/19/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Christian H Rinck,  Heinrich Isaac,  Uli Johannes Kieckbusch,  Heinrich Reimann  ... 
    Performer:  Uli Johannes Kieckbusch
    CD: $18.99
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  • 2.
    Icon - John McCormack [4-CD Set]
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 827642 Release Date: 02/05/2013   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  James L. Molloy,  Traditional,  Ralph Vaughan Williams,  Arnold Bax  ... 
    Performer:  John McCormack,  Gerald Moore,  Nellie Melba,  Edna Thornton  ... 
    Conductor:  Lawrence Collingwood,  Walter Goehr
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Orchestra
    CD: $35.49
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  • 3.
    La Voix de l'Emotion / Montserrat Figueras
    Label: Alia Vox   Catalog: 9889 Release Date: 03/13/2012   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Unknown,  Traditional,  Luis de Milan,  Francisco Guerrero  ... 
    Performer:  Montserrat Figueras
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  • 4.
    150 German Folksongs / Prey, Schreier, Dresden Kreuzchor, Thomanerchor Leipzig
    Label: Capriccio Records   Catalog: 7106 Release Date: 08/30/2011   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Anonymous,  Friedrich Silcher,  Traditional,  Robert Franz  ... 
    Performer:  Konrad Ragossnig,  Peter Schreier,  Geoffrey Parsons,  Hermann Prey  ... 
    Conductor:  Gerhard Schmidt-Gaden,  Roland Buchner,  Jörg-Peter Weigle
    CD: $19.99
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  • 5.
    Volkslieder, Vol. 3 - German Folk Songs
    Label: Carus   Catalog: 83005 Release Date: 06/28/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  August Harder,  Anonymous,  Anton Wilhelm Florentin v,  Jens Trondle  ... 
    Performer:  Christiane Oelze,  Eric Schneider,  Juliane Ruf,  Angelika [Mezzo-Soprano Vocal] Kirchschlager  ... 
    Conductor:  Klaus-Jürgen Etzold,  Carola Bischoff,  Markus Utz
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Wir Kinder vom Kleistpark,  Deitsch
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  • 6.
    The Complete Christmas Celebration
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 001493002 Release Date: 11/09/2010   Number of Discs: 7
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  George Frideric Handel,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Traditional  ... 
    Performer:  Hans-Peter Blochwitz,  Olaf Bär,  Anne Sofie von Otter,  Anthony Rolfe Johnson  ... 
    Conductor:  John Eliot Gardiner,  Christopher Hogwood,  Valery Gergiev,  Georg Ratzinger  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  English Baroque Soloists,  Monteverdi Choir,  Academy of Ancient Music  ... 
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  • 7.
    Wiegenlieder - Lullabies Vol. 1
    Label: Carus   Catalog: 83001 Release Date: 05/11/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Johann Abraham P. Schulz,  Karl Friedrich Curschmann,  Johann Friedrich Reichardt  ... 
    Performer:  Michael Gees,  Christoph Prégardien,  Juliane Ruf,  Jan Kobow  ... 
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  • 8.
    Es Ist Ein Ros Entsprungen / Kopp, Vocal Concert Dresden
    Label: Berlin Classics   Catalog: 16442 Release Date: 10/09/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Michael Praetorius,  Jan Pieterszoon Sweelinck,  Johannes Brahms,  Franz Xaver Gruber  ... 
    Conductor:  Peter Kopp
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Dresden Vocal Concert
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  • 9.
    Reichardt: String Trios / Ensemble Agora
    Label: Md&g (Dabringhaus & Grimm)   Catalog: 7030731 Release Date: 09/01/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Friedrich Reichardt
    Performer:  Mathias Hofmann,  Andreas Gerhardus,  Margarete Adorf
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Ensemble Agora
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  • 10.
    Goethe - Willkommen und Abschied
    Label: Berlin Classics   Catalog: 1759 Release Date: 10/25/2008   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Hans Pfitzner,  Johann Friedrich Reichardt,  Ludwig van Beethoven  ... 
    Performer:  Andreas Schmidt,  Rudolf Jansen
    CD: $34.99
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  • 11.
    Weihnachts Konzert / Georg Ratzinger, Regensburger Domspatzen
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 000719202 Release Date: 10/10/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Michael Praetorius,  Franz Xaver Gruber,  John Francis Wade,  Traditional  ... 
    Conductor:  Georg Ratzinger
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Regensburg Cathedral Boys Choir
    On sale! $24.99
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  • 12.
    Hyperion Schubert Edition - Songs by Schubert's Friends & Contemporaries
    Label: Hyperion   Catalog: 33051 Release Date: 04/11/2006   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Franz Liszt,  Ferdinand Hiller,  Robert Schumann,  Felix Mendelssohn  ... 
    Performer:  Mark Padmore,  Graham Johnson,  Susan Gritton,  Ann Murray  ... 
    On sale! $67.98
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  • 13.
    Masters Of The Goethe Era / Gulke, Staatskapelle Weimar
    Label: Capriccio Records   Catalog: 71128 Release Date: 01/01/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Friedrich Reichardt,  Carl Eberwein,  Ernst Wilhelm Wolf,  Duchess of Saxe-Weimar Anna Amalia  ... 
    Conductor:  Peter Gülke
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Weimar Staatskapelle Orchestra
    CD: $17.99
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  • 14.
    Machet Die Tore Weit / Dijkstra, Glaser, Et Al
    Label: Oehms   Catalog: 535 Release Date: 12/27/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Karl Riedel,  Johann Friedrich Reichardt,  Max Reger,  Michael Praetorius  ... 
    Conductor:  Michael Gläser,  Peter Dijkstra
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bavarian Radio Chorus
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  • 15.
    Peter Schreier - Legendary Recordings
    Label: Berlin Classics   Catalog: 2852 Release Date: 12/27/2005   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Heinrich Schütz,  Peter Cornelius,  Rudolf Mauersberger  ... 
    Performer:  Hans Otto,  Peter Schreier,  Anton Spieler,  Karl-Dietfried Adam  ... 
    Conductor:  Rudolf Mauersberger,  Otmar Suitner,  Bernhard Klee,  Siegfried Kurz  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Dresden Philharmonic Orchestra members,  Dresden Kreuz Choir,  Dresden Staatskapelle  ... 
    On sale! $49.98
    CD: $41.99
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  • 16.
    Schubert: The Complete Songs
    Label: Hyperion   Catalog: 44201/40 Release Date: 11/08/2005   Number of Discs: 40
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Carl Maria von Weber,  Gioachino Rossini,  Ludwig Berger  ... 
    Performer:  Graham Johnson,  Brigitte Fassbaender,  Christine Schäfer,  Michael George  ... 
    Conductor:  Stephen Layton
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Holst Singers,  London Schubert Chorale,  New Company Singers
    Recommendation
    On sale! $479.98
    CD: $461.49
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  • 17.
    Original Masters - Dietrich Fischer-dieskau
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 000480502 Release Date: 09/13/2005   Number of Discs: 9
    Composer:  Carl Orff,  Johannes Brahms,  Gioachino Rossini,  Frank Martin  ... 
    Performer:  Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau,  Jörg Demus,  Hertha Klust,  Karl Engel  ... 
    Conductor:  Ferenc Fricsay,  Frank Martin,  Hans Schmidt-Isserstedt,  Karl Böhm  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin RIAS Symphony Orchestra,  Berlin RIAS Chamber Chorus,  Berlin Radio Symphony Orchestra  ... 
    CD not available
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  • 18.
    Reichardt: Erwin & Elmire /Spering, Kermes, Dürmüller, Et Al
    Label: Cpo   Catalog: 999860 Release Date: 04/20/2004   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Friedrich Reichardt
    Performer:  Simone Kermes,  Johanna Stojkovic,  Jörg Dürmüller,  Michael Kupfer
    Conductor:  Andreas Spering
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cappella Coloniensis
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  • 19.
    Ninna Nanna - Lullabies / Montserrat Figueras, Hesperion XXI
    Label: Alia Vox   Catalog: 9826 Release Date: 02/11/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Anonymous,  Arvo Pärt,  Federico Garcia Lorca,  Darius Milhaud  ... 
    Performer:  Pierre Pierlot,  Montserrat Figueras,  Sergi Casademunt,  Jordi Savall  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Hespèrion XXI
    Recommendation
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  • 20.
    Glass Harmonica - Beethoven, Mozart, Donizetti, Apell, Et Al
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8555295 Release Date: 11/20/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Thomas Bloch,  J.J.S. von Holt Sombach,  David August von Apell,  Karl Leopold Röllig  ... 
    Performer:  Thomas Bloch,  Fabrice Di Falco,  Damien Top,  Yves Le Pech  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Rosamonde Quartet
    CD: $9.99
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    MP3:  $7.99 Add MP3 to Cart

  • 21.
    Harpe De Verre Et Luth - Reichardt, Etc / Emge, Gross
    Label: Gall (Formerly Gallo)   Catalog: 1045 Release Date: 03/27/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jean-B Loeillet,  Johann Gottlieb Naumann,  Heinrich Sutermeister,  Silvius Leopold Weiss  ... 
    Performer:  Ingeborg Emge,  Pierre Gross
    On sale! $22.98
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  • 22.
    Goethe Chorlieder / Ridil, Goethe Universität Frankfurt
    Label: Thorofon   Catalog: 2399 Release Date: 01/12/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Wilhelm Weismann,  Wilhelm Killmayer,  Johannes Driessler,  Harald Genzmer  ... 
    Performer:  Helena Gomm,  Peter Vogt
    Conductor:  Christian Ridil
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Goethe University Chamber Chorus
    CD: $22.49
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  • 23.
    Songs Of The Classical Age / Patrice Michaels Bedi, Schrader
    Label: Cedille Records   Catalog: 49 Release Date: 11/23/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Vincenzo Bellini,  Maria Szymanowska,  Isabella Colbran,  Felice Blangini  ... 
    Performer:  David Schrader,  Patrice Michaels
    CD: $17.99
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  • 24.
    Prima Voce - Sigrid Onegin Vol 1 - Donizetti, Verdi, Et Al
    Label: Nimbus   Catalog: 7898 Release Date: 03/23/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Georges Bizet,  Jean-Baptiste Weckerlin,  Johann Friedrich Reichardt,  Johannes Brahms  ... 
    Performer:  Sigrid Onegin,  Bruno Seidler-Winkler,  Georg Kniestedt
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Orchestra
    CD: $11.99
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  • 25.
    Goethe-Lieder / Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau, Karl Engel
    Label: Orfeo D'or   Catalog: 389951 Release Date: 08/21/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Duchess of Saxe-Weimar Anna Amalia,  Hugo Wolf,  Franz Schubert,  Ludwig van Beethoven  ... 
    Performer:  Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau,  Karl Engel
    CD: $19.99
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