Richard Wagner

Biography

Born: May 22, 1813; Germany   Died: Feb 13, 1883; Italy   Period: Romantic
Richard Wagner was one of the most revolutionary figures in the history of music, a composer who made pivotal contributions to the development of harmony and musical drama that reverberate even today. Indeed, though Wagner occasionally produced successful music written on a relatively modest scale, opera -- the bigger, the better -- was clearly his milieu, and his aesthetic is perhaps the most grandiose that Western music has ever known. Early in Read more his career, Wagner learned both the elements and the practical, political realities of his craft by writing a handful of operas which were unenthusiastically, even angrily, received. Beginning with Rienzi (1838-40) and The Flying Dutchman (1841), however, he enjoyed a string of successes that propelled him to immortality and changed the face of music. His monumental Ring cycle of four operas -- Das Rheingold (1853-54), Die Walküre (1854-56), Siegfried (1856-71) and Götterdämmerung (1869-74) -- remains the most ambitious and influential contribution by any composer to the opera literature. Tristan and Isolde (1857-59) is perhaps the most representative example of Wagner's musical style, which is characterized by a high degree of chromaticism, a restless, searching tonal instability, lush harmonies, and the association of specific musical elements (known as leitmotifs, the flexible manipulation of which is one of the glories of Wagner's music) with certain characters and plot points. Wagner wrote text as well as music for all his operas, which he preferred to call "music dramas."

Wagner's life matched his music for sheer drama. Born in Leipzig on May 22, 1813, he began in the early 1830s to write prolifically on music and the arts in general; over his whole career, his music would to some degree serve to demonstrate his aesthetic theories. He often worked as a conductor in his early years; a conducting engagement took him to Riga, Latvia, in 1837, but he fled the country in the middle of the night two years later to elude creditors. Wagner as a young man had some sympathy with the revolutionary movements of the middle nineteenth century (and even the Ring cycle contains a distinct anti-materialist and vaguely socialist drift); in the Dresden uprisings of 1849 he apparently took up arms, and he had to leave Germany when the police restored order. Settling in Zurich, Switzerland, he wrote little for some years but evolved the intellectual framework for his towering mature masterpieces. Wagner returned to Germany in 1864 under the protection and patronage of King Ludwig II of Bavaria; it was in Bayreuth, near Munich, that he undertook the construction of an opera house (completed in 1876) built to his personal specifications and suited to the massive fusion of music, staging, text, and scene design that his later operas entailed. Bayreuth became something of a shrine for the fanatical Wagnerites who carried the torch after his death; it remains the goal of many a pilgrimage today. His attitude toward Jews was deeply ambivalent (he believed, mistakenly, that his stepfather was Jewish), but some of his writings contain anti-Semitic elements that have aroused considerable controversy among opera lovers, especially in view of Adolf Hitler's apparent predilection for the composer's music. Read less

Wagner: Parsifal / Kaufmann, Pape, Gatti, Met
Release Date: 04/01/2014   Label: Masterworks (Dvd)  
Catalog: 372558   Number of Discs: 2
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Wagner: Parsifal / Kaufmann, Pape, Gatti, Met Opera [Blu-ray]
Release Date: 04/01/2014   Label: Sony  
Catalog: 372572   Number of Discs: 1
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Wagner Gala / Kaufmann, Thielemann, Dresden
Release Date: 01/28/2014   Label: C Major  
Catalog: 714908   Number of Discs: 1
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Wagner: Der Ring Des Nibelungen / Barenboim, Bayreuth Festival [blu-ray]
Release Date: 10/30/2012   Label: Kultur Video  
Catalog: 4755   Number of Discs: 4
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Wagner: Der Ring des Nibelungen / Barenboim
Release Date: 10/25/2011   Label: Kultur Video  
Catalog: 4755   Number of Discs: 11
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Work: Die Meistersinger von Nürnberg: Act 1 Prelude

Browse 176-200 of 214 Available Recordings
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  • 176.
    Wagner: Overtures And Preludes / Haitink, Concertgebouw
    Label: Philips Silverline Classics   Catalog: 420886 Release Date: 04/03/1998   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Wagner
    Conductor:  Bernard Haitink
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra
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  • 177.
    Wagner: Overtures & Preludes / Maazel, Philharmonia Orchestra
    Label: Cbs Masterworks   Catalog: 36699 Release Date: 02/27/1998   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Wagner
    Conductor:  Lorin Maazel
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra
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  • 178.
    Wagner: Orchestral Music / Kubelik, Berlin Philharmonic
    Label: Dg Galleria   Catalog: 453290 Release Date: 11/17/1997   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Wagner
    Conductor:  Rafael Kubelik
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 179.
    R. Strauss, Wagner / Wolfgang Sawallisch, Philharmonia
    Label: Testament   Catalog: 1112 Release Date: 10/01/1997   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Richard Wagner
    Conductor:  Wolfgang Sawallisch
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra
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  • 180.
    Karl Muck - The Electrical Wagner Recordings 1927-1928
    Label: Vai Audio   Catalog: 1118-2 Release Date: 09/23/1996   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Richard Wagner
    Conductor:  Karl Muck
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin State Opera Orchestra,  Bayreuth Festival Chorus,  Bayreuth Festival Orchestra
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  • 181.
    Glenn Gould - Images
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 62588 Release Date: 08/20/1996   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Franz Joseph Haydn,  Carl Philipp Emmanuel Bach  ... 
    Performer:  Glenn Gould
    Conductor:  Leopold Stokowski
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  American Symphony Orchestra
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  • 182.
    Wagner: Orchestral Music / Klaus Tennstedt
    Label: Emi Classics Double Fforte   Catalog: 68616 Release Date: 06/25/1996   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Richard Wagner
    Conductor:  Klaus Tennstedt
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 183.
    Knappertsbusch Dirigiert Richard Wagner
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 90286 Release Date: 06/18/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Wagner
    Conductor:  Hans Knappertsbusch
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 184.
    For Weddings / Kevin Bowyer
    Label: Nimbus   Catalog: 7712 Release Date: 04/02/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  George Frideric Handel,  Sir William Walton,  John Stanley,  Charles-Marie Widor  ... 
    Performer:  Kevin Bowyer
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  • 185.
    Max Von Schillings Dirigiert Wagner Vol 2
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 90267 Release Date: 03/19/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Wagner
    Conductor:  Max von Schillings
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Staatskapelle Orchestra
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  • 186.
    Wagner: Overtures And Preludes / Barenboim, Chicago So
    Label: Teldec   Catalog: 99595 Release Date: 01/09/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Wagner
    Conductor:  Daniel Barenboim
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chicago Symphony Orchestra
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  • 187.
    Rudolf Kempe Conducts Wagner
    Label: Testament   Catalog: 1035 Release Date: 01/01/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Wagner,  Antonio Vivaldi
    Conductor:  Rudolf Kempe
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  • 188.
    The Piano G & Ts Vol 1 / Pachmann, Michalowski, Ronald
    Label: Apr (Appian)   Catalog: 5531 Release Date: 10/24/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Various Artists,  Frédéric Chopin,  Richard Wagner
    Performer:  Aleksander Michalowski,  Vladimir de Pachmann,  Landon Ronald
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  • 189.
    Wagner: Opera Overtures & Excerpts
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 445571 Release Date: 08/01/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Wagner
    Conductor:  Daniel Barenboim
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Orchestre de Paris
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  • 190.
    Art Of Classics - Beruhmte Ouverturen Und Zwischenspiele
    Label: Intercord Klassische Diskothek   Catalog: 25929 Release Date: 05/23/1995   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Carl Maria von Weber,  Gioachino Rossini,  Giuseppe Verdi,  Bedrich Smetana  ... 
    Conductor:  Hans Zanotelli,  Gunter Neidlinger,  George Randolph Warren,  Carl-August Bünte  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  North German Philharmonic Orchestra,  Nuremberg Symphony Orchestra,  Philharmonia Orchestra  ... 
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  • 191.
    Oxford Book Of Wedding Music / Jeremy D. Filsell
    Label: Guild   Catalog: 7107 Release Date: 05/23/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  George Frideric Handel,  Sir William Walton,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Andrew Carter  ... 
    Performer:  Jeremy Filsell
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  • 192.
    Wagner: Overtures And Preludes / Böhm, Gerdes, Kubelik Et Al
    Label: Dg Double   Catalog: 439687 Release Date: 02/14/1995   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Richard Wagner
    Conductor:  Otto Gerdes,  Karl Böhm,  Rafael Kubelik,  Eugen Jochum  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Deutsche Oper Orchestra,  Bayreuth Festival Orchestra,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
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  • 193.
    Hans Knappertsbusch In London And In Switzerland
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 90189 Release Date: 02/07/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Wagner,  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Hans Knappertsbusch
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Philharmonic Orchestra,  Zurich Tonhalle Orchestra,  Suisse Romande Orchestra
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  • 194.
    Bruno Walter Edition - Wagner: Orchestral Music
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 64456 Release Date: 01/24/1995   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Richard Wagner
    Conductor:  Bruno Walter
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Columbia Symphony Orchestra
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  • 195.
    Wagner: Legende De Wagner
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 555275 Release Date: 11/03/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Wagner
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  • 196.
    Wagner: Orchestral Favourites / Solti, Wiener Philharmoniker
    Label: London/Decca Double Decker   Catalog: 440606 Release Date: 10/11/1994   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Richard Wagner
    Conductor:  Sir Georg Solti
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Vienna Singverein,  Vienna State Opera Chorus
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  • 197.
    Wagner: Preludes & Overtures / Dorati, London So
    Label: Mercury Living Presence   Catalog: 434342 Release Date: 09/20/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Wagner
    Conductor:  Antal Doráti
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra
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  • 198.
    Beethoven, Wagner, Brahms: Overtures / Sawallisch, Bavarian
    Label: Orfeo   Catalog: 161871 Release Date: 04/20/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Giuseppe Verdi  ... 
    Conductor:  Wolfgang Sawallisch
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bavarian State Orchestra
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  • 199.
    Glenn Gould Edition - Wagner: Siegfried Idyll, Etc
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 52650 Release Date: 04/19/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Wagner
    Performer:  Glenn Gould
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  • 200.
    Overtures - The Greatest Hits
    Label: Reference Gold   Catalog: 3611 Release Date: 04/13/1994   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gioachino Rossini,  Jacques Offenbach,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Felix Mendelssohn  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Slavonic Philharmonic Orchestra,  London Festival Orchestra,  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
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