Richard Wagner

Biography

Born: May 22, 1813; Germany   Died: Feb 13, 1883; Italy   Period: Romantic
Richard Wagner was one of the most revolutionary figures in the history of music, a composer who made pivotal contributions to the development of harmony and musical drama that reverberate even today. Indeed, though Wagner occasionally produced successful music written on a relatively modest scale, opera -- the bigger, the better -- was clearly his milieu, and his aesthetic is perhaps the most grandiose that Western music has ever known. Early in Read more his career, Wagner learned both the elements and the practical, political realities of his craft by writing a handful of operas which were unenthusiastically, even angrily, received. Beginning with Rienzi (1838-40) and The Flying Dutchman (1841), however, he enjoyed a string of successes that propelled him to immortality and changed the face of music. His monumental Ring cycle of four operas -- Das Rheingold (1853-54), Die Walküre (1854-56), Siegfried (1856-71) and Götterdämmerung (1869-74) -- remains the most ambitious and influential contribution by any composer to the opera literature. Tristan and Isolde (1857-59) is perhaps the most representative example of Wagner's musical style, which is characterized by a high degree of chromaticism, a restless, searching tonal instability, lush harmonies, and the association of specific musical elements (known as leitmotifs, the flexible manipulation of which is one of the glories of Wagner's music) with certain characters and plot points. Wagner wrote text as well as music for all his operas, which he preferred to call "music dramas."
Wagner's life matched his music for sheer drama. Born in Leipzig on May 22, 1813, he began in the early 1830s to write prolifically on music and the arts in general; over his whole career, his music would to some degree serve to demonstrate his aesthetic theories. He often worked as a conductor in his early years; a conducting engagement took him to Riga, Latvia, in 1837, but he fled the country in the middle of the night two years later to elude creditors. Wagner as a young man had some sympathy with the revolutionary movements of the middle nineteenth century (and even the Ring cycle contains a distinct anti-materialist and vaguely socialist drift); in the Dresden uprisings of 1849 he apparently took up arms, and he had to leave Germany when the police restored order. Settling in Zurich, Switzerland, he wrote little for some years but evolved the intellectual framework for his towering mature masterpieces. Wagner returned to Germany in 1864 under the protection and patronage of King Ludwig II of Bavaria; it was in Bayreuth, near Munich, that he undertook the construction of an opera house (completed in 1876) built to his personal specifications and suited to the massive fusion of music, staging, text, and scene design that his later operas entailed. Bayreuth became something of a shrine for the fanatical Wagnerites who carried the torch after his death; it remains the goal of many a pilgrimage today. His attitude toward Jews was deeply ambivalent (he believed, mistakenly, that his stepfather was Jewish), but some of his writings contain anti-Semitic elements that have aroused considerable controversy among opera lovers, especially in view of Adolf Hitler's apparent predilection for the composer's music. Read less
Wagner: Tannhauser / Pape, Seiffert, Prudenskaya, Barenboim, Staatskapelle Berlin
Release Date: 01/29/2016   Label: Bel Air Classiques  
Catalog: 122   Number of Discs: 2
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Wagner: Tristan und Isolde / Dernesch, Vickers, Ludwig, Schreier, Karajan, Berlin Philarmonic
Release Date: 01/29/2016   Label: Warner Classics  
Catalog: 554010   Number of Discs: 4
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Wagner: Lohengrin / Kempe, Grummer, Ludwig, Fischer-Dieskau
Release Date: 01/29/2016   Label: Warner Classics  
Catalog: 554009   Number of Discs: 2
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Wagner: Tannhauser / Barenboim, Pape, Seiffert, Mattei, Prudenskaya [Blu-ray]
Release Date: 01/29/2016   Label: Bel Air Classiques  
Catalog: 422   Number of Discs: 1
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Wagner: Der Fliegende Hollander / Klemperer, Adam, Silja, Unger, Burnmeister
Release Date: 01/29/2016   Label: Warner Classics  
Catalog: 554008   Number of Discs: 2
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Work: Götterdämmerung: Dawn and Siegfried's Rhine Journey

Browse 76-83 of 83 Available Recordings
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  • 76.
    150 Jahre Wiener Philharmoniker / Hans Knappertsbusch
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 90116 Release Date: 02/07/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Carl Michael Ziehrer,  Giuseppe Verdi,  Richard Wagner
    Performer:  Max Lorenz
    Conductor:  Hans Knappertsbusch
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
    ArkivCD $16.99
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  • 77.
    Max Von Schillings Dirigiert Richard Wagner
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 90080 Release Date: 02/07/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Wagner
    Conductor:  Max von Schillings
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin State Opera Orchestra
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  • 78.
    Wagner: Selected Works / Lipovsek, Prêtre, Vienna Symphony
    Label: Orfeo D'or   Catalog: 237901 Release Date: 04/20/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Wagner
    Performer:  Marjana Lipovsek
    Conductor:  Georges Prêtre
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Symphony Orchestra
    CD: $19.99
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  • 79.
    Glenn Gould Edition - Wagner: Siegfried Idyll, Etc
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 52650 Release Date: 04/19/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Wagner
    Performer:  Glenn Gould
    Conductor:  Glenn Gould
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Toronto Symphony Orchestra members
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    CD: $9.99
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  • 80.
    Wagner: Highlights From The Ring / Mund, Czech-slovak Rso
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8550211 Release Date: 02/15/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Wagner
    Conductor:  Uwe Mund
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bratislava Slovak Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Czecho-Slovak Radio Orchestra
    CD: $12.99
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  • 81.
    Wagner - Greatest Hits
    Label: Rca   Catalog: 60847 Release Date: 09/06/1991   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Wagner
    Conductor:  Leopold Stokowski,  Arthur Fiedler,  Erich Leinsdorf,  Eugene Ormandy
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Norman Luboff Choir,  New Symphony Orchestra,  Boston Pops  ... 
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  • 82.
    Wagner Without Words / George Szell, Cleveland Orchestra
    Label: Cbs Masterworks   Catalog: 46286 Release Date: 07/01/1991   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Wagner
    Conductor:  George Szell
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cleveland Orchestra
    CD: $8.99
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  • 83.
    Wagner Weekend - Ride Of The Valkyries
    Label: London/Decca Weekend Classics   Catalog: 421020 Release Date: 09/20/1989   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Wagner
    Conductor:  Leopold Stokowski
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra
    CD: $7.99
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