Richard Wagner

Biography

Born: May 22, 1813; Germany   Died: Feb 13, 1883; Italy   Period: Romantic
Richard Wagner was one of the most revolutionary figures in the history of music, a composer who made pivotal contributions to the development of harmony and musical drama that reverberate even today. Indeed, though Wagner occasionally produced successful music written on a relatively modest scale, opera -- the bigger, the better -- was clearly his milieu, and his aesthetic is perhaps the most grandiose that Western music has ever known. Early in Read more his career, Wagner learned both the elements and the practical, political realities of his craft by writing a handful of operas which were unenthusiastically, even angrily, received. Beginning with Rienzi (1838-40) and The Flying Dutchman (1841), however, he enjoyed a string of successes that propelled him to immortality and changed the face of music. His monumental Ring cycle of four operas -- Das Rheingold (1853-54), Die Walküre (1854-56), Siegfried (1856-71) and Götterdämmerung (1869-74) -- remains the most ambitious and influential contribution by any composer to the opera literature. Tristan and Isolde (1857-59) is perhaps the most representative example of Wagner's musical style, which is characterized by a high degree of chromaticism, a restless, searching tonal instability, lush harmonies, and the association of specific musical elements (known as leitmotifs, the flexible manipulation of which is one of the glories of Wagner's music) with certain characters and plot points. Wagner wrote text as well as music for all his operas, which he preferred to call "music dramas."

Wagner's life matched his music for sheer drama. Born in Leipzig on May 22, 1813, he began in the early 1830s to write prolifically on music and the arts in general; over his whole career, his music would to some degree serve to demonstrate his aesthetic theories. He often worked as a conductor in his early years; a conducting engagement took him to Riga, Latvia, in 1837, but he fled the country in the middle of the night two years later to elude creditors. Wagner as a young man had some sympathy with the revolutionary movements of the middle nineteenth century (and even the Ring cycle contains a distinct anti-materialist and vaguely socialist drift); in the Dresden uprisings of 1849 he apparently took up arms, and he had to leave Germany when the police restored order. Settling in Zurich, Switzerland, he wrote little for some years but evolved the intellectual framework for his towering mature masterpieces. Wagner returned to Germany in 1864 under the protection and patronage of King Ludwig II of Bavaria; it was in Bayreuth, near Munich, that he undertook the construction of an opera house (completed in 1876) built to his personal specifications and suited to the massive fusion of music, staging, text, and scene design that his later operas entailed. Bayreuth became something of a shrine for the fanatical Wagnerites who carried the torch after his death; it remains the goal of many a pilgrimage today. His attitude toward Jews was deeply ambivalent (he believed, mistakenly, that his stepfather was Jewish), but some of his writings contain anti-Semitic elements that have aroused considerable controversy among opera lovers, especially in view of Adolf Hitler's apparent predilection for the composer's music. Read less

Wagner: Die Meistersinger Von Nurnberg / Gatti, Volle, Sacca, Gabler, Zeppenfeld
Release Date: 07/29/2014   Label: Euroarts  
Catalog: 72688   Number of Discs: 2
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Wagner: Der Fliegende Hollander / Selig, Merbeth, Muzek, Thielemann, Bayreuth Festival Orchestra
Release Date: 07/29/2014   Label: Opus Arte  
Catalog: 1140   Number of Discs: 1
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Wagner: Parsifal / Kaufmann, Pape, Gatti, Met Opera [Blu-ray]
Release Date: 04/01/2014   Label: Sony  
Catalog: 372572   Number of Discs: 1
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Wagner: Parsifal / Kaufmann, Pape, Gatti, Met
Release Date: 04/01/2014   Label: Sony  
Catalog: 372558   Number of Discs: 2
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Wagner: Tristan Und Isolde, An Orchestral Passion - Arranged By Henk De Vlieger / Jarvi, RSNO
Release Date: 02/22/2011   Label: Chandos  
Catalog: 5087   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Götterdämmerung: Dawn and Siegfried's Rhine Journey

Browse 101-116 of 116 Available Recordings
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  • 101.
    150 Jahre Wiener Philharmoniker / Hans Knappertsbusch
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 90116 Release Date: 02/07/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Carl Michael Ziehrer,  Giuseppe Verdi,  Richard Wagner
    Performer:  Max Lorenz
    Conductor:  Hans Knappertsbusch
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 102.
    Max Von Schillings Dirigiert Richard Wagner
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 90080 Release Date: 02/07/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Wagner
    Conductor:  Max von Schillings
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin State Opera Orchestra
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  • 103.
    Wagner: Legende De Wagner
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 555275 Release Date: 11/03/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Wagner
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  • 104.
    Mad About Wagner
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 445769 Release Date: 09/20/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Wagner
    Performer:  James Morris,  Andreas Schmidt,  Cheryl Studer
    Conductor:  Daniel Barenboim,  James Levine,  Giuseppe Sinopoli,  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Orchestre de Paris,  Metropolitan Opera Orchestra,  Royal Opera House Covent Garden Chorus  ... 
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  • 105.
    Wagner: Selected Works / Lipovsek, Prêtre, Vienna Symphony
    Label: Orfeo D'or   Catalog: 237901 Release Date: 04/20/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Wagner
    Performer:  Marjana Lipovsek
    Conductor:  Georges Prêtre
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Symphony Orchestra
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  • 106.
    Glenn Gould Edition - Wagner: Siegfried Idyll, Etc
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 52650 Release Date: 04/19/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Wagner
    Performer:  Glenn Gould
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  • 107.
    Wagner: Highlights From The Ring / Mund, Czech-slovak Rso
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8550211 Release Date: 02/15/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Wagner
    Conductor:  Uwe Mund
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bratislava Slovak Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Czecho-Slovak Radio Orchestra
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  • 108.
    Wagner: The Ride Of The Valkyries, Etc. / Rickenbacher
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 9008 Release Date: 08/20/1993   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Wagner
    Conductor:  Karl Anton Rickenbacher
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 109.
    Wagner: Overtures & Preludes / Adrian Boult
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 62539 Release Date: 09/29/1992   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Richard Wagner
    Conductor:  Sir Adrian Boult
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Philharmonic Orchestra,  London Symphony Orchestra,  New Philharmonia Orchestra
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  • 110.
    Toscanini Collection Vol 53 - Wagner: Götterdämmerung, Etc
    Label: Rca Victor Gold Seal   Catalog: 60304 Release Date: 08/25/1992   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Wagner
    Performer:  Helen Traubel,  Lauritz Melchior
    Conductor:  Arturo Toscanini
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  NBC Symphony Orchestra
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  • 111.
    Wagner: Orchestral Excerpts / Szell, Cleveland Orchestra
    Label: Sony Classical Essential Classics   Catalog: 48175 Release Date: 06/02/1992   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Wagner
    Conductor:  George Szell
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cleveland Orchestra
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  • 112.
    Wagner - Greatest Hits
    Label: Rca   Catalog: 60847 Release Date: 09/06/1991   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Wagner
    Conductor:  Leopold Stokowski,  Arthur Fiedler,  Erich Leinsdorf,  Eugene Ormandy
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Norman Luboff Choir,  New Symphony Orchestra,  Boston Pops  ... 
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  • 113.
    Wagner Without Words / George Szell, Cleveland Orchestra
    Label: Cbs Masterworks   Catalog: 46286 Release Date: 07/01/1991   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Wagner
    Conductor:  George Szell
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cleveland Orchestra
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  • 114.
    The Best Of Richard Wagner
    Label: Rca Victrola   Catalog: 60777 Release Date: 06/06/1991   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Wagner
    Conductor:  Eugene Ormandy,  Robert Shaw
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philadelphia Orchestra,  Robert Shaw Chorale,  RCA Victor Symphony Orchestra
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  • 115.
    Wagner: Highlights From
    Label: Cbs Masterworks Digital Masters   Catalog: 44657 Release Date: 10/25/1990   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Wagner
    Performer:  Montserrat Caballé,  Peter Wimberger
    Conductor:  Zubin Mehta
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New York Philharmonic
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  • 116.
    Wagner Weekend - Ride Of The Valkyries
    Label: London/Decca Weekend Classics   Catalog: 421020 Release Date: 09/20/1989   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Wagner
    Conductor:  Leopold Stokowski
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra
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