Richard Wagner

Biography

Born: May 22, 1813; Germany   Died: Feb 13, 1883; Italy   Period: Romantic
Richard Wagner was one of the most revolutionary figures in the history of music, a composer who made pivotal contributions to the development of harmony and musical drama that reverberate even today. Indeed, though Wagner occasionally produced successful music written on a relatively modest scale, opera -- the bigger, the better -- was clearly his milieu, and his aesthetic is perhaps the most grandiose that Western music has ever known. Early in Read more his career, Wagner learned both the elements and the practical, political realities of his craft by writing a handful of operas which were unenthusiastically, even angrily, received. Beginning with Rienzi (1838-40) and The Flying Dutchman (1841), however, he enjoyed a string of successes that propelled him to immortality and changed the face of music. His monumental Ring cycle of four operas -- Das Rheingold (1853-54), Die Walküre (1854-56), Siegfried (1856-71) and Götterdämmerung (1869-74) -- remains the most ambitious and influential contribution by any composer to the opera literature. Tristan and Isolde (1857-59) is perhaps the most representative example of Wagner's musical style, which is characterized by a high degree of chromaticism, a restless, searching tonal instability, lush harmonies, and the association of specific musical elements (known as leitmotifs, the flexible manipulation of which is one of the glories of Wagner's music) with certain characters and plot points. Wagner wrote text as well as music for all his operas, which he preferred to call "music dramas."
Wagner's life matched his music for sheer drama. Born in Leipzig on May 22, 1813, he began in the early 1830s to write prolifically on music and the arts in general; over his whole career, his music would to some degree serve to demonstrate his aesthetic theories. He often worked as a conductor in his early years; a conducting engagement took him to Riga, Latvia, in 1837, but he fled the country in the middle of the night two years later to elude creditors. Wagner as a young man had some sympathy with the revolutionary movements of the middle nineteenth century (and even the Ring cycle contains a distinct anti-materialist and vaguely socialist drift); in the Dresden uprisings of 1849 he apparently took up arms, and he had to leave Germany when the police restored order. Settling in Zurich, Switzerland, he wrote little for some years but evolved the intellectual framework for his towering mature masterpieces. Wagner returned to Germany in 1864 under the protection and patronage of King Ludwig II of Bavaria; it was in Bayreuth, near Munich, that he undertook the construction of an opera house (completed in 1876) built to his personal specifications and suited to the massive fusion of music, staging, text, and scene design that his later operas entailed. Bayreuth became something of a shrine for the fanatical Wagnerites who carried the torch after his death; it remains the goal of many a pilgrimage today. His attitude toward Jews was deeply ambivalent (he believed, mistakenly, that his stepfather was Jewish), but some of his writings contain anti-Semitic elements that have aroused considerable controversy among opera lovers, especially in view of Adolf Hitler's apparent predilection for the composer's music. Read less
Carreras, Domingo, Pavarotti: The 3 Tenors Sing Puccini, Verdi, Donizetti, Bizet, Wagner And More
Release Date: 09/11/2015   Label: Rca  
Catalog: 88697757882   Number of Discs: 1
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Wagner: Overtures, Preludes & Orchestral Excerpts / Janowski, Rundfunk-Sinfonieorchester Berlin
Release Date: 09/09/2016   Label: Pentatone  
Catalog: 5186551   Number of Discs: 2
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Richard Wagner - The Bayreuth Edition [8 Blu-rays]
Release Date: 09/25/2015   Label: Opus Arte  
Catalog: 7184   Number of Discs: 8
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Wagner: Opera Scenes / Tennstedt, Norman, London Philharmonic
Release Date: 02/11/2014   Label: Warner Classics  
Catalog: 256463   Number of Discs: 1
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Wagner: Der Ring Des Nibelungen / Solti, Vienna Philharmonic
Release Date: 10/14/1997   Label: Decca  
Catalog: 455555   Number of Discs: 14
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Work: Ride of the Valkyries

Browse 151-154 of 154 Available Recordings
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  • 151.
    Kosmos / Tomita
    Label: Rca   Catalog: 2616 Release Date: 07/09/1991   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Isao Tomita,  Grigoras Dinicu,  Edvard Grieg,  Charles Ives  ... 
    Performer:  Isao Tomita
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  • 152.
    Fright Night - Music That Goes Bump In The Night
    Label: Cbs Masterworks Digital Masters   Catalog: 45530 Release Date: 07/01/1991   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Engelbert Humperdinck,  Franz Liszt,  Charles Ives,  Richard Wagner  ... 
    Performer:  Elisabeth Söderström,  Gilbert Kalish,  E. Power Biggs,  Lorin Maazel
    Conductor:  John Pritchard,  Eugene Ormandy,  Lorin Maazel,  Sir Andrew Davis
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cologne Gürzenich Orchestra,  Philadelphia Orchestra,  New York String Quartet  ... 
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  • 153.
    Wagner Without Words / George Szell, Cleveland Orchestra
    Label: Cbs Masterworks   Catalog: 46286 Release Date: 07/01/1991   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Wagner
    Conductor:  George Szell
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cleveland Orchestra
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  • 154.
    Wagner Weekend - Ride Of The Valkyries
    Label: London/Decca Weekend Classics   Catalog: 421020 Release Date: 09/20/1989   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Wagner
    Conductor:  Leopold Stokowski
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra
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