Antonio Vivaldi

Biography

Born: Mar 4, 1678; Italy   Died: Jul 28, 1741; Austria   Period: Baroque
The creator of hundreds of spirited, extroverted instrumental works, Italian composer Antonio Vivaldi is widely recognized as the master of the Baroque instrumental concerto, which he perfected and popularized more than any of his contemporaries. Vivaldi's kinetic rhythms, fluid melodies, bright instrumental effects, and extensions of instrumental technique make his some of the most enjoyable of Baroque music. He was highly influential among his Read more contemporaries and successors: even as esteemed a figure as Johann Sebastian Bach adapted some of Vivaldi's music. Vivaldi's variable textures and dramatic effects initiated the shift toward what became the Classical style; a deeper understanding of his music begins with the realization that, compared with Bach and even Handel, he was Baroque music's arch progressive. Though not as familiar as his concerti, Vivaldi's stage and choral music is still of value; his sometimes bouncy, sometimes lyrical Gloria in D major (1708) has remained a perennial favorite. His operas were widely performed in his own time.

Details regarding Vivaldi's early life are few. His father was a violinist in the Catherdral of Venice's orchestra and probably Antonio's first teacher. There is much speculation about other teachers, such as Corelli, but no evidence to support this. Vivaldi studied for the priesthood as a young man and was ordained in 1703. He was known for much of his career as "il prete rosso" (the red-haired priest), but soon after his ordination he declined to take on his ecclesiastical duties. Later in life he cited ill health as the reason, but other motivations have been proposed; perhaps Vivaldi simply wanted to explore new opportunties as a composer. It didn't take him long. Landing a job as a violin teacher at a girls' orphanage in Venice (where he would work in one capacity or another during several stretches of his life), he published a set of trio sonatas and another of violin sonatas. Word of his abilities spread around Europe, and in 1711 an Amsterdam publisher brought out, under the title L'estro armonico (Harmonic Inspiration), a set of Vivaldi's concertos for one or more violins with orchestra. These were best sellers (it was this group of concertos that spurred Bach's transcriptions), and Vivaldi followed them up with several more equally successful concerto sets. Perhaps the most prolific of all the great European composers, he once boasted that he could compose a concerto faster than a copyist could ready the individual parts for the players in the orchestra. He began to compose operas, worked from 1718 to 1720 in the court of the German principality of Hessen-Darmstadt, and traveled in Austria and perhaps Bohemia. Throughout his career, he had his choice of commissions from nobility and the highest members of society, the ability to use the best performers, and enough business savvy to try to control the publication of his works, although due to his popularity, many were published without his consent. Later in life Vivaldi was plagued by rumors of a sexual liaison with one of his vocal students, and he was censured by ecclesiastical authorities. His Italian career on the rocks, he headed for Vienna. He died there and was buried as a pauper in 1741, although at the height of his career his publications had earned a comfortable living. Read less

Vivaldi: The Four Seasons / Anne Akiko Meyers
Release Date: 02/04/2014   Label: eOne  
Catalog: 7790   Number of Discs: 1
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Vivaldi: Concerti Per Archi II / Alessandrini, Concerto Italiano
Release Date: 01/28/2014   Label: Naive  
Catalog: 30554   Number of Discs: 1
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Vivaldi: String Concertos Vol 2 / Simon Standage, Et Al
Release Date: 11/20/2001   Label: Chandos  
Catalog: 668   Number of Discs: 1
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Vivaldi: Gloria;  Bach: Magnificat / Hickox, Kirkby, Et Al
Release Date: 07/29/1992   Label: Chandos  
Catalog: 518   Number of Discs: 1
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Vivaldi: String Concertos Vol 1 / Simon Standage, Et Al
Release Date: 11/30/1999   Label: Chandos  
Catalog: 647   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Concerto for 2 Trumpets in C major, RV 537

Browse 1-6 of 6 Available Recordings
  • 1.
    Vivaldissimo
    Label: Querstand   Catalog: 1231 Release Date: 02/11/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Enjott Schneider,  Jean-B Loeillet,  Jean Françaix,  Antonio Vivaldi  ... 
    Performer:  Peter Roth,  Markus Lehnert,  Peter Mönkediek
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  • 2.
    Golden Trumpet - Best-loved Trumpet Concertos / Maurice Andre, Neville Marriner
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 7317422 Release Date: 02/14/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gottfried H. Stölzel,  Antonio Vivaldi,  Georg Philipp Telemann,  Giuseppe Torelli
    Performer:  Maurice André,  Bernard Soustrot,  Iona Brown,  Daniel Arrington  ... 
    Conductor:  Sir Neville Marriner,  Jean-Pierre Wallez
    CD: $7.99
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  • 3.
    Essential Vivaldi
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 07159 Release Date: 02/15/2011   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Antonio Vivaldi
    Performer:  Yehudi Menuhin,  Christopher Parkening,  Emmanuel Pahud,  Han-Na Chang  ... 
    Conductor:  Alberto Lysy,  Iona Brown,  Richard Tognetti,  Christopher Warren-Green  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Ensemble Matheus,  Virtuosi of England,  Teatro Lirico  ... 
    CD: $12.99
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  • 4.
    Best Of The Trumpet
    Label: Eloquence   Catalog: 4775036 Release Date: 05/28/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Joseph Haydn,  Giovanni Battist Martini,  George Frideric Handel,  Tomaso Albinoni  ... 
    Performer:  Maurice André,  Hĺkan Hardenberger,  Norbert Schmitt,  Gebrüder Läubin  ... 
    Conductor:  Hans Stadlmair,  Marius Constant,  Barry Rose,  Albert Beaucamp  ... 
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  • 5.
    Label: Vox   Catalog: 3902 Release Date: 06/15/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Felix Mendelssohn,  Antonín Dvorák,  Gabriel Fauré,  Alexander Borodin  ... 
    Performer:  Kalichstein-Laredo-Robinson Trio,  Paul Angerer,  Southwest German Chamber Orchestra,  Beatriz Klien  ... 
    Conductor:  Frank Shipway,  Jörg Faerber,  Hans Hagen,  Louis de Froment  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Kalichstein-Laredo-Robinson Trio,  Southwest German Chamber Orchestra (Pforzheim),  Rochester Chamber Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $10.99
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  • 6.
    Label: Regis   Catalog: 1303 Release Date: 11/03/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  George Frideric Handel,  Johann Pachelbel,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Antonio Vivaldi  ... 
    Performer:  Paul Arden Taylor,  Isobel Triner,  Justine Tomlinson,  Alison Townley  ... 
    Conductor:  Roger Huckle
    CD: $9.99
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