Antonio Vivaldi

Biography

Born: Mar 4, 1678; Italy   Died: Jul 28, 1741; Austria   Period: Baroque
The creator of hundreds of spirited, extroverted instrumental works, Italian composer Antonio Vivaldi is widely recognized as the master of the Baroque instrumental concerto, which he perfected and popularized more than any of his contemporaries. Vivaldi's kinetic rhythms, fluid melodies, bright instrumental effects, and extensions of instrumental technique make his some of the most enjoyable of Baroque music. He was highly influential among his Read more contemporaries and successors: even as esteemed a figure as Johann Sebastian Bach adapted some of Vivaldi's music. Vivaldi's variable textures and dramatic effects initiated the shift toward what became the Classical style; a deeper understanding of his music begins with the realization that, compared with Bach and even Handel, he was Baroque music's arch progressive. Though not as familiar as his concerti, Vivaldi's stage and choral music is still of value; his sometimes bouncy, sometimes lyrical Gloria in D major (1708) has remained a perennial favorite. His operas were widely performed in his own time.
Details regarding Vivaldi's early life are few. His father was a violinist in the Catherdral of Venice's orchestra and probably Antonio's first teacher. There is much speculation about other teachers, such as Corelli, but no evidence to support this. Vivaldi studied for the priesthood as a young man and was ordained in 1703. He was known for much of his career as "il prete rosso" (the red-haired priest), but soon after his ordination he declined to take on his ecclesiastical duties. Later in life he cited ill health as the reason, but other motivations have been proposed; perhaps Vivaldi simply wanted to explore new opportunties as a composer. It didn't take him long. Landing a job as a violin teacher at a girls' orphanage in Venice (where he would work in one capacity or another during several stretches of his life), he published a set of trio sonatas and another of violin sonatas. Word of his abilities spread around Europe, and in 1711 an Amsterdam publisher brought out, under the title L'estro armonico (Harmonic Inspiration), a set of Vivaldi's concertos for one or more violins with orchestra. These were best sellers (it was this group of concertos that spurred Bach's transcriptions), and Vivaldi followed them up with several more equally successful concerto sets. Perhaps the most prolific of all the great European composers, he once boasted that he could compose a concerto faster than a copyist could ready the individual parts for the players in the orchestra. He began to compose operas, worked from 1718 to 1720 in the court of the German principality of Hessen-Darmstadt, and traveled in Austria and perhaps Bohemia. Throughout his career, he had his choice of commissions from nobility and the highest members of society, the ability to use the best performers, and enough business savvy to try to control the publication of his works, although due to his popularity, many were published without his consent. Later in life Vivaldi was plagued by rumors of a sexual liaison with one of his vocal students, and he was censured by ecclesiastical authorities. His Italian career on the rocks, he headed for Vienna. He died there and was buried as a pauper in 1741, although at the height of his career his publications had earned a comfortable living. Read less
Vivaldi, Mozart & Saint-Saens: Works for Bassoon / Krasavin
Release Date: 07/08/2016   Label: Melodiya  
Catalog: 1002355   Number of Discs: 1
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Vivaldi: La Cetra ? 12 Violin Concertos, Op. 9 / Guglielmo, L'Arte dell'Arco
Release Date: 07/29/2016   Label: Brilliant Classics  
Catalog: 5067353   Number of Discs: 2
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Handel & Vivaldi: Notte di tempesta / Baroccade, Meghnagi, Kribus
Release Date: 07/29/2016   Label: Fra Bernardo  
Catalog: FB1604372   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Concerto for Mandolin in C major, RV 425

Browse 26-35 of 35 Available Recordings
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  • 26.
    Guitar Masterpieces / Alirio Diaz
    Label: Vanguard   Catalog: 1200 Release Date: 11/11/2003   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Federico Moreno-Torroba,  Alirio Diaz,  Traditional,  Antonio Vivaldi  ... 
    Performer:  Alirio Diaz
    Conductor:  Antonio Janigro
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  I Solisti di Zagreb
    CD: $14.99
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  • 27.
    Vivaldi: Concerti Per Mandolini, Etc /Biondi, Europa Galante
    Label: Erato   Catalog: 45527 Release Date: 01/07/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonio Vivaldi
    Performer:  Giovanni Scaramuzzino,  Sonia Maurer,  Gili Rinot,  Lorenzo Colitto  ... 
    Conductor:  Fabio Biondi
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Europa Galante
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  • 28.
    Il Giardino Armonico - Artist Portrait
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 7481742 Release Date: 10/14/2002   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonio Vivaldi,  Giuseppe Torelli,  Johann Pachelbel,  Tomaso Albinoni  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Il Giardino Armonico
    CD: $8.99
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  • 29.
    Carnevale Di Mandolino / Gertrud Tröster
    Label: Thorofon   Catalog: 2146 Release Date: 12/01/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Elke Tober-Vogt,  Herbert Baumann,  Siegfried Behrend,  Heinrich Konietzny  ... 
    Performer:  Gertrud Weyhofen-Tröster
    Conductor:  Gerhard Vogt
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bavarian Mandolin Orchestra
    CD: $22.49
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  • 30.
    Vivaldi -  The Italian Baroque
    Label: Sony Classical Infinity Digital   Catalog: 57244 Release Date: 02/08/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonio Vivaldi
    Performer:  Peter Tosenko,  Chanyafi Oshinakaev,  Tatiana Kostyanaia,  Oleg Talipin  ... 
    Conductor:  Leo Korkhin
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Renaissance Chamber Orchestra
    CD: $4.99
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  • 31.
    The Miraculous Mandolin - Vivaldi: Concertos And Sonatas
    Label: Ess.a.y Recordings   Catalog: 1004 Release Date: 01/05/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonio Vivaldi
    Performer:  Roger Shell,  Peter Press,  Paul Peabody,  Edward Brewer  ... 
    Conductor:  Richard Kapp
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Virtuosi
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  • 32.
    Vivaldi: Music For Lute And Mandolin / Paul O'dette
    Label: Hyperion   Catalog: 66160 Release Date: 11/11/1993   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonio Vivaldi
    Performer:  Paul O'Dette,  Roy Goodman,  Robin Jeffrey
    Conductor:  Peter Holman
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Parley of Instruments
    CD: $18.99
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  • 33.
    Vivaldi: Guitar Concertos / Los Romeros
    Label: Philips Concert Classics   Catalog: 426076 Release Date: 07/01/1991   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonio Vivaldi
    Performer:  Celedonio Romero,  Celin Romero,  Pepe Romero,  Angel Romero  ... 
    Conductor:  Victor Alessandro
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  San Antonio Symphony Orchestra
    CD: $7.99
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  • 34.
    Vivaldi: Lute, Mandolin Concertos / Yepes, Ochi, Kuentz
    Label: Dg Musikfest   Catalog: 429528 Release Date: 12/10/1990   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonio Vivaldi
    Performer:  Monique Frasca-Colombier,  Narciso Yepes,  Takashi Ochi,  Sylvia Ochi
    Conductor:  Paul Kuentz
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Paul Kuentz Chamber Orchestra
    CD: $7.99
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  • 35.
    Vivaldi: Guitar Concertos / Los Romeros, Brown, Asmf
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 412624 Release Date: 10/25/1990   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonio Vivaldi
    Performer:  Celedonio Romero,  Angel Romero,  Pepe Romero,  Celin Romero
    Conductor:  Iona Brown
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Academy of St. Martin in the Fields,  Los Romeros
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