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Pauline Viardot-Garcia

Biography

Born: Jul 18, 1821; Paris, France   Died: May 18, 1910; Paris, France  
One of the most celebrated singers of the nineteenth century, Pauline Viardot was a favorite Meyerbeer heroine, was involved with Berlioz in the Gluck revival, inspired characters in the novels of George Sand and Ivan Turgenev, became an influential voice teacher, and composed many songs and operas of her own.
Daughter of the Spanish voice pedagogue Manuel del Popolo García and sister of the equally famous but short-lived singer Maria
Read more Malibran, Pauline Viardot studied voice with both her parents, composition with Anton Reicha, and piano with, among others, Franz Liszt. When she was 15 her sister died, whereupon Pauline focused her attention on singing. She made her debut the next year, bursting into public life as a three-octave mezzo, and was soon on tour, accompanying herself on the piano in her own songs. Schumann was sufficiently inspired to dedicate his Opus 24 Heine songs to her.
She soon became a fixture of the Théâtre Italien in Paris, specializing in Rossini. She attracted the attention of Berlioz, and eventually appeared in his Les Troyens and Béatrice et Bénédict. In 1840 she married the theater's director, Louis Viardot. The couple toured Europe incessantly, Louis as Pauline's accompanist, and while in St. Petersburg in the mid 1840s she developed an avid interest in Russian music and in Russian novelist Ivan Turgenev. Viardot and Turgenev were rumored to be lovers, with Turgenev perhaps even fathering one of Viardot's children; this remains unproven, but Turgenev did contrive to live near the Viardot family for the rest of his life.
Viardot made a triumphant return to Paris in the 1849 premiere of Meyerbeer's Le Prophète; that opera's role of Fidès became one of her specialties. Ten years later, Berlioz revamped Gluck's Orphée with Viardot in the title role; the singer would also find success in Gluck's Alceste, and for Verdi was an impressive Lady Macbeth.
Viardot retired from the stage in 1863; she, her husband, and children, and Turgenev, moved to Baden-Baden, where she became a much in-demand vocal teacher. She began writing a string of charming little operas with Turgenev librettos and she was the center of attention in the 1870 premiere of Brahms' Alto Rhapsody. Soon after that, Viardot returned permanently to Paris. Through her career she wrote more than 100 songs on texts by leading poets; arranged vocal versions of Chopin mazurkas, and she published a manual that sheds much light on nineteenth century vocal performance practice. Read less
Browse 1-19 of 19 Available Recordings
  • 1.
    L'heure Rose / Helene Guilmette
    Label: Analekta   Catalog: 29141 Release Date: 05/13/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Wally Karveno,  Augusta Holmès,  Pauline Viardot-Garcia,  Marguerite Canal  ... 
    Performer:  Hélène Guilmette,  Martin Dubé
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  • 2.
    Violin Lullabies / Rachel Barton Pine
    Label: Cedille Records   Catalog: 139 Release Date: 04/30/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Eugène Ysaÿe,  Vladimir I. Rebikov,  Amy Marcy Beach  ... 
    Performer:  Rachel Barton Pine,  Matthew Hagle
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  • 3.
    Le Rossignol Et La Rose /  Reiss, Spencer
    Label: Onyx   Catalog: 4104 Release Date: 12/11/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Henry Purcell,  Reynaldo Hahn,  Richard Strauss,  Edvard Grieg  ... 
    Performer:  Chen Reiss,  Charles Spencer
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  • 4.
    Dame Joan Sutherland - Complete Decca Studio Recitals  [23-CD Set]
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 001619502 Release Date: 11/01/2011   Number of Discs: 23
    Composer:  Gaetano Donizetti,  Giuseppe Verdi,  George Frideric Handel,  Vincenzo Bellini  ... 
    Performer:  Nadine Sautereau,  Dame Joan Sutherland,  Richard Conrad,  Ambrose Gauntlett  ... 
    Conductor:  Nello Santi,  Francesco Molinari-Pradelli,  Richard Bonynge
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Orchestre de la Société du Conservatoire Paris,  Royal Opera House Covent Garden Orchestra,  Royal Opera House Covent Garden Chorus  ... 
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  • 5.
    Chopin: Complete Songs / Olga Pasichnyk, Natalya Pasichnyk
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8572499 Release Date: 11/16/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Frédéric Chopin,  Pauline Viardot-Garcia
    Performer:  Olga Pasichnyk,  Natalya Pasichnyk
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  • 6.
    Iwan Turgenjew: Das Lied Der Triumphierenden Liebe
    Label: Ars Musici   Catalog: 232405 Release Date: 03/30/2010   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Iwan Turgenjew,  Ernest Chausson,  Gabriel Fauré,  Pauline Viardot-Garcia
    Performer:  Ulf Schneider,  Stephan Imboden
    CD: $24.99
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  • 7.
    Keep Talking To Me / Katarzyna Dondalska
    Label: Telos   Catalog: 1009 Release Date: 03/30/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Mieczyslaw Karlowicz,  Pauline Viardot-Garcia,  Frédéric Chopin,  Stanislaw Moniuszko
    Performer:  Katarzyna Dondalska,  Holger Berndsen
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  • 8.
    From A Woman's Perspective - Art Songs By Women Composers
    Label: Vienna Modern Masters   Catalog: 2005 Release Date: 12/16/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Juliana Hall,  Mary Howe,  Carol Robinson,  Cécile Louise Chaminade  ... 
    Performer:  Kristin Pederson Thelander,  Robin Guy,  Katherine Eberle
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  • 9.
    Feminissimo! Women Playing Music By Women
    Label: Albany Records   Catalog: 1081 Release Date: 12/09/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Anna Priscilla Risher,  Elisenda Fábregas,  Vítezslava Kaprálová,  Pauline Viardot-Garcia  ... 
    Performer:  Laura Kobayashi,  Susan Keith Gray
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  • 10.
    Il Salotto Vol 10 - Pauline Viardot And Friends
    Label: Opera Rara   Catalog: 240 Release Date: 05/08/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Pauline Viardot-Garcia,  Hector Berlioz,  Frédéric Chopin,  Giacomo Meyerbeer  ... 
    Performer:  Frederica Von Stade,  David Harper,  Vladimir Chernov,  Anna Caterina Antonacci  ... 
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  • 11.
    Nicole Cabell - Soprano
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 000659002 Release Date: 05/08/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gaetano Donizetti,  Giacomo Puccini,  Vincenzo Bellini,  Gustave Charpentier  ... 
    Performer:  Nicole Cabell
    Conductor:  Sir Andrew Davis
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Philharmonic Orchestra
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    CD: $15.99
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  • 12.
    Chopin: Songs;  Chopin/Viardot: Four Mazurkas / Kryger
    Label: Helios   Catalog: 55270 Release Date: 11/14/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Frédéric Chopin,  Pauline Viardot-Garcia
    Performer:  Urszula Kryger,  Charles Spencer
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    CD: $12.99
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  • 13.
    Serate Musicali - Joan Sutherland, Richard Bonynge
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 000765402 Release Date: 11/14/2006   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gaetano Donizetti,  Giuseppe Verdi,  Vincenzo Bellini,  Domenico Cimarosa  ... 
    Performer:  Dame Joan Sutherland,  Richard Bonynge
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    On sale! $23.99
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  • 14.
    Andree, Viardot, Boulanger, Et Al / Hendel, Warykiewicz
    Label: Zuk Records   Catalog: 324 Release Date: 04/04/2006  
    Composer:  Elfrida Andrée,  Pauline Viardot-Garcia,  Lili Boulanger,  Jeanne-Louise Farrenc
    Performer:  Karin Hendel,  Ewa Warykiewicz
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  • 15.
    Les Must - Compilation Vol 12
    Label: Analekta   Catalog: 12 Release Date: 08/16/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  André Mathieu,  Christoph Graupner,  Edward "Duke" Ellington,  Johannes Brahms  ... 
    Performer:  Claudine Ledoux,  Charmian Harvey,  Nils Brown,  Olivier Laquerre  ... 
    Conductor:  Geneviève Soly,  Joseph Rescigno,  Olivier Fortin,  Bruno Weil  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  L'Ensemble des Idées Heureuses,  Campion-Vachon Duo,  Grand Montreal Metropolitan Orchestra  ... 
    ArkivCD $16.99
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  • 16.
    Viardot-Garcia: Songs / Bayrakdarian, Kradjian
    Label: Analekta   Catalog: 29903 Release Date: 01/18/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Pauline Viardot-Garcia
    Performer:  Serouj Kradjian,  Isabel Bayrakdarian
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  • 17.
    Prima Voce - Marcella Sembrich
    Label: Nimbus   Catalog: 7901 Release Date: 06/15/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gioachino Rossini,  Traditional,  Vincenzo Bellini,  Pauline Viardot-Garcia  ... 
    Performer:  Marcella Sembrich,  Frank La Forge,  Darius Lyons,  Emilio de Gogorza  ... 
    Conductor:  Walter Rogers
    CD: $11.99
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  • 18.
    Cecilia Bartoli - Live In Italy / Thibaudet, Et Al
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 455981 Release Date: 10/20/1998   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gioachino Rossini,  Franz Schubert,  Xavier Montsalvatge,  Georges Bizet  ... 
    Performer:  Cecilia Bartoli,  Jean-Yves Thibaudet
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Sonatori de la Gioiosa Marca
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  • 19.
    Chant d'Amour / Cecilia Bartoli
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 452667 Release Date: 10/15/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Hector Berlioz,  Maurice Ravel,  Pauline Viardot-Garcia,  Léo Delibes  ... 
    Performer:  Cecilia Bartoli,  Myung-Whun Chung
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    On sale! $47.99
    CD: $13.99
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