Giuseppe Verdi

Biography

Born: Oct 9, 1813; Italy   Died: Jan 27, 1901; Italy   Period: Romantic
Giuseppe Verdi was to opera in the Italian tradition what Beethoven was to the symphony. When he arrived on the scene some had suggested that effective opera after Rossini was not possible. Verdi, however, took the form to new heights of drama and musical expression. Partisans see him as at least the equal of Wagner, even though his style and musical persona were of an entirely different cast. In the end, both Verdi's popular vein -- as heard in Read more the operas Rigoletto, Il trovatore, and La traviata -- and his deeper side -- found in Aida, Otello, and Falstaff -- demonstrate his mastery and far-reaching development of Italian opera.
Verdi showed talent by the age of seven and even played organ at a local church. Around this time he was given an old piano, which he quickly learned to play with proficiency. He moved to Busseto in 1823 and began study the following year with Ferdinando Provesi. By age 15 he had become an assistant church organist and had already started composing. Beginning in 1832, he studied privately with Vincenzo Lavigna in Milan, after the Conservatory there turned him away.
He returned to Busseto and married Margherita Barezzi in 1836. Having achieved publication of some songs, he moved to Milan in 1839 and composed his first opera, Oberto. It was a success, though his next effort, Un giorno di regno, was an abject failure. Worse, Verdi's wife died during its composition. (Their two children had died in the previous two years.) Stunned and depressed, the composer struggled on to rebound with Nabucco (1842) and I lombardi (1843). Macbeth, Luisa Miller, and other operas came in the 1840s, most with great success.
Around 1847, Verdi developed a relationship with soprano Giuseppina Strepponi and the two lived together for many years on Verdi's farm, Sant'Agata, before finally marrying in 1859. In the period 1851-1853, the composer wrote three of his most popular operas. Rigoletto (1851) and Il trovatore (1853) were instant successes, but La traviata (1853) was a disappointment at its premiere, though a year later, with minor revisions, it was warmly received. After an extended excursion to Paris in 1853, Verdi returned to Busseto and turned out Simon Boccanegra (1857) and Un ballo in maschera (1859), both embroiling him in politics, an activity he was already immersed in, since he served in the local parliament and later in national parliament as senator. In St. Petersburg, Verdi's La forza del destino premiered in 1862 and Don Carlos in Paris in 1867.
Having relocated to Genoa, Verdi composed Aida in the years 1870-1871. Its Cairo premiere in 1871 was a success, but the composer then gave up opera, at least for a time. His String Quartet (1873) and Requiem (1874) showed his creative juices were still very much alive. His next opera, Otello, came finally in 1886, Verdi working slowly and getting sidetracked revising earlier operas. One more opera came from his pen, Falstaff, in 1893, which scored a stunning success. Critical opinion has it that his last three operas are his finest, that the elderly composer became bolder and more imaginative in his later years.
In these later years, Verdi also worked to found a hospital and, in Milan, a home for retired musicians. In 1897, Giuseppina Verdi died and the composer thereafter lived at the Grand Hotel in Milan, finding companionship with retired soprano Teresa Stolz. A year later, his Quatro pezzi sacri premiered in Paris. This would be the composer's last work. On January 21, 1901, Verdi suffered a stroke and died six days later. Read less
Strauss, Verdi: String Quartets / Enso Quartet
Release Date: 09/09/2014   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 573108   Number of Discs: 1
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Verdi: Il Trovatore / Domingo, Netrebko, Barenboim
Release Date: 09/23/2014   Label: Deutsche Grammophon  
Catalog: 002133909   Number of Discs: 1
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Callas Sings Verdi Arias
Release Date: 10/21/2014   Label: Warner Classics  
Catalog: 634007   Number of Discs: 1
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Callas Portrays Verdi Heroines
Release Date: 09/23/2014   Label: Warner Classics  
Catalog: 634015   Number of Discs: 1
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Verdi La Traviata / Santini, Callas, Albanese, Savarese, Italian Radio Symphony
Release Date: 10/21/2014   Label: Warner Classics  
Catalog: 634085   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: La forza del destino: Pace, pace, mio Dio

Browse 1-25 of 159 Available Recordings
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  • 1.
    Angela Gheorghiu: 3 Classic Albums
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 002131302 Release Date: 09/16/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Giuseppe Verdi,  Jules Massenet,  Alfredo Catalani,  Vincenzo Bellini  ... 
    Performer:  Angela Gheorghiu,  Daniela Vendemiati,  Giuseppe Crott,  Malcolm Martineau
    Conductor:  John Mauceri,  Riccardo Chailly
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Turin Teatro Regio Chorus,  Turin Teatro Regio Orchestra,  Verdi Grand Symphonic Orchestra Milan
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  • 2.
    Verdi: Arias / Krassimira Stoyanova
    Label: Orfeo   Catalog: 885141 Release Date: 04/29/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Giuseppe Verdi
    Performer:  Krassimira Stoyanova
    Conductor:  Pavel Baleff
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Munich Radio Orchestra
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  • 3.
    Kiri Te Kanawa - Opera Arias
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 2564635295 Release Date: 02/11/2014   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Giacomo Puccini,  Gustave Charpentier,  Claude Debussy,  Hector Berlioz  ... 
    Performer:  Dame Kiri Te Kanawa,  Roger Vignoles,  Andrew Schulman
    Conductor:  Kent Nagano,  Jeffrey Tate,  Julius Rudel,  Myung-Whun Chung
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Lyon Opera Orchestra,  Royal Opera House Covent Garden Orchestra,  Philharmonia Orchestra  ... 
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  • 4.
    Maria Callas: Live In Atene, Vol. 4
    Label: Fabula Classica   Catalog: 2246 Release Date: 02/11/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Giuseppe Verdi,  Richard Wagner,  Gaetano Donizetti,  Ambroise Thomas  ... 
    Performer:  Maria Callas
    Conductor:  Antonino Votto,  Oliviero de Fabritiis
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  • 5.
    Pace Mio Dio... / Dinara Alieva
    Label: Delos   Catalog: 3462 Release Date: 01/28/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Giuseppe Verdi,  Giacomo Puccini,  Alfredo Catalani,  Ruggero Leoncavallo  ... 
    Performer:  Dinara Alieva
    Conductor:  Marcello Rota
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Czech National Symphony Orchestra
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  • 6.
    Label: Gala   Catalog: 100634 Release Date: 11/01/2013   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Giuseppe Verdi,  Erich Wolfgang Korngold,  Umberto Giordano
    Performer:  Sylvia Sawyer,  Stella Roman,  Gino Sarri,  Franco Pugliese  ... 
    Conductor:  Alberto Paoletti,  Artur Rodzinski
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  • 7.
    Label: Gala   Catalog: 7702567 Release Date: 06/14/2013   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Vincenzo Bellini,  Gioachino Rossini,  Giuseppe Verdi,  Richard Wagner  ... 
    Performer:  Maria Callas
    Conductor:  Georges Sebastian,  Nicola Rescigno,  Georges Prêtre,  Antonino Votto  ... 
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  • 8.
    Label: Gala   Catalog: 7704159 Release Date: 06/14/2013   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Bedrich Smetana,  Jacques Offenbach,  Giuseppe Verdi,  Giacomo Puccini  ... 
    Performer:  Sena Jurinac,  Ermanno Lorenzi,  Hilde Rössl-Majdan,  Kostas Paskalis  ... 
    Conductor:  Wilhelm Schüchter,  Walter Martin,  John Pritchard,  Berislav Klobucar  ... 
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  • 9.
    Bellini: Norma (Highlights), Etc/ Molinari-pradelli, Pedrini
    Label: Gala   Catalog: 7704769 Release Date: 05/24/2013   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gioachino Rossini,  Giuseppe Verdi,  Gaetano Donizetti,  Umberto Giordano  ... 
    Performer:  Maria Pedrini,  Ettore Bastianini,  Piero de Palma,  Gino Penno  ... 
    Conductor:  Adolfo Camozzo,  Ugo Tansini,  Francesco Molinari-Pradelli
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Italian Radio Symphony Orchestra Turin,  Italian Radio Chorus Turin,  Naples Teatro San Carlo Chorus  ... 
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  • 10.
    Montserrat Caballe Sings Bellini & Verdi Arias
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 828722 Release Date: 03/12/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Vincenzo Bellini,  Giuseppe Verdi
    Performer:  Montserrat Caballé,  Agostino Ferrin,  Julia Hamari,  Alfredo Kraus  ... 
    Conductor:  Riccardo Muti,  Gianandrea Gavazzeni,  Carlo Maria Giulini,  Anton Guadagno
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  • 11.
    50 Best Verdi
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 338302 Release Date: 02/26/2013   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Giuseppe Verdi
    Performer:  Placido [Tenor Vocals] Domingo,  Rolando Villazón,  Renato Bruson,  Nicolai Gedda  ... 
    Conductor:  Riccardo Muti,  Marcello Viotti,  Giuseppe Patané,  Julius Rudel  ... 
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  • 12.
    The Very Best Of Mirella Freni
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 164942 Release Date: 02/05/2013   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gaetano Donizetti,  Giacomo Puccini,  Pietro Mascagni,  Francesco Cilèa  ... 
    Performer:  Mirella Freni,  Nicolai Gedda,  Michèle Vilma,  Franco Corelli  ... 
    Conductor:  Riccardo Muti,  Thomas Schippers,  Leone Magiera,  Antonino Votto  ... 
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  • 13.
    60 Jahre Munchner Rundfunkorchester: Great Singers Live
    Label: Br Klassik   Catalog: 900309 Release Date: 01/29/2013   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Francesco Cilèa,  Giacomo Puccini,  Georges Bizet,  Jules Massenet  ... 
    Performer:  Mirella Freni,  Nicolai Ghiaurov,  Lucia Popp,  Hermann Prey  ... 
    Conductor:  Vladimir Ghiaurov,  Kurt Eichhorn,  Georges Prêtre,  Alfredo Antonini  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Munich Radio Orchestra,  Bavarian Radio Chorus
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  • 14.
    Verona Live
    Label: Acanta/Pilz   Catalog: 233553 Release Date: 01/29/2013   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gioachino Rossini,  Amilcare Ponchielli,  Giacomo Puccini,  Francesco Cilèa  ... 
    Performer:  Leo Nucci,  Ghena Dimitrova,  Peter Dvorsky,  Sona Ghazarian  ... 
    Conductor:  Carlo Franci,  José Collado
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  • 15.
    Voice Of Gold / Renata Tebaldi
    Label: Regis   Catalog: 1297 Release Date: 01/29/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Giuseppe Verdi,  Giacomo Puccini,  Umberto Giordano,  Francesco Cilèa  ... 
    Performer:  Renata Tebaldi
    Conductor:  Francesco Molinari-Pradelli,  Alberto Erede,  Arturo Basile
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Santa Cecilia Academy Rome Orchestra,  Geneva Grand Theatre Orchestra,  Italian Radio Symphony Orchestra Turin  ... 
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  • 16.
    Essential Opera Divas
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 234522 Release Date: 01/22/2013   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  George Frideric Handel,  Antonio Vivaldi,  Christoph W. Gluck,  Richard Wagner  ... 
    Performer:  Arleen Augér,  Patrizia Ciofi,  Véronique Gens,  Jessye Norman  ... 
    Conductor:  Richard Hickox,  Fabio Biondi,  Christophe Rousset,  Klaus Tennstedt  ... 
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  • 17.
    Essential Verdi
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 234602 Release Date: 01/22/2013   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Giuseppe Verdi
    Performer:  Beverly Sills,  Nicolai Gedda,  Anna Moffo,  Delia Wallis  ... 
    Conductor:  Aldo Ceccato,  Sir Colin Davis,  Tullio Serafin,  Francesco Molinari-Pradelli  ... 
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  • 18.
    Verdi: Opera Highlights
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 167332 Release Date: 01/22/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Giuseppe Verdi
    Performer:  Alfredo Kraus,  Renata Scotto,  Beverly Sills,  Sherrill Milnes  ... 
    Conductor:  Riccardo Muti,  Julius Rudel,  Herbert von Karajan,  Lamberto Gardelli  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Berlin Deutsche Oper Chorus  ... 
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  • 19.
    The Edison Legacy Vol. 2
    Label: Marston   Catalog: 53014 Release Date: 12/18/2012   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Giuseppe Verdi,  Pietro Mascagni,  Charles Gounod,  Georges Bizet  ... 
    Performer:  Adelina Agostinelli,  Carlo Albani,  Oreste Benedetti,  Celestina Boninsegna  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Orchestra,  Royal Opera House Covent Garden Chorus
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  • 20.
    Solti: The Legacy, 1937-1997
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 001777802 Release Date: 12/04/2012   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Benjamin Britten,  Umberto Giordano,  Giuseppe Verdi  ... 
    Performer:  Margaret Price,  Tito Gobbi,  Mirella Freni,  Willi Domgraf-Fassbaender  ... 
    Conductor:  Sir Georg Solti,  Arturo Toscanini
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chamber Orchestra of Europe,  Royal Opera House Covent Garden Orchestra,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
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  • 21.
    Maria Callas Sings Verdi
    Label: Dynamic   Catalog: 668 Release Date: 11/13/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Giuseppe Verdi
    Performer:  Maria Callas
    Conductor:  Tullio Serafin,  Antonino Votto,  Herbert von Karajan
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  • 22.
    Icon: Maria Callas - La Divina
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 23401 Release Date: 09/18/2012   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Vincenzo Bellini,  Gaetano Donizetti,  Francesco Cilèa,  Umberto Giordano  ... 
    Performer:  Maria Callas,  Giuseppe Morresi,  Ebe Stignani,  Raffaele Arié  ... 
    Conductor:  Tullio Serafin,  Nicola Rescigno,  Georges Prêtre
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Milan Teatro alla Scala Orchestra,  Milan Teatro alla Scala Chorus,  Philharmonia Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $42.99
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  • 23.
    The Voice Of Elena Souliotis
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 4805369 Release Date: 09/04/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Giuseppe Verdi,  Gaetano Donizetti,  Pietro Mascagni,  Amilcare Ponchielli
    Performer:  Giovanni Foiani,  Elena Souliotis,  Anna di Stasio
    Conductor:  Lamberto Gardelli,  Oliviero de Fabritiis,  Silvio Varviso
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  • 24.
    Maria Callas - The Live Recitals
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 59794 Release Date: 08/28/2012   Number of Discs: 10
    Composer:  Giuseppe Verdi,  Gaetano Donizetti,  Léo Delibes,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart  ... 
    Performer:  Maria Callas,  Nicola Rescigno,  Sir Malcolm Sargent,  Jeffrey Tate
    Conductor:  Oliviero de Fabritiis,  Georges Prêtre,  Nicola Rescigno,  Alfredo Simonetto  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Italian Radio Symphony Orchestra Rome,  ORTF National Orchestra,  Dallas Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 25.
    Great Voices Of The Century / Bartoli, Prey, Schock, Domingo, Wunderlich, Callas
    Label: Profil   Catalog: 9056 Release Date: 05/29/2012   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Vincenzo Bellini,  Gaetano Donizetti,  Giuseppe Verdi  ... 
    Performer:  Lucia Aliberti,  Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau,  Piero Cappuccilli,  Rudolf Schock  ... 
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