Giuseppe Verdi

Biography

Born: Oct 9, 1813; Italy   Died: Jan 27, 1901; Italy   Period: Romantic
Giuseppe Verdi was to opera in the Italian tradition what Beethoven was to the symphony. When he arrived on the scene some had suggested that effective opera after Rossini was not possible. Verdi, however, took the form to new heights of drama and musical expression. Partisans see him as at least the equal of Wagner, even though his style and musical persona were of an entirely different cast. In the end, both Verdi's popular vein -- as heard in Read more the operas Rigoletto, Il trovatore, and La traviata -- and his deeper side -- found in Aida, Otello, and Falstaff -- demonstrate his mastery and far-reaching development of Italian opera.
Verdi showed talent by the age of seven and even played organ at a local church. Around this time he was given an old piano, which he quickly learned to play with proficiency. He moved to Busseto in 1823 and began study the following year with Ferdinando Provesi. By age 15 he had become an assistant church organist and had already started composing. Beginning in 1832, he studied privately with Vincenzo Lavigna in Milan, after the Conservatory there turned him away.
He returned to Busseto and married Margherita Barezzi in 1836. Having achieved publication of some songs, he moved to Milan in 1839 and composed his first opera, Oberto. It was a success, though his next effort, Un giorno di regno, was an abject failure. Worse, Verdi's wife died during its composition. (Their two children had died in the previous two years.) Stunned and depressed, the composer struggled on to rebound with Nabucco (1842) and I lombardi (1843). Macbeth, Luisa Miller, and other operas came in the 1840s, most with great success.
Around 1847, Verdi developed a relationship with soprano Giuseppina Strepponi and the two lived together for many years on Verdi's farm, Sant'Agata, before finally marrying in 1859. In the period 1851-1853, the composer wrote three of his most popular operas. Rigoletto (1851) and Il trovatore (1853) were instant successes, but La traviata (1853) was a disappointment at its premiere, though a year later, with minor revisions, it was warmly received. After an extended excursion to Paris in 1853, Verdi returned to Busseto and turned out Simon Boccanegra (1857) and Un ballo in maschera (1859), both embroiling him in politics, an activity he was already immersed in, since he served in the local parliament and later in national parliament as senator. In St. Petersburg, Verdi's La forza del destino premiered in 1862 and Don Carlos in Paris in 1867.
Having relocated to Genoa, Verdi composed Aida in the years 1870-1871. Its Cairo premiere in 1871 was a success, but the composer then gave up opera, at least for a time. His String Quartet (1873) and Requiem (1874) showed his creative juices were still very much alive. His next opera, Otello, came finally in 1886, Verdi working slowly and getting sidetracked revising earlier operas. One more opera came from his pen, Falstaff, in 1893, which scored a stunning success. Critical opinion has it that his last three operas are his finest, that the elderly composer became bolder and more imaginative in his later years.
In these later years, Verdi also worked to found a hospital and, in Milan, a home for retired musicians. In 1897, Giuseppina Verdi died and the composer thereafter lived at the Grand Hotel in Milan, finding companionship with retired soprano Teresa Stolz. A year later, his Quatro pezzi sacri premiered in Paris. This would be the composer's last work. On January 21, 1901, Verdi suffered a stroke and died six days later. Read less
Strauss, Verdi: String Quartets / Enso Quartet
Release Date: 09/09/2014   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 573108   Number of Discs: 1
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Verdi: Il Trovatore / Domingo, Netrebko, Barenboim
Release Date: 09/23/2014   Label: Deutsche Grammophon  
Catalog: 002133909   Number of Discs: 1
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Callas Sings Verdi Arias
Release Date: 10/21/2014   Label: Warner Classics  
Catalog: 634007   Number of Discs: 1
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Callas Portrays Verdi Heroines
Release Date: 09/23/2014   Label: Warner Classics  
Catalog: 634015   Number of Discs: 1
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Verdi La Traviata / Santini, Callas, Albanese, Savarese, Italian Radio Symphony
Release Date: 10/21/2014   Label: Warner Classics  
Catalog: 634085   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Rigoletto: Bella figlia dell' amore [Quartet]

Browse 1-25 of 79 Available Recordings
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  • 1.
    Solti Centenary Concert / Gheorghiu, Pape, Gergiev
    Label: Arthaus Musik   Catalog: 101668 Release Date: 04/30/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Richard Strauss,  Giuseppe Verdi,  Gustav Mahler  ... 
    Performer:  René Pape,  Angela Gheorghiu,  Matilda Paulsson,  Tereza Gevorgyan  ... 
    Conductor:  Valery Gergiev,  Cristian Macelaru
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  World Orchestra for Peace
    DVD: $24.99
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  • 2.
    Solti Centenary Concert / Gheorghiu, Pape, Gergiev [blu-ray]
    Label: Arthaus Musik   Catalog: 108073 Release Date: 04/30/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Richard Strauss,  Giuseppe Verdi,  Gustav Mahler  ... 
    Performer:  René Pape,  Angela Gheorghiu,  Tereza Gevorgyan,  Matilda Paulsson  ... 
    Conductor:  Valery Gergiev,  Cristian Macelaru
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  World Orchestra for Peace
    Blu-ray Video: $39.99
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  • 3.
    Icon - John McCormack [4-CD Set]
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 827642 Release Date: 02/05/2013   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  James L. Molloy,  Traditional,  Ralph Vaughan Williams,  Arnold Bax  ... 
    Performer:  John McCormack,  Gerald Moore,  Nellie Melba,  Edna Thornton  ... 
    Conductor:  Lawrence Collingwood,  Walter Goehr
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Orchestra
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  • 4.
    Verdi: Opera Highlights
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 167332 Release Date: 01/22/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Giuseppe Verdi
    Performer:  Alfredo Kraus,  Renata Scotto,  Beverly Sills,  Sherrill Milnes  ... 
    Conductor:  Riccardo Muti,  Julius Rudel,  Herbert von Karajan,  Lamberto Gardelli  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Berlin Deutsche Oper Chorus  ... 
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  • 5.
    Label: Somerset Entertainment   Catalog: 50865 Release Date: 01/01/2013   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Gaetano Donizetti,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Ruggero Leoncavallo,  Giacomo Puccini  ... 
    CD: $23.99
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  • 6.
    Voices Of Italian Opera
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 40509 Release Date: 07/31/2012   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Vincenzo Bellini,  Gaetano Donizetti,  Gioachino Rossini,  Giuseppe Verdi  ... 
    Performer:  Maria Callas,  Edita Gruberova,  Margherita Carosio,  Francesco Meli  ... 
    Conductor:  Tullio Serafin,  Kurt Eichhorn,  Anatole Fistoulari,  Evelino Pidò  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Milan Teatro alla Scala Orchestra,  Munich Radio Orchestra,  Philharmonia Orchestra  ... 
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  • 7.
    Pavarotti Collection Vol 2
    Label: Bravissimo Opera Library   Catalog: 9913 Release Date: 02/14/2012   Number of Discs: 12
    Composer:  Giuseppe Verdi,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Vincenzo Bellini,  Giacomo Puccini  ... 
    Performer:  Luciano Pavarotti
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  • 8.
    Caruso - Duets & Ensembles / Alda, Amato, De Luca, Et Al
    Label: Rca Victor Gold Seal   Catalog: 61638 Release Date: 10/17/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gaetano Donizetti,  Giuseppe Verdi,  Antonio Carlos Gomes,  Anton y Michelena  ... 
    Performer:  Enrico Caruso,  Giuseppe de Luca,  Minnie Egener,  Amelita Galli-Curci  ... 
    Conductor:  Josef Pasternack,  Gaetano Scognamiglio,  Walter Rogers
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Orchestra,  Metropolitan Opera Chorus
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  • 9.
    Jussi Bjorling - The Complete RCA Album Collection
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 774892 Release Date: 07/26/2011   Number of Discs: 14
    Composer:  Ruggero Leoncavallo,  Charles Gounod,  Giacomo Puccini,  Giacomo Meyerbeer  ... 
    Performer:  Jussi Björling,  Robert Merrill,  Emil Markow,  Frederick Schauwecker  ... 
    Conductor:  Renato Cellini,  Nils Grevillius,  Jonel Perlea,  Erich Leinsdorf  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  RCA Victor Symphony Orchestra,  Orchestra,  Rome Opera House Orchestra  ... 
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  • 10.
    The Ultimate Verdi Opera Album
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8578068-69 Release Date: 12/14/2010   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Giuseppe Verdi
    Performer:  Monika Krause,  Yordy Ramiro,  Zsuzsa Csonka,  Daniela Longhi  ... 
    Conductor:  Alexander Rahbari,  Oliver v. Dohnányi,  Will Humburg,  Pier G. Morandi  ... 
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  • 11.
    Bravo Pavarotti
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 001480402 Release Date: 10/19/2010   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Giacomo Puccini,  Vincenzo Bellini,  Amilcare Ponchielli,  Umberto Giordano  ... 
    Performer:  Luciano Pavarotti,  Tom Krause,  Montserrat Caballé,  Nicolai Ghiaurov  ... 
    Conductor:  Zubin Mehta,  Richard Bonynge,  Bruno Bartoletti,  Riccardo Chailly  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  John Alldis Choir,  London Philharmonic Orchestra,  Royal Opera House Covent Garden Chorus  ... 
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  • 12.
    Bravo Pavarotti [DVD]
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 001480509 Release Date: 10/19/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Giuseppe Verdi,  Giacomo Puccini,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Gaetano Donizetti
    Performer:  Luciano Pavarotti,  Martti Talvela,  Sherrill Milnes,  Dame Joan Sutherland  ... 
    Conductor:  Sir Georg Solti,  Nicola Rescigno,  John Pritchard,  Herbert von Karajan  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  National Philharmonic Orchestra,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
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  • 13.
    Darwin - Song For A City / Sutherland, Begg, Elkins, Clark, Bonynge
    Label: Eloquence   Catalog: 4428644 Release Date: 08/31/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Dodds McCormick,  Jacques Offenbach,  Giuseppe Verdi,  Vincenzo Bellini  ... 
    Performer:  Tom McDonnell,  Clifford Grant,  Louis Quilico,  Graham Clark  ... 
    Conductor:  Richard Bonynge
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 14.
    Best Verdi 100
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 40878 Release Date: 06/08/2010   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Giuseppe Verdi
    Performer:  Richard Van Allan,  Keith Erwen,  Delia Wallis,  Ferruccio Mazzoli  ... 
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan,  Tullio Serafin,  Riccardo Muti,  Sir Charles Mackerras  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra,  New Philharmonia Orchestra,  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $21.99
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  • 15.
    Best Verdi 100
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 40878 Release Date: 06/08/2010   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Giuseppe Verdi
    Performer:  Placido [Tenor Vocals] Domingo,  Rolando Villazón,  Renato Bruson,  Nicolai Gedda  ... 
    Conductor:  Riccardo Muti,  Marcello Viotti,  Giuseppe Patané,  Julius Rudel  ... 
    CD: $19.99
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  • 16.
    Icon - Beniamino Gigli - Tenor Legend
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 55693 Release Date: 03/23/2010   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Giacomo Puccini,  Ruggero Leoncavallo,  Pietro Mascagni,  Giuseppe Verdi  ... 
    Performer:  Beniamino Gigli,  Licia Albanese,  Leone Paci,  Giuseppe Nessi  ... 
    Conductor:  Umberto Berrettoni,  Franco Ghione,  Carlo Sabajno,  Walter Goehr  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Milan Teatro alla Scala Orchestra,  Orchestra,  Metropolitan Opera Orchestra
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  • 17.
    Opera - Le Gala Du 30 Anniversaire
    Label: Atma Classique   Catalog: 2627 Release Date: 01/26/2010   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Léo Delibes,  Giuseppe Verdi,  Jules Massenet,  Giacomo Puccini  ... 
    Performer:  Aline Kutan,  Raphaëlle Paquette,  Antoine Bélanger,  Annamaria Popescu  ... 
    Conductor:  Alain Trudel
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Grand Montreal Metropolitan Orchestra
    CD: $17.99
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  • 18.
    Celeste Aida - The Verdi Album / Luciano Pavarotti
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 001292202 Release Date: 05/19/2009   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Giuseppe Verdi
    Performer:  Luciano Pavarotti,  Dame Joan Sutherland,  Montserrat Caballé
    On sale! $37.99
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  • 19.
    The Number One Verdi Album
    Label: Eloquence   Catalog: 4765897 Release Date: 03/20/2009   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Giuseppe Verdi
    Performer:  Luciano Pavarotti,  Dame Joan Sutherland,  Maria Chiara,  José Carreras  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chicago Symphony Chorus,  Kirov Theater Orchestra,  Florence Maggio Musicale Orchestra  ... 
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  • 20.
    The Opera Gala - Live from Baden-Baden / Netrebko, Vargas [Blu-ray]
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 001208859 Release Date: 11/25/2008  
    Composer:  Georges Bizet,  Ruperto Chapi,  Giacomo Puccini,  Giuseppe Verdi  ... 
    Performer:  Ludovic Tézier,  Elina Garanca,  Ramón Vargas,  Anna Netrebko
    Conductor:  Marco Armiliato
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Southwest German Radio Symphony Orchestra
    Blu-ray Video: $32.99
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  • 21.
    Lebendige Vergangenheit - Nan Merriman
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 89706 Release Date: 06/17/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Christoph W. Gluck,  Gaetano Donizetti,  Gioachino Rossini,  Giuseppe Verdi  ... 
    Performer:  Nan Merriman,  Elizabeth Fretwell,  Alexander Young,  Jan Peerce  ... 
    Conductor:  Frieder Weissmann,  Walter Susskind,  Arturo Toscanini,  Pierre Monteux  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  RCA Victor Orchestra,  London Symphony Orchestra,  NBC Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 22.
    The Great Masters Of The Opera
    Label: Musicbrokers   Catalog: 7029 Release Date: 05/27/2008   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Giuseppe Verdi,  Vincenzo Bellini,  Gioachino Rossini,  Gaetano Donizetti  ... 
    Performer:  Alfredo Kraus,  Luciano Pavarotti,  Placido [Tenor Vocals] Domingo,  José Carreras  ... 
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  • 23.
    Lebendige Vergangenheit - John Mccormack
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 89697 Release Date: 04/08/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gaetano Donizetti,  Giuseppe Verdi,  Gioachino Rossini,  Giacomo Puccini  ... 
    Performer:  John McCormack,  Lucrezia Bori,  Mario Sammarco,  Josephine Jacobi  ... 
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  • 24.
    101 Opera Masterpieces, Vol. 1 [box Set]
    Label: Zyx Records   Catalog: 9528671 Release Date: 02/26/2008   Number of Discs: 10
    Composer:  Giuseppe Verdi,  Giacomo Puccini,  Richard Wagner,  Gioachino Rossini  ... 
    Performer:  Luciano Pavarotti,  Biserka Cvejik,  Placido [Tenor Vocals] Domingo,  Ruza Baldani  ... 
    On sale! $20.98
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  • 25.
    Opera Gala - Live From Baden - Baden
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 001061402 Release Date: 01/22/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ruperto Chapi,  Giuseppe Verdi,  Georges Bizet,  Giacomo Puccini  ... 
    Performer:  Elina Garanca,  Ludovic Tézier,  Ramón Vargas,  Anna Netrebko
    Conductor:  Marco Armiliato
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Southwest German Radio Symphony Orchestra
    CD: $15.99
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