Giuseppe Verdi

Biography

Born: Oct 9, 1813; Italy   Died: Jan 27, 1901; Italy   Period: Romantic
Giuseppe Verdi was to opera in the Italian tradition what Beethoven was to the symphony. When he arrived on the scene some had suggested that effective opera after Rossini was not possible. Verdi, however, took the form to new heights of drama and musical expression. Partisans see him as at least the equal of Wagner, even though his style and musical persona were of an entirely different cast. In the end, both Verdi's popular vein -- as heard in Read more the operas Rigoletto, Il trovatore, and La traviata -- and his deeper side -- found in Aida, Otello, and Falstaff -- demonstrate his mastery and far-reaching development of Italian opera.

Verdi showed talent by the age of seven and even played organ at a local church. Around this time he was given an old piano, which he quickly learned to play with proficiency. He moved to Busseto in 1823 and began study the following year with Ferdinando Provesi. By age 15 he had become an assistant church organist and had already started composing. Beginning in 1832, he studied privately with Vincenzo Lavigna in Milan, after the Conservatory there turned him away.

He returned to Busseto and married Margherita Barezzi in 1836. Having achieved publication of some songs, he moved to Milan in 1839 and composed his first opera, Oberto. It was a success, though his next effort, Un giorno di regno, was an abject failure. Worse, Verdi's wife died during its composition. (Their two children had died in the previous two years.) Stunned and depressed, the composer struggled on to rebound with Nabucco (1842) and I lombardi (1843). Macbeth, Luisa Miller, and other operas came in the 1840s, most with great success.

Around 1847, Verdi developed a relationship with soprano Giuseppina Strepponi and the two lived together for many years on Verdi's farm, Sant'Agata, before finally marrying in 1859. In the period 1851-1853, the composer wrote three of his most popular operas. Rigoletto (1851) and Il trovatore (1853) were instant successes, but La traviata (1853) was a disappointment at its premiere, though a year later, with minor revisions, it was warmly received. After an extended excursion to Paris in 1853, Verdi returned to Busseto and turned out Simon Boccanegra (1857) and Un ballo in maschera (1859), both embroiling him in politics, an activity he was already immersed in, since he served in the local parliament and later in national parliament as senator. In St. Petersburg, Verdi's La forza del destino premiered in 1862 and Don Carlos in Paris in 1867.

Having relocated to Genoa, Verdi composed Aida in the years 1870-1871. Its Cairo premiere in 1871 was a success, but the composer then gave up opera, at least for a time. His String Quartet (1873) and Requiem (1874) showed his creative juices were still very much alive. His next opera, Otello, came finally in 1886, Verdi working slowly and getting sidetracked revising earlier operas. One more opera came from his pen, Falstaff, in 1893, which scored a stunning success. Critical opinion has it that his last three operas are his finest, that the elderly composer became bolder and more imaginative in his later years.

In these later years, Verdi also worked to found a hospital and, in Milan, a home for retired musicians. In 1897, Giuseppina Verdi died and the composer thereafter lived at the Grand Hotel in Milan, finding companionship with retired soprano Teresa Stolz. A year later, his Quatro pezzi sacri premiered in Paris. This would be the composer's last work. On January 21, 1901, Verdi suffered a stroke and died six days later. Read less

Verdi: Giovanna d'Arco / Netrebko, Domingo, Meli
Release Date: 07/08/2014   Label: Deutsche Grammophon  
Catalog: 002093002   Number of Discs: 2
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Verdi: Don Carlo / Kaufmann, Hampson, Harteros, Pappano
Release Date: 06/03/2014   Label: Sony  
Catalog: 300576   Number of Discs: 2
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Verdi: Don Carlo / Pappano, Kaufmann, Salminen, Hampson, Harteros [blu-ray]
Release Date: 06/03/2014   Label: Sony  
Catalog: 300577   Number of Discs: 1
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Verdi: Aida / He, Sartori, Casolla, Maestri, Wellber
Release Date: 06/24/2014   Label: Bel Air Classiques  
Catalog: 104   Number of Discs: 1
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Verdi: Otello / Chung, Kunde, Remigio, Gallo
Release Date: 06/24/2014   Label: C Major  
Catalog: 716508   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: La traviata: De' miei bollenti spiriti

Browse 1-25 of 134 Available Recordings
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  • 1.
    Villazon Verdi / Noseda, Orchestra Del Teatro Regio Di Tori [blu-ray Audio]
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 001935846 Release Date: 11/19/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Giuseppe Verdi
    Performer:  Rolando Villazón
    Conductor:  Gianandrea Noseda
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Turin Teatro Regio Orchestra
    On sale! $19.98
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  • 2.
    Fernando De Lucia - Complete Gramophone Company Recordings 1902-1909
    Label: Marston   Catalog: 54004 Release Date: 09/30/2013   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Francesco Paolo Tosti,  Jules Massenet,  Giuseppe Verdi,  Gioachino Rossini  ... 
    Performer:  Fernando de Lucia,  Salvatore Cattone,  Antonio Pini-Corsi,  Josefina Huguet  ... 
    Conductor:  Salvatore Sassano
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Milan Teatro alla Scala Chorus
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  • 3.
    The Best of Jonas Kaufmann
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 001894302 Release Date: 09/03/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Giacomo Puccini,  Georges Bizet,  Giuseppe Verdi,  Charles Gounod  ... 
    Performer:  Jonas Kaufmann,  Jana Sibera,  Renée Fleming,  Barbara Vignudelli  ... 
    Conductor:  Marco Armiliato,  Antonio Pappano,  Claudio Abbado,  John Eliot Gardiner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Prague Philharmonic Orchestra,  Verdi Grand Symphonic Orchestra Milan,  Verdi Chorus Milan  ... 
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  • 4.
    Richard Tucker - The Opera Recital Album Collection
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 543283 Release Date: 08/06/2013   Number of Discs: 10
    Composer:  Gaetano Donizetti,  Giuseppe Verdi,  Charles Gounod,  Georges Bizet  ... 
    Performer:  Richard Tucker,  Dorothy Kirsten,  Eileen Farrell,  Daniza Ilitsch
    Conductor:  Fausto Cleva,  Nello Santi,  Franz Allers,  Wilfrid Pelletier  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Metropolitan Opera Orchestra,  Fausto Cleva,  Columbia Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 5.
    The Art Of Verdi / Placido Domingo
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 001809102 Release Date: 04/02/2013   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Giuseppe Verdi
    Performer:  Nicolai Ghiaurov,  Piero Cappuccilli,  Placido Domingo,  Eduardo Valdés  ... 
    Conductor:  Carlo Maria Giulini,  Claudio Abbado,  Valery Gergiev,  Lorin Maazel  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Milan Teatro alla Scala Orchestra,  Kirov Theater Orchestra  ... 
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  • 6.
    La Bella Voce Di Tenore - Puccini, Verdi, Etc / Di Stefano
    Label: Regis   Catalog: 1202 Release Date: 01/29/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ernesto De Curtis,  Salvatore Cardillo,  Traditional,  Ambroise Thomas  ... 
    Performer:  Giuseppe Di Stefano,  Maria Callas,  Ebe Ticozzi
    Conductor:  Dino Olivieri,  Alberto Erede,  Tullio Serafin,  Renato Cellini  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New London Light Opera Orchestra,  London Symphony Orchestra,  Florence Maggio Musicale Orchestra  ... 
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  • 7.
    Rolando Villazon Sings Verdi
    Label: Virgin Classics   Catalog: 357112 Release Date: 01/22/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Giuseppe Verdi
    Performer:  Rolando Villazón
    Conductor:  Marcello Viotti,  Michel Plasson,  Antonio Pappano
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Munich Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Santa Cecilia Academy Rome Orchestra
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  • 8.
    The Essential Performances
    Label: Opera D'oro   Catalog: 6009 Release Date: 01/08/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Giuseppe Verdi,  Gaetano Donizetti,  Giacomo Puccini,  Eduardo Capua  ... 
    Performer:  Luciano Pavarotti
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  • 9.
    Villazon Verdi  / Noseda, Orchestra Del Teatro Regio Di Tori
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 001728302 Release Date: 11/19/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Giuseppe Verdi
    Performer:  Rolando Villazón
    Conductor:  Gianandrea Noseda
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Turin Teatro Regio Orchestra
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  • 10.
    Great Opera
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8501054 Release Date: 04/24/2012   Number of Discs: 10
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Gioachino Rossini,  Giuseppe Verdi,  Georges Bizet  ... 
    Performer:  Adrianne Pieczonka,  Boje Skovhus,  Renato Girolami,  Janusz Monarcha  ... 
    Conductor:  Michael Halász,  Will Humburg,  Alexander Rahbari,  Rico Saccani
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Nicolaus Esterházy Sinfonia,  Hungarian Radio Chorus,  Failoni Orchestra Budapest  ... 
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  • 11.
    Pavarotti Collection Vol 2
    Label: Bravissimo Opera Library   Catalog: 9913 Release Date: 02/14/2012   Number of Discs: 12
    Composer:  Giuseppe Verdi,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Vincenzo Bellini,  Giacomo Puccini  ... 
    Performer:  Luciano Pavarotti
    On sale! $33.98
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  • 12.
    Passion For Pavarotti: Barcelona Recital (Live)
    Label: Opera D'oro   Catalog: 6007 Release Date: 10/11/2011   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Giacomo Puccini,  Giuseppe Verdi,  Jules Massenet,  Gaetano Donizetti  ... 
    Performer:  Luciano Pavarotti
    CD: $14.99
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  • 13.
    Rosvaenge & Schlusnus - Verdi Arias & Duets
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 93474 Release Date: 05/10/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Giuseppe Verdi
    Conductor:  Arthur Rother
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Radio Symphony Orchestra
    On sale! $22.98
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  • 14.
    A Passion For Pavarotti: The Arias
    Label: Opera D'oro   Catalog: 6004 Release Date: 11/09/2010   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Giuseppe Verdi,  Vincenzo Bellini,  Jules Massenet,  Ruggero Leoncavallo  ... 
    Performer:  Luciano Pavarotti
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  • 15.
    Georges Thill Vol 5 - Italian Opera
    Label: Hafg   Catalog: 10250 Release Date: 10/15/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Giuseppe Verdi,  Giacomo Puccini,  Ruggero Leoncavallo,  Umberto Giordano
    Performer:  Georges Thill,  Jeanne Segala,  Vina Bovy,  Bernadette Delprat
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  • 16.
    Icon - Fritz Wunderlich
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 29525 Release Date: 09/14/2010   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Heinrich Finck,  Heinrich Isaac,  Adam Krieger,  Johann Sebastian Bach  ... 
    Performer:  Herbert Naumann,  Fritz Wunderlich,  Otto Steinkopf,  Gerhard Kastner  ... 
    Conductor:  Karl Forster,  Hans Müller-Kray,  Berislav Klobucar,  Robert Heger  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Berlin St. Hedwig Cathedral Choir,  Bavarian State Opera Orchestra  ... 
    On sale! $41.99
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  • 17.
    Best Verdi 100
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 40878 Release Date: 06/08/2010   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Giuseppe Verdi
    Performer:  Richard Van Allan,  Keith Erwen,  Delia Wallis,  Ferruccio Mazzoli  ... 
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan,  Tullio Serafin,  Riccardo Muti,  Sir Charles Mackerras  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra,  New Philharmonia Orchestra,  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $21.99
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  • 18.
    New Year's Concert 2010 From The Teatro La Fenice / Gardiner, Antonacci, Meli
    Label: Hardy Classics   Catalog: 4043 Release Date: 05/04/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák,  Gioachino Rossini,  Giuseppe Verdi,  Gaetano Donizetti  ... 
    Performer:  Francesco Meli,  Anna Caterina Antonacci
    Conductor:  John Eliot Gardiner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Venice Teatro la Fenice Orchestra,  Venice Teatro la Fenice Chorus
    DVD: $33.99
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  • 19.
    Omaggio A Tito Schipa: Five Italian Tenors In Concert
    Label: Bongiovanni   Catalog: 2559 Release Date: 04/27/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gioachino Rossini,  Giacomo Puccini,  Giuseppe Verdi,  Jules Massenet  ... 
    Performer:  Aldo Caputo,  Giuseppe Talamo,  Andrea Carč,  Alessandro Liberatore  ... 
    Conductor:  Marcello Panni
    CD: $12.99
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  • 20.
    Mario Del Monaco - Verdi Arias
    Label: London/Decca Opera Gala Series   Catalog: 421868 Release Date: 04/08/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Giuseppe Verdi
    Performer:  Mario Del Monaco
    Conductor:  Alberto Erede,  Francesco Molinari-Pradelli,  Nicola Rescigno
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Santa Cecilia Academy Rome Orchestra,  Florence Maggio Musicale Chorus,  Geneva Grand Theatre Orchestra  ... 
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  • 21.
    Lebendige Vergangenheit - Giuseppe Campora, Vol. 2
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 89718 Release Date: 07/14/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Giacomo Puccini,  Umberto Giordano,  Giuseppe Verdi
    Performer:  Giuseppe Campora,  Giovanni Inghilleri,  Rosetta Noli,  Giulia Olini  ... 
    Conductor:  Gabriele Santini,  Alberto Erede,  Umberto Berrettoni
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Rome Opera House Orchestra,  Santa Cecilia Academy Rome Orchestra,  Orchestra De La Suisse Romande
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  • 22.
    Lebendige Vergangenheit - Joseph Gostic, Dusan Georgevic
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 89722 Release Date: 07/14/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Pietro Mascagni,  Sergei Prokofiev,  Bedrich Smetana,  Georges Bizet  ... 
    Performer:  Joseph Gostic,  Dusan Georgevic
    Conductor:  Milan Sachs,  Clemens Krauss,  Alberto Erede
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Croatian Opera Orchestra,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Orchestra De La Suisse Romande
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  • 23.
    Lebendige Vergangenheit - Giovanni Malipiero
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 89719 Release Date: 06/09/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gaetano Donizetti,  Giuseppe Verdi,  Arrigo Boito,  Giacomo Puccini  ... 
    Performer:  Giovanni Malipiero,  Florica Christoforeanu
    Conductor:  Ugo Tansini,  Umberto Berrettoni,  Angelo Albergoni,  Franco Ghione
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Italian Radio Symphony Orchestra Turin,  Milan Teatro alla Scala Orchestra
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  • 24.
    Prima Voce - Giuseppe Di Stefano Sings Verdi & Puccini
    Label: Nimbus   Catalog: 7957 Release Date: 04/14/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Giacomo Puccini,  Giuseppe Verdi
    Performer:  Maria Callas,  Giuseppe Di Stefano,  Melchiorre Luise,  Tito Gobbi  ... 
    Conductor:  Victor De Sabata,  Gianandrea Gavazzeni,  Renato Cellini,  Herbert von Karajan  ... 
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  • 25.
    The Great Tenors Vol 2 / Knote, Cerini, Paoli, Munteanu, Borgatti, Lapelletrie, Et Al
    Label: Symposium   Catalog: 1368 Release Date: 09/09/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ruggero Leoncavallo,  Giuseppe Verdi,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Franco Alfano  ... 
    Performer:  Leon Campagnola,  Petre Munteanu,  Giuseppe Borgatti,  Antonio Paoli  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Orchestra
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