Giuseppe Verdi

Biography

Born: Oct 9, 1813; Italy   Died: Jan 27, 1901; Italy   Period: Romantic
Giuseppe Verdi was to opera in the Italian tradition what Beethoven was to the symphony. When he arrived on the scene some had suggested that effective opera after Rossini was not possible. Verdi, however, took the form to new heights of drama and musical expression. Partisans see him as at least the equal of Wagner, even though his style and musical persona were of an entirely different cast. In the end, both Verdi's popular vein -- as heard in Read more the operas Rigoletto, Il trovatore, and La traviata -- and his deeper side -- found in Aida, Otello, and Falstaff -- demonstrate his mastery and far-reaching development of Italian opera.
Verdi showed talent by the age of seven and even played organ at a local church. Around this time he was given an old piano, which he quickly learned to play with proficiency. He moved to Busseto in 1823 and began study the following year with Ferdinando Provesi. By age 15 he had become an assistant church organist and had already started composing. Beginning in 1832, he studied privately with Vincenzo Lavigna in Milan, after the Conservatory there turned him away.
He returned to Busseto and married Margherita Barezzi in 1836. Having achieved publication of some songs, he moved to Milan in 1839 and composed his first opera, Oberto. It was a success, though his next effort, Un giorno di regno, was an abject failure. Worse, Verdi's wife died during its composition. (Their two children had died in the previous two years.) Stunned and depressed, the composer struggled on to rebound with Nabucco (1842) and I lombardi (1843). Macbeth, Luisa Miller, and other operas came in the 1840s, most with great success.
Around 1847, Verdi developed a relationship with soprano Giuseppina Strepponi and the two lived together for many years on Verdi's farm, Sant'Agata, before finally marrying in 1859. In the period 1851-1853, the composer wrote three of his most popular operas. Rigoletto (1851) and Il trovatore (1853) were instant successes, but La traviata (1853) was a disappointment at its premiere, though a year later, with minor revisions, it was warmly received. After an extended excursion to Paris in 1853, Verdi returned to Busseto and turned out Simon Boccanegra (1857) and Un ballo in maschera (1859), both embroiling him in politics, an activity he was already immersed in, since he served in the local parliament and later in national parliament as senator. In St. Petersburg, Verdi's La forza del destino premiered in 1862 and Don Carlos in Paris in 1867.
Having relocated to Genoa, Verdi composed Aida in the years 1870-1871. Its Cairo premiere in 1871 was a success, but the composer then gave up opera, at least for a time. His String Quartet (1873) and Requiem (1874) showed his creative juices were still very much alive. His next opera, Otello, came finally in 1886, Verdi working slowly and getting sidetracked revising earlier operas. One more opera came from his pen, Falstaff, in 1893, which scored a stunning success. Critical opinion has it that his last three operas are his finest, that the elderly composer became bolder and more imaginative in his later years.
In these later years, Verdi also worked to found a hospital and, in Milan, a home for retired musicians. In 1897, Giuseppina Verdi died and the composer thereafter lived at the Grand Hotel in Milan, finding companionship with retired soprano Teresa Stolz. A year later, his Quatro pezzi sacri premiered in Paris. This would be the composer's last work. On January 21, 1901, Verdi suffered a stroke and died six days later. Read less
Celeste Aida - The Verdi Album / Luciano Pavarotti
Release Date: 05/19/2009   Label: Decca  
Catalog: 001292202   Number of Discs: 2
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Verdi, Giordano, Puccini, Mascagni, Leoncavallo: Overtures, Intermezzos / Licata
Release Date: 03/10/2009   Label: Royal Philharmonic Masterworks  
Catalog: 28440   Number of Discs: 1
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Verdi: Arias / Krassimira Stoyanova
Release Date: 04/29/2014   Label: Orfeo  
Catalog: 885141   Number of Discs: 1
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The Verdi Tenor / Carlo Bergonzi
Release Date: 08/12/2014   Label: Decca  
Catalog: 002089202   Number of Discs: 17
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Verdi: I Vespri Siciliani    / Kleiber, Calllas, Mascherini, Christoff
Release Date: 09/09/2014   Label: Myto Records  
Catalog: 227   Number of Discs: 3
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Work: La traviata: Addio del passato

Browse 1-25 of 95 Available Recordings
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  • 1.
    Kiri Te Kanawa: The Classic Albums [6-CD Set]
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 002013002 Release Date: 04/01/2014   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Joseph Canteloube,  Richard Strauss,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Gottfried H. Stölzel  ... 
    Performer:  Dame Kiri Te Kanawa,  Sir Georg Solti,  Gabriele Fontana,  Christopher Bowers-Broadbent  ... 
    Conductor:  Jeffrey Tate,  Sir Georg Solti,  Sir Colin Davis,  Gyorgy Fischer  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  English Chamber Orchestra,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  London Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
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  • 2.
    Opera Recital / Jarmila Novotna
    Label: Supraphon   Catalog: 4158 Release Date: 02/25/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gioachino Rossini,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Jacques Offenbach,  Giuseppe Verdi  ... 
    Performer:  Jarmila Novotná
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  • 3.
    Kiri Te Kanawa - Opera Arias
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 2564635295 Release Date: 02/11/2014   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Giacomo Puccini,  Gustave Charpentier,  Claude Debussy,  Hector Berlioz  ... 
    Performer:  Dame Kiri Te Kanawa,  Roger Vignoles,  Andrew Schulman
    Conductor:  Kent Nagano,  Jeffrey Tate,  Julius Rudel,  Myung-Whun Chung
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Lyon Opera Orchestra,  Royal Opera House Covent Garden Orchestra,  Philharmonia Orchestra  ... 
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  • 4.
    Pace Mio Dio... / Dinara Alieva
    Label: Delos   Catalog: 3462 Release Date: 01/28/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Giuseppe Verdi,  Giacomo Puccini,  Alfredo Catalani,  Ruggero Leoncavallo  ... 
    Performer:  Dinara Alieva
    Conductor:  Marcello Rota
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Czech National Symphony Orchestra
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  • 5.
    Teldec - 50-CD Collection
    Label: Teldec   Catalog: 643851 Release Date: 11/19/2013   Number of Discs: 50
    Composer:  Béla Bartók,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Antonín Dvorák,  Franz Joseph Haydn  ... 
    Performer:  András Schiff,  Josef Protschka,  Barbara Bonney,  Edita Gruberova  ... 
    Conductor:  Iván Fischer,  Nikolaus Harnoncourt,  Carlo Rizzi,  Reinbert De Leeuw  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Budapest Festival Orchestra,  Chamber Orchestra of Europe,  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra  ... 
    On sale! $299.98
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  • 6.
    Montserrat Caballe Sings Verdi
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 371158 Release Date: 09/17/2013   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Giuseppe Verdi
    Performer:  Montserrat Caballé,  Lajos Kozma,  Maya Sunara,  Shirley Verrett
    Conductor:  Anton Guadagno,  Gianfranco Masini,  Georges Prętre
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  RCA Victor Symphony Orchestra,  Barcelona Symphony Orchestra,  RCA Italian Opera Orchestra
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  • 7.
    Label: Gala   Catalog: 7701924 Release Date: 06/14/2013   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Vincenzo Bellini,  Gaetano Donizetti,  Giuseppe Verdi,  Georges Bizet  ... 
    Performer:  Agostino Ferrin,  Giacomo Aragall,  Luciano Pavarotti,  Renata Scotto  ... 
    Conductor:  Claudio Abbado,  Corrado Benvenuti,  Arturo Basile
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  • 8.
    Montserrat Caballe - The Diva [6-CD Set]
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 548834 Release Date: 05/07/2013   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Gioachino Rossini,  Giuseppe Verdi,  Giacomo Puccini,  Vincenzo Bellini  ... 
    Performer:  Montserrat Caballé,  Maya Sunara,  Corinna Vozza,  Sherrill Milnes  ... 
    Conductor:  Riccardo Chailly,  Anton Guadagno,  Carlo Felice Cillario,  Sir Georg Solti  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  National Philharmonic Orchestra London,  RCA Italian Opera Orchestra,  RCA Italian Opera Chorus  ... 
    CD: $44.49
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  • 9.
    Solti Centenary Concert / Gheorghiu, Pape, Gergiev
    Label: Arthaus Musik   Catalog: 101668 Release Date: 04/30/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Richard Strauss,  Giuseppe Verdi,  Gustav Mahler  ... 
    Performer:  René Pape,  Angela Gheorghiu,  Matilda Paulsson,  Tereza Gevorgyan  ... 
    Conductor:  Valery Gergiev,  Cristian Macelaru
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  World Orchestra for Peace
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  • 10.
    Solti Centenary Concert / Gheorghiu, Pape, Gergiev [blu-ray]
    Label: Arthaus Musik   Catalog: 108073 Release Date: 04/30/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Richard Strauss,  Giuseppe Verdi,  Gustav Mahler  ... 
    Performer:  René Pape,  Angela Gheorghiu,  Tereza Gevorgyan,  Matilda Paulsson  ... 
    Conductor:  Valery Gergiev,  Cristian Macelaru
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  World Orchestra for Peace
    Blu-ray Video: $39.99
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  • 11.
    Voice Of Gold / Renata Tebaldi
    Label: Regis   Catalog: 1297 Release Date: 01/29/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Giuseppe Verdi,  Giacomo Puccini,  Umberto Giordano,  Francesco Cilča  ... 
    Performer:  Renata Tebaldi
    Conductor:  Francesco Molinari-Pradelli,  Alberto Erede,  Arturo Basile
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Santa Cecilia Academy Rome Orchestra,  Geneva Grand Theatre Orchestra,  Italian Radio Symphony Orchestra Turin  ... 
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  • 12.
    Great Opera
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8501054 Release Date: 04/24/2012   Number of Discs: 10
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Gioachino Rossini,  Giuseppe Verdi,  Georges Bizet  ... 
    Performer:  Adrianne Pieczonka,  Boje Skovhus,  Renato Girolami,  Janusz Monarcha  ... 
    Conductor:  Michael Halász,  Will Humburg,  Alexander Rahbari,  Rico Saccani
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Nicolaus Esterházy Sinfonia,  Hungarian Radio Chorus,  Failoni Orchestra Budapest  ... 
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  • 13.
    The Very Best Of Kiri Te Kanawa
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog:  6790072 Release Date: 03/13/2012   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Giacomo Puccini,  Francesco Cilča,  Umberto Giordano,  Giuseppe Verdi  ... 
    Performer:  Dame Kiri Te Kanawa,  Don Lusher,  Jim Hughes,  Laurie Holloway  ... 
    Conductor:  Myung-Whun Chung,  Jeffrey Tate,  Julius Rudel,  Bernard Haitink  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Abbey Road Ensemble,  Members of the National Philharmonic Orchestra Lon
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  • 14.
    Leontyne Price - The Complete Collection Of Operatic Recital Albums
    Label: Rca   Catalog: 794051 Release Date: 01/24/2012   Number of Discs: 14
    Composer:  Giuseppe Verdi,  Giacomo Puccini,  George Gershwin,  Richard Strauss  ... 
    Performer:  Leontyne Price,  Laura Londi,  John W. Bubbles,  William Warfield  ... 
    Conductor:  Oliviero de Fabritiis,  Arturo Basile,  Erich Leinsdorf,  Francesco Molinari-Pradelli  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Rome Opera House Orchestra,  Boston Symphony Orchestra,  RCA Italian Opera Orchestra  ... 
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  • 15.
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 828662 Release Date: 11/01/2011   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  George Frideric Handel,  Henry Purcell,  Jean-Philippe Rameau  ... 
    Performer:  Nancy Argenta,  Crispian Steele-Perkins,  Gudrun Jahn,  Barbara Hendricks  ... 
    Conductor:  Gyorgy Fischer,  Kirk Trevor,  Louis Langrée,  Bernard Haitink  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bavarian State Opera Orchestra,  Munich Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Paris National Opera Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $19.99
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  • 16.
    Melodies Of Love And Death - Opera Senza Parole / Osiris Trio
    Label: Challenge   Catalog: 72373 Release Date: 06/01/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák,  Giuseppe Verdi,  Georges Bizet,  Gaetano Donizetti  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Osiris Trio
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  • 17.
    Irma Gonzalez: En Vivo, 1945-1965
    Label: Urtext   Catalog: 189 Release Date: 01/25/2011   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Giacomo Puccini,  Pietro Mascagni,  Ruggero Leoncavallo,  Umberto Giordano  ... 
    Performer:  Irma Gonzalez,  Placido Domingo,  Giuseppe Di Stefano,  Oralia Dominguez  ... 
    Conductor:  Oliviero de Fabritiis,  Salvador Ochoa,  Carlo Felice Cillario,  Anton Guadagno  ... 
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  • 18.
    Selma Kurz Vol. 2 - Don Carlos, Ernani, Etc
    Label: Hafg   Catalog: 10134 Release Date: 12/17/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Vincenzo Bellini,  Giuseppe Verdi,  Giacomo Puccini  ... 
    Performer:  Selma Kurz,  Heinrich Schlusnus,  Leo Slezak
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  • 19.
    Sigrid Arnoldson & Lilly Hafgren - Recordings 1911-21
    Label: Hafg   Catalog: 10015 Release Date: 12/03/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Wagner,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Giacomo Meyerbeer,  Carl Maria von Weber  ... 
    Performer:  Lilly Hafgren,  Fritz Vogelstrom,  Hermine Bosetti,  Sigrid Arnoldson
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  • 20.
    Best Verdi 100
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 40878 Release Date: 06/08/2010   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Giuseppe Verdi
    Performer:  Placido Domingo,  Rolando Villazón,  Renato Bruson,  Nicolai Gedda  ... 
    Conductor:  Riccardo Muti,  Marcello Viotti,  Giuseppe Patané,  Julius Rudel  ... 
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  • 21.
    Lebendige Vergangenheit - Virginia Zeani
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 89720 Release Date: 05/12/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gaetano Donizetti,  Vincenzo Bellini,  Giuseppe Verdi,  Giacomo Puccini
    Performer:  Virginia Zeani,  Nicola Rossi-Lemeni
    Conductor:  Gianandrea Gavazzeni,  Alfredo Simonetto
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Orchestra of the Maggio Musicale Fiorentino
    On sale! $22.98
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  • 22.
    Two Divas: Callas & Tebaldi - The Greatest Sopranos Of All Time
    Label: Zyx Records   Catalog: 10078 Release Date: 04/21/2009   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Giuseppe Verdi,  Richard Wagner,  Amilcare Ponchielli,  Vincenzo Bellini  ... 
    Performer:  Maria Callas,  Renata Tebaldi
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Mexico City Palacio de Bellas Artes Orchestra,  Orchestra Sinfonica Nazionale Della Rai,  Naples Teatro San Carlo Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $13.99
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  • 23.
    Licia Albanese - Puccini, Mozart, Verdi, Tchaikovsky
    Label: Rca Victor Gold Seal   Catalog: 60384 Release Date: 03/27/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Giacomo Puccini,  Giuseppe Verdi,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Francesco Cilča  ... 
    Performer:  Licia Albanese
    Conductor:  Frieder Weissmann,  Victor Trucco,  Jean Paul Morel,  Jonel Perlea  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  RCA Victor Symphony Orchestra,  Leopold Stokowski Orchestra
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  • 24.
    Elisabeth Schwarzkopf - Rare Recordings 1946-1954 - Mozart, Beethoven, Verdi, Charpentier, Puccini
    Label: Idi   Catalog: 6563 Release Date: 02/24/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Giuseppe Verdi,  Gustave Charpentier  ... 
    Performer:  Elisabeth Schwarzkopf
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 25.
    Rosalia Chalia: Selected Recordings Of A Forgotten Soprano
    Label: Marston   Catalog: 51007 Release Date: 01/15/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Traditional,  Michael Balfe,  Giuseppe Verdi,  Georges Bizet  ... 
    Performer:  Rosalia Chalia,  Emilio de Gorgoza,  Jane Frankel,  Alberto De Bassini
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