Johann Hermann Schein

Biography

Born: January 20, 1586; Grünhain, Germany   Died: November 19, 1630; Leipzig, Germany  
Johann Hermann Schein was born within a year of both Heinrich Schütz and Samuel Scheidt. Together, these three composers forged a new identity for German music during the early Baroque period, combining the traditional Germanic emphasis on contrapuntal setting of Lutheran chorales with modern stylistic innovations from Italy. In addition to his activities as a composer and poet, Schein is remembered as one of J.S. Bach's predecessors as Read more Kantor of St. Thomas in Leipzig.

Although he was born in the small town of Grünhain in 1586, Schein spent most of his childhood years in Dresden. He showed musical promise as a child, and in 1599 was accepted into the choir of the Elector of Saxony as a boy soprano. Schein's musical education continued under the direct guidance of the court's Kapellmeister, and when his voice broke, he left the Kapelle in May of 1603 to enroll at the prestigious Schulpforta School for Music and the Humanities. After briefly returning to Dresden in 1607, he enrolled at the University of Leipzig to study music, literature, and law, remained there for four years. While a student there, he also published his first work, Venus Kräntzlein, a musical setting of his own poems.

Although he had always divided his attention between music and literature, in 1615 Schein was offered the post of Kapellmeister to the Duke of Weimar. However, his time at Weimar was cut short when he successfully auditioned for the job of Kantor at St. Thomas in Leipzig in late 1616. During the 1620s, Schein suffered a number of personal misfortunes, which impeded his successful professional life. His first wife died in 1624, and most or possibly all of the children born by his second wife, whom he married in 1625, died before reaching adulthood. In addition, Schein's health was declining, and, after suffering tuberculosis, scurvy and kidney stones for most of his adult life, he died in 1630, at the age of 44.

Unlike his close friend and colleague Samuel Scheidt, whose fame rests largely on the merits of his instrumental music, Schein was essentially a composer of vocal music. While his early sacred music draws heavily on the motets of Lassus and Bodenschatz -- whose compilation of motets was used for musical instruction at the Schulpforta -- Schein later developed a more modern style of sacred vocal concerto with basso continuo. The Opella nova of 1618 contains some of the earliest examples of this revolutionary new form. The texts used in his secular music are entirely his own; the music, like his work for sacred occasions, develops over time from a relatively simple, homophonic style, as in the early Venus Kräntzlein. More complex textures featuring greater vocal independence and basso continuo appear in Hirten Lust, published in 1624, the first collection of German madrigals with basso continuo. Read less
Browse 1-25 of 83 Available Recordings
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  • 1.
    A Nativity Sequence / Wilkins, St. Salvator's Chapel Choir
    Label: Odradek   Catalog: 0004 Release Date: 10/28/2016  
    Composer:  Felix Mendelssohn,  Traditional,  Michael Praetorius,  Johannes Brahms  ... 
    Conductor:  Tom Wilkinson
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  St. Salvator's Chapel Choir
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  • 2.
    Schutz: Die Weihnachtshistorie / Tubery, La Fenice
    Label: Christophorus   Catalog: 77404 Release Date: 10/28/2016   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Hermann Schein,  Matthias Weckmann,  Heinrich Schütz
    Performer:  Hans Jörg Mammel,  Claire Lefilliatre
    Conductor:  Jean Tubery
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Choeur de Chambre de Namur Choir,  La Fenice
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  • 3.
    Luther und die Musik
    Label: Christophorus   Catalog: 77403 Release Date: 09/30/2016   Number of Discs: 9
    Composer:  Petrus Roselli,  Anonymous,  Johannes Hesdimois,  Josquin Des Préz  ... 
    Performer:  Franz Vitzthum,  Julian Behr,  Margit SchultheiB,  Edzard Burchards  ... 
    Conductor:  Alessandro Quarta,  Arno Paduch,  Wilfried Rombach,  Bernhard Klebel
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Concerto Romano,  Johann Rosenmüller Ensemble,  Musica Antiqua Vienna  ... 
    CD: $48.99
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  • 4.
    Dresden Passion / Schuster, Cappella Sagittariana Dresden
    Label: Rondeau Productions   Catalog: 612122 Release Date: 03/25/2016   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Heinrich Schütz,  Anonymous,  Marco Gioseppe Peranda,  Christoph Bernhard  ... 
    Conductor:  Norbert Schuster
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Capella Sagittariana Dresden
    CD: $29.99
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  • 5.
    111: The Collector's Editions [111 CDs]
    Label: Dg Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 002422702 Release Date: 12/11/2015   Number of Discs: 111
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Maurice Ravel,  Felix Mendelssohn  ... 
    Performer:  David Oistrakh,  Igor Oistrakh,  Sviatoslav Richter,  Martha Argerich  ... 
    Conductor:  Claudio Abbado,  Daniel Barenboim,  Lorin Maazel,  Franz Konwitschny  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Amadeus Quartet,  Orchestre de Paris  ... 
    CD: $325.49
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  • 6.
    Martin Luther: Ein Feste Burg Ist Unser Gott
    Label: Rondeau Productions   Catalog: 6074 Release Date: 10/09/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Samuel Scheidt,  Michael Praetorius,  Heinrich Grimm,  Johann Hermann Schein  ... 
    Performer:  Birte Kulawik,  Michael Schaffrath,  Clemens Heidrich,  Matthias Grünert  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Instrumenta Musica
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  • 7.
    Luther: Most Famous Hymns
    Label: Querstand   Catalog: 1517 Release Date: 10/02/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Melchior Vulpius,  Johann Ludwig Krebs,  Dietrich Buxtehude  ... 
    Performer:  Felix Friedrich,  Anne-Marie Seager,  Rainer Goede,  Jean Ferrard  ... 
    Conductor:  Gert Frischmuth,  Sebastian Göring,  Christian Skobowsky
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bläser-Collegium Leipzig
    CD: $17.99
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  • 8.
    17th Century Funeral Music: Schutz, Praetorius, Schein, Demantius
    Label: Brilliant Classics   Catalog: 95123 Release Date: 09/25/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Heinrich Schütz,  Michael Praetorius,  Johann Hermann Schein,  Christoph Demantius
    Performer:  Mieke van der Sluis,  Reinhard Decker,  Wolfgang Katschner,  Hermann Oswald  ... 
    Conductor:  Howard Arman
    CD: $8.99
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  • 9.
    Johann Hermann Schein: Musica Boscareccia
    Label: Pan Classics   Catalog: 10326 Release Date: 09/25/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Hermann Schein
    Performer:  Julia von Landsberg,  Christine Maria Rembeck
    Conductor:  Thor Harald Johnsen
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  United Continuo Ensemble
    CD: $18.99
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  • 10.
    Bartolome De Selma Y Salaverde: Orfeo Celeste
    Label: Vanitas   Catalog: 1 Release Date: 07/10/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Hermann Schein,  Bartolemé de Selma y Salaverde,  Luzzasco Luzzaschi
    Conductor:  Andres Alberto Gomez
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  La Reverencia
    CD: $11.99
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  • 11.
    Festival Au Grand-orgue
    Label: Atma Classique   Catalog: 2704 Release Date: 07/10/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Hermann Schein,  Carlo Gesualdo,  Henry Purcell,  Giulio Caccini
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  • 12.
    Armarium
    Label: Raum Klang   Catalog: 10114 Release Date: 06/09/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Thomas Antipho Anonymous,  Sethus Calvisius,  Pandolfo Zallamella,  Orlando de Lassus  ... 
    CD: $19.99
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  • 13.
    Guerre & Paix, 1614-1714 / Jordi Savall
    Label: Alia Vox   Catalog: 9908 Release Date: 03/10/2015   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Anonymous,  Turkish Anonymous,  Moyshe Oysher,  Samuel Scheidt  ... 
    Performer:  Jordi Savall,  Marianne Beate Kielland,  Christoph Irmer,  Hanna Bayodi-Hirt  ... 
    Conductor:  Jordi Savall
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Le Concert des Nations,  Hespèrion XXI,  La Capella Reial de Catalunya
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  • 14.
    Johann Hermann Schein: Ich Will Schweigen
    Label: Ramee   Catalog: 1401 Release Date: 01/27/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Hermann Schein,  Johann Philipp Krieger,  Heinrich Bach,  Gottfried Reiche  ... 
    Performer:  Marc Meisel,  Béatrice Mayo-Félip,  Alice Foccroulle
    Conductor:  Lambert Colson
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Ensemble Inalto
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  • 15.
    Freue Dich, Du Tochter Zion
    Label: Carus   Catalog: 83393 Release Date: 11/19/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Andreas Hammerschmidt,  Johannes Eccard,  Michael Praetorius,  Vincent Lübeck  ... 
    Performer:  Felicitas Erb,  Maria Bernius,  Julia [Soprano Vocal] Jurgasch,  Katja [Soprano Vocal] Kunze  ... 
    Conductor:  Holger Speck
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Les Favorites
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  • 16.
    Christmas Mass / Mccreesh, Gabrieli Consort & Players
    Label: Archiv Produktion (Dg)   Catalog: 001933502 Release Date: 11/05/2013  
    Composer:  Martin Luther,  Anonymous,  Samuel Scheidt,  Michael Praetorius  ... 
    Performer:  Timothy Roberts,  Tom Phillips,  Tessa Bonner,  Sarah Pendlebury  ... 
    Conductor:  Paul McCreesh
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Gabrieli Consort,  Gabrieli Players,  Roskilde Cathedral Boys' Choir
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  • 17.
    Die Helle Sonn Leuchtet: Deutsche Kirchenlieder (German Hymns)
    Label: Cpo   Catalog: 777792 Release Date: 09/24/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Kaspar Ulenberg,  Nikolaus Decius,  Traditional,  Michael Praetorius  ... 
    Performer:  Arno Paduch,  Michael Eberth,  Arno Jochem De La Rosee,  Christoph [Renaissance Guitar] Eglhuber
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  • 18.
    Archiv Produktion 1947-2013
    Label: Archiv Produktion (Dg)   Catalog: 001833572 Release Date: 06/18/2013   Number of Discs: 55
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Anonymous,  Adam de la Halle,  Raimbaut de Vaqeiras  ... 
    Performer:  Helmut Walcha,  Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau,  Hermann Töttcher,  Maria Jung  ... 
    Conductor:  Karl Ristenpart,  Fritz Lehmann,  Maurus Pfaff,  Safford Cape  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Karl Ristenpart Chamber Orchestra,  Bach Festival Orchestra,  Frankfurt Music School Chorus  ... 
    Recommendation
    CD: $132.49
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  • 19.
    Music of Old Cities & Royal Courts
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 283312 Release Date: 05/21/2013   Number of Discs: 10
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Franz Joseph Haydn,  Gregor Joseph Werner,  Frederick the Great  ... 
    Performer:  Tivadar Bantay,  Christa Richter-Steiner,  Theo Altmeyer,  Lisa Otto  ... 
    Conductor:  Bernhard Paumgartner,  Karl Forster,  Wolfgang Meyer,  Hans von Benda  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Salzburg Mozarteum Camerata Academica,  Baryton Trio,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $39.99
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  • 20.
    Schutz: Musikalische Exequien & Motetten  / Homburg, Stuttgarter Hymnus Chorknaben
    Label: Md&g (Dabringhaus & Grimm)   Catalog: 9021784 Release Date: 04/23/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Heinrich Schütz,  Johann Hermann Schein
    Conductor:  Rainer Johannes Homburg,  Roland Wilson
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Stuttgart Hymnus Boys Choir,  Musica Fiata
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  • 21.
    Bach: John Passion / Butt, Dunedin Consort
    Label: Linn Records   Catalog: 419 Release Date: 03/26/2013   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Dietrich Buxtehude,  Jacob Handl,  Johann Hermann Schein
    Performer:  John Butt,  Joanne Lunn,  Nicholas Mulroy,  Matthew Brook  ... 
    Conductor:  John Butt
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Dunedin Consort
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    SuperAudio CD: $34.99
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  • 22.
    Cantors of St. Thomas Before Bach / Bohme
    Label: Carus   Catalog: 83342 Release Date: 11/13/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Sethus Calvisius,  Sebastian Knüpfer,  Johann Kuhnau  ... 
    Conductor:  Ludwig Böhme
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Josquin des Prez Chamber Choir
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  • 23.
    Uns ist ein Kind geboren - Christmas Concertos & Arias / Mammel, L'Arpa Festante
    Label: Carus   Catalog: 83373 Release Date: 11/13/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Pavel Josef Vejvanovsky,  Christoph Bernhard,  Georg Philipp Telemann,  Johann Heinrich Schmelzer  ... 
    Performer:  Hans Jörg Mammel
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  L'Arpa Festante
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  • 24.
    Gallus, Hassler, Schein / Thios Omilos
    Label: Rondeau Productions   Catalog: 6041 Release Date: 10/30/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Hermann Schein,  Hans Leo Hassler,  Jacob Handl
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Thios Omilos
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  • 25.
    Weynacht Gesaenge / Stimmwerck
    Label: Christophorus   Catalog: 77364 Release Date: 10/30/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Samuel Scheidt,  Anonymous,  Hans Leo Hassler,  Esaias Reusner  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Stimmwerck
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