Ralph Vaughan Williams

Biography

Born: Oct 12, 1872; England   Died: Aug 26, 1958; England   Period: 20th Century
Ralph Vaughan Williams left a varied oeuvre that includes orchestral works, songs, operas, and various choral compositions. While primarily drawing on the rich tradition of English folksong and hymnody, Vaughan Williams produced well-loved works that fit into larger European traditions and gained worldwide popularity.
Vaughan Williams, who lost his father early in life, was cared for by his mother. Related, through his mother, to both
Read more Charles Darwin and the Wedgwoods of pottery fame, he grew up without financial worries. He studied history and music at Trinity College, Cambridge, and finished up at the Royal College of Music, where he worked with Parry, Wood, and Stanford. In 1897, the year he married Adeline Fisher, Vaughan Williams traveled to Berlin to study with Max Bruch, also seeking Maurice Ravel as a teacher several years later, despite the fact that the French composer was three years his junior. In 1903, he started collecting English folksongs; certain characteristics of English folk music, particularly its modal tonalities, in many ways informed his approach to composition. Vaughan Williams further developed his style while working as editor of the English Hymnal, which was completed in 1906. His work on the English Hymnal went beyond editing, for he contributed several new hymn tunes, most notably the Sine nomine, the tune for the hymn For All the Saints. The composer's interest in and knowledge of traditional English music is reflected in his song cycle On Wenlock Edge (1909), based on selections from A.E. Housman's immensely popular volume of poetry A Shropshire Lad. In his Fantasia on a Theme of Thomas Tallis, composed in 1910, Vaughan Williams introduced antiphonal effects within the context of modal tonality, juxtaposing consonant, but unrelated, triads. Composed in 1914, his Symphony No. 2, "A London Symphony" brings to life, with great charm, the sounds of London from dawn to dusk. That year, Vaughan Williams also wrote his pastoral The Lark Ascending, for violin and orchestra. When World War I broke out, the 41-year-old composer enlisted as an orderly in the medical corps, becoming famous for organizing choral singing and other entertainment in the trenches. He was commissioned from the ranks, ending his war service as an artillery officer. The war interrupted the composer's work but did not, it seems, disrupt the inner continuity of his creative development. The Symphony No. 3 ("Pastoral"), composed in 1922, conjures up a familiar world, effectively incorporating folksong motives into sonorities created by sequential chords. While critics detected pessimistic moods and themes in the later symphonies, ascribing a shift to a darker vision to the composer's alleged general pessimism about the world, Vaughan Williams refused to attach any programmatic content to these works. However, the composer created a convincing musical description of a desolate world in his Symphony No. 7 "Sinfonia Antarctica" (1952), which was inspired by the request to write the music for the film Scott of the Antarctic. In addition to his symphonies, Vaughan Williams composed highly acclaimed religious music, as well as works inspired by English spiritual literature, culminating in his 1951 opera The Pilgrim's Progress, based on the spiritual classic by John Bunyan. An artist of extraordinary creative energy, Vaughan Williams continued composing with undiminished powers until his death at 87. Read less
Vaughan Williams: The Pilgrim's Progress / Hickox, Et Al
Release Date: 05/19/1998   Label: Chandos  
Catalog: 9625   Number of Discs: 2
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Vaughan Williams: The Poisoned Kiss / Hickox, Bbc National
Release Date: 11/25/2003   Label: Chandos  
Catalog: 5020   Number of Discs: 2
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Vaughan Williams: Riders To The Sea / Walker, Thomson
Release Date: 08/26/2008   Label: Kultur Video  
Catalog: 4390   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Fantasia on Greensleeves

Browse 76-100 of 122 Available Recordings
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  • 76.
    Romantic Classics
    Label: Chandos   Catalog: 24114 Release Date: 01/20/2004   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Sir William Walton,  Alexander Glazunov,  Sergei Rachmaninov,  Ludwig van Beethoven  ... 
    Performer:  Earl Wild,  Israela Margalit,  Craig Ogden,  Luba Edlina  ... 
    Conductor:  Richard Hickox,  Neeme Järvi,  Jascha Horenstein,  Sachio Fujioka  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bournemouth Symphony Orchestra,  Royal Scottish National Orchestra,  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
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  • 77.
    Bedroom Adagios
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 000088602 Release Date: 09/09/2003   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Sir William Walton,  Edvard Grieg,  Giacomo Puccini  ... 
    Performer:  Raymond Leppard,  Heinz Holliger,  William Bennett,  Eduardo Fernandez  ... 
    Conductor:  Raymond Leppard,  Andrew Litton,  Iona Brown,  Neeme Järvi  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  English Chamber Orchestra,  Bournemouth Symphony Orchestra,  Academy of St. Martin in the Fields  ... 
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  • 78.
    Vaughan Williams: Fantasia On Greensleeves, Etc / Judd, Etc
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8555867 Release Date: 07/15/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ralph Vaughan Williams
    Conductor:  James Judd
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New Zealand Symphony Orchestra
    CD: $9.99
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  • 79.
    Holidays
    Label: Cd Baby   Catalog: 5637395251 Release Date: 06/03/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Ralph Vaughan Williams,  Arcangelo Corelli,  Antonio Vivaldi  ... 
    Performer:  Giddeon Meir,  Duncan Johnstone,  Jim Shallenberger,  Dan Levitan  ... 
    CD: $20.99
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  • 80.
    The Most Relaxing Classical Music In The Universe
    Label: Denon Records   Catalog: 17232 Release Date: 04/08/2003   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Erik Satie  ... 
    CD: $26.99
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  • 81.
    Label: Oakwood Chamber Players   Catalog: 5637419179 Release Date: 12/03/2002   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jule Styne,  Anonymous,  Traditional,  Lydia Marie Child  ... 
    Performer:  Oakwood Chamber Players
    CD: $23.99
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  • 82.
    Stokowski - Classic 1947-1949 Columbia Recordings Vol 1
    Label: Cala Records   Catalog: 533 Release Date: 10/29/2002   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Ralph Vaughan Williams,  Richard Wagner,  Charles Tomlinson Griffes  ... 
    Conductor:  Leopold Stokowski
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New York Philharmonic
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  • 83.
    Christmas Adagios - Holiday Classics To Touch Your Heart
    Label: Rca Victor Red Seal   Catalog: 63972 Release Date: 10/08/2002   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Engelbert Humperdinck,  Michael Praetorius,  Arcangelo Corelli,  John Henry Hopkins Jr.  ... 
    Performer:  Alfred Krips,  James Galway,  John De Lancie,  Emily Mitchell  ... 
    Conductor:  Arthur Fiedler,  Robert Salter,  Sir Thomas Beecham,  James Galway  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Boston Pops,  Canadian Brass,  Guildhall String Ensemble  ... 
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  • 84.
    The #1 Classical Album
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 470933 Release Date: 05/14/2002   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gioachino Rossini,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Giacomo Puccini  ... 
    Performer:  Dame Kiri Te Kanawa,  Luciano Pavarotti,  Nigel Kennedy,  Carlos Bonell  ... 
    Conductor:  Riccardo Chailly,  Willi Boskovsky,  Julius Rudel,  Zubin Mehta  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Milan Teatro alla Scala Orchestra,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Utah Symphony Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $14.99
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  • 85.
    Elgar: Enigma Variations, Etc;  Vaughan Williams: Fantasias
    Label: Classics For Pleasure   Catalog: 74880 Release Date: 05/07/2002   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ralph Vaughan Williams,  Sir Edward Elgar
    Performer:  David Nolan,  Mair Jones,  Colin Chambers,  David Bell
    Conductor:  Vernon Handley
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Philharmonic Orchestra,  Royal Liverpool Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 86.
    Holst: The Planets;  Vaughan Williams: Fantasias / Slatkin
    Label: Rca 24/96 Sound Dimension   Catalog: 68018 Release Date: 10/23/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ralph Vaughan Williams,  Gustav Holst
    Conductor:  Leonard Slatkin
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra,  New London Children's Choir
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  • 87.
    For Your Life - For A Rainy Day
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 470237 Release Date: 10/02/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Sir Edward Elgar,  Edvard Grieg,  Fritz Kreisler  ... 
    Performer:  Raymond Leppard,  Joshua Bell,  Iona Brown,  Carmel Kaine  ... 
    Conductor:  Raymond Leppard,  Sir Georg Solti,  Sir Neville Marriner,  Gianandrea Gavazzeni  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  English Chamber Orchestra,  Chicago Symphony Orchestra,  Academy of St. Martin in the Fields  ... 
    CD: $6.99
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  • 88.
    Westminster - Holst: The Planets; Vaughan-Williams / Boult
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 471240 Release Date: 09/18/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ralph Vaughan Williams,  Gustav Holst
    Conductor:  Sir Adrian Boult
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna State Opera Orchestra,  Vienna Academy Chamber Chorus
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  • 89.
    Royal Strings / Charles Rosekrans, Royal PO
    Label: Telarc   Catalog: 80562 Release Date: 05/22/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Franz Schubert,  Johannes Brahms,  Henry Purcell  ... 
    Performer:  Christine Jackson,  Clio Gould
    Conductor:  Charles Rosekranz
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 90.
    Night Air - The Relaxing Side Of Classical Music
    Label: Telarc   Catalog: 80558 Release Date: 07/25/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Georges Bizet,  Ottorino Respighi,  Ralph Vaughan Williams,  Alexander Borodin  ... 
    Performer:  Frances Tietov
    Conductor:  Leonard Slatkin,  Jesús Lopez-Cobos
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  St. Louis Symphony Orchestra,  Lausanne Chamber Orchestra
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  • 91.
    Vaughan Williams: Norfolk Rhapsody No 1, Etc /Thomson, Et Al
    Label: Chandos   Catalog: 9775 Release Date: 11/30/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ralph Vaughan Williams
    Performer:  Michael Davis
    Conductor:  Bryden Thomson
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra,  London Philharmonic Orchestra
    CD: $18.99
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  • 92.
    Vaughan Williams: The Poisoned Kiss, Sea Songs, Etc
    Label: Chandos   Catalog: 2409 Release Date: 05/18/1999   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Ralph Vaughan Williams
    Performer:  Stephen Varcoe,  Janet Hilton,  Keith Swallow,  Frederick Riddle  ... 
    Conductor:  Richard Hickox,  Vernon Handley,  Brian Kay,  George Hurst  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  City of London Sinfonia,  London Philharmonic Orchestra,  BBC Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
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  • 93.
    Vaughan Williams: Orchestral Works / Marriner, Boult, Et Al
    Label: London/Decca Double Decker   Catalog: 460357 Release Date: 05/11/1999   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Ralph Vaughan Williams
    Performer:  Iona Brown,  Tommy Reilly,  Celia Nicklin
    Conductor:  Barry Wordsworth,  Sir Adrian Boult,  Sir Neville Marriner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New Queen's Hall Orchestra,  London Philharmonic Orchestra,  Academy of St. Martin in the Fields
    CD: $19.99
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  • 94.
    The Most Relaxing Classical Album In The World...ever!
    Label: Erato   Catalog: 44890 Release Date: 03/30/1999   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Antonio Vivaldi,  Georges Bizet,  Samuel Barber  ... 
    Performer:  Andrei Gavrilov,  Nigel North,  Barrington Pheloung,  Julian Bream  ... 
    Conductor:  Sir Neville Marriner,  Wolfgang Gönnenwein,  Seiji Ozawa,  Eugene Ormandy  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Academy of St. Martin in the Fields,  South German Madrigal Choir Stuttgart,  Consortium Musicum  ... 
    CD: $18.99
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  • 95.
    A Portrait Of Vaughan Williams
    Label: Nimbus   Catalog: 1754 Release Date: 02/23/1999   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Ralph Vaughan Williams
    Performer:  Iain Simcock,  Audrey Douglas,  Thomas Waddington,  Susan Lynn  ... 
    Conductor:  Stephen Darlington,  William Boughton
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Christ Church Cathedral Choir,  English String Orchestra,  Medici String Quartet
    CD: $29.99
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  • 96.
    Suite Enfantine / Israelievitch, Sebastian
    Label: Fleur De Son   Catalog: 57936 Release Date: 12/02/1998   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Claude René G. Pascal,  Arvo Pärt,  Antonio Bazzini,  Johann Sebastian Bach  ... 
    Performer:  Jacques Israelievitch,  Stephanie Sebastian
    CD: $18.99
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  • 97.
    Carol Of The Bells - Carols For Handbells And Organ
    Label: Platinum Entertainment   Catalog: 1805 Release Date: 10/20/1998   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Michael Praetorius,  John Henry Hopkins Jr.,  Johann Pachelbel,  Traditional  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  First Baptist Bells
    CD: $6.99
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  • 98.
    Home For The Holidays / Eaken Piano Trio
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8554099 Release Date: 09/08/1998   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Leroy Anderson,  Pietro Yon,  Mel Torme,  Percy Aldridge Grainger  ... 
    Performer:  Nancy Baun,  Gloria Whitney,  John Eaken
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Eaken Piano Trio
    CD: $12.99
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  • 99.
    The Complete Wedding Album - There Is Love
    Label: Telarc   Catalog: 80490 Release Date: 04/28/1998   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Richard Wagner,  Samuel Barber,  Ralph Vaughan Williams  ... 
    Performer:  Angel Romero,  Joseph Silverstein,  Larry Cooperman,  Michael Chertock  ... 
    Conductor:  Robert Shaw,  Erich Kunzel,  Leonard Slatkin,  Keith Clark  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Atlanta Symphony Chorus,  Atlanta Symphony Orchestra,  Cincinnati Pops  ... 
    CD: $12.99
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  • 100.
    Fantasia On Greensleeves, Etc / Neville Marriner, Asmf
    Label: London/Decca Double Decker   Catalog: 452707 Release Date: 08/26/1997   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Sir Edward Elgar,  Frederick Delius,  George Butterworth,  Peter Warlock  ... 
    Performer:  Raymond Keenlyside,  Kenneth Essex,  Hugh Maguire,  Kenneth Heath  ... 
    Conductor:  Sir Neville Marriner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Academy of St. Martin in the Fields
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