Joaquin Turina

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Biography

Born: December 9, 1882; Seville, Spain   Died: January 14, 1949; Madrid, Spain  
When he was a small boy, one of Joaquín Turina's favorite toys was a small accordion, and music was always his favorite subject at school. He studied piano and theory in his hometown of Seville and made his debut there as a pianist at age 14. His success led him to Madrid, where he tried to get his opera La sulamita (c. 1900) and his zarzuela Fea y con gracia (1904) performed. The latter was staged to no great success, but Turina showed his music Read more to many prominent musicians and struck up a friendship with Manuel de Falla.

After studying piano at the Madrid Conservatory with José Tragó, Turina went to Paris, where he worked with Vincent d'Indy at the Schola Cantorum from 1905 to 1914. He also took some piano lessons with Moritz Moszkowski. During his years in Paris he was encouraged by the great French composers of that time -- Claude Debussy, Maurice Ravel, Paul Dukas, and his teacher d'Indy -- and wrote a few works in the French style of the day. After the premiere of his Piano Quintet, Op. 1 in 1907, Turina went to a café with Isaac Albéniz and de Falla. They convinced Turina to write in a more consciously Spanish style. As Turina put it, "[w]e were three Spaniards gathered together in that corner of Paris and it was our duty to fight bravely for the national music of our country."

One of his first truly Spanish works was La procesión del Rocío, written in France in 1912 and premiered by the Madrid Symphony the following year. This portrait of a religious festival helped establish Turina's reputation, and by the time he returned to Spain with Falla in 1914, he was already recognized as a leading Spanish composer. Turina took a post as choirmaster at the Teatro Real, a position he held until the theater closed in 1925. He continued to be very active in Spain's musical life, serving as pianist of the Quinteto de Madrid, conducting opera and orchestral performances, and writing musical criticism for El Debate and other publications. He also composed works like the two books of Mujeres Españolas for piano (1917, 1932), a series of portraits of Spanish women, and La oración del torero (The Bullfighter's Prayer, 1925). In 1920 he wrote two of his most popular pieces, the Danzas Fantásticas for orchestra or piano, and the Sinfonía Sevillana, which won first prize in a competition for a musical picture of life in Seville.

In 1930 he was appointed professor of composition at the Madrid Conservatory. He and his family suffered a certain amount of persecution by the Republicans during the Spanish Civil War, but Turina was able to carry on with his musical activities both during and after the war. He founded the General Music Commission of the Ministry of Education, of which he served as commissioner in 1941. He became a member of the Spanish Academy of Arts, was awarded the Grand Cross of Alfonso X the Wise, and died in early 1949 after a long struggle with cancer. Read less
Turina: Chamber Music For Strings And Piano  / Lincoln Trio
Release Date: 10/14/2014   Label: Cedille Records  
Catalog: 150   Number of Discs: 1
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Spanish Piano Music - Mompou, Falla, Turina / Martin Jones
Release Date: 10/12/1999   Label: Nimbus  
Catalog: 5619   Number of Discs: 5
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Browse 1-25 of 288 Available Recordings
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  • 1.
    Rosenblatt Recitals, Vol. 1 / Tynan, Brownlee, Siurina, Meli, Perez, Michaels-Moore [6-CD Set]
    Label: Opus Arte   Catalog: 9027 Release Date: 10/28/2014   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Gabriel Fauré,  Traditional,  Henri Duparc,  Franz Liszt  ... 
    Performer:  Ailish Tynan,  Iain Burnside,  Lawrence Brownlee,  Francesco Meli  ... 
    On sale! $39.99
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  • 2.
    Turina: Chamber Music For Strings And Piano  / Lincoln Trio
    Label: Cedille Records   Catalog: 150 Release Date: 10/14/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Joaquin Turina
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Lincoln Trio
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  • 3.
    Cancion Amorosa: Songs Of Spain
    Label: Gpr Records   Catalog: 70013 Release Date: 07/29/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Eduardo Toldrá,  Joaquin Nin,  Joaquin Turina,  Felix Lavilla Munarriz  ... 
    Performer:  Corrine Winters,  Steven Blier
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  • 4.
    Spanish Dances / Brazilian Guitar Quartet
    Label: Delos   Catalog: 3466 Release Date: 07/08/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Manuel de Falla,  Enrique Granados,  Joaquin Turina,  Joaquin Rodrigo  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Brazilian Guitar Quartet
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  • 5.
    Turina: Canto a Sevilla / Espada, Roscoe, Mena
    Label: Chandos   Catalog: 10819 Release Date: 06/24/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Joaquin Turina
    Performer:  Martin Roscoe,  Maria Espada
    Conductor:  Juanjo Mena
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  BBC Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 6.
    Night Stories - Nocturnes / Jenny Lin
    Label: Hänssler Classic   Catalog: 98037 Release Date: 05/27/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Frédéric Chopin,  Claude Debussy,  Gabriel Fauré,  Alexander Glazunov  ... 
    Performer:  Jenny Lin
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  • 7.
    En La Alhambra
    Label: Ibs Classical   Catalog: 32013 Release Date: 05/13/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Isaac Albeniz,  Claude Debussy,  Jesús Torres,  Joaquin Turina  ... 
    Performer:  Juan Carlos Garvayo
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  • 8.
    RCA Living Stereo Collection Vol 1
    Label: Rca   Catalog: 541497 Release Date: 04/15/2014   Number of Discs: 60
    Composer:  Camille Saint-Saëns,  Claude Debussy,  Jacques Ibert,  Maurice Ravel  ... 
    Performer:  Berj Zamkochian,  John Weicher,  Philip Farkas,  Jascha Heifetz  ... 
    Conductor:  Charles Munch,  Fritz Reiner,  Kiril Kondrashin,  Arthur Fiedler  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Boston Symphony Orchestra,  New England Conservatory Chorus,  New England Conservatory Alumni Chorus  ... 
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  • 9.
    Sonata Concertata A Quattro: Spanish Piano Quartets
    Label: Ibs   Catalog: 42013 Release Date: 03/11/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Julian Bautista,  Joaquin Turina,  Fernando Remacha
    Performer:  Rocio Gomez,  Trío Arbós
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  • 10.
    Classical Guitar
    Label: Dux Records   Catalog: 978 Release Date: 02/25/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Frédéric Chopin,  Manuel Ponce,  Joaquin Turina
    Performer:  Piotr Przedbora
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  • 11.
    Oblivion
    Label: Thorofon   Catalog: 2610 Release Date: 02/25/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Paul Schoenfield,  Astor Piazzolla,  Joaquin Turina,  Isaac Albeniz
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Gelius Trio
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  • 12.
    The Westminster Legacy
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 001999302 Release Date: 02/18/2014   Number of Discs: 40
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Franz Joseph Haydn,  Gustav Mahler  ... 
    Performer:  Sena Jurinac,  Lucretia West,  Hans Loeffler,  Frederick Guthrie  ... 
    Conductor:  Hermann Scherchen,  Pierre Monteux,  René Leibowitz,  Erich Leinsdorf  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra,  Vienna State Opera Orchestra,  Vienna Academy Chamber Chorus  ... 
    On sale! $149.98
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  • 13.
    Come Dance With Me
    Label: Meridian Records   Catalog: 84621 Release Date: 01/14/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Alberto Ginastera,  Joaquin Turina,  Olivier Messiaen,  Ernesto Lecuona  ... 
    Performer:  Katarzyna Musial
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  • 14.
    Soiree Dans Granade
    Label: Ibs Classical   Catalog: 22011 Release Date: 01/14/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Manuel de Falla,  Joaquin Turina,  Antonio Jose M. Palacios,  Joaquin Rodrigo  ... 
    Performer:  Lazhar Cherouana
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  • 15.
    Modern Times
    Label: Cd Accord   Catalog: 193 Release Date: 11/19/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Karol Szymanowski,  Claude Debussy,  Fritz Kreisler,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky  ... 
    Performer:  Maria Oldak,  James Baillieu
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  • 16.
    Julian Bream - The Complete RCA Album Collection
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 546242 Release Date: 10/15/2013   Number of Discs: 42
    Composer:  Girolamo Frescobaldi,  Mateo Pérez de Albeniz,  Domenico Scarlatti,  Domenico Cimarosa  ... 
    Performer:  Julian Bream,  Peter Pears,  George Malcolm,  John Williams  ... 
    Conductor:  Sir Malcolm Arnold,  Sir Colin Davis,  André Previn,  David Atherton  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Melos Ensemble London,  Julian Bream Consort,  London Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 17.
    Moura Lympany - The Hmv Recordings, 1947-1952
    Label: Apr   Catalog: 6011 Release Date: 09/10/2013   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Frédéric Chopin,  Robert Schumann,  Johannes Brahms,  Franz Liszt  ... 
    Performer:  Moura Lympany
    Conductor:  Rafael Kubelik,  Herbert Menges,  Walter Susskind
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  • 18.
    Rapsodia Sinfonica / Valerie Tryon
    Label: Somm   Catalog: 250 Release Date: 09/10/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Joaquin Turina,  César Franck,  Manuel de Falla,  Enrique Granados  ... 
    Performer:  Valerie Tryon
    Conductor:  Kenneth Woods
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 19.
    Turina: Danzas Fantasticas / Antonio De Almeida
    Label: Newton Classics   Catalog: 8802178 Release Date: 07/30/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Joaquin Turina
    Conductor:  Antonio de Almeida
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bamberg Symphony Orchestra
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  • 20.
    Turina: Piano Music, Vol. 9 / Jordi Maso
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8572915 Release Date: 07/30/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Joaquin Turina
    Performer:  Jordi Masó
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  • 21.
    A Spanish Album - Soler, Falla, Turina, Lecuona / Rodriguez
    Label: Elan Recordings   Catalog: 2206 Release Date: 07/16/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ernesto Lecuona,  Antonio Soler,  Joaquin Turina,  Manuel de Falla
    Performer:  Santiago Rodriguez
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  • 22.
    Laureate Series, Guitar: Rovshan Mamedkuliev
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8573179 Release Date: 05/28/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Manuel de Falla,  Fikret Amirov,  Miguel Llobet,  Sergei Rudnev  ... 
    Performer:  Rovshan Mamedkuliev
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  • 23.
    Poeme d'un Jour / Ailyn Perez, Iain Burnside
    Label: Opus Arte   Catalog: 9013 Release Date: 05/28/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Reynaldo Hahn,  Fernando J. Obradors,  Jules Massenet,  Joaquin Turina  ... 
    Performer:  Ailyn Pérez,  Iain Burnside
    CD: $22.49
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  • 24.
    The Heifetz-Piatigorsky Concerts Album Collection
    Label: Rca   Catalog: 545145 Release Date: 05/07/2013   Number of Discs: 21
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Antonín Dvorák,  Maurice Ravel,  Johannes Brahms  ... 
    Performer:  Gregor Piatigorsky,  Laurence Lesser,  Paul Rosenthal,  Israel Baker  ... 
    Conductor:  Alfred Wallenstein
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  RCA Victor Symphony Orchestra,  Orchestra
    CD: $67.49
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  • 25.
    De Granados A Kroll
    Label: Doron Music   Catalog: 5041 Release Date: 04/30/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Enrique Granados,  Joaquin Turina,  Lili Boulanger,  Claude Debussy  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Duo d'Alma
    On sale! $15.98
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