Joaquin Turina

Biography

Born: December 9, 1882; Seville, Spain   Died: January 14, 1949; Madrid, Spain  
When he was a small boy, one of Joaquín Turina's favorite toys was a small accordion, and music was always his favorite subject at school. He studied piano and theory in his hometown of Seville and made his debut there as a pianist at age 14. His success led him to Madrid, where he tried to get his opera La sulamita (c. 1900) and his zarzuela Fea y con gracia (1904) performed. The latter was staged to no great success, but Turina showed his music Read more to many prominent musicians and struck up a friendship with Manuel de Falla.

After studying piano at the Madrid Conservatory with José Tragó, Turina went to Paris, where he worked with Vincent d'Indy at the Schola Cantorum from 1905 to 1914. He also took some piano lessons with Moritz Moszkowski. During his years in Paris he was encouraged by the great French composers of that time -- Claude Debussy, Maurice Ravel, Paul Dukas, and his teacher d'Indy -- and wrote a few works in the French style of the day. After the premiere of his Piano Quintet, Op. 1 in 1907, Turina went to a café with Isaac Albéniz and de Falla. They convinced Turina to write in a more consciously Spanish style. As Turina put it, "[w]e were three Spaniards gathered together in that corner of Paris and it was our duty to fight bravely for the national music of our country."

One of his first truly Spanish works was La procesión del Rocío, written in France in 1912 and premiered by the Madrid Symphony the following year. This portrait of a religious festival helped establish Turina's reputation, and by the time he returned to Spain with Falla in 1914, he was already recognized as a leading Spanish composer. Turina took a post as choirmaster at the Teatro Real, a position he held until the theater closed in 1925. He continued to be very active in Spain's musical life, serving as pianist of the Quinteto de Madrid, conducting opera and orchestral performances, and writing musical criticism for El Debate and other publications. He also composed works like the two books of Mujeres Españolas for piano (1917, 1932), a series of portraits of Spanish women, and La oración del torero (The Bullfighter's Prayer, 1925). In 1920 he wrote two of his most popular pieces, the Danzas Fantásticas for orchestra or piano, and the Sinfonía Sevillana, which won first prize in a competition for a musical picture of life in Seville.

In 1930 he was appointed professor of composition at the Madrid Conservatory. He and his family suffered a certain amount of persecution by the Republicans during the Spanish Civil War, but Turina was able to carry on with his musical activities both during and after the war. He founded the General Music Commission of the Ministry of Education, of which he served as commissioner in 1941. He became a member of the Spanish Academy of Arts, was awarded the Grand Cross of Alfonso X the Wise, and died in early 1949 after a long struggle with cancer. Read less
Turina: Complete Piano Trios / Trío Arbós
Release Date: 01/15/2002   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 8555870   Number of Discs: 1
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Spanish Classics - Turina: Sinfonía Sevillana, Etc
Release Date: 01/21/2003   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 8555955   Number of Discs: 1
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Spanish Classics - Turina: Piano  Music Vol 2 / Masó
Release Date: 10/18/2005   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 8557438   Number of Discs: 1
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Spanish Classics - Turina: Piano Music Vol 4 / Jordi Masó
Release Date: 07/31/2007   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 8570026   Number of Discs: 1
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Turina: Piano Music Vol 5 / Jordi Masó
Release Date: 03/31/2009   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 8570370   Number of Discs: 1
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Browse 1-25 of 262 Available Recordings
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  • 1.
    Complete Solo Recordings / Yepes
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 4797316 Release Date: 06/09/2017   Number of Discs: 20
    Composer:  Alonso de Mudarra,  Luis de Milan,  Luis de Narváez,  Diego Pisador  ... 
    Performer:  Narciso Yepes
    CD: $78.99
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  • 2.
    Anthology of Classical Guitar Music
    Label: Brilliant Classics   Catalog: 95480 Release Date: 05/26/2017   Number of Discs: 40
    Composer:  Robert de Visée,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Domenico Scarlatti,  Domenico Cimarosa  ... 
    Performer:  Krishnasol Jiménez,  Luigi Attademo,  Claudio Giuliani,  Sara Ligas  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Quartett Orfeo,  Claude Quartet
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  • 3.
    In the Moment: Short Pieces for String Quartet / Arabella String Quartet
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8579013 Release Date: 05/12/2017   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Joaquin Turina,  Anton von Webern,  Felix Mendelssohn,  Dmitri Shostakovich  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Arabella String Quartet
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  • 4.
    Hidden Treasures / Saint John String Quartet
    Label: Leaf Music   Catalog: 01 Release Date: 04/21/2017   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Frank Bridge,  Joaquin Turina,  Ernest MacMillan,  Healey Willan  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Saint John String Quartet
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  • 5.
    Spanish Music for Cello & Piano / Smith, Montero
    Label: Delos   Catalog: 3492 Release Date: 01/06/2017   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Enrique Granados,  Gaspar Cassadó,  Xavier Montsalvatge,  Joaquin Turina  ... 
    Performer:  Andrew Smith,  Alfredo Oyágüez Montero
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  • 6.
    Guitar Recital: Armen Doneyan
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8573591 Release Date: 10/14/2016   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Dubez,  Luigi Legnani,  Alexandre Tansman,  Francisco Tarrega  ... 
    Performer:  Armen Doneyan
    On sale! $12.99
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  • 7.
    Turina: Piano Music / Maso
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8573539 Release Date: 10/14/2016   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Joaquin Turina
    Performer:  Jordi Masó
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  • 8.
    Passages / Mattingly
    Label: Soundset Recordings   Catalog: 1067 Release Date: 10/11/2016   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Fernando Sor,  Federico Mompou,  Roberto Gerhard,  Joaquin Turina  ... 
    Performer:  Stephen Mattingly
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  • 9.
    Children's World / Conti
    Label: Albany Records   Catalog: 1642 Release Date: 09/13/2016   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Francis Poulenc,  Federico Mompou,  Lalo Schifrin,  Joaquin Turina  ... 
    Performer:  Mirian Conti
    On sale! $18.98
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  • 10.
    Jascha Heifetz: The Complete Stereo Collection (Remastered)
    Label: Rca   Catalog: 309534 Release Date: 08/26/2016   Number of Discs: 24
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Felix Mendelssohn  ... 
    Performer:  Jascha Heifetz
    CD: $101.49
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  • 11.
    100 Best Guitar Classics
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 556481 Release Date: 08/05/2016   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  John Dowland,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Antonio Vivaldi,  Robert de Visée  ... 
    Performer:  Jacob Heringman,  Sharon Isbin,  Manuel Barrueco,  Georg Lawall  ... 
    Conductor:  Howard Griffiths,  Raymond Leppard,  André Previn,  Antoni Ros Marbà
    CD: $18.99
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  • 12.
    Corpus / Alki Guitar Trio
    Label: Gha   Catalog: 126071 Release Date: 06/14/2016   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Joaquin Turina,  Manuel de Falla,  Isaac Albeniz,  Enrique Granados
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Alki Guitar Trio
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  • 13.
    Martha Argerich & Friends: Live from Lugano Festival 2015
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 555572 Release Date: 05/27/2016   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Robert Schumann,  Franz Schubert,  Ferdinand Ries  ... 
    Performer:  Martha Argerich
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  • 14.
    The Art of the Guitar
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 555261 Release Date: 05/06/2016   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Fernando Sor,  Narciso Yepes,  Francisco Tarrega,  Miguel Llobet  ... 
    Performer:  Turibio Santos,  Pierre Laniau,  Ernesto Bitetti,  Wulfin Lieske  ... 
    CD: $13.99
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  • 15.
    Great Moments at Carnegie Hall
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 503227 Release Date: 04/29/2016   Number of Discs: 43
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Roy Harris,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Christoph W. Gluck  ... 
    Performer:  Vladimir Horowitz,  Jussi Björling,  Frederick Schauwecker,  Van Cliburn  ... 
    Conductor:  Arturo Toscanini,  Serge Koussevitzky,  Bruno Walter,  Leonard Bernstein  ... 
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  • 16.
    John Williams: The Complete Columbia Album Collection [58 CD + 1 DVD]
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 309294 Release Date: 03/04/2016   Number of Discs: 59
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Isaac Albeniz,  Francisco Tarrega,  Joaquin Turina  ... 
    Performer:  John Williams,  Julian Bream,  Carlos Bonell,  Brian Gascoigne  ... 
    Conductor:  Sir Charles Groves,  Daniel Barenboim,  John Williams,  Louis Frémaux  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  English Chamber Orchestra,  London Sinfonietta,  String Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $138.49
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  • 17.
    Rodrigo, Turina, Debussy & Castelnuovo-Tedesco: Harp Concertos / Yoshino
    Label: Aparte   Catalog: 113 Release Date: 03/04/2016   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Joaquin Rodrigo,  Mario Castelnuovo-Tedesco,  Claude Debussy,  Joaquin Turina
    Performer:  Naoko Yoshino
    Conductor:  Roberto Fores
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Auvergne Orchestra
    CD: $20.99
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  • 18.
    Excepciones: Musica Contemporania Espanyola Per A Guitarra
    Label: La Ma De Guido   Catalog: 2135 Release Date: 02/09/2016   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Manuel de Falla,  Roberto Gerhard,  Joaquin Turina,  Agustin Charles  ... 
    Performer:  Pedro Rojas Ogayar
    On sale! $22.98
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  • 19.
    Joaquin Turina: The Complete Violin Sonatas And Select Violin Works
    Label: Centaur Records   Catalog: 3463 Release Date: 01/08/2016   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Joaquin Turina
    Performer:  Betul Soykan,  Anatoly Sheludyakov
    On sale! $16.99
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  • 20.
    Granados, Turina: Piano Quintets
    Label: Harmonia Mundi   Catalog: 902226 Release Date: 11/13/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Enrique Granados,  Joaquin Turina
    Performer:  Javier Perianes
    CD: $18.99
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  • 21.
    The Art of Goya & The Sound of the Spanish Guitar
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 552773 Release Date: 10/02/2015   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Joaquin Rodrigo,  Heitor Villa-Lobos,  John Lennon,  Francisco Tarrega  ... 
    Performer:  Xuefei Yang,  Manuel Barrueco,  David Tanenbaum,  Ernesto Bitetti  ... 
    Conductor:  Eiji Oue,  Iona Brown,  Antoni Ros Marbà,  Enrique Bátiz
    CD: $17.99
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  • 22.
    Turina: Piano Music, Vol. 11 - Verbena Madrilena
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8573401 Release Date: 09/11/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Joaquin Turina
    Performer:  Jordi Masó
    On sale! $12.99
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  • 23.
    Introspective Odyssey
    Label: Navona   Catalog: 6005 Release Date: 08/14/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Benjamin Britten,  Jean Sibelius,  Joaquin Turina
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Skyros Quartet
    CD: $14.99
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  • 24.
    Beaux Arts Trio - Complete Philips Recordings
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 002341702 Release Date: 07/10/2015   Number of Discs: 60
    Composer:  Franz Joseph Haydn,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Franz Schubert  ... 
    Performer:  Isidore Cohen,  Bernard Greenhouse,  Menahem Pressler,  Stephen Kovacevich  ... 
    Conductor:  Kurt Masur,  Bernard Haitink
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Beaux Arts Trio,  Leipzig Gewandhaus Orchestra,  Beaux Arts Trio members  ... 
    Recommendation
    CD: $218.99
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  • 25.
    Manuel Castillo: Perpetuum Castillo
    Label: Ibs Classical   Catalog: 12015 Release Date: 07/10/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Manuel del Castillo,  Joaquin Turina,  Isaac Albeniz
    Performer:  Cristina Lucio-Villegas
    On sale! $18.98
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