Georg Philipp Telemann

Biography

Born: Mar 14, 1681; Germany   Died: Jun 25, 1767; Germany   Period: Baroque
Georg Philipp Telemann was born in Magdeburg, the son of a Lutheran deacon who died in 1685, leaving the mother to raise their three children alone. The youth showed remarkable talent in music, but was temporarily discouraged in his chosen pursuit by Puritan Lutherans, who told Telemann's mother that he would turn out no better than "a clown, a tightrope walker or a marmot-trainer." In opposition to his mother's wishes, Telemann continued to Read more study in secrecy until she relented, allowing him to train under the highly respected Kantor Benedict Christiani, at the Old City School. Outside of some early lessons in reading tablature, Telemann was self-taught and was capable of playing the flute, violin, viola da gamba, oboe, trombone, double bass, and several keyboard instruments. Telemann began to write music from childhood, producing an opera, Sigismundus, by age 12.
Telemann was sent away to Zellerfeld in 1694; at the age of 20, the composer resolved to study law in Leipzig, but a chance meeting in Halle with 16-year-old Georg Friedrich Handel appears to have drawn him back to music. Telemann began writing cantatas for a church in Leipzig and quickly became a local celebrity. In 1702, he was named director of the Leipzig Opera, and over the next three years he wrote four operas specifically for this company.
Early on, Telemann's career is marked by sharp contrasts, both professionally and personally; Kapellmeister in Sorau, now part of Poland, in 1705, he only served three years before moving on to the court in Eisenach (1708-1712). In 1712 Telemann accepted an appointment in Frankfurt to the post of Kapellmeister at the Church of the Barefoot Friars and as director of municipal music. In 1709 Telemann married Amalie Eberlin, who died in childbirth during the first year of their union. In 1714 Telemann married Maria Katharina Textor, whose gambling addiction was so bad the citizens of Hamburg took up a collection in order save the couple from bankruptcy. Later Telemann's second spouse would abandon him in favor of a Swedish military officer.
In 1721 Telemann's opera, Der geduldige Socrates was performed in Hamburg. That same year, Hamburg's officials awarded Telemann the positions of Kantor of the Johanneum and musical director of the city's principal churches. In doing so Telemann accepted the responsibility of writing two cantatas for every Sunday, a new Passion setting annually and of contributing music to a wide variety of liturgical and civic events. Telemann readily met these obligations and in 1722 accepted the directorship of the Hamburg Opera, serving until its closure in 1738.
Telemann was also one of the first composers to concentrate on the business of publishing his own music, and at least forty early prints of his music are known from editions which he prepared and sold himself. These published editions were in some cases extremely popular and spread Telemann's fame throughout Europe; in particular the Der Getreue Musik Meister (1728), Musique de Table or Tafelmusik (1733) and the 6 Concerts et 6 Suites (1734) were in wide use during Telemann's own lifetime.
Starting in the 1740s until about 1755, Telemann focused less on composition, turning his attentions to the study of music theory. He wrote many oratorios in the mid-1750s, including Donnerode (1756), Das befreite Israel (1759), and Die Auferstehung und Himmelfährt Jesu (1760). Telemann's long life ended at the age 86 in 1767.
Georg Philipp Telemann was considered the most important German composer of his day and his reputation outlasted him for some time, but ultimately it was unable to withstand the shadow cast by the growing popularity of his contemporary, Johann Sebastian Bach. Telemann enormous output, perhaps the largest of any classical composer in history, includes parts of at least 31 cantata cycles, many operas, concertos, oratorios, songs, music for civic occasions and church services, passion, orchestral suites and abundant amounts of chamber music. While many of these works have been lost, most still exist, and the sheer bulk of his creativity has made it difficult for scholars and performers alike to come to terms with. The inevitable revival of interest in Telemann did not arrive until the 1920s, but has grown exponentially ever since, and with the twenty first century in full swing more of Telemann's music is played, known, understood and studied than at any time in history. Read less
Bach & Telemann / Crowe, Florilegium
Release Date: 11/11/2008   Label: Channel Classics  
Catalog: 27208   Number of Discs: 1
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Haydn, Torelli, Telemann, Humphries: Trumpet Concertos / Steele-Perkins
Release Date: 01/26/2010   Label: Musical Concepts  
Catalog: 1063   Number of Discs: 1
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Telemann: Ouverture & Concerti / Alexis Kossenko, Holland Baroque Society
Release Date: 02/09/2010   Label: Channel Classics  
Catalog: 28409   Number of Discs: 1
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Barbaric Beauty - Telemann & 18th-Century Dance Manuscripts / Valent, Holland Baroque
Release Date: 10/11/2011   Label: Channel Classics  
Catalog: 31911   Number of Discs: 1
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Telemann: Trio Sonatas / Schneemann, Wispelwey, Et Al
Release Date: 05/09/2000   Label: Channel Classics  
Catalog: 14098   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Overture-Suite for Recorder, Strings and Basso Continuo in A minor, TV 55 no a 2

Browse 26-39 of 39 Available Recordings
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  • 26.
    Telemann: Suite And Concertos For Recorder / Rothert, Et Al
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8554018 Release Date: 07/16/2002   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Georg Philipp Telemann
    Performer:  Daniel Rothert,  Elke Martha Umbach
    Conductor:  Helmut Müller-Brühl
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cologne Chamber Orchestra
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  • 27.
    Telemann: Concertos / Haselbock, Indermuhle
    Label: Brilliant Classics   Catalog: 99677 Release Date: 11/13/2001   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Georg Philipp Telemann
    Performer:  Andreas Lackner,  Maria De Martini,  Andrea Mion,  Herbert Walser  ... 
    Conductor:  Martin Haselböck,  Thomas Indermühle
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Academy,  English Chamber Orchestra,  Musica ad Rhenum  ... 
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  • 28.
    Night Music 4 - Classical Favourites For Relaxing
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8556604 Release Date: 09/01/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Antonín Dvorák  ... 
    Performer:  Balázs Szokolay,  Alexander Jablokov,  Jana Novakova,  Gabriela Krcková  ... 
    Conductor:  Kenneth Schermerhorn,  Bohdan Warchal,  Ondrej Lenárd,  Oliver Dohnányi  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Slovak State Symphony Orchestra,  Capella Istropolitana,  Kosice Slovak State Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
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  • 29.
    Telemann: Suite And Concertos / Bagliano, Et Al
    Label: Dynamic   Catalog: 289 Release Date: 01/01/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Georg Philipp Telemann
    Performer:  Stefano Bagliano
    Conductor:  Stefano Bagliano
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Collegium Pro Musica
    CD: $19.99
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  • 30.
    Telemann: Concertos, Suite In A Minor / Philomel Baroque
    Label: Centaur Records   Catalog: 2366 Release Date: 08/12/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Georg Philipp Telemann
    Performer:  Elissa Berardi,  Dennis Godburn,  David Miller
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philomel
    CD: $17.99
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  • 31.
    The Best Of Telemann - Concertos, Suites, Etc
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8556689 Release Date: 07/18/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Georg Philipp Telemann
    Performer:  Jirí Stivín,  Ladislav Kyselak,  Niklas Eklund
    Conductor:  Nicholas Ward,  Helmut Müller-Brühl,  Richard Edlinger,  Nils-Erik Sparf
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Orchestra of the Golden Age,  Northern Chamber Orchestra,  Cologne Chamber Orchestra  ... 
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  • 32.
    Telemann: Suite & Concertos / Kraemer, Les Boréades Montreal
    Label: Atma Classique   Catalog: 2193 Release Date: 12/14/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Georg Philipp Telemann
    Performer:  Francis Colpron,  Susie Napper,  Manfred Kraemer
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Les Boréades Montreal
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  • 33.
    Vivaldi: Recorder Concertos / Horacio Franco, Georgian Co
    Label: Guild   Catalog: 7169 Release Date: 11/24/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Georg Philipp Telemann,  Giuseppe Sammartini,  Antonio Vivaldi
    Performer:  Horacio Franco
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Georgian Chamber Orchestra
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  • 34.
    Baroque For Beauty Sleep
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 462791 Release Date: 10/20/1998   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ottorino Respighi,  Antonio Vivaldi,  Antonio Lotti,  Tomaso Albinoni  ... 
    Performer:  Gheorghe Zamfir,  Heinz Holliger,  Angel Romero,  Pepe Romero  ... 
    Conductor:  Harry van Hoof,  Vittorio Negri,  James Judd,  Iona Brown
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  I Musici,  Chamber Orchestra,  English Chamber Orchestra  ... 
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  • 35.
    Telemann: Orchestral Suites (Overtures) / Camerata Köln
    Label: Dhm Deutsche Harmonia Mundi   Catalog: 77324 Release Date: 08/30/1998   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Georg Philipp Telemann
    Performer:  Michael Kaiser,  Christian Beuse,  Wilhelm Bruns,  Susanne Kaiser  ... 
    Conductor:  Michael Schneider
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Camerata Köln
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  • 36.
    Classical Music Start-up Kit Vol 1 {1500-1825}
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8550779 Release Date: 01/04/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Georg Philipp Telemann,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Franz Joseph Haydn  ... 
    Performer:  Jirí Stivín,  Gabriele Lechner,  Robert Holzer,  Eliane Elias  ... 
    Conductor:  Richard Edlinger,  Johannes Wildner,  Barry Wordsworth,  András Ligeti  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Capella Istropolitana,  Zagreb Philharmonic,  Vienna Mozart Academy  ... 
    CD: $12.99
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  • 37.
    Telemann, Sammartini, Vivaldi: Recorder Concertos / Pehrsson
    Label: Bis   Catalog: 210 Release Date: 03/25/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Georg Philipp Telemann,  Antonio Vivaldi,  Giuseppe Sammartini
    Performer:  Anders Öhrwall,  Clas Pehrsson
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Drottningholm Baroque Ensemble
    CD: $21.49
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  • 38.
    Telemann: Recorder Suite, Viola Concerto, Etc / Edlinger
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8550156 Release Date: 10/27/1993   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Georg Philipp Telemann
    Performer:  Jirí Stivín,  Bedrich Tylsar,  Zdenek Tylsar,  Alexander Jablokov  ... 
    Conductor:  Richard Edlinger
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Capella Istropolitana
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  • 39.
    A Portrait Of Rampal
    Label: Cbs Masterworks   Catalog: 42477 Release Date: 10/25/1990   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Georg Philipp Telemann,  Claude Bolling,  Traditional  ... 
    Performer:  Josef Hála,  Frantisek Posta,  Frantisek Slama,  Jean-Pierre Rampal  ... 
    Conductor:  Milan Munclinger,  Jean-Pierre Rampal,  Claudio Scimone,  Placido Domingo  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Ars Rediviva,  Jerusalem Music Center Chamber Orchestra,  I Solisti Veneti  ... 
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