Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky

Biography

Born: May 7, 1840; Russia   Died: Nov 6, 1893; Russia   Period: Romantic
Pyotr Il'yich Tchaikovsky was the author of some of the most popular themes in all of classical music. He founded no school, struck out no new paths or compositional methods, and sought few innovations in his works. Yet the power and communicative sweep of his best music elevates it to classic status, even if it lacks the formal boldness and harmonic sophistication heard in the compositions of his contemporaries, Wagner and Bruckner. It was Read more Tchaikovsky's unique melodic charm that could, whether in his Piano Concerto No. 1 or in his ballet The Nutcracker or in his tragic last symphony, make the music sound familiar on first hearing.
Tchaikovsky was born into a family of five brothers and one sister. He began taking piano lessons at age four and showed remarkable talent, eventually surpassing his own teacher's abilities. By age nine, he exhibited severe nervous problems, not least because of his overly sensitive nature. The following year, he was sent to St. Petersburg to study at the School of Jurisprudence. The loss of his mother in 1854 dealt a crushing blow to the young Tchaikovsky. In 1859, he took a position in the Ministry of Justice, but longed for a career in music, attending concerts and operas at every opportunity. He finally began study in harmony with Zaremba in 1861, and enrolled at the St. Petersburg Conservatory the following year, eventually studying composition with Anton Rubinstein.
In 1866, the composer relocated to Moscow, accepting a professorship of harmony at the new conservatory, and shortly afterward turned out his First Symphony, suffering, however, a nervous breakdown during its composition. His opera The Voyevoda came in 1867-1868 and he began another, The Oprichnik, in 1870, completing it two years later. Other works were appearing during this time, as well, including the First String Quartet (1871), the Second Symphony (1873), and the ballet Swan Lake (1875).
In 1876, Tchaikovsky traveled to Paris with his brother, Modest, and then visited Bayreuth, where he met Liszt, but was snubbed by Wagner. By 1877, Tchaikovsky was an established composer. This was the year of Swan Lake's premiere and the time he began work on the Fourth Symphony (1877-1878). It was also a time of woe: in July, Tchaikovsky, despite his homosexuality, foolishly married Antonina Ivanovna Milyukova, an obsessed admirer, their disastrous union lasting just months. The composer attempted suicide in the midst of this episode. Near the end of that year, Nadezhda von Meck, a woman he would never meet, became his patron and frequent correspondent.
Further excursions abroad came in the 1880s, along with a spate of successful compositions, including the Serenade for Strings (1881), 1812 Overture (1882), and the Fifth Symphony (1888). In both 1888 and 1889, Tchaikovsky went on successful European tours as a conductor, meeting Brahms, Grieg, Dvorák, Gounod, and other notable musical figures. Sleeping Beauty was premiered in 1890, and The Nutcracker in 1892, both with success.
Throughout Tchaikovsky's last years, he was continually plagued by anxiety and depression. A trip to Paris and the United States followed one dark nervous episode in 1891. Tchaikovsky wrote his Sixth Symphony, "Pathétique," in 1893, and it was successfully premiered in October, that year. The composer died ten days later of cholera, or -- as some now contend -- from drinking poison in accordance with a death sentence conferred on him by his classmates from the School of Jurisprudence, who were fearful of shame on the institution owing to an alleged homosexual episode involving Tchaikovsky. Read less
Tchaikovsky: Symphony No 5… / Thomas, San Francisco
Release Date: 05/12/2015   Label: San Francisco Symphony  
Catalog: 0062   Number of Discs: 1
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Tchaikovsky: Symphonies 4-6, Serenade, Romeo & Juliet / Gatti
Release Date: 10/12/2010   Label: Harmonia Mundi  
Catalog: 2907561   Number of Discs: 3
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Tchaikovsky: Piano Concerto No 1 (1879 Version); Prokofiev / Gerstein
Release Date: 03/10/2015   Label: Myrios Classics  
Catalog: 16   Number of Discs: 1
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Tchaikovsky: Serenade for Strings; Mozart: Eine kleine Nachtmusik; Grieg / simonov
Release Date: 10/12/2010   Label: Royal Philharmonic Masterworks  
Catalog: 28190   Number of Discs: 1
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Tchaikovsky: The Enchantress
Release Date: 05/10/2011   Label: Melodiya  
Catalog: 1001811   Number of Discs: 3
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Work: Concerto for Piano no 1 in B flat minor, Op. 23

Browse 26-50 of 236 Available Recordings
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  • 26.
    Fritz Reiner - The Complete RCA Album Collection
    Label: Rca   Catalog: 370198 Release Date: 10/15/2013   Number of Discs: 63
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Johannes Brahms,  Rolf Liebermann,  Ludwig van Beethoven  ... 
    Performer:  Artur Rubinstein,  Jascha Heifetz,  Emil Gilels,  Inge Borkh  ... 
    Conductor:  Fritz Reiner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chicago Symphony Orchestra,  Chicago Lyric Theatre Chorus,  Studio Orchestra
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  • 27.
    Vladimir Horowitz Live at Carnegie Hall
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 548417 Release Date: 09/30/2013   Number of Discs: 42
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Modest Mussorgsky,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Muzio Clementi  ... 
    Performer:  Vladimir Horowitz,  Mstislav Rostropovich,  Isaac Stern,  Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau  ... 
    Conductor:  Arturo Toscanini,  Leonard Bernstein,  Lyndon Woodside,  Eugene Ormandy
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  NBC Symphony Orchestra,  New York Philharmonic,  Oratorio Society of New York
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  • 28.
    Gary Graffman - The Complete RCA & Columbia Album Collection
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 546239 Release Date: 09/24/2013   Number of Discs: 24
    Composer:  Sergei Prokofiev,  Franz Schubert,  Robert Schumann,  Johannes Brahms  ... 
    Performer:  Gary Graffman,  Berl Senofsky,  Shirley Trepel,  Dick Hyman  ... 
    Conductor:  George Szell,  Enrique Jorda,  Charles Munch,  Walter Hendl  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cleveland Orchestra,  San Francisco Symphony Orchestra,  Boston Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 29.
    Piano Concertos & Sonatas / Backhaus, Bolet, Koroliov, Buchbinder
    Label: Profil   Catalog: 13033 Release Date: 09/24/2013   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Johannes Brahms,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Performer:  Wilhelm Backhaus,  Yevgeny Koroliov,  Rudolf Buchbinder,  Jorge Bolet
    Conductor:  Günter Wand
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Symphony Orchestra,  North German Radio Symphony Orchestra
    CD: $34.99
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  • 30.
    Piano Rhapsody / Roland Pontinen
    Label: Bis   Catalog: 9044 Release Date: 07/30/2013   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Frédéric Chopin,  Claude Debussy,  Edvard Grieg  ... 
    Performer:  Roland Pöntinen
    Conductor:  Leif Segerstam
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bamberg Symphony Orchestra
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  • 31.
    75 Years Ysaye & Queen Elisabeth Piano Competition [cd & Book]
    Label: Muso   Catalog: 5 Release Date: 07/16/2013   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Franz Liszt,  Sergei Rachmaninov,  Johannes Brahms,  Sergei Prokofiev  ... 
    Performer:  Vladimir Ashkenazy,  Pierre-Alain Volondat,  Wolfgang Manz,  Andrei Nikolsky  ... 
    Conductor:  Franz André,  Georgea Octors,  Edo De Waart,  Rene Defossez  ... 
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  • 32.
    Label: Urania   Catalog: 4256 Release Date: 07/16/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Performer:  Sviatoslav Richter
    Conductor:  Nathan Rachlin
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  • 33.
    Tchaikovsky, Grieg, Liszt: Piano Concertos / Rodriguez
    Label: Elan Recordings   Catalog: 2228 Release Date: 07/16/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Liszt,  Edvard Grieg,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Performer:  Santiago Rodriguez
    Conductor:  Emil Tabakov
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Sofia Philharmonic Orchestra
    On sale! $19.98
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  • 34.
    Label: Urania   Catalog: 4234 Release Date: 07/16/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
    Performer:  Emil Gilels
    Conductor:  Karel Ancerl
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  • 35.
    Label: Urania   Catalog: 4223 Release Date: 07/16/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Performer:  Sviatoslav Richter
    Conductor:  Karel Ancerl
    CD: $13.99
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  • 36.
    Tchaikovsky: Piano Concerto No. 1; Rachmaninov: Piano Concerto No. 2
    Label: Regis   Catalog: 1402 Release Date: 07/16/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Sergei Rachmaninov,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Performer:  Sviatoslav Richter
    Conductor:  Stanislaw Wislocki,  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Warsaw National Philharmonic Orchestra,  Vienna Symphony Orchestra
    On sale! $18.98
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  • 37.
    Label: Urania   Catalog: 22362 Release Date: 07/16/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Performer:  Vladimir Horowitz
    Conductor:  Bruno Walter
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  • 38.
    Ashkenazy - 50 Years on Decca
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 001820202 Release Date: 04/02/2013   Number of Discs: 50
    Composer:  Sergei Rachmaninov,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Robert Schumann,  Ludwig van Beethoven  ... 
    Performer:  Vladimir Ashkenazy,  Boris Belkin,  Daniel Barenboim,  Fou Ts'ong  ... 
    Conductor:  Kiril Kondrashin,  Anatole Fistoulari,  Lorin Maazel,  Uri Segal  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Moscow Philharmonic Orchestra,  London Symphony Orchestra,  London Wind Soloists  ... 
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  • 39.
    Pavel Kolesnikov: Live At Honens 2012
    Label: Honens   Catalog: 201203 Release Date: 03/26/2013   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Robert Schumann,  Frédéric Chopin,  Felix Mendelssohn,  Ludwig van Beethoven  ... 
    Performer:  Pavel Kolesnikov,  Johannes Moser
    Conductor:  Roberto Minczuk
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  • 40.
    Tchaikovsky: Piano Concerto No 1, Symphony No 6 / Richter, Mravinsky
    Label: Praga   Catalog: 350069 Release Date: 03/12/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Performer:  Sviatoslav Richter
    Conductor:  Yevgeny Mravinsky
    On sale! $25.98
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  • 41.
    70th Birthday Concert / Daniel Barenboim
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 001809309 Release Date: 03/05/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Elliott Carter,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Performer:  Daniel Barenboim
    Conductor:  Zubin Mehta
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Staatskapelle Orchestra
    DVD: $29.99
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  • 42.
    Grigory Sokolov Plays Beethoven, Chopin, Schumann, Brahms, Tchaikovsky, Saint-saens
    Label: Melodiya   Catalog: 1002078 Release Date: 03/05/2013   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Camille Saint-Saëns,  Frédéric Chopin  ... 
    Performer:  Grigory Sokolov
    Conductor:  Neeme Järvi
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  USSR State Symphony Orchestra
    On sale! $54.99
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  • 43.
    Tchaikovsky: Piano Concerto 1; Brahms: Piano Concerto 2 / Anda
    Label: Ica Classics   Catalog: 5092 Release Date: 02/26/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Géza Anda
    Conductor:  Sir Georg Solti,  Otto Klemperer
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cologne Radio Symphony Orchestra
    CD: $17.99
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  • 44.
    Tsujii At White Nights / Nobuyuki Tsujii
    Label: Euroarts   Catalog: 2059358 Release Date: 01/29/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Sergei Rachmaninov,  Nobuyuki Tsujii,  Dmitri Shostakovich
    Performer:  Nobuyuki Tsujii,  Yuri Vorobiev,  Olga Sergeyeva
    Conductor:  Valery Gergiev
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  St. Petersburg Mariinsky Theater Orchestra
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  • 45.
    Tsujii At White Nights / Nobuyuki Tsujii [blu-ray]
    Label: Euroarts   Catalog: 2059354 Release Date: 01/29/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Sergei Rachmaninov,  Nobuyuki Tsujii,  Dmitri Shostakovich
    Performer:  Nobuyuki Tsujii,  Olga Sergeyeva,  Yuri Vorobiev
    Conductor:  Valery Gergiev
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  St. Petersburg Mariinsky Theater Orchestra
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  • 46.
    Tchaikovsky: Piano Concerto No. 1; Violin Concerto
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 320152 Release Date: 01/08/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Performer:  György Cziffra,  Leonid Kogan
    Conductor:  André Vandernoot,  Constantin Silvestri
    CD: $7.99
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  • 47.
    Bruckner, Brahms, Mussorgsky... / Gunter Wand
    Label: Profil   Catalog: 12043 Release Date: 11/13/2012   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Anton Bruckner,  Johannes Brahms,  Modest Mussorgsky,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Performer:  Jorge Bolet
    Conductor:  Günter Wand
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  North German Radio Symphony Orchestra
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  • 48.
    Richter Plays Tchaikovsky & Rachmaninov
    Label: Melodiya   Catalog: 1002017 Release Date: 11/13/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Sergei Rachmaninov,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Performer:  Sviatoslav Richter
    Conductor:  Kurt Sanderling,  Yevgeny Mravinsky
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  • 49.
    Emil Gilels Plays Concertos & Sonatas
    Label: Sony (Nax615)   Catalog: 1991362 Release Date: 11/06/2012   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Frédéric Chopin,  Johannes Brahms,  Franz Liszt  ... 
    Performer:  Emil Gilels
    Conductor:  Zubin Mehta,  Fritz Reiner,  Eugene Ormandy
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New York Philharmonic,  Chicago Symphony Orchestra,  Philadelphia Orchestra
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  • 50.
    Icon - John Ogdon
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 4637 Release Date: 09/18/2012   Number of Discs: 17
    Composer:  Paul Dukas,  Henri Dutilleux,  Florent Schmitt,  Béla Bartók  ... 
    Performer:  John Ogdon
    Conductor:  Sir Malcolm Sargent,  Lawrence Foster,  Paavo Berglund,  John Pritchard  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra,  New Philharmonia Orchestra,  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
    Recommendation
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1 2 3 ... 9 10

Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky


WORKS
Tchaikovsky: Piano Concerto No.1 In B Flat Minor, Op.23 - 1. Allegro non troppo e molto maestoso - Allegro con spirito
Tchaikovsky: Piano Concerto No.1 In B Flat Minor, Op.23 - 2. Andantino semplice - Prestissimo - Tempo I
Tchaikovsky: Piano Concerto No.1 In B Flat Minor, Op.23 - 3. Allegro con fuoco
Allegro moderato
Canzonetta: Andante
Allegro vivacissimo
Tchaikovsky: Nutcracker Suite, Op.71a - 1. Miniature Overture
Tchaikovsky: Nutcracker Suite, Op.71a - March
Tchaikovsky: Nutcracker Suite, Op.71a - Dance Of The Sugar-Plum Fairy
Tchaikovsky: Nutcracker Suite, Op.71a - Russian Dance (Trepak)
Tchaikovsky: Nutcracker Suite, Op.71a - Arabian Dance (Coffee)
Tchaikovsky: Nutcracker Suite, Op.71a - Chinese Dance (Tea)
Tchaikovsky: Nutcracker Suite, Op.71a - Dance Of The Reed-Pipes (Merlitons)
Tchaikovsky: Nutcracker Suite, Op.71a - 3. Waltz Of The Flowers
Tchaikovsky: Symphony No.5 In E Minor, Op.64 - 1. Andante - Allegro con anima
Tchaikovsky: Symphony No.5 In E Minor, Op.64 - 2. Andante cantabile, con alcuna licenza - Moderato con anima
Tchaikovsky: Symphony No.5 In E Minor, Op.64 - 3. Valse (Allegro moderato)
Tchaikovsky: Symphony No.5 In E Minor, Op.64 - 4. Finale (Andante maestoso - Allegro vivace)
I. Adagio - Allegro non troppo
II. Allegro con grazia
III. Allegro molto vivace
IV. Adagio lamentoso
Moderato assai quasi andante
Tema: Moderato semplice
Variazione I: Tempo del Tema
Variazione II: Tempo del Tema
Variazione III: Andante sostenuto
Variazione IV: Andante grazioso
Variazione V: Allegro moderato
Variazione VI: Andante
Variazione VII e Coda: Allegro vivo
1. Pezzo in forma di sonatina: Andante non troppo - Allegro moderato
2. Walzer: Moderato (Tempo di valse)
3. Elégie: Larghetto elegiaco
4. Finale (Tema russo): Andante - Allegro con spirito
Tchaikovsky: Swan Lake, Op.20 Suite - 1. Scene - Swan Theme
Tchaikovsky: Swan Lake, Op.20 Suite - 2. Valse In A
Tchaikovsky: Swan Lake, Op.20 Suite - 3. Danse des petits cygnes
Tchaikovsky: Swan Lake, Op.20 Suite - 4. Scene
Tchaikovsky: Swan Lake, Op.20 Suite - 5. Danse Hongroise (Czardas)
Tchaikovsky: Swan Lake, Op.20 Suite - 6. Scène finale.
Tchaikovsky: The Sleeping Beauty, Suite, Op.66a - Introduction - The Lilac Fairy
Tchaikovsky: The Sleeping Beauty, Suite, Op.66a - Pas d'action: Rose Adagio
Tchaikovsky: The Sleeping Beauty, Suite, Op.66a - Pas de caractère: Puss In Boots
Tchaikovsky: The Sleeping Beauty, Suite, Op.66a - Panorama (andantino)
Tchaikovsky: The Sleeping Beauty, Suite, Op.66a - Valse