Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky

Biography

Born: May 7, 1840; Russia   Died: Nov 6, 1893; Russia   Period: Romantic
Pyotr Il'yich Tchaikovsky was the author of some of the most popular themes in all of classical music. He founded no school, struck out no new paths or compositional methods, and sought few innovations in his works. Yet the power and communicative sweep of his best music elevates it to classic status, even if it lacks the formal boldness and harmonic sophistication heard in the compositions of his contemporaries, Wagner and Bruckner. It was Read more Tchaikovsky's unique melodic charm that could, whether in his Piano Concerto No. 1 or in his ballet The Nutcracker or in his tragic last symphony, make the music sound familiar on first hearing.
Tchaikovsky was born into a family of five brothers and one sister. He began taking piano lessons at age four and showed remarkable talent, eventually surpassing his own teacher's abilities. By age nine, he exhibited severe nervous problems, not least because of his overly sensitive nature. The following year, he was sent to St. Petersburg to study at the School of Jurisprudence. The loss of his mother in 1854 dealt a crushing blow to the young Tchaikovsky. In 1859, he took a position in the Ministry of Justice, but longed for a career in music, attending concerts and operas at every opportunity. He finally began study in harmony with Zaremba in 1861, and enrolled at the St. Petersburg Conservatory the following year, eventually studying composition with Anton Rubinstein.
In 1866, the composer relocated to Moscow, accepting a professorship of harmony at the new conservatory, and shortly afterward turned out his First Symphony, suffering, however, a nervous breakdown during its composition. His opera The Voyevoda came in 1867-1868 and he began another, The Oprichnik, in 1870, completing it two years later. Other works were appearing during this time, as well, including the First String Quartet (1871), the Second Symphony (1873), and the ballet Swan Lake (1875).
In 1876, Tchaikovsky traveled to Paris with his brother, Modest, and then visited Bayreuth, where he met Liszt, but was snubbed by Wagner. By 1877, Tchaikovsky was an established composer. This was the year of Swan Lake's premiere and the time he began work on the Fourth Symphony (1877-1878). It was also a time of woe: in July, Tchaikovsky, despite his homosexuality, foolishly married Antonina Ivanovna Milyukova, an obsessed admirer, their disastrous union lasting just months. The composer attempted suicide in the midst of this episode. Near the end of that year, Nadezhda von Meck, a woman he would never meet, became his patron and frequent correspondent.
Further excursions abroad came in the 1880s, along with a spate of successful compositions, including the Serenade for Strings (1881), 1812 Overture (1882), and the Fifth Symphony (1888). In both 1888 and 1889, Tchaikovsky went on successful European tours as a conductor, meeting Brahms, Grieg, Dvorák, Gounod, and other notable musical figures. Sleeping Beauty was premiered in 1890, and The Nutcracker in 1892, both with success.
Throughout Tchaikovsky's last years, he was continually plagued by anxiety and depression. A trip to Paris and the United States followed one dark nervous episode in 1891. Tchaikovsky wrote his Sixth Symphony, "Pathétique," in 1893, and it was successfully premiered in October, that year. The composer died ten days later of cholera, or -- as some now contend -- from drinking poison in accordance with a death sentence conferred on him by his classmates from the School of Jurisprudence, who were fearful of shame on the institution owing to an alleged homosexual episode involving Tchaikovsky. Read less
Tchaikovsky & Khachaturian: Piano Concertos / Wang
Release Date: 04/29/2016   Label: Chandos  
Catalog: 5167   Number of Discs: 1
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Tchaikovsky & Dvorak: Serenades / Berglund
Release Date: 03/25/1994   Label: Bis  
Catalog: 243   Number of Discs: 1
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Tchaikovsky & Grieg: Piano Concertos / Kozhukhin, Sinaisky
Release Date: 04/08/2016   Label: Pentatone  
Catalog: 5186566   Number of Discs: 1
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Mendelssohn, Tchaikovsky: Violin Concertos / Steinbacher, Dutoit
Release Date: 06/09/2015   Label: Pentatone  
Catalog: 5186504   Number of Discs: 1
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Tchaikovsky: The Seasons & Grand Sonata / Kempf
Release Date: 01/08/2016   Label: Bis  
Catalog: 2140   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Concerto for Piano no 1 in B flat minor, Op. 23

Browse 26-50 of 195 Available Recordings
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  • 26.
    Tchaikovsky 1, Prokofiev 3 / Abduraimov
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 002145002 Release Date: 09/02/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Sergei Prokofiev,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Performer:  Behzod Abduraimov
    Conductor:  Juraj Valcuha
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  RAI National Symphony Orchestra
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  • 27.
    Tchaikovsky & Chopin / Ingolf Wunder, Vladimir Ashkenazy, St. Petersburg Philharmonic
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 002092802 Release Date: 07/15/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Frédéric Chopin
    Performer:  Ingolf Wunder
    Conductor:  Vladimir Ashkenazy
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  St. Petersburg Philharmonic Orchestra
    CD: $21.99
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  • 28.
    Tchaikovsky, Grieg: Piano Concertos / Stewart Goodyear
    Label: Steinway & Sons   Catalog: 30035 Release Date: 06/10/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Edvard Grieg
    Performer:  Stewart Goodyear
    Conductor:  Stanislav Bogunia
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Czech National Symphony Orchestra
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  • 29.
    Karajan And His Soloists, Vol. 2 (1969-1984)
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 633624 Release Date: 05/27/2014   Number of Discs: 10
    Composer:  Antonio Vivaldi,  Jules Massenet,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart  ... 
    Performer:  Anne-Sophie Mutter,  Alexis Weissenberg,  Sviatoslav Richter,  Mstislav Rostropovich  ... 
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Orchestre de Paris
    CD: $69.99
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  • 30.
    RCA Living Stereo Collection, Vol. 1
    Label: Rca   Catalog: 541497 Release Date: 04/15/2014   Number of Discs: 60
    Composer:  Camille Saint-Saëns,  Claude Debussy,  Jacques Ibert,  Maurice Ravel  ... 
    Performer:  Berj Zamkochian,  John Weicher,  Philip Farkas,  Jascha Heifetz  ... 
    Conductor:  Charles Munch,  Fritz Reiner,  Kiril Kondrashin,  Arthur Fiedler  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Boston Symphony Orchestra,  New England Conservatory Chorus,  New England Conservatory Alumni Chorus  ... 
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  • 31.
    Geza Anda Plays Bartok & Tchaikovsky
    Label: Hänssler Classic   Catalog: 94225 Release Date: 03/25/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Béla Bartók,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Géza Anda
    Conductor:  Hans Müller-Kray,  Ferdinand Leitner
    CD: $14.99
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  • 32.
    Tchaikovsky: Piano Concertos 1 & 2 / Matsuev
    Label: Mariinsky   Catalog: 548 Release Date: 02/11/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Performer:  Denis Matsuev
    Conductor:  Valery Gergiev
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  St. Petersburg Mariinsky Theater Orchestra
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  • 33.
    Tchaikovsky: Tempest, Piano Concerto /   Yang, Lazarev,  Odense Symphony
    Label: Bridge   Catalog: 9410 Release Date: 02/11/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Performer:  Joyce Yang
    Conductor:  Alexander Lazarev
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Odense Symphony Orchestra
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  • 34.
    Icon: Witold Malcuzynski - The Polish Master Pianist
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 924428 Release Date: 01/28/2014   Number of Discs: 8
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Frédéric Chopin,  Franz Liszt,  Sergei Rachmaninov  ... 
    Performer:  Witold Malcuzynski
    Conductor:  Walter Susskind,  Paul Kletzki,  Fritz Rieger
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra,  Philharmonia Orchestra,  French National Radio Orchestra
    CD: $39.99
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  • 35.
    Bach, Mozart, Beethoven, Franck, Liszt, Schumann,Tschaikowskij, Bartok
    Label: United Classics   Catalog: 2013018 Release Date: 11/19/2013   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  César Franck  ... 
    Performer:  Clara Haskil,  Géza Anda
    Conductor:  Alceo Galliera,  Eduard Van Beinum,  Otto Ackermann
    CD: $27.49
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  • 36.
    Tchaikovsky: Symphony No 4, Piano Concerto No 1 / Matsuev, Temirkanov
    Label: Bel Air Classiques   Catalog: 86 Release Date: 11/19/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Performer:  Denis Matsuev
    Conductor:  Yuri Temirkanov
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  St. Petersburg Philharmonic Orchestra
    DVD: $24.99
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  • 37.
    Paremski Plays Tchaikovsky, Rachmaninov
    Label: Royal Philharmonic Orchestra   Catalog: 44 Release Date: 10/29/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Sergei Rachmaninov,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Performer:  Natasha Paremski
    Conductor:  Fabien Gabel
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  • 38.
    Fritz Reiner - The Complete RCA Album Collection
    Label: Rca   Catalog: 370198 Release Date: 10/15/2013   Number of Discs: 63
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Johannes Brahms,  Rolf Liebermann,  Ludwig van Beethoven  ... 
    Performer:  Artur Rubinstein,  Jascha Heifetz,  Emil Gilels,  Inge Borkh  ... 
    Conductor:  Fritz Reiner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chicago Symphony Orchestra,  Chicago Lyric Theatre Chorus,  Studio Orchestra
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  • 39.
    Piano Concertos & Sonatas / Backhaus, Bolet, Koroliov, Buchbinder
    Label: Profil   Catalog: 13033 Release Date: 09/24/2013   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Johannes Brahms,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Performer:  Wilhelm Backhaus,  Yevgeny Koroliov,  Rudolf Buchbinder,  Jorge Bolet
    Conductor:  Günter Wand
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Symphony Orchestra,  North German Radio Symphony Orchestra
    CD: $34.99
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  • 40.
    Piano Rhapsody / Roland Pontinen
    Label: Bis   Catalog: 9044 Release Date: 07/30/2013   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Frédéric Chopin,  Claude Debussy,  Edvard Grieg  ... 
    Performer:  Roland Pöntinen
    Conductor:  Leif Segerstam
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bamberg Symphony Orchestra
    On sale! $44.99
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  • 41.
    75 Years Ysaye & Queen Elisabeth Piano Competition [cd & Book]
    Label: Muso   Catalog: 5 Release Date: 07/16/2013   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Franz Liszt,  Sergei Rachmaninov,  Johannes Brahms,  Sergei Prokofiev  ... 
    Performer:  Vladimir Ashkenazy,  Pierre-Alain Volondat,  Wolfgang Manz,  Andrei Nikolsky  ... 
    Conductor:  Franz André,  Georgea Octors,  Edo De Waart,  Rene Defossez  ... 
    On sale! $55.98
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  • 42.
    Label: Urania   Catalog: 4223 Release Date: 07/16/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Performer:  Sviatoslav Richter
    Conductor:  Karel Ancerl
    CD: $13.99
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  • 43.
    Tchaikovsky: Piano Concerto No. 1; Rachmaninov: Piano Concerto No. 2
    Label: Regis   Catalog: 1402 Release Date: 07/16/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Sergei Rachmaninov,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Performer:  Sviatoslav Richter
    Conductor:  Stanislaw Wislocki,  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Warsaw National Philharmonic Orchestra,  Vienna Symphony Orchestra
    CD: $9.99
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  • 44.
    Ashkenazy - 50 Years on Decca
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 001820202 Release Date: 04/02/2013   Number of Discs: 50
    Composer:  Sergei Rachmaninov,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Robert Schumann,  Ludwig van Beethoven  ... 
    Performer:  Vladimir Ashkenazy,  Boris Belkin,  Daniel Barenboim,  Fou Ts'ong  ... 
    Conductor:  Kiril Kondrashin,  Anatole Fistoulari,  Lorin Maazel,  Uri Segal  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Moscow Philharmonic Orchestra,  London Symphony Orchestra,  London Wind Soloists  ... 
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  • 45.
    Pavel Kolesnikov: Live At Honens 2012
    Label: Honens   Catalog: 201203 Release Date: 03/26/2013   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Robert Schumann,  Frédéric Chopin,  Felix Mendelssohn,  Ludwig van Beethoven  ... 
    Performer:  Pavel Kolesnikov,  Johannes Moser
    Conductor:  Roberto Minczuk
    CD: $18.99
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  • 46.
    Tchaikovsky: Piano Concerto No 1, Symphony No 6 / Richter, Mravinsky
    Label: Praga   Catalog: 350069 Release Date: 03/12/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Performer:  Sviatoslav Richter
    Conductor:  Yevgeny Mravinsky
    On sale! $25.98
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  • 47.
    70th Birthday Concert / Daniel Barenboim
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 001809309 Release Date: 03/05/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Elliott Carter,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Performer:  Daniel Barenboim
    Conductor:  Zubin Mehta
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Staatskapelle Orchestra
    DVD: $32.99
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  • 48.
    Grigory Sokolov Plays Beethoven, Chopin, Schumann, Brahms, Tchaikovsky, Saint-saens
    Label: Melodiya   Catalog: 1002078 Release Date: 03/05/2013   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Camille Saint-Saëns,  Frédéric Chopin  ... 
    Performer:  Grigory Sokolov
    Conductor:  Neeme Järvi
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  USSR State Symphony Orchestra
    CD: $54.49
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  • 49.
    Tchaikovsky: Piano Concerto 1; Brahms: Piano Concerto 2 / Anda
    Label: Ica Classics   Catalog: 5092 Release Date: 02/26/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Géza Anda
    Conductor:  Sir Georg Solti,  Otto Klemperer
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cologne Radio Symphony Orchestra
    CD: $17.99
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  • 50.
    Van Cliburn - The Complete Album Collection
    Label: Rca   Catalog: 540723 Release Date: 02/12/2013   Number of Discs: 29
    Composer:  Frédéric Chopin,  Sergei Rachmaninov,  Edvard Grieg,  Franz Liszt  ... 
    Performer:  Van Cliburn
    Conductor:  Eugene Ormandy,  Kiril Kondrashin,  Fritz Reiner,  Walter Hendl
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philadelphia Orchestra,  RCA Symphony Orchestra,  Chicago Symphony Orchestra  ... 
    On sale! $83.98
    CD: $80.99
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