Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky

Biography

Born: May 7, 1840; Russia   Died: Nov 6, 1893; Russia   Period: Romantic
Pyotr Il'yich Tchaikovsky was the author of some of the most popular themes in all of classical music. He founded no school, struck out no new paths or compositional methods, and sought few innovations in his works. Yet the power and communicative sweep of his best music elevates it to classic status, even if it lacks the formal boldness and harmonic sophistication heard in the compositions of his contemporaries, Wagner and Bruckner. It was Read more Tchaikovsky's unique melodic charm that could, whether in his Piano Concerto No. 1 or in his ballet The Nutcracker or in his tragic last symphony, make the music sound familiar on first hearing.
Tchaikovsky was born into a family of five brothers and one sister. He began taking piano lessons at age four and showed remarkable talent, eventually surpassing his own teacher's abilities. By age nine, he exhibited severe nervous problems, not least because of his overly sensitive nature. The following year, he was sent to St. Petersburg to study at the School of Jurisprudence. The loss of his mother in 1854 dealt a crushing blow to the young Tchaikovsky. In 1859, he took a position in the Ministry of Justice, but longed for a career in music, attending concerts and operas at every opportunity. He finally began study in harmony with Zaremba in 1861, and enrolled at the St. Petersburg Conservatory the following year, eventually studying composition with Anton Rubinstein.
In 1866, the composer relocated to Moscow, accepting a professorship of harmony at the new conservatory, and shortly afterward turned out his First Symphony, suffering, however, a nervous breakdown during its composition. His opera The Voyevoda came in 1867-1868 and he began another, The Oprichnik, in 1870, completing it two years later. Other works were appearing during this time, as well, including the First String Quartet (1871), the Second Symphony (1873), and the ballet Swan Lake (1875).
In 1876, Tchaikovsky traveled to Paris with his brother, Modest, and then visited Bayreuth, where he met Liszt, but was snubbed by Wagner. By 1877, Tchaikovsky was an established composer. This was the year of Swan Lake's premiere and the time he began work on the Fourth Symphony (1877-1878). It was also a time of woe: in July, Tchaikovsky, despite his homosexuality, foolishly married Antonina Ivanovna Milyukova, an obsessed admirer, their disastrous union lasting just months. The composer attempted suicide in the midst of this episode. Near the end of that year, Nadezhda von Meck, a woman he would never meet, became his patron and frequent correspondent.
Further excursions abroad came in the 1880s, along with a spate of successful compositions, including the Serenade for Strings (1881), 1812 Overture (1882), and the Fifth Symphony (1888). In both 1888 and 1889, Tchaikovsky went on successful European tours as a conductor, meeting Brahms, Grieg, Dvorák, Gounod, and other notable musical figures. Sleeping Beauty was premiered in 1890, and The Nutcracker in 1892, both with success.
Throughout Tchaikovsky's last years, he was continually plagued by anxiety and depression. A trip to Paris and the United States followed one dark nervous episode in 1891. Tchaikovsky wrote his Sixth Symphony, "Pathétique," in 1893, and it was successfully premiered in October, that year. The composer died ten days later of cholera, or -- as some now contend -- from drinking poison in accordance with a death sentence conferred on him by his classmates from the School of Jurisprudence, who were fearful of shame on the institution owing to an alleged homosexual episode involving Tchaikovsky. Read less
Leonard Slatkin Conducts Tchaikovsky Ballets
Release Date: 03/25/2014   Label: Rca  
Catalog: 1920082   Number of Discs: 6
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Claudio Abbado Conducts Tchaikovsky
Release Date: 08/26/2014   Label: Sony (Nax615)  
Catalog: 836722   Number of Discs: 6
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Tchaikovsky: Romeo & Juliet, Capriccio Italien, 1812 Overture / Simonov
Release Date: 11/11/2008   Label: Royal Philharmonic Masterworks  
Catalog: 28120   Number of Discs: 1
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Tchaikovsky: Serenade for Strings; Mozart: Eine kleine Nachtmusik; Grieg / simonov
Release Date: 10/12/2010   Label: Royal Philharmonic Masterworks  
Catalog: 28190   Number of Discs: 1
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Tchaikovsky: Violin Concerto, Serenade Melancolique / Vinnikov, Menuhin
Release Date: 03/08/2011   Label: Royal Philharmonic Masterworks  
Catalog: 28320   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Concerto for Piano no 1 in B flat minor, Op. 23

Browse 226-250 of 256 Available Recordings
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  • 226.
    Tchaikovsky, Schumann: Piano Concertos / Rösel, Masur
    Label: Berlin Classics   Catalog: 9308 Release Date: 04/22/1997   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Robert Schumann,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Performer:  Peter Rösel
    Conductor:  Kurt Masur
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Leipzig Gewandhaus Orchestra
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  • 227.
    Tchaikovsky, Rachmaninoff: Piano Concertos / Horowitz
    Label: Apr (Appian)   Catalog: 5519 Release Date: 03/18/1997   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Sergei Rachmaninov
    Performer:  Vladimir Horowitz
    Conductor:  Sir John Barbirolli
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New York Philharmonic
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  • 228.
    Sviatoslav Richter In The 1950s Vol 2
    Label: Parnassus Records   Catalog: 96003/4 Release Date: 01/21/1997   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Modest Mussorgsky,  Alexander Scriabin,  Robert Schumann,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Performer:  Sviatoslav Richter
    Conductor:  Nathan Rachlin
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  USSR State Symphony Orchestra
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  • 229.
    Tchaikovsky: Piano Concertos 1 & 3, Etc / Glemser, Wit
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8550819 Release Date: 11/19/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Performer:  Bernd Glemser
    Conductor:  Antoni Wit
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Polish Radio Symphony Orchestra Katowice
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  • 230.
    Tchaikovsky: Piano Concerto 1, Etc / Argerich, Abbado
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 449816 Release Date: 10/15/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Performer:  Nicolas Economou,  Martha Argerich
    Conductor:  Claudio Abbado
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 231.
    Rachmaninov, Tchaikovsky: Piano Concertos / Richter
    Label: Dg The Originals   Catalog: 447420 Release Date: 02/13/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Sergei Rachmaninov,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Performer:  Sviatoslav Richter
    Conductor:  Stanislaw Wislocki,  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Warsaw Philharmonic Orchestra,  Vienna Symphony Orchestra
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  • 232.
    Tchaikovsky: Concerto 1;  Rachmaninoff / Anda, Galliera
    Label: Testament   Catalog: 1064 Release Date: 01/29/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Sergei Rachmaninov,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Performer:  Géza Anda
    Conductor:  Alceo Galliera
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra
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  • 233.
    Tchaikovsky: Piano Concertos 1-3, Etc / Postnikova, Chung
    Label: London/Decca Double Decker   Catalog: 448107 Release Date: 12/04/1995   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Performer:  Kyung-Wha Chung,  Viktoria Postnikova
    Conductor:  Charles Dutoit,  Gennadi Rozhdestvensky
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra,  Vienna Symphony Orchestra
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  • 234.
    Rachmaninov, Tchaikovsky: Piano Concertos / Martha Argerich
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 446673 Release Date: 08/15/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Sergei Rachmaninov
    Performer:  Martha Argerich
    Conductor:  Kiril Kondrashin,  Riccardo Chailly
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Berlin Radio Symphony Orchestra
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  • 235.
    Art Of Classics - Tchaikovsky: Masterpieces
    Label: Intercord Klassische Diskothek   Catalog: 25923 Release Date: 05/23/1995   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Performer:  Ian Novak,  Hans Lang
    Conductor:  Denis Zsoltay,  Gary Bertini,  Milan Starek,  Hans Zanotelli  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  South German Philharmonic Orchestra,  Bamberg Symphony Orchestra,  Munich Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 236.
    Tchaikovsky, Saint-Saëns: Piano Concertos / Watts, Levi
    Label: Telarc   Catalog: 80386 Release Date: 05/16/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Camille Saint-Saëns,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Performer:  André Watts
    Conductor:  Yoel Levi
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Atlanta Symphony Orchestra
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  • 237.
    Tchaikovsky, Grieg, Pierné: Piano Concertos / Pöntinen
    Label: Bis Twins   Catalog: 375/381 Release Date: 09/23/1994   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gabriel Pierné,  Edvard Grieg,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Performer:  Dag Achatz,  Roland Pöntinen
    Conductor:  Jacques Houtmann,  Leif Segerstam
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Lorraine Philharmonic Orchestra,  Bamberg Symphony Orchestra
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  • 238.
    Tchaikovsky, Grieg: Piano Concertos / Pöntinen, Segerstam
    Label: Bis   Catalog: 375 Release Date: 09/23/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Edvard Grieg
    Performer:  Roland Pöntinen
    Conductor:  Leif Segerstam
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bamberg Symphony Orchestra
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  • 239.
    Tchaikovsky: Piano Concerto No 1;  Dohnányi / Earl Wild
    Label: Chesky Records   Catalog: 13 Release Date: 06/23/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Ernö von Dohnányi
    Performer:  Earl Wild
    Conductor:  Anatole Fistoulari,  Christoph von Dohnányi
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra,  New Philharmonia Orchestra
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  • 240.
    Tchaikovsky: Complete Works For Piano & Orchestra / Haas
    Label: Philips Duo   Catalog: 438329 Release Date: 10/12/1993   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Performer:  Werner Haas
    Conductor:  Eliahu Inbal
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Monte Carlo Opera Orchestra
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  • 241.
    The Best Of Tchaikovsky
    Label: Philips Duo   Catalog: 438386 Release Date: 08/10/1993   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Performer:  Henryk Szeryng,  Midori,  Werner Haas
    Conductor:  Igor Markevitch,  Bernard Haitink,  Antal Doráti,  Pierre Monteux  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra,  London Symphony Orchestra,  London Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
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  • 242.
    Solomon - Tchaikovsky: Piano Concerto No 1;  Chopin, Liszt
    Label: Pearl   Catalog: 9478 Release Date: 01/20/1993   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Liszt,  Frédéric Chopin,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Performer:  Solomon
    Conductor:  Sir Hamilton Harty
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Hallé Orchestra
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  • 243.
    Tchaikovsky: Concerto No 1, Rachmaninov: Concerto No 2 / Cliburn
    Label: Rca Victor Red Seal   Catalog: 55912 Release Date: 01/12/1993   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Sergei Rachmaninov,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Performer:  Van Cliburn
    Conductor:  Fritz Reiner,  Kiril Kondrashin
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chicago Symphony Orchestra,  RCA Victor Symphony Orchestra
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  • 244.
    Tchaikovsky: Complete Works For Piano & Orchestra / Ponti
    Label: Vox Box   Catalog: 5024 Release Date: 11/04/1992   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Performer:  Michael Ponti
    Conductor:  Richard Kapp,  Louis de Froment
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Prague Symphony Orchestra,  Luxembourg Radio/Television Symphony Orchestra
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  • 245.
    Toscanini Collection Vol 44 - Tchaikovsky / Horowitz
    Label: Rca Victor Gold Seal   Catalog: 60321 Release Date: 10/09/1992   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Modest Mussorgsky
    Performer:  Vladimir Horowitz
    Conductor:  Arturo Toscanini
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  NBC Symphony Orchestra
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  • 246.
    Tchaikovsky: Piano Concerto No 1, Tempest, Etc / Lenard
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8550137 Release Date: 06/30/1992   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Performer:  Joseph Banowetz
    Conductor:  Ondrej Lenárd
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Slovak State Symphony Orchestra
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  • 247.
    Tchaikovsky: Piano & Violin Concertos / Gilels, Oistrakh
    Label: Sony Classical Essential Classics   Catalog: 46339 Release Date: 04/05/1991   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Performer:  Emil Gilels,  David Oistrakh
    Conductor:  Zubin Mehta,  Eugene Ormandy
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New York Philharmonic,  Philadelphia Orchestra
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  • 248.
    Schumann, Tchaikovsky: Piano Concertos / Byron Janis
    Label: Mercury Living Presence   Catalog: 432011 Release Date: 02/08/1991   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Robert Schumann,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Performer:  Byron Janis
    Conductor:  Herbert Menges,  Stanislaw Skrowaczewski
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra,  Minneapolis Symphony Orchestra
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  • 249.
    Tchaikovsky, Prokofiev: Piano Concertos / Argerich, Dutoit
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 415062 Release Date: 10/25/1990   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Sergei Prokofiev,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Performer:  Martha Argerich
    Conductor:  Claudio Abbado,  Charles Dutoit
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 250.
    Tchaikovsky: Piano Concerto No 1, Etc / Graffman, Szell
    Label: Cbs Great Performances   Catalog: 37263 Release Date: 10/25/1990   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Sergei Rachmaninov,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Performer:  Gary Graffman
    Conductor:  George Szell
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cleveland Orchestra
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