Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky

Biography

Born: May 7, 1840; Russia   Died: Nov 6, 1893; Russia   Period: Romantic
Pyotr Il'yich Tchaikovsky was the author of some of the most popular themes in all of classical music. He founded no school, struck out no new paths or compositional methods, and sought few innovations in his works. Yet the power and communicative sweep of his best music elevates it to classic status, even if it lacks the formal boldness and harmonic sophistication heard in the compositions of his contemporaries, Wagner and Bruckner. It was Read more Tchaikovsky's unique melodic charm that could, whether in his Piano Concerto No. 1 or in his ballet The Nutcracker or in his tragic last symphony, make the music sound familiar on first hearing.
Tchaikovsky was born into a family of five brothers and one sister. He began taking piano lessons at age four and showed remarkable talent, eventually surpassing his own teacher's abilities. By age nine, he exhibited severe nervous problems, not least because of his overly sensitive nature. The following year, he was sent to St. Petersburg to study at the School of Jurisprudence. The loss of his mother in 1854 dealt a crushing blow to the young Tchaikovsky. In 1859, he took a position in the Ministry of Justice, but longed for a career in music, attending concerts and operas at every opportunity. He finally began study in harmony with Zaremba in 1861, and enrolled at the St. Petersburg Conservatory the following year, eventually studying composition with Anton Rubinstein.
In 1866, the composer relocated to Moscow, accepting a professorship of harmony at the new conservatory, and shortly afterward turned out his First Symphony, suffering, however, a nervous breakdown during its composition. His opera The Voyevoda came in 1867-1868 and he began another, The Oprichnik, in 1870, completing it two years later. Other works were appearing during this time, as well, including the First String Quartet (1871), the Second Symphony (1873), and the ballet Swan Lake (1875).
In 1876, Tchaikovsky traveled to Paris with his brother, Modest, and then visited Bayreuth, where he met Liszt, but was snubbed by Wagner. By 1877, Tchaikovsky was an established composer. This was the year of Swan Lake's premiere and the time he began work on the Fourth Symphony (1877-1878). It was also a time of woe: in July, Tchaikovsky, despite his homosexuality, foolishly married Antonina Ivanovna Milyukova, an obsessed admirer, their disastrous union lasting just months. The composer attempted suicide in the midst of this episode. Near the end of that year, Nadezhda von Meck, a woman he would never meet, became his patron and frequent correspondent.
Further excursions abroad came in the 1880s, along with a spate of successful compositions, including the Serenade for Strings (1881), 1812 Overture (1882), and the Fifth Symphony (1888). In both 1888 and 1889, Tchaikovsky went on successful European tours as a conductor, meeting Brahms, Grieg, Dvorák, Gounod, and other notable musical figures. Sleeping Beauty was premiered in 1890, and The Nutcracker in 1892, both with success.
Throughout Tchaikovsky's last years, he was continually plagued by anxiety and depression. A trip to Paris and the United States followed one dark nervous episode in 1891. Tchaikovsky wrote his Sixth Symphony, "Pathétique," in 1893, and it was successfully premiered in October, that year. The composer died ten days later of cholera, or -- as some now contend -- from drinking poison in accordance with a death sentence conferred on him by his classmates from the School of Jurisprudence, who were fearful of shame on the institution owing to an alleged homosexual episode involving Tchaikovsky. Read less
Tchaikovsky: Symphony No 5… / Thomas, San Francisco
Release Date: 05/12/2015   Label: San Francisco Symphony  
Catalog: 0062   Number of Discs: 1
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Tchaikovsky: Symphonies 4-6, Serenade, Romeo & Juliet / Gatti
Release Date: 10/12/2010   Label: Harmonia Mundi  
Catalog: 2907561   Number of Discs: 3
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Tchaikovsky: Piano Concerto No 1 (1879 Version); Prokofiev / Gerstein
Release Date: 03/10/2015   Label: Myrios Classics  
Catalog: 16   Number of Discs: 1
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Tchaikovsky: Serenade for Strings; Mozart: Eine kleine Nachtmusik; Grieg / simonov
Release Date: 10/12/2010   Label: Royal Philharmonic Masterworks  
Catalog: 28190   Number of Discs: 1
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Tchaikovsky: The Enchantress
Release Date: 05/10/2011   Label: Melodiya  
Catalog: 1001811   Number of Discs: 3
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Work: Concerto for Piano no 1 in B flat minor, Op. 23

Browse 226-236 of 236 Available Recordings
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  • 226.
    Tchaikovsky: Concerto No 1, Rachmaninov: Concerto No 2 / Cliburn
    Label: Rca Victor Red Seal   Catalog: 55912 Release Date: 01/12/1993   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Sergei Rachmaninov,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Performer:  Van Cliburn
    Conductor:  Fritz Reiner,  Kiril Kondrashin
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chicago Symphony Orchestra,  RCA Victor Symphony Orchestra
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  • 227.
    Tchaikovsky: Complete Works For Piano & Orchestra / Ponti
    Label: Vox Box   Catalog: 5024 Release Date: 11/04/1992   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Performer:  Michael Ponti
    Conductor:  Richard Kapp,  Louis de Froment
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Prague Symphony Orchestra,  Luxembourg Radio/Television Symphony Orchestra
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  • 228.
    Toscanini Collection Vol 44 - Tchaikovsky / Horowitz
    Label: Rca Victor Gold Seal   Catalog: 60321 Release Date: 10/09/1992   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Modest Mussorgsky
    Performer:  Vladimir Horowitz
    Conductor:  Arturo Toscanini
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  NBC Symphony Orchestra
    CD: $9.99
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  • 229.
    Tchaikovsky: Piano Concerto No 1, Tempest, Etc / Lenard
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8550137 Release Date: 06/30/1992   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Performer:  Joseph Banowetz
    Conductor:  Ondrej Lenárd
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Slovak State Symphony Orchestra
    CD not available
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  • 230.
    Tchaikovsky: Piano & Violin Concertos / Gilels, Oistrakh
    Label: Sony Classical Essential Classics   Catalog: 46339 Release Date: 04/05/1991   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Performer:  Emil Gilels,  David Oistrakh
    Conductor:  Zubin Mehta,  Eugene Ormandy
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New York Philharmonic,  Philadelphia Orchestra
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  • 231.
    Schumann, Tchaikovsky: Piano Concertos / Byron Janis
    Label: Mercury Living Presence   Catalog: 432011 Release Date: 02/08/1991   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Robert Schumann,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Performer:  Byron Janis
    Conductor:  Herbert Menges,  Stanislaw Skrowaczewski
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra,  Minneapolis Symphony Orchestra
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  • 232.
    Tchaikovsky: Piano Concerto No 1, Etc / Graffman, Szell
    Label: Cbs Great Performances   Catalog: 37263 Release Date: 10/25/1990   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Sergei Rachmaninov,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Performer:  Gary Graffman
    Conductor:  George Szell
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cleveland Orchestra
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  • 233.
    Tschaikowsky: Piano Concerto No 1, Etc / Kissin, Karajan
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 427485 Release Date: 09/10/1990   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Alexander Scriabin,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Performer:  Evgeni Kissin
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 234.
    Tchaikovsky: Piano Concertos 1 & 3 / Feltsman, Rostropovich
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 45756 Release Date: 07/26/1990   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Performer:  Vladimir Feltsman
    Conductor:  Mstislav Rostropovich
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  National Symphony, Washington, D. C.
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  • 235.
    Tchaikovsky: Piano Concerto No 1, Etc / Gutiérrez, Zinman
    Label: Telarc   Catalog: 80193 Release Date: 07/13/1990   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Sergei Rachmaninov
    Performer:  Horacio Gutierrez
    Conductor:  David Zinman
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Baltimore Symphony Orchestra
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  • 236.
    Tchaikovsky, Beethoven: Piano Concertos / Horowitz
    Label: Rca Victor Gold Seal   Catalog: 7992 Release Date: 04/19/1990   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Performer:  Vladimir Horowitz
    Conductor:  Fritz Reiner,  Arturo Toscanini
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  RCA Victor Symphony Orchestra,  NBC Symphony Orchestra
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Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky


WORKS
Tchaikovsky: Piano Concerto No.1 In B Flat Minor, Op.23 - 1. Allegro non troppo e molto maestoso - Allegro con spirito
Tchaikovsky: Piano Concerto No.1 In B Flat Minor, Op.23 - 2. Andantino semplice - Prestissimo - Tempo I
Tchaikovsky: Piano Concerto No.1 In B Flat Minor, Op.23 - 3. Allegro con fuoco
Allegro moderato
Canzonetta: Andante
Allegro vivacissimo
Tchaikovsky: Nutcracker Suite, Op.71a - 1. Miniature Overture
Tchaikovsky: Nutcracker Suite, Op.71a - March
Tchaikovsky: Nutcracker Suite, Op.71a - Dance Of The Sugar-Plum Fairy
Tchaikovsky: Nutcracker Suite, Op.71a - Russian Dance (Trepak)
Tchaikovsky: Nutcracker Suite, Op.71a - Arabian Dance (Coffee)
Tchaikovsky: Nutcracker Suite, Op.71a - Chinese Dance (Tea)
Tchaikovsky: Nutcracker Suite, Op.71a - Dance Of The Reed-Pipes (Merlitons)
Tchaikovsky: Nutcracker Suite, Op.71a - 3. Waltz Of The Flowers
Tchaikovsky: Symphony No.5 In E Minor, Op.64 - 1. Andante - Allegro con anima
Tchaikovsky: Symphony No.5 In E Minor, Op.64 - 2. Andante cantabile, con alcuna licenza - Moderato con anima
Tchaikovsky: Symphony No.5 In E Minor, Op.64 - 3. Valse (Allegro moderato)
Tchaikovsky: Symphony No.5 In E Minor, Op.64 - 4. Finale (Andante maestoso - Allegro vivace)
I. Adagio - Allegro non troppo
II. Allegro con grazia
III. Allegro molto vivace
IV. Adagio lamentoso
Moderato assai quasi andante
Tema: Moderato semplice
Variazione I: Tempo del Tema
Variazione II: Tempo del Tema
Variazione III: Andante sostenuto
Variazione IV: Andante grazioso
Variazione V: Allegro moderato
Variazione VI: Andante
Variazione VII e Coda: Allegro vivo
1. Pezzo in forma di sonatina: Andante non troppo - Allegro moderato
2. Walzer: Moderato (Tempo di valse)
3. Elégie: Larghetto elegiaco
4. Finale (Tema russo): Andante - Allegro con spirito
Tchaikovsky: Swan Lake, Op.20 Suite - 1. Scene - Swan Theme
Tchaikovsky: Swan Lake, Op.20 Suite - 2. Valse In A
Tchaikovsky: Swan Lake, Op.20 Suite - 3. Danse des petits cygnes
Tchaikovsky: Swan Lake, Op.20 Suite - 4. Scene
Tchaikovsky: Swan Lake, Op.20 Suite - 5. Danse Hongroise (Czardas)
Tchaikovsky: Swan Lake, Op.20 Suite - 6. Scène finale.
Tchaikovsky: The Sleeping Beauty, Suite, Op.66a - Introduction - The Lilac Fairy
Tchaikovsky: The Sleeping Beauty, Suite, Op.66a - Pas d'action: Rose Adagio
Tchaikovsky: The Sleeping Beauty, Suite, Op.66a - Pas de caractère: Puss In Boots
Tchaikovsky: The Sleeping Beauty, Suite, Op.66a - Panorama (andantino)
Tchaikovsky: The Sleeping Beauty, Suite, Op.66a - Valse