Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky

Biography

Born: May 7, 1840; Russia   Died: Nov 6, 1893; Russia   Period: Romantic
Pyotr Il'yich Tchaikovsky was the author of some of the most popular themes in all of classical music. He founded no school, struck out no new paths or compositional methods, and sought few innovations in his works. Yet the power and communicative sweep of his best music elevates it to classic status, even if it lacks the formal boldness and harmonic sophistication heard in the compositions of his contemporaries, Wagner and Bruckner. It was Read more Tchaikovsky's unique melodic charm that could, whether in his Piano Concerto No. 1 or in his ballet The Nutcracker or in his tragic last symphony, make the music sound familiar on first hearing.
Tchaikovsky was born into a family of five brothers and one sister. He began taking piano lessons at age four and showed remarkable talent, eventually surpassing his own teacher's abilities. By age nine, he exhibited severe nervous problems, not least because of his overly sensitive nature. The following year, he was sent to St. Petersburg to study at the School of Jurisprudence. The loss of his mother in 1854 dealt a crushing blow to the young Tchaikovsky. In 1859, he took a position in the Ministry of Justice, but longed for a career in music, attending concerts and operas at every opportunity. He finally began study in harmony with Zaremba in 1861, and enrolled at the St. Petersburg Conservatory the following year, eventually studying composition with Anton Rubinstein.
In 1866, the composer relocated to Moscow, accepting a professorship of harmony at the new conservatory, and shortly afterward turned out his First Symphony, suffering, however, a nervous breakdown during its composition. His opera The Voyevoda came in 1867-1868 and he began another, The Oprichnik, in 1870, completing it two years later. Other works were appearing during this time, as well, including the First String Quartet (1871), the Second Symphony (1873), and the ballet Swan Lake (1875).
In 1876, Tchaikovsky traveled to Paris with his brother, Modest, and then visited Bayreuth, where he met Liszt, but was snubbed by Wagner. By 1877, Tchaikovsky was an established composer. This was the year of Swan Lake's premiere and the time he began work on the Fourth Symphony (1877-1878). It was also a time of woe: in July, Tchaikovsky, despite his homosexuality, foolishly married Antonina Ivanovna Milyukova, an obsessed admirer, their disastrous union lasting just months. The composer attempted suicide in the midst of this episode. Near the end of that year, Nadezhda von Meck, a woman he would never meet, became his patron and frequent correspondent.
Further excursions abroad came in the 1880s, along with a spate of successful compositions, including the Serenade for Strings (1881), 1812 Overture (1882), and the Fifth Symphony (1888). In both 1888 and 1889, Tchaikovsky went on successful European tours as a conductor, meeting Brahms, Grieg, Dvorák, Gounod, and other notable musical figures. Sleeping Beauty was premiered in 1890, and The Nutcracker in 1892, both with success.
Throughout Tchaikovsky's last years, he was continually plagued by anxiety and depression. A trip to Paris and the United States followed one dark nervous episode in 1891. Tchaikovsky wrote his Sixth Symphony, "Pathétique," in 1893, and it was successfully premiered in October, that year. The composer died ten days later of cholera, or -- as some now contend -- from drinking poison in accordance with a death sentence conferred on him by his classmates from the School of Jurisprudence, who were fearful of shame on the institution owing to an alleged homosexual episode involving Tchaikovsky. Read less
Tchaikovsky: Complete Works for Violin & Orchestra / Koh, Vedernikov, Odense Symphony
Release Date: 09/09/2016   Label: Cedille Records  
Catalog: 166   Number of Discs: 1
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Tchaikovsky: Piano Concerto No. 2 & Concert Fanatsia / Nebolsin, Stern, New Zealand Symphony
Release Date: 09/09/2016   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 8573462   Number of Discs: 1
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Tchaikovsky: Eugen Onegin / Levine, Allen, Freni, Von Otter
Release Date: 10/25/1990   Label: Deutsche Grammophon  
Catalog: 423959   Number of Discs: 2
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Tchaikovsky: Eugene Onegin / Leiferkus, Marusin, Et Al
Release Date: 05/31/2005   Label: Kultur Video  
Catalog: 1165   Number of Discs: 1
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Tchaikovsky: Pique Dame / Didyk, Magee, Boder
Release Date: 07/26/2011   Label: Opus Arte  
Catalog: 1050   Number of Discs: 2
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Work: None but the Lonely Heart

Browse 76-92 of 92 Available Recordings
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  • 76.
    Lebendige Vergangenheit - Pavel Lisitsian Vol 2
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 89503 Release Date: 10/24/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Got,,  Kels,,  Reinhold Gliere,  Yuri Shaporin  ... 
    Performer:  Pavel Lisitsian
    On sale! $22.98
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  • 77.
    Tchaikovsky: 1812 Overture, Etc / Domingo, Philharmonia
    Label: Emi Seraphim   Catalog: 73297 Release Date: 04/20/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Performer:  Ofra Harnoy,  Randall Behr
    Conductor:  Placido Domingo
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra
    CD: $7.99
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  • 78.
    Tchaikovsky: Complete Songs Vol 1 / Leiferkus, Skigin
    Label: Conifer   Catalog: 51266 Release Date: 08/13/1998   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Performer:  Sergei Leiferkus,  Semeon Skigin
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  • 79.
    And The Band Played On - Music On The Titanic / I Salonisti
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 458382 Release Date: 01/13/1998   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Lowell Mason,  Sir Edward Elgar,  Antonín Dvorák,  Irving Berlin  ... 
    Performer:  Werner Giger,  Thomas Füri,  Béla Szedlák,  Ferenc Szedlák  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  I Salonisti
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  • 80.
    Songs For Sunset / Christian Linberg, Per Lundberg
    Label: Bis   Catalog: 808 Release Date: 12/17/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Charles Chaplin,  Claude Debussy,  Sergei Rachmaninov,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky  ... 
    Performer:  Per Lundberg,  Christian Lindberg
    CD: $21.49
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  • 81.
    Songs With A Touch Of Bass / Stoffel, Masciadri, Frazier
    Label: Aca Digital   Catalog: 20030 Release Date: 10/15/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jean-Baptiste Lully,  Michael Head,  Liza Lehmann,  Traditional  ... 
    Performer:  Milton Masciadri,  David Stoffel,  Ivan Frazier
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  • 82.
    All Of The World's Most Beautiful Melodies! / Mccann, Et Al
    Label: Chandos   Catalog: 4536 Release Date: 10/17/1995   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Traditional,  Ruggero Leoncavallo,  Johann Paul A. Martini,  Helen Guy  ... 
    Performer:  Phillip McCann,  Simon Lindley,  Roy Newsome,  Skaila Kanga  ... 
    Conductor:  Roy Newsome,  Major Peter Parkes,  Douglas Blackledge,  Gordon Langford
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Sellers Engineering Band,  Huddersfield Choral Society,  Leeds Parish Church Boys' Choir  ... 
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  • 83.
    Prima Voce - Prima Voce Party
    Label: Nimbus   Catalog: 7839 Release Date: 04/16/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Felix Mendelssohn,  Marcel Delannoy,  H. de Fontenailles,  Moritz Moszkowski  ... 
    Performer:  Richard Tauber,  Hugues Cuénod,  Rosa Ponselle,  Miliza Korjus  ... 
    Conductor:  Frieder Weissmann,  Maurice Jaubert,  Bruno Seidler-Winkler,  Lawrence Collingwood  ... 
    CD: $14.99
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  • 84.
    Russian Songs - Tchaikovsky, Et Al / Nicolai Ghiaurov
    Label: London/Decca Double Decker   Catalog: 443024 Release Date: 03/14/1995   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Traditional,  Anonymous,  Alexander Dargomizhsky,  Anton Rubinstein  ... 
    Performer:  Nicolai Ghiaurov,  Zlatina Ghiaurov
    Conductor:  Atanas Margaritov
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Kaval Orchestra,  Kaval Chorus
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  • 85.
    The Maiden's Prayer - Leaves From Grandmother's Piano Album
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8550646 Release Date: 12/13/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Zdenék Fibich,  Christian Sinding,  Leon Jessel,  Fritz Kreisler  ... 
    Performer:  Balázs Szokolay,  Péter Nagy,  Ilona Prunyi
    CD: $9.99
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  • 86.
    Romances Of The Russian Masters / Linn Maxwell, Robert Mccoy
    Label: Albany Records   Catalog: 72 Release Date: 12/12/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Mikhail Glinka,  Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov,  Modest Mussorgsky  ... 
    Performer:  Linn Maxwell,  Robert McCoy
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  • 87.
    The King's Singers - Original Debut Recording
    Label: Chandos Collect   Catalog: 6562 Release Date: 05/10/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ron Goodwin,  Traditional,  Burt Bacharach,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  King's Singers,  Gordon Langford Trio
    CD: $11.99
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  • 88.
    Romantic Piano Favourites Vol 4 / Peter Nagy
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8550141 Release Date: 02/15/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák,  Franz Liszt,  Claude Debussy,  Ignace Jan Paderewski  ... 
    Performer:  Balázs Szokolay,  Péter Nagy
    CD: $9.99
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  • 89.
    The World's Most Beautiful Melodies / Phillip Mccann
    Label: Chandos   Catalog: 4501 Release Date: 07/29/1992   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Arthur Sullivan,  Franz Schubert,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Giacomo Puccini  ... 
    Performer:  Iain Robertson,  Phillip McCann
    Conductor:  Major Peter Parkes
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Black Dyke Mills Band
    CD: $11.99
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  • 90.
    Lullaby / Arthur Fiedler, Boston Pops
    Label: Rca   Catalog: 60876 Release Date: 02/11/1992   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Engelbert Humperdinck,  Johannes Brahms,  Claude Debussy,  Richard Wagner  ... 
    Conductor:  Arthur Fiedler
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Boston Pops
    ArkivCD $16.99
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  • 91.
    Fritz Wunderlich - Recital
    Label: Eurodisc   Catalog: 69018 Release Date: 11/13/1989   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Augustin Lara,  Eduardo Di Capua,  Ernesto De Curtis,  Marc Roland  ... 
    Performer:  Fritz Wunderlich
    Conductor:  Gerhard Becker,  Alois Melichar,  Werner Schmidt-Bölke,  Arthur Rother
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  FFB Orchestra,  Berlin Symphony Orchestra,  Munich Radio Orchestra  ... 
    ArkivCD $16.99
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  • 92.
    Pops A La Russe / John Williams, Boston Pops
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 426247 Release Date: 03/1990   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov,  Alexander Borodin,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Modest Mussorgsky  ... 
    Conductor:  John T. Williams
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Boston Pops
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