Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky

Biography

Born: May 7, 1840; Russia   Died: Nov 6, 1893; Russia   Period: Romantic
Pyotr Il'yich Tchaikovsky was the author of some of the most popular themes in all of classical music. He founded no school, struck out no new paths or compositional methods, and sought few innovations in his works. Yet the power and communicative sweep of his best music elevates it to classic status, even if it lacks the formal boldness and harmonic sophistication heard in the compositions of his contemporaries, Wagner and Bruckner. It was Read more Tchaikovsky's unique melodic charm that could, whether in his Piano Concerto No. 1 or in his ballet The Nutcracker or in his tragic last symphony, make the music sound familiar on first hearing.
Tchaikovsky was born into a family of five brothers and one sister. He began taking piano lessons at age four and showed remarkable talent, eventually surpassing his own teacher's abilities. By age nine, he exhibited severe nervous problems, not least because of his overly sensitive nature. The following year, he was sent to St. Petersburg to study at the School of Jurisprudence. The loss of his mother in 1854 dealt a crushing blow to the young Tchaikovsky. In 1859, he took a position in the Ministry of Justice, but longed for a career in music, attending concerts and operas at every opportunity. He finally began study in harmony with Zaremba in 1861, and enrolled at the St. Petersburg Conservatory the following year, eventually studying composition with Anton Rubinstein.
In 1866, the composer relocated to Moscow, accepting a professorship of harmony at the new conservatory, and shortly afterward turned out his First Symphony, suffering, however, a nervous breakdown during its composition. His opera The Voyevoda came in 1867-1868 and he began another, The Oprichnik, in 1870, completing it two years later. Other works were appearing during this time, as well, including the First String Quartet (1871), the Second Symphony (1873), and the ballet Swan Lake (1875).
In 1876, Tchaikovsky traveled to Paris with his brother, Modest, and then visited Bayreuth, where he met Liszt, but was snubbed by Wagner. By 1877, Tchaikovsky was an established composer. This was the year of Swan Lake's premiere and the time he began work on the Fourth Symphony (1877-1878). It was also a time of woe: in July, Tchaikovsky, despite his homosexuality, foolishly married Antonina Ivanovna Milyukova, an obsessed admirer, their disastrous union lasting just months. The composer attempted suicide in the midst of this episode. Near the end of that year, Nadezhda von Meck, a woman he would never meet, became his patron and frequent correspondent.
Further excursions abroad came in the 1880s, along with a spate of successful compositions, including the Serenade for Strings (1881), 1812 Overture (1882), and the Fifth Symphony (1888). In both 1888 and 1889, Tchaikovsky went on successful European tours as a conductor, meeting Brahms, Grieg, Dvorák, Gounod, and other notable musical figures. Sleeping Beauty was premiered in 1890, and The Nutcracker in 1892, both with success.
Throughout Tchaikovsky's last years, he was continually plagued by anxiety and depression. A trip to Paris and the United States followed one dark nervous episode in 1891. Tchaikovsky wrote his Sixth Symphony, "Pathétique," in 1893, and it was successfully premiered in October, that year. The composer died ten days later of cholera, or -- as some now contend -- from drinking poison in accordance with a death sentence conferred on him by his classmates from the School of Jurisprudence, who were fearful of shame on the institution owing to an alleged homosexual episode involving Tchaikovsky. Read less
Tchaikovsky: Symphony No 5… / Thomas, San Francisco
Release Date: 05/12/2015   Label: San Francisco Symphony  
Catalog: 0062   Number of Discs: 1
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Mendelssohn, Tchaikovsky: Violin Concertos / Steinbacher, Dutoit
Release Date: 06/09/2015   Label: Pentatone  
Catalog: 5186504   Number of Discs: 1
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Tchaikovsky: Manfred Symphony, Marche Slave / Nelsons, City Of Birmingham
Release Date: 06/09/2015   Label: Orfeo  
Catalog: 895151   Number of Discs: 1
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Tchaikovsky: Ballet Music Highlights / Petrenko, Et Al
Release Date: 12/18/2007   Label: Avie  
Catalog: 2139   Number of Discs: 1
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Tchaikovsky: Symphony No. 5 / Yutaka Sado, Deutsches Symphonie Orchestra
Release Date: 04/13/2010   Label: Challenge  
Catalog: 72356   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: None but the Lonely Heart

Browse 76-99 of 99 Available Recordings
1 2 3 4
  • 76.
    Night Music 6 - Classical Favourites For Relaxing
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8556606 Release Date: 09/01/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Frédéric Chopin,  George Frideric Handel,  Anatole Liadov  ... 
    Performer:  István Székely,  Jénö Jandó,  Jozef Luptácik,  Wolf Harden  ... 
    Conductor:  Jaroslav Dvorák,  Gyula Németh,  Josef Kopelman,  Stephen Gunzenhauser  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Capella Istropolitana,  Budapest Symphony Orchestra,  Slovak State Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
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  • 77.
    Tchaikovsky: Complete Songs Vol 3 / Kazarnovskaya, Orfenova
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8555371 Release Date: 05/15/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Performer:  Lubov Orfenova,  Luba Kazarnovskaya
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  • 78.
    Opus 190 - Frederick Hohman Plays Vintage Repertoire...
    Label: Pro Organo   Catalog: 7042 Release Date: 04/24/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Louis Vierne,  Harry Rowe Shelley,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Pietro Yon  ... 
    Performer:  Frederick Hohman
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  • 79.
    Violin Adagios
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 467675 Release Date: 03/20/2001   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Antonio Vivaldi,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Sir Edward Elgar,  Antonín Dvorák  ... 
    Performer:  Pinchas Zukerman,  Midori,  Akiko Suwanai,  Phillip Moll  ... 
    Conductor:  Pinchas Zukerman,  Sir Neville Marriner,  John Mauceri,  André Previn  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  St. Paul Chamber Orchestra,  Academy of St. Martin in the Fields,  Berlin RIAS Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 80.
    Lebendige Vergangenheit - Pavel Lisitsian Vol 2
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 89503 Release Date: 10/24/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Got,,  Kels,,  Reinhold Gliere,  Yuri Shaporin  ... 
    Performer:  Pavel Lisitsian
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  • 81.
    Tchaikovsky: 1812 Overture, Etc / Domingo, Philharmonia
    Label: Emi Seraphim   Catalog: 73297 Release Date: 04/20/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Performer:  Ofra Harnoy,  Randall Behr
    Conductor:  Placido Domingo
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra
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  • 82.
    Tchaikovsky: Complete Songs Vol 1 / Leiferkus, Skigin
    Label: Conifer   Catalog: 51266 Release Date: 08/13/1998   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Performer:  Sergei Leiferkus,  Semeon Skigin
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  • 83.
    And The Band Played On - Music On The Titanic / I Salonisti
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 458382 Release Date: 01/13/1998   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Lowell Mason,  Sir Edward Elgar,  Antonín Dvorák,  Irving Berlin  ... 
    Performer:  Werner Giger,  Thomas Füri,  Béla Szedlák,  Ferenc Szedlák  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  I Salonisti
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  • 84.
    Songs For Sunset / Christian Linberg, Per Lundberg
    Label: Bis   Catalog: 808 Release Date: 12/17/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Charles Chaplin,  Claude Debussy,  Sergei Rachmaninov,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky  ... 
    Performer:  Per Lundberg,  Christian Lindberg
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  • 85.
    Songs With A Touch Of Bass / Stoffel, Masciadri, Frazier
    Label: Aca Digital   Catalog: 20030 Release Date: 10/15/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jean-Baptiste Lully,  Michael Head,  Liza Lehmann,  Traditional  ... 
    Performer:  Milton Masciadri,  David Stoffel,  Ivan Frazier
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  • 86.
    Phase 4 Stereo - In A Monastery Garden - Albert Ketelbey
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 444786 Release Date: 06/11/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jenö Hubay,  Vittorio Monti,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Erich Wolfgang Korngold  ... 
    Performer:  Josef Sakonov
    Conductor:  Eric Rogers
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Festival Orchestra,  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra,  Royal Philharmonic Chorus
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  • 87.
    Isaac Stern - A Life in Music - Trio Recordings
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 67195 Release Date: 12/05/1995   Number of Discs: 12
    Composer:  Felix Mendelssohn,  Aaron Copland,  George Gershwin,  Erik Satie  ... 
    Performer:  Leonard Rose,  Eugene Istomin,  Isaac Stern,  Emanuel Ax  ... 
    Conductor:  Milton Katims,  Frank Brieff
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Columbia Symphony Orchestra
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  • 88.
    All Of The World's Most Beautiful Melodies! / Mccann, Et Al
    Label: Chandos   Catalog: 4536 Release Date: 10/17/1995   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Traditional,  Ruggero Leoncavallo,  Johann Paul A. Martini,  Helen Guy  ... 
    Performer:  Phillip McCann,  Simon Lindley,  Roy Newsome,  Skaila Kanga  ... 
    Conductor:  Roy Newsome,  Major Peter Parkes,  Douglas Blackledge,  Gordon Langford
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Sellers Engineering Band,  Huddersfield Choral Society,  Leeds Parish Church Boys' Choir  ... 
    CD: $48.99
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  • 89.
    Prima Voce - Prima Voce Party
    Label: Nimbus   Catalog: 7839 Release Date: 04/16/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Felix Mendelssohn,  Marcel Delannoy,  H. de Fontenailles,  Moritz Moszkowski  ... 
    Performer:  Richard Tauber,  Hugues Cuénod,  Rosa Ponselle,  Miliza Korjus  ... 
    Conductor:  Frieder Weissmann,  Maurice Jaubert,  Bruno Seidler-Winkler,  Lawrence Collingwood  ... 
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  • 90.
    Russian Songs - Tchaikovsky, Et Al / Nicolai Ghiaurov
    Label: London/Decca Double Decker   Catalog: 443024 Release Date: 03/14/1995   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Traditional,  Anonymous,  Alexander Dargomizhsky,  Anton Rubinstein  ... 
    Performer:  Nicolai Ghiaurov,  Zlatina Ghiaurov
    Conductor:  Atanas Margaritov
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Kaval Orchestra,  Kaval Chorus
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  • 91.
    The Maiden's Prayer - Leaves From Grandmother's Piano Album
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8550646 Release Date: 12/13/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Zdenék Fibich,  Christian Sinding,  Leon Jessel,  Fritz Kreisler  ... 
    Performer:  Balázs Szokolay,  Péter Nagy,  Ilona Prunyi
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  • 92.
    Romances Of The Russian Masters / Linn Maxwell, Robert Mccoy
    Label: Albany Records   Catalog: 72 Release Date: 12/12/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Mikhail Glinka,  Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov,  Modest Mussorgsky  ... 
    Performer:  Linn Maxwell,  Robert McCoy
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  • 93.
    The Art Of Virgil Fox
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 65426 Release Date: 11/08/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Martin Luther,  Edvard Grieg,  Arthur Sullivan,  Antonín Dvorák  ... 
    Performer:  Virgil Fox
    CD not available
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  • 94.
    The King's Singers - Original Debut Recording
    Label: Chandos Collect   Catalog: 6562 Release Date: 05/10/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ron Goodwin,  Traditional,  Burt Bacharach,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  King's Singers,  Gordon Langford Trio
    CD: $11.99
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  • 95.
    Romantic Piano Favourites Vol 4 / Peter Nagy
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8550141 Release Date: 02/15/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák,  Franz Liszt,  Claude Debussy,  Ignace Jan Paderewski  ... 
    Performer:  Balázs Szokolay,  Péter Nagy
    CD: $12.99
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  • 96.
    The World's Most Beautiful Melodies / Phillip Mccann
    Label: Chandos   Catalog: 4501 Release Date: 07/29/1992   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Arthur Sullivan,  Franz Schubert,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Giacomo Puccini  ... 
    Performer:  Iain Robertson,  Phillip McCann
    Conductor:  Major Peter Parkes
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Black Dyke Mills Band
    CD: $11.99
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  • 97.
    Lullaby / Arthur Fiedler, Boston Pops
    Label: Rca   Catalog: 60876 Release Date: 02/11/1992   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Engelbert Humperdinck,  Johannes Brahms,  Claude Debussy,  Richard Wagner  ... 
    Conductor:  Arthur Fiedler
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Boston Pops
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  • 98.
    Together - Placido Domingo, Itzhak Perlman
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 54266 Release Date: 10/11/1991   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Sergei Rachmaninov,  Manuel Ponce,  George Frideric Handel  ... 
    Performer:  Itzhak Perlman,  Placido Domingo
    Conductor:  Jonathan Tunick
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New York Studio Orchestra
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  • 99.
    Pops A La Russe / John Williams, Boston Pops
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 426247 Release Date: 03/1990   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov,  Alexander Borodin,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Modest Mussorgsky  ... 
    Conductor:  John T. Williams
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Boston Pops
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Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky


WORKS
Tchaikovsky: Piano Concerto No.1 In B Flat Minor, Op.23 - 1. Allegro non troppo e molto maestoso - Allegro con spirito
Tchaikovsky: Piano Concerto No.1 In B Flat Minor, Op.23 - 2. Andantino semplice - Prestissimo - Tempo I
Tchaikovsky: Piano Concerto No.1 In B Flat Minor, Op.23 - 3. Allegro con fuoco
Allegro moderato
Canzonetta: Andante
Allegro vivacissimo
Tchaikovsky: Nutcracker Suite, Op.71a - 1. Miniature Overture
Tchaikovsky: Nutcracker Suite, Op.71a - March
Tchaikovsky: Nutcracker Suite, Op.71a - Dance Of The Sugar-Plum Fairy
Tchaikovsky: Nutcracker Suite, Op.71a - Russian Dance (Trepak)
Tchaikovsky: Nutcracker Suite, Op.71a - Arabian Dance (Coffee)
Tchaikovsky: Nutcracker Suite, Op.71a - Chinese Dance (Tea)
Tchaikovsky: Nutcracker Suite, Op.71a - Dance Of The Reed-Pipes (Merlitons)
Tchaikovsky: Nutcracker Suite, Op.71a - 3. Waltz Of The Flowers
Tchaikovsky: Symphony No.5 In E Minor, Op.64 - 1. Andante - Allegro con anima
Tchaikovsky: Symphony No.5 In E Minor, Op.64 - 2. Andante cantabile, con alcuna licenza - Moderato con anima
Tchaikovsky: Symphony No.5 In E Minor, Op.64 - 3. Valse (Allegro moderato)
Tchaikovsky: Symphony No.5 In E Minor, Op.64 - 4. Finale (Andante maestoso - Allegro vivace)
Tchaikovsky: Symphony No.6 in B minor, Op.74 -"Pathétique" - 1. Adagio - Allegro non troppo - Andante - Moderato mosso - Andante - Moderato assai - Allegro vivo - Andante come prima - Andante mosso
Tchaikovsky: Symphony No.6 in B minor, Op.74 -"Pathétique" - 2. Allegro con grazia
Tchaikovsky: Symphony No.6 in B minor, Op.74 -"Pathétique" - 3. Allegro molto vivace
Tchaikovsky: Symphony No.6 in B minor, Op.74 -"Pathétique" - 4. Finale: Adagio lamentoso - Andante
Moderato assai quasi andante
Tema: Moderato semplice
Variazione I: Tempo del Tema
Variazione II: Tempo del Tema
Variazione III: Andante sostenuto
Variazione IV: Andante grazioso
Variazione V: Allegro moderato
Variazione VI: Andante
Variazione VII e Coda: Allegro vivo
1. Pezzo in forma di sonatina: Andante non troppo - Allegro moderato
2. Walzer: Moderato (Tempo di valse)
3. Elégie: Larghetto elegiaco
4. Finale (Tema russo): Andante - Allegro con spirito
Tchaikovsky: Swan Lake, Op.20 Suite - 1. Scene - Swan Theme
Tchaikovsky: Swan Lake, Op.20 Suite - 2. Valse In A
Tchaikovsky: Swan Lake, Op.20 Suite - 3. Danse des petits cygnes
Tchaikovsky: Swan Lake, Op.20 Suite - 4. Scene
Tchaikovsky: Swan Lake, Op.20 Suite - 5. Danse Hongroise (Czardas)
Tchaikovsky: Swan Lake, Op.20 Suite - 6. Scène finale.
Tchaikovsky: The Sleeping Beauty, Suite, Op.66a - Introduction - The Lilac Fairy
Tchaikovsky: The Sleeping Beauty, Suite, Op.66a - Pas d'action: Rose Adagio
Tchaikovsky: The Sleeping Beauty, Suite, Op.66a - Pas de caractère: Puss In Boots
Tchaikovsky: The Sleeping Beauty, Suite, Op.66a - Panorama (andantino)
Tchaikovsky: The Sleeping Beauty, Suite, Op.66a - Valse