Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky

Biography

Born: May 7, 1840; Russia   Died: Nov 6, 1893; Russia   Period: Romantic
Pyotr Il'yich Tchaikovsky was the author of some of the most popular themes in all of classical music. He founded no school, struck out no new paths or compositional methods, and sought few innovations in his works. Yet the power and communicative sweep of his best music elevates it to classic status, even if it lacks the formal boldness and harmonic sophistication heard in the compositions of his contemporaries, Wagner and Bruckner. It was Read more Tchaikovsky's unique melodic charm that could, whether in his Piano Concerto No. 1 or in his ballet The Nutcracker or in his tragic last symphony, make the music sound familiar on first hearing.
Tchaikovsky was born into a family of five brothers and one sister. He began taking piano lessons at age four and showed remarkable talent, eventually surpassing his own teacher's abilities. By age nine, he exhibited severe nervous problems, not least because of his overly sensitive nature. The following year, he was sent to St. Petersburg to study at the School of Jurisprudence. The loss of his mother in 1854 dealt a crushing blow to the young Tchaikovsky. In 1859, he took a position in the Ministry of Justice, but longed for a career in music, attending concerts and operas at every opportunity. He finally began study in harmony with Zaremba in 1861, and enrolled at the St. Petersburg Conservatory the following year, eventually studying composition with Anton Rubinstein.
In 1866, the composer relocated to Moscow, accepting a professorship of harmony at the new conservatory, and shortly afterward turned out his First Symphony, suffering, however, a nervous breakdown during its composition. His opera The Voyevoda came in 1867-1868 and he began another, The Oprichnik, in 1870, completing it two years later. Other works were appearing during this time, as well, including the First String Quartet (1871), the Second Symphony (1873), and the ballet Swan Lake (1875).
In 1876, Tchaikovsky traveled to Paris with his brother, Modest, and then visited Bayreuth, where he met Liszt, but was snubbed by Wagner. By 1877, Tchaikovsky was an established composer. This was the year of Swan Lake's premiere and the time he began work on the Fourth Symphony (1877-1878). It was also a time of woe: in July, Tchaikovsky, despite his homosexuality, foolishly married Antonina Ivanovna Milyukova, an obsessed admirer, their disastrous union lasting just months. The composer attempted suicide in the midst of this episode. Near the end of that year, Nadezhda von Meck, a woman he would never meet, became his patron and frequent correspondent.
Further excursions abroad came in the 1880s, along with a spate of successful compositions, including the Serenade for Strings (1881), 1812 Overture (1882), and the Fifth Symphony (1888). In both 1888 and 1889, Tchaikovsky went on successful European tours as a conductor, meeting Brahms, Grieg, Dvorák, Gounod, and other notable musical figures. Sleeping Beauty was premiered in 1890, and The Nutcracker in 1892, both with success.
Throughout Tchaikovsky's last years, he was continually plagued by anxiety and depression. A trip to Paris and the United States followed one dark nervous episode in 1891. Tchaikovsky wrote his Sixth Symphony, "Pathétique," in 1893, and it was successfully premiered in October, that year. The composer died ten days later of cholera, or -- as some now contend -- from drinking poison in accordance with a death sentence conferred on him by his classmates from the School of Jurisprudence, who were fearful of shame on the institution owing to an alleged homosexual episode involving Tchaikovsky. Read less
Tchaikovsky: The Oprichnik / Rozhdestvensky
Release Date: 10/30/2012   Label: Brilliant Classics  
Catalog: 94390   Number of Discs: 3
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Tchaikovsky, Grieg: Piano Concertos / Stewart Goodyear
Release Date: 06/10/2014   Label: Steinway & Sons  
Catalog: 30035   Number of Discs: 1
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Tchaikovsky: Romeo & Juliet, Capriccio Italien, 1812 Overture / Simonov
Release Date: 11/11/2008   Label: Royal Philharmonic Masterworks  
Catalog: 28120   Number of Discs: 1
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Tchaikovsky: Cherevichki / Rozhdesvensky, Teatro Lirico Di Cagliari
Release Date: 07/31/2012   Label: Brilliant Classics  
Catalog: 94375   Number of Discs: 3
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Tchaikovsky: Serenade for Strings; Mozart: Eine kleine Nachtmusik; Grieg / simonov
Release Date: 10/12/2010   Label: Royal Philharmonic Masterworks  
Catalog: 28190   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: None but the Lonely Heart

Browse 76-100 of 111 Available Recordings
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  • 76.
    Bryn - Bryn Terfel Sings Favorites
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 000130502 Release Date: 10/14/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Traditional,  Hoagy Carmichael,  William Henry Monk,  Johannes Brahms  ... 
    Performer:  Catrin Finch,  Bryn Terfel,  Martin Taylor,  Neil Martin  ... 
    Conductor:  Barry Wordsworth
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra,  London Voices
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  • 77.
    The Very Best Of Placido Domingo
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 75906 Release Date: 04/22/2003   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Francisco Alonso,  Traditional,  Jacob Gade,  Joaquin Rodrigo  ... 
    Performer:  Placido Domingo,  Peter Horton,  Renato Capecchi,  Montserrat Caballé
    Conductor:  Manuel Moreno-Buendia,  Eugene Kohn,  Julius Rudel,  Placido Domingo  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Madrid Teatro de la Zarzuela Chorus,  Madrid Symphony Orchestra,  Orchestra  ... 
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  • 78.
    Melodrama - Russian Romantic Music For Trombone & Piano
    Label: Albany Records   Catalog: 549 Release Date: 01/28/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Alexei Lebedev,  Modest Mussorgsky,  Sergei Prokofiev  ... 
    Performer:  Randall Hawes,  Kathryn Goodson
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  • 79.
    Richard Baker's Favourite Songs And Encores
    Label: Upbeat Classics   Catalog: 143 Release Date: 11/04/2002   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gertrude Sans-Souci,  Franz Schubert,  Johann Paul A. Martini,  Cecil Armstrong Gibbs  ... 
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  • 80.
    Essential Tchaikovsky - 22 Of His Greatest Masterpieces
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 470463 Release Date: 03/12/2002   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Performer:  Akiko Suwanai,  Phillip Moll,  Arthur Grumiaux,  István Hajdu  ... 
    Conductor:  Valery Gergiev,  Charles Dutoit,  Herbert von Karajan,  Sir Neville Marriner  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Kirov Theater Orchestra,  Montreal Symphony Orchestra,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
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  • 81.
    Tchaikovsky: None But The Lonely Heart / Nishizaki, Breiner, Queensland SO
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8555332 Release Date: 11/20/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Performer:  Takako Nishizaki
    Conductor:  Peter Breiner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Queensland Symphony Orchestra
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  • 82.
    Night Music 6 - Classical Favourites For Relaxing
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8556606 Release Date: 09/01/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Frédéric Chopin,  George Frideric Handel,  Anatole Liadov  ... 
    Performer:  István Székely,  Jénö Jandó,  Jozef Luptácik,  Wolf Harden  ... 
    Conductor:  Jaroslav Dvorák,  Gyula Németh,  Josef Kopelman,  Stephen Gunzenhauser  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Capella Istropolitana,  Budapest Symphony Orchestra,  Slovak State Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
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  • 83.
    Tchaikovsky: Complete Songs Vol 3 / Kazarnovskaya, Orfenova
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8555371 Release Date: 05/15/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Performer:  Lubov Orfenova,  Luba Kazarnovskaya
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  • 84.
    Aromatherapy 05 - The Heart Of Tchaikovsky
    Label: Eloquence   Catalog: 4666972 Release Date: 04/30/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Performer:  Phillip Moll,  Kyung-Wha Chung,  Vladimir Ashkenazy,  Josef Sakonov
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan,  Ernest Ansermet,  Vladimir Ashkenazy,  Leopold Stokowski  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Suisse Romande Orchestra,  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
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  • 85.
    Opus 190 - Frederick Hohman Plays Vintage Repertoire...
    Label: Pro Organo   Catalog: 7042 Release Date: 04/24/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Louis Vierne,  Harry Rowe Shelley,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Pietro Yon  ... 
    Performer:  Frederick Hohman
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  • 86.
    Violin Adagios
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 467675 Release Date: 03/20/2001   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Antonio Vivaldi,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Sir Edward Elgar,  Antonín Dvorák  ... 
    Performer:  Pinchas Zukerman,  Midori,  Akiko Suwanai,  Phillip Moll  ... 
    Conductor:  Pinchas Zukerman,  Sir Neville Marriner,  John Mauceri,  André Previn  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  St. Paul Chamber Orchestra,  Academy of St. Martin in the Fields,  Berlin RIAS Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 87.
    Lebendige Vergangenheit - Pavel Lisitsian Vol 2
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 89503 Release Date: 10/24/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Got,,  Kels,,  Reinhold Gliere,  Yuri Shaporin  ... 
    Performer:  Pavel Lisitsian
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  • 88.
    Tchaikovsky: 1812 Overture, Etc / Domingo, Philharmonia
    Label: Emi Seraphim   Catalog: 73297 Release Date: 04/20/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Performer:  Ofra Harnoy,  Randall Behr
    Conductor:  Placido Domingo
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra
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  • 89.
    Tchaikovsky: Complete Songs Vol 1 / Leiferkus, Skigin
    Label: Conifer   Catalog: 51266 Release Date: 08/13/1998   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Performer:  Sergei Leiferkus,  Semeon Skigin
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  • 90.
    And The Band Played On - Music On The Titanic / I Salonisti
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 458382 Release Date: 01/13/1998   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Lowell Mason,  Sir Edward Elgar,  Antonín Dvorák,  Irving Berlin  ... 
    Performer:  Werner Giger,  Thomas Füri,  Béla Szedlák,  Ferenc Szedlák  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  I Salonisti
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  • 91.
    Songs For Sunset / Christian Linberg, Per Lundberg
    Label: Bis   Catalog: 808 Release Date: 12/17/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Charles Chaplin,  Claude Debussy,  Sergei Rachmaninov,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky  ... 
    Performer:  Per Lundberg,  Christian Lindberg
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  • 92.
    The Tsar - Greatest Hits
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 62683 Release Date: 10/29/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Alexander Glazunov,  Anonymous,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Modest Mussorgsky  ... 
    Performer:  Jennie Tourel,  Allen Rogers,  Gary Karr
    Conductor:  Andre Kostelanetz,  Claudio Abbado,  Eugene Ormandy,  Zubin Mehta  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Andre Kostelanetz Orchestra,  Chicago Symphony Orchestra,  Philadelphia Orchestra  ... 
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  • 93.
    Songs With A Touch Of Bass / Stoffel, Masciadri, Frazier
    Label: Aca Digital   Catalog: 20030 Release Date: 10/15/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jean-Baptiste Lully,  Michael Head,  Liza Lehmann,  Traditional  ... 
    Performer:  Milton Masciadri,  David Stoffel,  Ivan Frazier
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  • 94.
    Phase 4 Stereo - In A Monastery Garden - Albert Ketelbey
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 444786 Release Date: 06/11/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jenö Hubay,  Vittorio Monti,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Erich Wolfgang Korngold  ... 
    Performer:  Josef Sakonov
    Conductor:  Eric Rogers
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Festival Orchestra,  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra,  Royal Philharmonic Chorus
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  • 95.
    Isaac Stern - A Life In Music - Isaac Stern Presents Encores
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 64537 Release Date: 12/05/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák,  Stephen Foster,  Aaron Copland,  George Gershwin  ... 
    Performer:  Isaac Stern
    Conductor:  Milton Katims,  Frank Brieff
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Columbia Symphony Orchestra
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  • 96.
    Isaac Stern - A Life in Music - Trio Recordings
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 67195 Release Date: 12/05/1995   Number of Discs: 12
    Composer:  Felix Mendelssohn,  Aaron Copland,  George Gershwin,  Erik Satie  ... 
    Performer:  Leonard Rose,  Eugene Istomin,  Isaac Stern,  Emanuel Ax  ... 
    Conductor:  Milton Katims,  Frank Brieff
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Columbia Symphony Orchestra
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  • 97.
    More Greatest Hits / Mormon Tabernacle Choir
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 61982 Release Date: 11/14/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jack Judge,  Walter Kent,  Richard Rodgers,  Al Jolson  ... 
    Performer:  Robert Merrill,  Sherrill Milnes,  John Longhurst,  Alexander Schreiner  ... 
    Conductor:  Jerold Ottley,  Jim Clancy,  Richard P. Condie,  Eugene Ormandy
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Mormon Tabernacle Choir,  Columbia Symphony Orchestra,  The Vocal Majority  ... 
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  • 98.
    All Of The World's Most Beautiful Melodies! / Mccann, Et Al
    Label: Chandos   Catalog: 4536 Release Date: 10/17/1995   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Traditional,  Ruggero Leoncavallo,  Johann Paul A. Martini,  Helen Guy  ... 
    Performer:  Phillip McCann,  Simon Lindley,  Roy Newsome,  Skaila Kanga  ... 
    Conductor:  Roy Newsome,  Major Peter Parkes,  Douglas Blackledge,  Gordon Langford
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Sellers Engineering Band,  Huddersfield Choral Society,  Leeds Parish Church Boys' Choir  ... 
    CD: $48.99
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  • 99.
    Prima Voce - Prima Voce Party
    Label: Nimbus   Catalog: 7839 Release Date: 04/16/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Felix Mendelssohn,  Marcel Delannoy,  H. de Fontenailles,  Moritz Moszkowski  ... 
    Performer:  Richard Tauber,  Hugues Cuénod,  Rosa Ponselle,  Miliza Korjus  ... 
    Conductor:  Frieder Weissmann,  Maurice Jaubert,  Bruno Seidler-Winkler,  Lawrence Collingwood  ... 
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  • 100.
    Russian Songs - Tchaikovsky, Et Al / Nicolai Ghiaurov
    Label: London/Decca Double Decker   Catalog: 443024 Release Date: 03/14/1995   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Traditional,  Anonymous,  Alexander Dargomizhsky,  Anton Rubinstein  ... 
    Performer:  Nicolai Ghiaurov,  Zlatina Ghiaurov
    Conductor:  Atanas Margaritov
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Kaval Orchestra,  Kaval Chorus
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