Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky

Biography

Born: May 7, 1840; Russia   Died: Nov 6, 1893; Russia   Period: Romantic
Pyotr Il'yich Tchaikovsky was the author of some of the most popular themes in all of classical music. He founded no school, struck out no new paths or compositional methods, and sought few innovations in his works. Yet the power and communicative sweep of his best music elevates it to classic status, even if it lacks the formal boldness and harmonic sophistication heard in the compositions of his contemporaries, Wagner and Bruckner. It was Read more Tchaikovsky's unique melodic charm that could, whether in his Piano Concerto No. 1 or in his ballet The Nutcracker or in his tragic last symphony, make the music sound familiar on first hearing.
Tchaikovsky was born into a family of five brothers and one sister. He began taking piano lessons at age four and showed remarkable talent, eventually surpassing his own teacher's abilities. By age nine, he exhibited severe nervous problems, not least because of his overly sensitive nature. The following year, he was sent to St. Petersburg to study at the School of Jurisprudence. The loss of his mother in 1854 dealt a crushing blow to the young Tchaikovsky. In 1859, he took a position in the Ministry of Justice, but longed for a career in music, attending concerts and operas at every opportunity. He finally began study in harmony with Zaremba in 1861, and enrolled at the St. Petersburg Conservatory the following year, eventually studying composition with Anton Rubinstein.
In 1866, the composer relocated to Moscow, accepting a professorship of harmony at the new conservatory, and shortly afterward turned out his First Symphony, suffering, however, a nervous breakdown during its composition. His opera The Voyevoda came in 1867-1868 and he began another, The Oprichnik, in 1870, completing it two years later. Other works were appearing during this time, as well, including the First String Quartet (1871), the Second Symphony (1873), and the ballet Swan Lake (1875).
In 1876, Tchaikovsky traveled to Paris with his brother, Modest, and then visited Bayreuth, where he met Liszt, but was snubbed by Wagner. By 1877, Tchaikovsky was an established composer. This was the year of Swan Lake's premiere and the time he began work on the Fourth Symphony (1877-1878). It was also a time of woe: in July, Tchaikovsky, despite his homosexuality, foolishly married Antonina Ivanovna Milyukova, an obsessed admirer, their disastrous union lasting just months. The composer attempted suicide in the midst of this episode. Near the end of that year, Nadezhda von Meck, a woman he would never meet, became his patron and frequent correspondent.
Further excursions abroad came in the 1880s, along with a spate of successful compositions, including the Serenade for Strings (1881), 1812 Overture (1882), and the Fifth Symphony (1888). In both 1888 and 1889, Tchaikovsky went on successful European tours as a conductor, meeting Brahms, Grieg, Dvorák, Gounod, and other notable musical figures. Sleeping Beauty was premiered in 1890, and The Nutcracker in 1892, both with success.
Throughout Tchaikovsky's last years, he was continually plagued by anxiety and depression. A trip to Paris and the United States followed one dark nervous episode in 1891. Tchaikovsky wrote his Sixth Symphony, "Pathétique," in 1893, and it was successfully premiered in October, that year. The composer died ten days later of cholera, or -- as some now contend -- from drinking poison in accordance with a death sentence conferred on him by his classmates from the School of Jurisprudence, who were fearful of shame on the institution owing to an alleged homosexual episode involving Tchaikovsky. Read less
Tchaikovsky: Symphony No. 6 - Dvorak: Rusalka Fantasy / Honeck, Pittsburgh Symphony
Release Date: 05/13/2016   Label: Reference Recordings  
Catalog: 720   Number of Discs: 1
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Suggestions - Grieg, Nielsen, Sibelius, Tchaikovsky / GliArchi Ensemble
Release Date: 06/10/2014   Label: Stradivarius  
Catalog: 33977   Number of Discs: 1
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Tchaikovsky: The Sleeping Beauty / Lezhnina, Ruzimatov, Kirov Ballet
Release Date: 02/25/2014   Label: Arthaus Musik  
Catalog: 100313   Number of Discs: 1
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Tchaikovsky: Swan Lake / Gruzin, Royal Covent Garden Ballet & Orchestra [blu-ray]
Release Date: 06/30/2015   Label: Opus Arte  
Catalog: 7174   Number of Discs: 1
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Tchaikovsky: Liturgy of St. John Chrysostom - Bortnyansky: Choir Concerto XXXII / Polyansky
Release Date: 06/03/2016   Label: Musical Concepts  
Catalog: 1327   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: None but the Lonely Heart

Browse 51-75 of 86 Available Recordings
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  • 51.
    Prima Voce - Igor Gorin In Opera & Song
    Label: Nimbus   Catalog: 7937 Release Date: 02/13/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Alexander Grechaninov,  Modest Mussorgsky,  Ruggero Leoncavallo,  Giuseppe Verdi  ... 
    Performer:  Igor Gorin,  Max Rabinovitch
    Conductor:  Wilfrid Pelletier,  Bruno Reibold
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  • 52.
    Prima Voce - Nina Koshetz
    Label: Nimbus   Catalog: 7935 Release Date: 01/09/2007   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Alexander Borodin,  Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov,  Maurice Ravel,  Traditional  ... 
    Performer:  Nina Koshetz
    Conductor:  Bruno Reibold
    CD: $18.99
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  • 53.
    Voice Of The Violin / Joshua Bell
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 97779 Release Date: 09/05/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Sergei Rachmaninov,  Franz Schubert,  Jules Massenet,  Gabriel Fauré  ... 
    Performer:  Joshua Bell,  Frederic Chiu,  Scott Kuney,  Anna Netrebko
    Conductor:  Michael Stern
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Orchestra of St. Luke's,  Women's Chorus
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  • 54.
    Primrose Viola Transcriptions / Díaz, Koenig
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8557391 Release Date: 07/25/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Alexander Borodin,  Franz Schubert,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Richard Wagner  ... 
    Performer:  Robert Koenig,  Roberto Díaz
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  • 55.
    The Essential Mormon Tabernacle Choir
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 80317 Release Date: 05/23/2006   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Richard Rodgers,  John Barry,  Traditional,  Antonín Dvorák  ... 
    Performer:  Frank Asper,  Alexander Schreiner,  Robert Cundick,  Sherrill Milnes  ... 
    Conductor:  Arthur Harris,  Richard P. Condie,  Eugene Ormandy,  Jerold Ottley  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Columbia Symphony Orchestra,  Mormon Tabernacle Choir,  Philadelphia Orchestra  ... 
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  • 56.
    Dmitri Hvorostovsky - Portrait
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 000639802 Release Date: 05/16/2006   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Anton Rubinstein,  Gioachino Rossini,  Traditional  ... 
    Performer:  Dmitri Hvorostovsky,  Oleg Boshniakovich,  Mikhail Arkadiev,  Olga Borodina
    Conductor:  Valery Gergiev,  Ion Marin,  Nikolai Korniev,  Nikolai Kalinin  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Rotterdam Philharmonic Orchestra,  Kirov Theater Orchestra,  Philharmonia Orchestra  ... 
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  • 57.
    Caro Moi Ben / Dennis O'neill
    Label: Sain   Catalog: 8050 Release Date: 04/04/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gaetano Errico Pennino,  Traditional,  Tommaso Giordani,  Stefano Donaudy  ... 
    Performer:  Dennis O'Neill
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  • 58.
    Vocalise - Russian Romances - Glinka, Etc / Maisky, Gililov
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 000583102 Release Date: 02/14/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Mikhail Glinka,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Alexander Dargomizhsky,  Modest Mussorgsky  ... 
    Performer:  Mischa Maisky,  Pavel Gililov
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  • 59.
    The Very Best Of Tchaikovsky
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8552117-18 Release Date: 10/18/2005   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Performer:  Ilona Prunyi,  Péter Sárosi,  György Porzolt,  Gábor Magyar  ... 
    Conductor:  Andrew Mogrelia,  Antoni Wit,  Ondrej Lenárd,  Adrian Leaper  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Kosice Slovak State Philharmonic Orchestra,  Warsaw Polish Radio/TV Symphony Orchestra,  New Haydn Quartet  ... 
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  • 60.
    The Very Best Of Boris Christoff
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 86335 Release Date: 04/26/2005   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Modest Mussorgsky,  Alexander Borodin,  Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov,  Traditional  ... 
    Performer:  Boris Christoff,  Anna Alexieva,  Nicolai Gedda,  Victoria de los Angeles  ... 
    Conductor:  André Cluytens,  Jerzy Semkow,  Georges Tzipine,  Issay Dobroven  ... 
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  • 61.
    Soaring Spirit - Tchaikovsky, Et Al / Pasquale
    Label: Albany Records   Catalog: 715 Release Date: 12/28/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Arthur Benjamin,  Franz Schubert,  Johannes Brahms  ... 
    Performer:  Joseph de Pasquale,  Angelin Chang
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  • 62.
    Lebendige Vergangenheit - Leonard Warren Vol 3
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 89585 Release Date: 02/24/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Helen Guy,  Ruggero Leoncavallo,  Albert Hay Malotte,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky  ... 
    Performer:  Leonard Warren,  Willard Sektberg,  Giuseppe Di Stefano,  Nathaniel Sprinzena  ... 
    Conductor:  Renato Cellini
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  RCA Victor Symphony Orchestra
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  • 63.
    Strauss, Wolf, Liszt, Tchaikovsky: Lieder / Ludwig, Werba
    Label: Orfeo D'or   Catalog: 613031 Release Date: 10/21/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Hugo Wolf,  Franz Liszt,  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Christa Ludwig,  Erik Werba
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  • 64.
    Melodrama - Russian Romantic Music For Trombone & Piano
    Label: Albany Records   Catalog: 549 Release Date: 01/28/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Alexei Lebedev,  Modest Mussorgsky,  Sergei Prokofiev  ... 
    Performer:  Randall Hawes,  Kathryn Goodson
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  • 65.
    Essential Tchaikovsky - 22 Of His Greatest Masterpieces
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 470463 Release Date: 03/12/2002   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Performer:  Akiko Suwanai,  Phillip Moll,  Arthur Grumiaux,  István Hajdu  ... 
    Conductor:  Valery Gergiev,  Charles Dutoit,  Herbert von Karajan,  Sir Neville Marriner  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Kirov Theater Orchestra,  Montreal Symphony Orchestra,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
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  • 66.
    Tchaikovsky: None But The Lonely Heart / Nishizaki, Breiner, Queensland SO
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8555332 Release Date: 11/20/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Performer:  Takako Nishizaki
    Conductor:  Peter Breiner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Queensland Symphony Orchestra
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  • 67.
    Night Music 6 - Classical Favourites For Relaxing
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8556606 Release Date: 09/01/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Frédéric Chopin,  George Frideric Handel,  Anatole Liadov  ... 
    Performer:  István Székely,  Jénö Jandó,  Jozef Luptácik,  Wolf Harden  ... 
    Conductor:  Jaroslav Dvorák,  Gyula Németh,  Josef Kopelman,  Stephen Gunzenhauser  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Capella Istropolitana,  Budapest Symphony Orchestra,  Slovak State Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
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  • 68.
    Tchaikovsky: Complete Songs Vol 3 / Kazarnovskaya, Orfenova
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8555371 Release Date: 05/15/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Performer:  Lubov Orfenova,  Luba Kazarnovskaya
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  • 69.
    Opus 190 - Frederick Hohman Plays Vintage Repertoire...
    Label: Pro Organo   Catalog: 7042 Release Date: 04/24/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Louis Vierne,  Harry Rowe Shelley,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Pietro Yon  ... 
    Performer:  Frederick Hohman
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  • 70.
    Violin Adagios
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 467675 Release Date: 03/20/2001   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Jules Massenet,  Max Bruch,  Antonio Vivaldi,  Johann Sebastian Bach  ... 
    Performer:  Nigel Kennedy,  Kyung-Wha Chung,  Alan Loveday,  Maurice Hasson  ... 
    Conductor:  Richard Bonynge,  Rudolf Kempe,  Sir Neville Marriner,  Sir Alexander Gibson  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  National Philharmonic Orchestra,  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra,  Academy of St. Martin in the Fields  ... 
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  • 71.
    Lebendige Vergangenheit - Pavel Lisitsian Vol 2
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 89503 Release Date: 10/24/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Got,,  Kels,,  Reinhold Gliere,  Yuri Shaporin  ... 
    Performer:  Pavel Lisitsian
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  • 72.
    Tchaikovsky: Complete Songs Vol 1 / Leiferkus, Skigin
    Label: Conifer   Catalog: 51266 Release Date: 08/13/1998   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Performer:  Sergei Leiferkus,  Semeon Skigin
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  • 73.
    And The Band Played On - Music On The Titanic / I Salonisti
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 458382 Release Date: 01/13/1998   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Lowell Mason,  Sir Edward Elgar,  Antonín Dvorák,  Irving Berlin  ... 
    Performer:  Werner Giger,  Thomas Füri,  Béla Szedlák,  Ferenc Szedlák  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  I Salonisti
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  • 74.
    Songs For Sunset / Christian Linberg, Per Lundberg
    Label: Bis   Catalog: 808 Release Date: 12/17/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Charles Chaplin,  Claude Debussy,  Sergei Rachmaninov,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky  ... 
    Performer:  Per Lundberg,  Christian Lindberg
    CD: $21.49
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  • 75.
    Songs With A Touch Of Bass / Stoffel, Masciadri, Frazier
    Label: Aca Digital   Catalog: 20030 Release Date: 10/15/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jean-Baptiste Lully,  Michael Head,  Liza Lehmann,  Traditional  ... 
    Performer:  Milton Masciadri,  David Stoffel,  Ivan Frazier
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