Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky

Biography

Born: May 7, 1840; Russia   Died: Nov 6, 1893; Russia   Period: Romantic
Pyotr Il'yich Tchaikovsky was the author of some of the most popular themes in all of classical music. He founded no school, struck out no new paths or compositional methods, and sought few innovations in his works. Yet the power and communicative sweep of his best music elevates it to classic status, even if it lacks the formal boldness and harmonic sophistication heard in the compositions of his contemporaries, Wagner and Bruckner. It was Read more Tchaikovsky's unique melodic charm that could, whether in his Piano Concerto No. 1 or in his ballet The Nutcracker or in his tragic last symphony, make the music sound familiar on first hearing.
Tchaikovsky was born into a family of five brothers and one sister. He began taking piano lessons at age four and showed remarkable talent, eventually surpassing his own teacher's abilities. By age nine, he exhibited severe nervous problems, not least because of his overly sensitive nature. The following year, he was sent to St. Petersburg to study at the School of Jurisprudence. The loss of his mother in 1854 dealt a crushing blow to the young Tchaikovsky. In 1859, he took a position in the Ministry of Justice, but longed for a career in music, attending concerts and operas at every opportunity. He finally began study in harmony with Zaremba in 1861, and enrolled at the St. Petersburg Conservatory the following year, eventually studying composition with Anton Rubinstein.
In 1866, the composer relocated to Moscow, accepting a professorship of harmony at the new conservatory, and shortly afterward turned out his First Symphony, suffering, however, a nervous breakdown during its composition. His opera The Voyevoda came in 1867-1868 and he began another, The Oprichnik, in 1870, completing it two years later. Other works were appearing during this time, as well, including the First String Quartet (1871), the Second Symphony (1873), and the ballet Swan Lake (1875).
In 1876, Tchaikovsky traveled to Paris with his brother, Modest, and then visited Bayreuth, where he met Liszt, but was snubbed by Wagner. By 1877, Tchaikovsky was an established composer. This was the year of Swan Lake's premiere and the time he began work on the Fourth Symphony (1877-1878). It was also a time of woe: in July, Tchaikovsky, despite his homosexuality, foolishly married Antonina Ivanovna Milyukova, an obsessed admirer, their disastrous union lasting just months. The composer attempted suicide in the midst of this episode. Near the end of that year, Nadezhda von Meck, a woman he would never meet, became his patron and frequent correspondent.
Further excursions abroad came in the 1880s, along with a spate of successful compositions, including the Serenade for Strings (1881), 1812 Overture (1882), and the Fifth Symphony (1888). In both 1888 and 1889, Tchaikovsky went on successful European tours as a conductor, meeting Brahms, Grieg, Dvorák, Gounod, and other notable musical figures. Sleeping Beauty was premiered in 1890, and The Nutcracker in 1892, both with success.
Throughout Tchaikovsky's last years, he was continually plagued by anxiety and depression. A trip to Paris and the United States followed one dark nervous episode in 1891. Tchaikovsky wrote his Sixth Symphony, "Pathétique," in 1893, and it was successfully premiered in October, that year. The composer died ten days later of cholera, or -- as some now contend -- from drinking poison in accordance with a death sentence conferred on him by his classmates from the School of Jurisprudence, who were fearful of shame on the institution owing to an alleged homosexual episode involving Tchaikovsky. Read less
Tchaikovsky, Liszt: Piano Concertos / Alice Sara Ott
Release Date: 10/25/2010   Label: Deutsche Grammophon  
Catalog: 001477802   Number of Discs: 1
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Tchaikovsky, Grieg: Piano Concertos / Stewart Goodyear
Release Date: 06/10/2014   Label: Steinway & Sons  
Catalog: 30035   Number of Discs: 1
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Tchaikovsky: The Seasons;  Balakirev: Islamey / Bronfman
Release Date: 10/20/1998   Label: Sony  
Catalog: 60689   Number of Discs: 1
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Leonard Slatkin Conducts Tchaikovsky Ballets
Release Date: 03/25/2014   Label: Rca  
Catalog: 1920082   Number of Discs: 6
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Claudio Abbado Conducts Tchaikovsky
Release Date: 08/26/2014   Label: Sony (Nax615)  
Catalog: 836722   Number of Discs: 6
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Work: None but the Lonely Heart

Browse 51-75 of 112 Available Recordings
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  • 51.
    Russian Songs - Tchaikovsky, Borodin, Glinka / Burchuladze, Ivanova
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 421417 Release Date: 10/15/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Mikhail Glinka,  Anton Arensky,  Anton Rubinstein,  Alexander Borodin  ... 
    Performer:  Ludmilla Ivanova,  Paata Burchuladze,  David Smith
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  • 52.
    Label: Brana Records   Catalog: 11 Release Date: 03/25/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius,  Jules Massenet,  Gabriel Fauré,  Pablo Luna y Carné  ... 
    Performer:  Chris Gould,  Annette Céline
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  • 53.
    Ultimate Classical Relaxation - The Essential Masterpieces
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 001079002 Release Date: 03/11/2008   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Tomaso Albinoni  ... 
    Performer:  Alicia De Larrocha,  Neil Black,  Tess Miller,  Carmel Kaine  ... 
    Conductor:  Karl Münchinger,  Sir Neville Marriner,  András Schiff,  Thurston Dart  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Stuttgart Chamber Orchestra,  Academy of St. Martin in the Fields,  Chamber Orchestra of Europe  ... 
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  • 54.
    Fritz Wunderlich - Recital
    Label: Eurodisc   Catalog: 69018 Release Date: 02/06/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Augustin Lara,  Eduardo Di Capua,  Ernesto De Curtis,  Marc Roland  ... 
    Performer:  Fritz Wunderlich
    Conductor:  Gerhard Becker,  Alois Melichar,  Werner Schmidt-Bölke,  Arthur Rother
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  FFB Orchestra,  Berlin Symphony Orchestra,  Munich Radio Orchestra  ... 
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  • 55.
    Be My Valentine - Music For Two
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 000815402 Release Date: 01/08/2008   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Claudio Monteverdi,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Giuseppe Verdi,  Igor Stravinsky  ... 
    Performer:  Sylvia McNair,  Dana Hanchard,  Pierre Fournier,  Ernest Lush  ... 
    Conductor:  John Eliot Gardiner,  Thomas Schippers,  James Levine,  Giuseppe Sinopoli  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  English Baroque Soloists,  Cambridge Buskers,  London Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 56.
    None But The Lonely Heart / Roocroft, Martineau
    Label: Onyx   Catalog: 4022 Release Date: 01/08/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Claude Debussy,  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Malcolm Martineau,  Amanda Roocroft
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  • 57.
    Shura Cherkassky Live - Encores Vol 3
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 433651 Release Date: 08/29/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ignace Jan Paderewski,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Frédéric Chopin,  Sergei Rachmaninov  ... 
    Performer:  Shura Cherkassky
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  • 58.
    Prima Voce - Igor Gorin In Opera & Song
    Label: Nimbus   Catalog: 7937 Release Date: 02/13/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Alexander Grechaninov,  Modest Mussorgsky,  Ruggero Leoncavallo,  Giuseppe Verdi  ... 
    Performer:  Igor Gorin,  Max Rabinovitch
    Conductor:  Wilfrid Pelletier,  Bruno Reibold
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  • 59.
    Prima Voce - Nina Koshetz
    Label: Nimbus   Catalog: 7935 Release Date: 01/09/2007   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Alexander Borodin,  Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov,  Maurice Ravel,  Traditional  ... 
    Performer:  Nina Koshetz
    Conductor:  Bruno Reibold
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  • 60.
    Voice Of The Violin / Joshua Bell
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 97779 Release Date: 09/05/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Sergei Rachmaninov,  Franz Schubert,  Jules Massenet,  Gabriel Fauré  ... 
    Performer:  Joshua Bell,  Frederic Chiu,  Scott Kuney,  Anna Netrebko
    Conductor:  Michael Stern
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Orchestra of St. Luke's,  Women's Chorus
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  • 61.
    Songs You Love / Elizabeth Schwarzkopf
    Label: Emi Great Artists Of The Century   Catalog: 56529 Release Date: 08/01/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Traditional,  Hugo Wolf,  Richard Strauss,  Jean Sibelius  ... 
    Performer:  Gerald Moore,  Elisabeth Schwarzkopf
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  • 62.
    Primrose Viola Transcriptions / Díaz, Koenig
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8557391 Release Date: 07/25/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Alexander Borodin,  Franz Schubert,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Richard Wagner  ... 
    Performer:  Robert Koenig,  Roberto Díaz
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  • 63.
    Russian Songs / Ekaterina Sementchuk, Larissa Gergieva
    Label: Harmonia Mundi   Catalog: 911881 Release Date: 06/13/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Sergei Rachmaninov,  Alexander Grechaninov,  Reinhold Gliere  ... 
    Performer:  Ekaterina Sementchuk,  Larissa Gergieva
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  • 64.
    The Essential Mormon Tabernacle Choir
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 80317 Release Date: 05/23/2006   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Richard Rodgers,  John Barry,  Traditional,  Antonín Dvorák  ... 
    Performer:  Frank Asper,  Alexander Schreiner,  Robert Cundick,  Sherrill Milnes  ... 
    Conductor:  Arthur Harris,  Richard P. Condie,  Eugene Ormandy,  Jerold Ottley  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Columbia Symphony Orchestra,  Mormon Tabernacle Choir,  Philadelphia Orchestra  ... 
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  • 65.
    Dmitri Hvorostovsky - Portrait
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 000639802 Release Date: 05/16/2006   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Anton Rubinstein,  Gioachino Rossini,  Traditional  ... 
    Performer:  Dmitri Hvorostovsky,  Oleg Boshniakovich,  Mikhail Arkadiev,  Olga Borodina
    Conductor:  Valery Gergiev,  Ion Marin,  Nikolai Korniev,  Nikolai Kalinin  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Rotterdam Philharmonic Orchestra,  Kirov Theater Orchestra,  Philharmonia Orchestra  ... 
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  • 66.
    Olga Borodina - Portrait
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 000639902 Release Date: 05/09/2006   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gioachino Rossini,  Sergei Rachmaninov,  Manuel de Falla,  Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov  ... 
    Performer:  Olga Borodina,  Dmitri Hvorostovsky,  Semeon Skigin,  Larissa Gergieva  ... 
    Conductor:  Carlo Rizzi,  Patrick Summers,  Nikolai Korniev,  Valery Gergiev  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Welsh National Opera Orchestra,  English Chamber Orchestra,  St. Petersburg Chamber Choir  ... 
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  • 67.
    Caro Moi Ben / Dennis O'neill
    Label: Sain   Catalog: 8050 Release Date: 04/04/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gaetano Errico Pennino,  Traditional,  Tommaso Giordani,  Stefano Donaudy  ... 
    Performer:  Dennis O'Neill
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  • 68.
    Vocalise - Russian Romances - Glinka, Etc / Maisky, Gililov
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 000583102 Release Date: 02/14/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Mikhail Glinka,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Alexander Dargomizhsky,  Modest Mussorgsky  ... 
    Performer:  Mischa Maisky,  Pavel Gililov
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  • 69.
    The Very Best Of Tchaikovsky
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8552117-18 Release Date: 10/18/2005   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Performer:  Ilona Prunyi,  Péter Sárosi,  György Porzolt,  Gábor Magyar  ... 
    Conductor:  Andrew Mogrelia,  Antoni Wit,  Ondrej Lenárd,  Adrian Leaper  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Kosice Slovak State Philharmonic Orchestra,  Warsaw Polish Radio/TV Symphony Orchestra,  New Haydn Quartet  ... 
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  • 70.
    Concert Magic / Yehudi Menuhin
    Label: Euroarts   Catalog: 2054158 Release Date: 09/20/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Pietro Antonio Locatelli,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Franz Schubert,  Niccolò Paganini  ... 
    Performer:  Yehudi Menuhin,  Adolph Baller,  Marguerite Campbell,  Eula Beal  ... 
    Conductor:  Antal Doráti
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Hollywood Bowl Orchestra
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  • 71.
    The Very Best Of Boris Christoff
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 86335 Release Date: 04/26/2005   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Modest Mussorgsky,  Alexander Borodin,  Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov,  Traditional  ... 
    Performer:  Boris Christoff,  Anna Alexieva,  Victoria de los Angeles,  Nicolai Gedda  ... 
    Conductor:  André Cluytens,  Jerzy Semkow,  Georges Tzipine,  Issay Dobroven  ... 
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  • 72.
    Soaring Spirit - Tchaikovsky, Et Al / Pasquale
    Label: Albany Records   Catalog: 715 Release Date: 12/28/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Arthur Benjamin,  Franz Schubert,  Johannes Brahms  ... 
    Performer:  Joseph de Pasquale,  Angelin Chang
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  • 73.
    Expanded Edition - Humoresque / Isaac Stern
    Label: Sony Classical Masterworks   Catalog: 92741 Release Date: 08/03/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Claude Debussy,  Alexander Borodin,  Antonín Dvorák,  Aaron Copland  ... 
    Performer:  Isaac Stern
    Conductor:  Milton Katims,  Frank Brieff,  János Rolla
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Columbia Symphony Orchestra,  Franz Liszt Academy Chamber Orchestra
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  • 74.
    Lebendige Vergangenheit - Leonard Warren Vol 3
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 89585 Release Date: 02/24/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Helen Guy,  Ruggero Leoncavallo,  Albert Hay Malotte,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky  ... 
    Performer:  Leonard Warren,  Willard Sektberg,  Giuseppe Di Stefano,  Nathaniel Sprinzena  ... 
    Conductor:  Renato Cellini
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  RCA Victor Symphony Orchestra
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  • 75.
    William Primrose - The Early Recordings - Violin And Viola
    Label: Pearl   Catalog: 207 Release Date: 02/24/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Niccolò Paganini,  Henry Purcell  ... 
    Performer:  Sidonie Goossens,  William Primrose,  Gerald Moore,  Ambrose Gauntlett  ... 
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