Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky

Biography

Born: May 7, 1840; Russia   Died: Nov 6, 1893; Russia   Period: Romantic
Pyotr Il'yich Tchaikovsky was the author of some of the most popular themes in all of classical music. He founded no school, struck out no new paths or compositional methods, and sought few innovations in his works. Yet the power and communicative sweep of his best music elevates it to classic status, even if it lacks the formal boldness and harmonic sophistication heard in the compositions of his contemporaries, Wagner and Bruckner. It was Read more Tchaikovsky's unique melodic charm that could, whether in his Piano Concerto No. 1 or in his ballet The Nutcracker or in his tragic last symphony, make the music sound familiar on first hearing.
Tchaikovsky was born into a family of five brothers and one sister. He began taking piano lessons at age four and showed remarkable talent, eventually surpassing his own teacher's abilities. By age nine, he exhibited severe nervous problems, not least because of his overly sensitive nature. The following year, he was sent to St. Petersburg to study at the School of Jurisprudence. The loss of his mother in 1854 dealt a crushing blow to the young Tchaikovsky. In 1859, he took a position in the Ministry of Justice, but longed for a career in music, attending concerts and operas at every opportunity. He finally began study in harmony with Zaremba in 1861, and enrolled at the St. Petersburg Conservatory the following year, eventually studying composition with Anton Rubinstein.
In 1866, the composer relocated to Moscow, accepting a professorship of harmony at the new conservatory, and shortly afterward turned out his First Symphony, suffering, however, a nervous breakdown during its composition. His opera The Voyevoda came in 1867-1868 and he began another, The Oprichnik, in 1870, completing it two years later. Other works were appearing during this time, as well, including the First String Quartet (1871), the Second Symphony (1873), and the ballet Swan Lake (1875).
In 1876, Tchaikovsky traveled to Paris with his brother, Modest, and then visited Bayreuth, where he met Liszt, but was snubbed by Wagner. By 1877, Tchaikovsky was an established composer. This was the year of Swan Lake's premiere and the time he began work on the Fourth Symphony (1877-1878). It was also a time of woe: in July, Tchaikovsky, despite his homosexuality, foolishly married Antonina Ivanovna Milyukova, an obsessed admirer, their disastrous union lasting just months. The composer attempted suicide in the midst of this episode. Near the end of that year, Nadezhda von Meck, a woman he would never meet, became his patron and frequent correspondent.
Further excursions abroad came in the 1880s, along with a spate of successful compositions, including the Serenade for Strings (1881), 1812 Overture (1882), and the Fifth Symphony (1888). In both 1888 and 1889, Tchaikovsky went on successful European tours as a conductor, meeting Brahms, Grieg, Dvorák, Gounod, and other notable musical figures. Sleeping Beauty was premiered in 1890, and The Nutcracker in 1892, both with success.
Throughout Tchaikovsky's last years, he was continually plagued by anxiety and depression. A trip to Paris and the United States followed one dark nervous episode in 1891. Tchaikovsky wrote his Sixth Symphony, "Pathétique," in 1893, and it was successfully premiered in October, that year. The composer died ten days later of cholera, or -- as some now contend -- from drinking poison in accordance with a death sentence conferred on him by his classmates from the School of Jurisprudence, who were fearful of shame on the institution owing to an alleged homosexual episode involving Tchaikovsky. Read less
Tchaikovsky & Khachaturian: Piano Concertos / Wang
Release Date: 04/29/2016   Label: Chandos  
Catalog: 5167   Number of Discs: 1
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Tchaikovsky & Grieg: Piano Concertos / Kozhukhin, Sinaisky
Release Date: 04/08/2016   Label: Pentatone  
Catalog: 5186566   Number of Discs: 1
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Tchaikovsky: Symphony No. 6 - Dvorak: Rusalka Fantasy / Honeck, Pittsburgh Symphony
Release Date: 05/13/2016   Label: Reference Recordings  
Catalog: 720   Number of Discs: 1
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Tchaikovsky / Vogler
Release Date: 04/29/2016   Label: Sony  
Catalog: 88875114292   Number of Discs: 1
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Tchaikovsky: The Sleeping Beauty / Lezhnina, Ruzimatov, Kirov Ballet
Release Date: 02/25/2014   Label: Arthaus Musik  
Catalog: 100313   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Symphony no 6 in B minor, Op. 74 "Pathétique"

Browse 176-194 of 194 Available Recordings
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  • 176.
    Tchaikovsky: Symphony No 6, Suite No 3 / Rudolf Kempe
    Label: Testament   Catalog: 1104 Release Date: 06/01/1997   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Conductor:  Rudolf Kempe
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Philharmonia Orchestra
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  • 177.
    Stokowski - Tchaikovsky, Strauss / Hollywood Bowl Symphony
    Label: Cala Records   Catalog: 506 Release Date: 10/29/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Richard Strauss
    Conductor:  Leopold Stokowski
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Hollywood Bowl Symphony Orchestra,  New York City Symphony
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  • 178.
    Tchaikovsky: Symphony No 6, Festival Overture / Lonskov, Etc
    Label: Kontrapunkt   Catalog: 32204 Release Date: 06/20/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Performer:  Tove Lonskov,  Rodolfo Llambias
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Lonskov-Llambias Piano Duo
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  • 179.
    Famous Symphonies - Beethoven, Brahms, Schubert, Tchaikovsky
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8504012 Release Date: 06/18/1996   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Johannes Brahms,  Franz Schubert
    Conductor:  Michael Halász,  Richard Edlinger,  Antoni Wit,  Alexander Rahbari
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Slovak State Symphony Orchestra,  Polish Radio Symphony Orchestra Katowice,  Brussels Belgian Radio & TV Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
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  • 180.
    Art Of Classics - Tchaikovsky: Masterpieces
    Label: Intercord Klassische Diskothek   Catalog: 25923 Release Date: 05/23/1995   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Performer:  Ian Novak,  Hans Lang
    Conductor:  Denis Zsoltay,  Gary Bertini,  Milan Starek,  Hans Zanotelli  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  South German Philharmonic Orchestra,  Bamberg Symphony Orchestra,  Munich Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 181.
    Tchaikovsky: Symphony No 6, Etc / Dorati, London So
    Label: Mercury Living Presence   Catalog: 434353 Release Date: 05/16/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Conductor:  Antal Doráti
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra
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  • 182.
    Willem Mengelberg Conducts Tchaikovsky
    Label: Music & Arts Programs Of America   Catalog: 809 Release Date: 01/31/1995   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Conductor:  Willem Mengelberg
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra
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  • 183.
    Tchaikovsky: Symphony No 6, Capriccio Italien
    Label: Sony Classical Infinity Digital   Catalog: 66728 Release Date: 11/01/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Conductor:  Jahni Mardjani
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Georgian Festival Orchestra
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  • 184.
    Tchaikovsky: Symphonies 4-6 / Masur, Leipzig Gewandhaus
    Label: Teldec   Catalog: 95981 Release Date: 09/06/1994   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Conductor:  Kurt Masur
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Leipzig Gewandhaus Orchestra
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  • 185.
    Tchaikovsky: Symphony No 6;  Smetana / Alexander Gibson
    Label: Chesky Records   Catalog: 65 Release Date: 06/23/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Bedrich Smetana,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Conductor:  Sir Alexander Gibson
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New Symphony Orchestra,  London Festival Orchestra
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  • 186.
    Bartok;  Tchaikovsky: Symphony No 6 / Fricsay, Bavarian Rso
    Label: Orfeo D'or   Catalog: 200891 Release Date: 04/20/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Béla Bartók
    Performer:  Annie Fischer
    Conductor:  Ferenc Fricsay
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra
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  • 187.
    Tchaikovsky: Symphony No 6, Francesca Da Rimini / Wit
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8550782 Release Date: 02/15/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Conductor:  Antoni Wit
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Katowice Polish Radio/TV Symphony Orchestra
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  • 188.
    Tchaikovsky: Symphonies Nos 4-6 / Markevitch, London So
    Label: Philips Duo   Catalog: 438335 Release Date: 08/10/1993   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Conductor:  Igor Markevitch
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra
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  • 189.
    Tchaikovsky: Symphony No 6 / Ormandy, Philadelphia Orchestra
    Label: Delos   Catalog: 3016 Release Date: 12/11/1992   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Conductor:  Eugene Ormandy
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philadelphia Orchestra
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  • 190.
    Tchaikovsky: Symphony No 6 / Jansons, Oslo Philharmonic
    Label: Chandos   Catalog: 8446 Release Date: 10/28/1992   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Conductor:  Mariss Jansons
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Oslo Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 191.
    Tchaikovsky: The Symphonies, Etc / Maazel, Vienna Phil
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 430787 Release Date: 02/11/1992   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Conductor:  Lorin Maazel
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 192.
    Tchaikovsky: Symphony No 6, Etc / Ormandy, Philadelphia Orch
    Label: Sony Classical Essential Classics   Catalog: 47657 Release Date: 01/03/1992   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Conductor:  Eugene Ormandy
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philadelphia Orchestra
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  • 193.
    Tchaikovsky: Symphonies Nos. 4, 5 & 6 / Mravinsky, Leningrad PO
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 419745 Release Date: 10/25/1990   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Conductor:  Yevgeny Mravinsky
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Leningrad Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 194.
    Tchaikovsky: Symphony No 6 / Bernstein, New York Po
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 419604 Release Date: 10/25/1990   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Conductor:  Leonard Bernstein
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New York Philharmonic
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