Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky

Biography

Born: May 7, 1840; Russia   Died: Nov 6, 1893; Russia   Period: Romantic
Pyotr Il'yich Tchaikovsky was the author of some of the most popular themes in all of classical music. He founded no school, struck out no new paths or compositional methods, and sought few innovations in his works. Yet the power and communicative sweep of his best music elevates it to classic status, even if it lacks the formal boldness and harmonic sophistication heard in the compositions of his contemporaries, Wagner and Bruckner. It was Read more Tchaikovsky's unique melodic charm that could, whether in his Piano Concerto No. 1 or in his ballet The Nutcracker or in his tragic last symphony, make the music sound familiar on first hearing.
Tchaikovsky was born into a family of five brothers and one sister. He began taking piano lessons at age four and showed remarkable talent, eventually surpassing his own teacher's abilities. By age nine, he exhibited severe nervous problems, not least because of his overly sensitive nature. The following year, he was sent to St. Petersburg to study at the School of Jurisprudence. The loss of his mother in 1854 dealt a crushing blow to the young Tchaikovsky. In 1859, he took a position in the Ministry of Justice, but longed for a career in music, attending concerts and operas at every opportunity. He finally began study in harmony with Zaremba in 1861, and enrolled at the St. Petersburg Conservatory the following year, eventually studying composition with Anton Rubinstein.
In 1866, the composer relocated to Moscow, accepting a professorship of harmony at the new conservatory, and shortly afterward turned out his First Symphony, suffering, however, a nervous breakdown during its composition. His opera The Voyevoda came in 1867-1868 and he began another, The Oprichnik, in 1870, completing it two years later. Other works were appearing during this time, as well, including the First String Quartet (1871), the Second Symphony (1873), and the ballet Swan Lake (1875).
In 1876, Tchaikovsky traveled to Paris with his brother, Modest, and then visited Bayreuth, where he met Liszt, but was snubbed by Wagner. By 1877, Tchaikovsky was an established composer. This was the year of Swan Lake's premiere and the time he began work on the Fourth Symphony (1877-1878). It was also a time of woe: in July, Tchaikovsky, despite his homosexuality, foolishly married Antonina Ivanovna Milyukova, an obsessed admirer, their disastrous union lasting just months. The composer attempted suicide in the midst of this episode. Near the end of that year, Nadezhda von Meck, a woman he would never meet, became his patron and frequent correspondent.
Further excursions abroad came in the 1880s, along with a spate of successful compositions, including the Serenade for Strings (1881), 1812 Overture (1882), and the Fifth Symphony (1888). In both 1888 and 1889, Tchaikovsky went on successful European tours as a conductor, meeting Brahms, Grieg, Dvorák, Gounod, and other notable musical figures. Sleeping Beauty was premiered in 1890, and The Nutcracker in 1892, both with success.
Throughout Tchaikovsky's last years, he was continually plagued by anxiety and depression. A trip to Paris and the United States followed one dark nervous episode in 1891. Tchaikovsky wrote his Sixth Symphony, "Pathétique," in 1893, and it was successfully premiered in October, that year. The composer died ten days later of cholera, or -- as some now contend -- from drinking poison in accordance with a death sentence conferred on him by his classmates from the School of Jurisprudence, who were fearful of shame on the institution owing to an alleged homosexual episode involving Tchaikovsky. Read less
Tchaikovsky: None but the Lonely Heart - Selected Romances / Nadia Krasteva
Release Date: 01/08/2016   Label: Gramola  
Catalog: 99043   Number of Discs: 1
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Tchaikovsky: Symphony No 4, Etc / Fischer, Et Al
Release Date: 02/08/2005   Label: Channel Classics  
Catalog: 21704   Number of Discs: 1
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Rachmaninov, Tchaikovsky: Russian Songs / Yuri Gorodetski, Tatiana Loisha
Release Date: 10/29/2013   Label: Atma Classique  
Catalog: 22690   Number of Discs: 1
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Bruch: Scottish Fantasy; Tchaikovsky: Violin Concerto / Feng, Yang, Deutsches Symphonie Orchester
Release Date: 03/11/2014   Label: Channel Classics  
Catalog: 34913   Number of Discs: 1
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Milestones - 6 Cello Concertos / Peter Wispelwey, Et Al
Release Date: 09/11/2001   Label: Channel Classics  
Catalog: 14982   Number of Discs: 4
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Work: Symphony no 5 in E minor, Op. 64

Browse 126-150 of 161 Available Recordings
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  • 126.
    Karajan - The Collection - Tchaikovsky: Symphonies 4, 5 & 6
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 000005502 Release Date: 04/08/2003   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 127.
    Westminster - Tchaikovsky, Dvorak / Rodzinski, Royal Po
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 471272 Release Date: 06/11/2002   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Conductor:  Artur Rodzinski
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 128.
    Tchaikovsky: Symphony No 5 / Earle, Odessa Philharmonic Orchestra
    Label: Odessa Philharmonic Orchestra/   Catalog: 5637324052 Release Date: 01/12/2002   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Conductor:  Hobart Earle
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Odessa Philharmonic Orchestra
    CD: $14.99
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  • 129.
    Tchaikovsky: Complete Symphonies, Overtures /Abravanel, Utah
    Label: Vox Box   Catalog: 3603 Release Date: 10/16/2001   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Conductor:  Maurice Abravanel
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Utah Symphony Orchestra
    CD: $23.99
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  • 130.
    Rimsky-Korsakov, Sibelius, Tchaikovsky / Jordania, et al
    Label: Angelok   Catalog: 9908 Release Date: 06/26/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Jean Sibelius,  Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov
    Conductor:  Vakhtang Jordania
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Russian Federation State Symphony Orchestra
    CD: $11.99
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  • 131.
    Karajan Conducts Tchaikovsky / Ferras, Berlin Po, Et Al
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 463774 Release Date: 03/13/2001   Number of Discs: 8
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Performer:  Michel Schwalbé,  Mstislav Rostropovich,  Christian Ferras,  Sviatoslav Richter
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Don Kossack Choir
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  • 132.
    Tchaikovsky: Orchestral Works
    Label: Guild   Catalog: 7205 Release Date: 01/01/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Conductor:  L. Herrera de la Fuente
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Mineria Symphony Orchestra
    On sale! $22.98
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  • 133.
    Label: Relief Classical   Catalog: 991051 Release Date: 07/25/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Performer:  Vitaly Tarashchenko,  Marina Meshcheriakova
    Conductor:  Vladimir Fedoseyev
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  • 134.
    Russian Orchestral Masterworks
    Label: Nimbus   Catalog: 1749 Release Date: 01/11/2000   Number of Discs: 7
    Composer:  Dmitri Shostakovich,  Igor Stravinsky,  Sergei Rachmaninov,  Sergei Prokofiev  ... 
    Conductor:  Tadaaki Otaka,  William Boughton,  Gennadi Rozhdestvensky,  Rafael Frühbeck de Burgos
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  BBC National Orchestra of Wales,  English String Orchestra,  Philharmonia Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $34.99
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  • 135.
    Tchaikovsky: Symphony No 5, Etc / Muti, Philadelphia
    Label: Emi Seraphim   Catalog: 73562 Release Date: 08/10/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Conductor:  Riccardo Muti
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philadelphia Orchestra
    CD: $5.99
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  • 136.
    Tchaikovsky: Symphony No 5 / Gergiev, Wiener Philharmoniker
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 462905 Release Date: 04/13/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Conductor:  Valery Gergiev
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
    CD: $17.99
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  • 137.
    Celibidache - Tchaikovsky / Munich Philharmonic Orchestra
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 56522 Release Date: 02/17/1998   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Conductor:  Sergiu Celibidache
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Munich Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 138.
    Tchaikovsky: Symphony No 5, The Snow Maiden / Dmitriev
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 46680 Release Date: 11/29/1997   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Conductor:  Alexander Dmitriev
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Academic Symphony Orchestra St. Petersburg
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  • 139.
    Phase 4 Stereo - Tchaikovsky: Symphony No 5 / Stokowski
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 455157 Release Date: 11/11/1997   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Alexander Glazunov,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Performer:  Silvia Marcovici
    Conductor:  Leopold Stokowski
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra,  New Philharmonia Orchestra
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  • 140.
    Tchaikovksy: Symphonies No 4, 5 & 6 / Karajan, Berlin Po
    Label: Dg Double   Catalog: 453088 Release Date: 07/15/1997   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
    CD: $19.99
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  • 141.
    Rudolf Kempe - Beethoven: Symphonie No 8;  Tchaikowsky
    Label: Orfeo D'or   Catalog: 449661 Release Date: 12/20/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Conductor:  Rudolf Kempe
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra
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  • 142.
    Tchaikovsky: Symphony No 5, Romeo And Juliet / Arpád Jóo
    Label: Arts Music   Catalog: 47241 Release Date: 06/18/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Conductor:  Arpád Joó
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra,  Philharmonia Orchestra
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  • 143.
    Bartok: Piano Concerto No 2;  Tchaikovsky: Symphony No 5
    Label: Orfeo D'or   Catalog: 276921 Release Date: 12/12/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Béla Bartók
    Performer:  György Sándor
    Conductor:  Ferenc Fricsay
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Symphony Orchestra
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  • 144.
    Art Of Classics - Tchaikovsky: Masterpieces
    Label: Intercord Klassische Diskothek   Catalog: 25923 Release Date: 05/23/1995   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Performer:  Ian Novak,  Hans Lang
    Conductor:  Denis Zsoltay,  Gary Bertini,  Milan Starek,  Hans Zanotelli  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  South German Philharmonic Orchestra,  Bamberg Symphony Orchestra,  Munich Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 145.
    Willem Mengelberg Conducts Tchaikovsky
    Label: Music & Arts Programs Of America   Catalog: 809 Release Date: 01/31/1995   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Conductor:  Willem Mengelberg
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra
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  • 146.
    Tchaikovsky: Symphony No 5, Swan Lake, Etc / Achatz, Nagai
    Label: Bis   Catalog: 627 Release Date: 10/12/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Performer:  Inzuki "Yukie" Nagai,  Dag Achatz
    CD: $21.49
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  • 147.
    Tchaikovsky: Symphonies 4-6 / Masur, Leipzig Gewandhaus
    Label: Teldec   Catalog: 95981 Release Date: 09/06/1994   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Conductor:  Kurt Masur
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Leipzig Gewandhaus Orchestra
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  • 148.
    Tchaikovsky: Symphony No 5, Marche Slave / Mardjani, Kahi
    Label: Sony Classical Infinity Digital   Catalog: 57242 Release Date: 05/31/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Conductor:  Vato Kahi,  Jahni Mardjani
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Georgian Festival Orchestra
    CD: $4.99
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  • 149.
    Tchaikovsky: Symphony No 5, The Storm / Anton Wit
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8550716 Release Date: 02/15/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Conductor:  Antoni Wit
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Warsaw Polish Radio/TV Symphony Orchestra
    CD: $12.99
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  • 150.
    Tchaikovsky: Symphonies Nos 4-6 / Markevitch, London So
    Label: Philips Duo   Catalog: 438335 Release Date: 08/10/1993   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Conductor:  Igor Markevitch
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra
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