Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky

Biography

Born: May 7, 1840; Russia   Died: Nov 6, 1893; Russia   Period: Romantic
Pyotr Il'yich Tchaikovsky was the author of some of the most popular themes in all of classical music. He founded no school, struck out no new paths or compositional methods, and sought few innovations in his works. Yet the power and communicative sweep of his best music elevates it to classic status, even if it lacks the formal boldness and harmonic sophistication heard in the compositions of his contemporaries, Wagner and Bruckner. It was Read more Tchaikovsky's unique melodic charm that could, whether in his Piano Concerto No. 1 or in his ballet The Nutcracker or in his tragic last symphony, make the music sound familiar on first hearing.
Tchaikovsky was born into a family of five brothers and one sister. He began taking piano lessons at age four and showed remarkable talent, eventually surpassing his own teacher's abilities. By age nine, he exhibited severe nervous problems, not least because of his overly sensitive nature. The following year, he was sent to St. Petersburg to study at the School of Jurisprudence. The loss of his mother in 1854 dealt a crushing blow to the young Tchaikovsky. In 1859, he took a position in the Ministry of Justice, but longed for a career in music, attending concerts and operas at every opportunity. He finally began study in harmony with Zaremba in 1861, and enrolled at the St. Petersburg Conservatory the following year, eventually studying composition with Anton Rubinstein.
In 1866, the composer relocated to Moscow, accepting a professorship of harmony at the new conservatory, and shortly afterward turned out his First Symphony, suffering, however, a nervous breakdown during its composition. His opera The Voyevoda came in 1867-1868 and he began another, The Oprichnik, in 1870, completing it two years later. Other works were appearing during this time, as well, including the First String Quartet (1871), the Second Symphony (1873), and the ballet Swan Lake (1875).
In 1876, Tchaikovsky traveled to Paris with his brother, Modest, and then visited Bayreuth, where he met Liszt, but was snubbed by Wagner. By 1877, Tchaikovsky was an established composer. This was the year of Swan Lake's premiere and the time he began work on the Fourth Symphony (1877-1878). It was also a time of woe: in July, Tchaikovsky, despite his homosexuality, foolishly married Antonina Ivanovna Milyukova, an obsessed admirer, their disastrous union lasting just months. The composer attempted suicide in the midst of this episode. Near the end of that year, Nadezhda von Meck, a woman he would never meet, became his patron and frequent correspondent.
Further excursions abroad came in the 1880s, along with a spate of successful compositions, including the Serenade for Strings (1881), 1812 Overture (1882), and the Fifth Symphony (1888). In both 1888 and 1889, Tchaikovsky went on successful European tours as a conductor, meeting Brahms, Grieg, Dvorák, Gounod, and other notable musical figures. Sleeping Beauty was premiered in 1890, and The Nutcracker in 1892, both with success.
Throughout Tchaikovsky's last years, he was continually plagued by anxiety and depression. A trip to Paris and the United States followed one dark nervous episode in 1891. Tchaikovsky wrote his Sixth Symphony, "Pathétique," in 1893, and it was successfully premiered in October, that year. The composer died ten days later of cholera, or -- as some now contend -- from drinking poison in accordance with a death sentence conferred on him by his classmates from the School of Jurisprudence, who were fearful of shame on the institution owing to an alleged homosexual episode involving Tchaikovsky. Read less
Tchaikovsky, Mendelssohn: Violin Concertos / Milstein
Release Date: 01/26/1999   Label: Decca  
Catalog: 460619   Number of Discs: 1
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Tchaikovsky: Piano Concerto No 1 (1879 Version); Prokofiev / Gerstein
Release Date: 03/10/2015   Label: Myrios Classics  
Catalog: 16   Number of Discs: 1
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Tchaikovsky, Grieg: Piano Concertos / Stewart Goodyear
Release Date: 06/10/2014   Label: Steinway & Sons  
Catalog: 30035   Number of Discs: 1
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Tchaikovsky: Iolanta / Netrebko, Skorokhodov, Markov, Villaume
Release Date: 01/06/2015   Label: Deutsche Grammophon  
Catalog: 002234902   Number of Discs: 2
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Tchaikovsky, Higdon: Violin Concertos / Hilary Hahn
Release Date: 09/21/2010   Label: Deutsche Grammophon  
Catalog: 1469802   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Symphony no 5 in E minor, Op. 64

Browse 126-150 of 175 Available Recordings
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  • 126.
    Tchaikovsky: Symphony No 5, Romeo & Juliet / Masur
    Label: Apex   Catalog: 4614322 Release Date: 08/23/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Conductor:  Kurt Masur
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Leipzig Gewandhaus Orchestra
    CD: $8.99
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  • 127.
    Tchaikovsky: Symphonies No 4, 5 & 6 / Kubelik, Vienna Po
    Label: Testament   Catalog: 1322 Release Date: 01/13/2004   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Conductor:  Rafael Kubelik
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
    On sale! $52.98
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  • 128.
    Complete Collections - Tchaikovsky: Symphonies / Temirkanov
    Label: Rca Victor Red Seal   Catalog: 55781 Release Date: 12/16/2003   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Conductor:  Yuri Temirkanov
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra
    CD not available
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  • 129.
    Original Masters - Leopold Stokowski
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 000150902 Release Date: 11/25/2003   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  William Byrd,  Jeremiah Clarke,  Franz Schubert  ... 
    Performer:  Howard Snell,  David Gray,  Alan Civil
    Conductor:  Leopold Stokowski
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Czech Philharmonic Orchestra,  London Symphony Orchestra,  New Philharmonia Orchestra  ... 
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  • 130.
    Classics - Tchaikovsky: Symphony No 5 / Previn, Royal Po
    Label: Telarc   Catalog: 80107 Release Date: 09/23/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Conductor:  André Previn
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 131.
    Tchaikovsky: Orchestral Masterpieces Vol 2
    Label: Vanguard   Catalog: 1198 Release Date: 08/12/2003   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Conductor:  Carl Pini,  Vladimir Golschmann,  Pierre Monteux
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Australian Chamber Orchestra,  Vienna State Opera Orchestra,  London Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 132.
    Original Masters - Josef Krips
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 000017702 Release Date: 05/13/2003   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Felix Mendelssohn,  Franz Joseph Haydn,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Richard Strauss  ... 
    Performer:  Inge Borkh,  Zara Nelsova
    Conductor:  Josef Krips
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Israel Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 133.
    Karajan - The Collection - Tchaikovsky: Symphonies 4, 5 & 6
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 000005502 Release Date: 04/08/2003   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 134.
    Westminster - Tchaikovsky, Dvorak / Rodzinski, Royal Po
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 471272 Release Date: 06/11/2002   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Conductor:  Artur Rodzinski
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 135.
    Great Conductors Of The 20th Century - Serge Koussevitzky
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 75118 Release Date: 06/04/2002   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Roy Harris,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Franz Liszt,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky  ... 
    Conductor:  Serge Koussevitzky
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Boston Symphony Orchestra,  London Philharmonic Orchestra,  BBC Symphony Orchestra
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  • 136.
    Tchaikovsky: Symphony No 5 / Earle, Odessa Philharmonic Orchestra
    Label: Odessa Philharmonic Orchestra/   Catalog: 5637324052 Release Date: 01/12/2002   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Conductor:  Hobart Earle
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Odessa Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 137.
    Tchaikovsky: Complete Symphonies, Overtures /Abravanel, Utah
    Label: Vox Box   Catalog: 3603 Release Date: 10/16/2001   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Conductor:  Maurice Abravanel
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Utah Symphony Orchestra
    CD: $23.99
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  • 138.
    Rimsky-Korsakov, Sibelius, Tchaikovsky / Jordania, et al
    Label: Angelok   Catalog: 9908 Release Date: 06/26/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Jean Sibelius,  Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov
    Conductor:  Vakhtang Jordania
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Russian Federation State Symphony Orchestra
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  • 139.
    Eloquence - Tchaikovsky: Symphony No 5, Etc / Ozawa, Et Al
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 469611 Release Date: 03/27/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Conductor:  Seiji Ozawa
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 140.
    Karajan Conducts Tchaikovsky / Ferras, Berlin Po, Et Al
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 463774 Release Date: 03/13/2001   Number of Discs: 8
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Performer:  Michel Schwalbé,  Mstislav Rostropovich,  Christian Ferras,  Sviatoslav Richter
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Don Kossack Choir
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  • 141.
    Tchaikovsky: Orchestral Works
    Label: Guild   Catalog: 7205 Release Date: 01/01/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Conductor:  L. Herrera de la Fuente
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Mineria Symphony Orchestra
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  • 142.
    Tchaikovsky: Symphony No 5 & 6, Etc  / Bernstein, Et Al
    Label: Dg Panorama   Catalog: 469214 Release Date: 09/26/2000   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Conductor:  Leonard Bernstein,  Mstislav Rostropovich
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New York Philharmonic,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 143.
    Label: Music & Arts Programs Of America   Catalog: 4780 Release Date: 08/22/2000   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Richard Wagner,  Max Bruch,  Franz Schubert,  Johannes Brahms  ... 
    Performer:  Guila Bustabo,  Gaspar Cassadó,  Herman Krebbers,  Walter Gieseking  ... 
    Conductor:  Willem Mengelberg
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra
    CD not available
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  • 144.
    Label: Music & Arts Programs Of America   Catalog: 4273 Release Date: 07/25/2000   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Carl Maria von Weber,  Hector Berlioz,  Richard Wagner,  Robert Schumann  ... 
    Conductor:  Bruno Walter
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  NBC Symphony Orchestra
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  • 145.
    Label: Relief Classical   Catalog: 991051 Release Date: 07/25/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Performer:  Vitaly Tarashchenko,  Marina Meshcheriakova
    Conductor:  Vladimir Fedoseyev
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  • 146.
    Russian Orchestral Masterworks
    Label: Nimbus   Catalog: 1749 Release Date: 01/11/2000   Number of Discs: 7
    Composer:  Dmitri Shostakovich,  Igor Stravinsky,  Sergei Rachmaninov,  Sergei Prokofiev  ... 
    Conductor:  Tadaaki Otaka,  William Boughton,  Gennadi Rozhdestvensky,  Rafael Frühbeck de Burgos
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  BBC National Orchestra of Wales,  English String Orchestra,  Philharmonia Orchestra  ... 
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  • 147.
    Tchaikovsky: Symphony No 5, Etc / Muti, Philadelphia
    Label: Emi Seraphim   Catalog: 73562 Release Date: 08/10/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Conductor:  Riccardo Muti
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philadelphia Orchestra
    CD: $5.99
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  • 148.
    Tchaikovsky: Symphony No 5 / Gergiev, Wiener Philharmoniker
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 462905 Release Date: 04/13/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Conductor:  Valery Gergiev
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 149.
    Phase 4 Stereo - Tchaikovsky: Symphony No 5 / Stokowski
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 455157 Release Date: 11/11/1997   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Alexander Glazunov,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Performer:  Silvia Marcovici
    Conductor:  Leopold Stokowski
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra,  New Philharmonia Orchestra
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  • 150.
    Tchaikovksy: Symphonies No 4, 5 & 6 / Karajan, Berlin Po
    Label: Dg Double   Catalog: 453088 Release Date: 07/15/1997   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
    CD: $16.99
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Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky


WORKS
Tchaikovsky: Piano Concerto No.1 In B Flat Minor, Op.23 - 1. Allegro non troppo e molto maestoso - Allegro con spirito
Tchaikovsky: Piano Concerto No.1 In B Flat Minor, Op.23 - 2. Andantino semplice - Prestissimo - Tempo I
Tchaikovsky: Piano Concerto No.1 In B Flat Minor, Op.23 - 3. Allegro con fuoco
Allegro moderato
Canzonetta: Andante
Allegro vivacissimo
1. Miniature Overture
March
Dance Of The Sugar-Plum Fairy
Russian Dance (Trepak)
Arabian Dance (Coffee)
Chinese Dance (Tea)
Dance Of The Reed-Pipes (Merlitons)
3. Waltz Of The Flowers
Tchaikovsky: Symphony No.5 In E Minor, Op.64 - 1. Andante - Allegro con anima
Tchaikovsky: Symphony No.5 In E Minor, Op.64 - 2. Andante cantabile, con alcuna licenza - Moderato con anima
Tchaikovsky: Symphony No.5 In E Minor, Op.64 - 3. Valse (Allegro moderato)
Tchaikovsky: Symphony No.5 In E Minor, Op.64 - 4. Finale (Andante maestoso - Allegro vivace)
I. Adagio - Allegro non troppo
II. Allegro con grazia
III. Allegro molto vivace
IV. Finale: Adagio lamentoso
Moderato assai quasi andante
Tema: Moderato semplice
Variazione I: Tempo del Tema
Variazione II: Tempo del Tema
Variazione III: Andante sostenuto
Variazione IV: Andante grazioso
Variazione V: Allegro moderato
Variazione VI: Andante
Variazione VII e Coda: Allegro vivo
1. Pezzo in forma di sonatina: Andante non troppo - Allegro moderato
2. Walzer: Moderato (Tempo di valse)
3. Elégie: Larghetto elegiaco
4. Finale (Tema russo): Andante - Allegro con spirito
1. Scene - Swan Theme
2. Valse In A
3. Danse des petits cygnes
4. Scene
5. Danse Hongroise (Czardas)
6. Scène finale.
Introduction - The Lilac Fairy
Pas d'action: Rose Adagio
Pas de caractère: Puss In Boots
Panorama (andantino)
Valse