Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky

Biography

Born: May 7, 1840; Russia   Died: Nov 6, 1893; Russia   Period: Romantic
Pyotr Il'yich Tchaikovsky was the author of some of the most popular themes in all of classical music. He founded no school, struck out no new paths or compositional methods, and sought few innovations in his works. Yet the power and communicative sweep of his best music elevates it to classic status, even if it lacks the formal boldness and harmonic sophistication heard in the compositions of his contemporaries, Wagner and Bruckner. It was Read more Tchaikovsky's unique melodic charm that could, whether in his Piano Concerto No. 1 or in his ballet The Nutcracker or in his tragic last symphony, make the music sound familiar on first hearing.
Tchaikovsky was born into a family of five brothers and one sister. He began taking piano lessons at age four and showed remarkable talent, eventually surpassing his own teacher's abilities. By age nine, he exhibited severe nervous problems, not least because of his overly sensitive nature. The following year, he was sent to St. Petersburg to study at the School of Jurisprudence. The loss of his mother in 1854 dealt a crushing blow to the young Tchaikovsky. In 1859, he took a position in the Ministry of Justice, but longed for a career in music, attending concerts and operas at every opportunity. He finally began study in harmony with Zaremba in 1861, and enrolled at the St. Petersburg Conservatory the following year, eventually studying composition with Anton Rubinstein.
In 1866, the composer relocated to Moscow, accepting a professorship of harmony at the new conservatory, and shortly afterward turned out his First Symphony, suffering, however, a nervous breakdown during its composition. His opera The Voyevoda came in 1867-1868 and he began another, The Oprichnik, in 1870, completing it two years later. Other works were appearing during this time, as well, including the First String Quartet (1871), the Second Symphony (1873), and the ballet Swan Lake (1875).
In 1876, Tchaikovsky traveled to Paris with his brother, Modest, and then visited Bayreuth, where he met Liszt, but was snubbed by Wagner. By 1877, Tchaikovsky was an established composer. This was the year of Swan Lake's premiere and the time he began work on the Fourth Symphony (1877-1878). It was also a time of woe: in July, Tchaikovsky, despite his homosexuality, foolishly married Antonina Ivanovna Milyukova, an obsessed admirer, their disastrous union lasting just months. The composer attempted suicide in the midst of this episode. Near the end of that year, Nadezhda von Meck, a woman he would never meet, became his patron and frequent correspondent.
Further excursions abroad came in the 1880s, along with a spate of successful compositions, including the Serenade for Strings (1881), 1812 Overture (1882), and the Fifth Symphony (1888). In both 1888 and 1889, Tchaikovsky went on successful European tours as a conductor, meeting Brahms, Grieg, Dvorák, Gounod, and other notable musical figures. Sleeping Beauty was premiered in 1890, and The Nutcracker in 1892, both with success.
Throughout Tchaikovsky's last years, he was continually plagued by anxiety and depression. A trip to Paris and the United States followed one dark nervous episode in 1891. Tchaikovsky wrote his Sixth Symphony, "Pathétique," in 1893, and it was successfully premiered in October, that year. The composer died ten days later of cholera, or -- as some now contend -- from drinking poison in accordance with a death sentence conferred on him by his classmates from the School of Jurisprudence, who were fearful of shame on the institution owing to an alleged homosexual episode involving Tchaikovsky. Read less
Leonard Slatkin Conducts Tchaikovsky Ballets
Release Date: 03/25/2014   Label: Rca  
Catalog: 1920082   Number of Discs: 6
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Claudio Abbado Conducts Tchaikovsky
Release Date: 08/26/2014   Label: Sony (Nax615)  
Catalog: 836722   Number of Discs: 6
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Tchaikovsky: The Oprichnik / Rozhdestvensky
Release Date: 10/30/2012   Label: Brilliant Classics  
Catalog: 94390   Number of Discs: 3
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Tchaikovsky, Grieg: Piano Concertos / Stewart Goodyear
Release Date: 06/10/2014   Label: Steinway & Sons  
Catalog: 30035   Number of Discs: 1
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Tchaikovsky: Romeo & Juliet, Capriccio Italien, 1812 Overture / Simonov
Release Date: 11/11/2008   Label: Royal Philharmonic Masterworks  
Catalog: 28120   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Concerto for Violin in D major, Op. 35

Browse 176-200 of 219 Available Recordings
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  • 176.
    Tchaikovsky, Shostakovich: Violin Concertos / Kagan, Et Al
    Label: Live Classics   Catalog: 105 Release Date: 01/23/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Dmitri Shostakovich,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Performer:  Oleg Kagan
    Conductor:  Alexander Lazarev,  Vakhtang Kakhidze
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  USSR State Symphony Orchestra,  Moscow Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 177.
    Legendary Treasures - Erica Morini Vol 2 - Live & Studio
    Label: Doremi Records   Catalog: 7772 Release Date: 12/26/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Performer:  Erica Morini
    Conductor:  Igor Stravinsky
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New York Philharmonic
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  • 178.
    Tchaikovsky: Violin Concerto, Etc / Sitkovetsky, Et Al
    Label: Hänssler Classic   Catalog: 98346 Release Date: 04/04/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Performer:  Dmitri Sitkovetsky
    Conductor:  Sir Neville Marriner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Academy of St. Martin in the Fields
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  • 179.
    Artists Of The Century - Jascha Heifetz - The Supreme
    Label: Rca Victor Red Seal   Catalog: 63470 Release Date: 02/08/2000   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  George Gershwin,  Alexander Glazunov,  Jean Sibelius,  Max Bruch  ... 
    Performer:  Brooks Smith,  Jascha Heifetz,  Osian Ellis
    Conductor:  Walter Hendl,  Sir Malcolm Sargent,  Fritz Reiner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  RCA Victor Symphony Orchestra,  Chicago Symphony Orchestra,  New Symphony Orchestra
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  • 180.
    Tchaikovsky: Violin Concerto;  Dvorak, Et Al /Perlman, Et Al
    Label: Rca Red Seal Hp   Catalog: 63591 Release Date: 01/11/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák,  Jean Sibelius,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Performer:  Itzhak Perlman
    Conductor:  Erich Leinsdorf
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Boston Symphony Orchestra
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  • 181.
    Aaron Rosand - Arensky, Tchaikovsky, Mendelssohn: Concertos
    Label: Vox Da Capo   Catalog: 7211 Release Date: 11/23/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Felix Mendelssohn,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Anton Arensky
    Performer:  Aaron Rosand
    Conductor:  Louis de Froment
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Luxembourg Radio/Television Symphony Orchestra
    CD: $7.49
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  • 182.
    Merit - Tchaikovsky, Mendelssohn: Violin Concertos / Elman
    Label: Music & Arts Programs Of America   Catalog: 4868 Release Date: 07/20/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Felix Mendelssohn,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Performer:  Mischa Elman
    Conductor:  Dimitri Mitropoulos,  Paul Paray
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New York Philharmonic,  Detroit Symphony Orchestra
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  • 183.
    Yehudi Menuhin - In Memoriam - Tchaikovsky, Beethoven
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 463175 Release Date: 07/20/1999   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Performer:  Wilhelm Kempff,  Yehudi Menuhin
    Conductor:  Ferenc Fricsay
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin RIAS Symphony Orchestra
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  • 184.
    Tchaikovsky: Piano Concerto No 1, Etc / Gavrilov, Ashkenazy
    Label: Emi Seraphim   Catalog: 73296 Release Date: 04/20/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Performer:  Augustin Dumay,  Andrei Gavrilov
    Conductor:  Emil Tchakarov,  Vladimir Ashkenazy
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 185.
    Classics Exposed - Romantic Violin Concertos
    Label: Denon Records   Catalog: 17029 Release Date: 02/23/1999   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Felix Mendelssohn,  Johannes Brahms,  Max Bruch
    Performer:  Jean-Jacques Kantorow,  Raphaël Oleg,  Boris Belkin
    Conductor:  Bryden Thomson,  Antoni Ros Marbà,  Libor Pesek,  Jun'ichi Hirokami
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Philharmonic Orchestra,  Netherlands Chamber Orchestra,  Royal Liverpool Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
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  • 186.
    Tchaikovsky, Mendelssohn: Violin Concertos / Milstein
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 460619 Release Date: 01/26/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Felix Mendelssohn,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Performer:  Nathan Milstein
    Conductor:  Claudio Abbado
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 187.
    Sir Georg Solti - A Celebration
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 466000 Release Date: 01/12/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Wagner,  Giacomo Puccini,  Giuseppe Verdi,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky  ... 
    Performer:  Angela Gheorghiu,  Maxim Vengerov,  Anne Sofie von Otter
    Conductor:  Zubin Mehta,  Mstislav Rostropovich
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 188.
    Violin For Anne Rice / Leila Josefowic
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 462032 Release Date: 10/14/1997   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Robert Sadin,  Sting,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Eugène Ysaÿe  ... 
    Performer:  Robert Sadin,  Cyro Baptista,  Ira Coleman,  Charles Curtis  ... 
    Conductor:  Sir Neville Marriner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Academy of St. Martin in the Fields
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  • 189.
    Tchaikovsky, Paganini: Violin Concertos / Ruggiero Ricci
    Label: Dynamic   Catalog: 203 Release Date: 06/15/1997   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Niccolò Paganini,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Performer:  Ruggiero Ricci
    Conductor:  Kees Bakels
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Katowice Polish Radio/TV Symphony Orchestra
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  • 190.
    Tchaikovsky: Violin Concerto, Etc / Brodsky, Straszynski
    Label: Arts Music   Catalog: 47144 Release Date: 12/17/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Performer:  Vadim Brodsky
    Conductor:  Andrzej Straszynski
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Warsaw Polish Radio/TV Symphony Orchestra
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  • 191.
    Mozart: Violin Concerto No 5;  Tschaikowsky: Violin Concerto
    Label: Tuxedo Music   Catalog: 1052 Release Date: 03/26/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
    Performer:  David Oistrakh
    Conductor:  Samuel Samosud,  Kiril Kondrashin
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bolshoi Theatre Orchestra,  USSR State Symphony Orchestra
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  • 192.
    Bach, Brahms, Tchaikovsky: Violin Concertos / David Oistrakh
    Label: Dg The Originals   Catalog: 447427 Release Date: 01/23/1996   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Johannes Brahms,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Johann Sebastian Bach
    Performer:  David Oistrakh,  Igor Oistrakh
    Conductor:  Franz Konwitschny,  Sir Eugene Goossens,  David Oistrakh
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Dresden Staatskapelle,  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra,  Vienna Symphony Orchestra
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  • 193.
    Brahms, Tchaikovsky: Violin Concertos / Ida Haendel
    Label: Testament   Catalog: 1038 Release Date: 01/01/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Ida Haendel
    Conductor:  Sir Eugene Goossens,  Sergiu Celibidache
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra,  London Symphony Orchestra
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  • 194.
    Tchaikovsky: Piano Concertos 1-3, Etc / Postnikova, Chung
    Label: London/Decca Double Decker   Catalog: 448107 Release Date: 12/04/1995   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Performer:  Kyung-Wha Chung,  Viktoria Postnikova
    Conductor:  Charles Dutoit,  Gennadi Rozhdestvensky
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra,  Vienna Symphony Orchestra
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  • 195.
    Brahms, Tchaikovsky: Violin Concertos / Nathan Milstein
    Label: Emi Seraphim   Catalog: 69035 Release Date: 10/17/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Nathan Milstein
    Conductor:  William Steinberg,  Anatole Fistoulari
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra,  Philharmonia Orchestra
    CD: $4.99
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  • 196.
    The Great Violin Concertos - Mendelssohn, Tchaikovsky /Rybar
    Label: Doron Music   Catalog: 4005 Release Date: 08/22/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Felix Mendelssohn
    Performer:  Peter Rybar
    Conductor:  Victor Desarzens
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Festival Orchestra
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  • 197.
    Tchaikovsky, Sibelius: Violin Concertos / Josefowicz
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 446131 Release Date: 08/15/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Performer:  Leila Josefowicz
    Conductor:  Sir Neville Marriner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Academy of St. Martin in the Fields
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  • 198.
    Art Of Classics - Tchaikovsky: Masterpieces
    Label: Intercord Klassische Diskothek   Catalog: 25923 Release Date: 05/23/1995   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Performer:  Ian Novak,  Hans Lang
    Conductor:  Denis Zsoltay,  Gary Bertini,  Milan Starek,  Hans Zanotelli  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  South German Philharmonic Orchestra,  Bamberg Symphony Orchestra,  Munich Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 199.
    Isaac Stern - A Life In Music - Box I
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 67193 Release Date: 05/16/1995   Number of Discs: 11
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Antonio Vivaldi,  Antonín Dvorák,  Ludwig van Beethoven  ... 
    Performer:  Isaac Stern,  Leonard Rose,  David Oistrakh,  Eugene Istomin  ... 
    Conductor:  Eugene Ormandy,  Zubin Mehta,  Daniel Barenboim,  Mstislav Rostropovich  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philadelphia Orchestra,  Philadelphia Orchestra members,  New York Philharmonic  ... 
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  • 200.
    Isaac Stern - A Life In Music - Tchaikovsky, Sibelius
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 66829 Release Date: 05/16/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Performer:  Isaac Stern
    Conductor:  Eugene Ormandy
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philadelphia Orchestra
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