Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky

Biography

Born: May 7, 1840; Russia   Died: Nov 6, 1893; Russia   Period: Romantic
Pyotr Il'yich Tchaikovsky was the author of some of the most popular themes in all of classical music. He founded no school, struck out no new paths or compositional methods, and sought few innovations in his works. Yet the power and communicative sweep of his best music elevates it to classic status, even if it lacks the formal boldness and harmonic sophistication heard in the compositions of his contemporaries, Wagner and Bruckner. It was Read more Tchaikovsky's unique melodic charm that could, whether in his Piano Concerto No. 1 or in his ballet The Nutcracker or in his tragic last symphony, make the music sound familiar on first hearing.
Tchaikovsky was born into a family of five brothers and one sister. He began taking piano lessons at age four and showed remarkable talent, eventually surpassing his own teacher's abilities. By age nine, he exhibited severe nervous problems, not least because of his overly sensitive nature. The following year, he was sent to St. Petersburg to study at the School of Jurisprudence. The loss of his mother in 1854 dealt a crushing blow to the young Tchaikovsky. In 1859, he took a position in the Ministry of Justice, but longed for a career in music, attending concerts and operas at every opportunity. He finally began study in harmony with Zaremba in 1861, and enrolled at the St. Petersburg Conservatory the following year, eventually studying composition with Anton Rubinstein.
In 1866, the composer relocated to Moscow, accepting a professorship of harmony at the new conservatory, and shortly afterward turned out his First Symphony, suffering, however, a nervous breakdown during its composition. His opera The Voyevoda came in 1867-1868 and he began another, The Oprichnik, in 1870, completing it two years later. Other works were appearing during this time, as well, including the First String Quartet (1871), the Second Symphony (1873), and the ballet Swan Lake (1875).
In 1876, Tchaikovsky traveled to Paris with his brother, Modest, and then visited Bayreuth, where he met Liszt, but was snubbed by Wagner. By 1877, Tchaikovsky was an established composer. This was the year of Swan Lake's premiere and the time he began work on the Fourth Symphony (1877-1878). It was also a time of woe: in July, Tchaikovsky, despite his homosexuality, foolishly married Antonina Ivanovna Milyukova, an obsessed admirer, their disastrous union lasting just months. The composer attempted suicide in the midst of this episode. Near the end of that year, Nadezhda von Meck, a woman he would never meet, became his patron and frequent correspondent.
Further excursions abroad came in the 1880s, along with a spate of successful compositions, including the Serenade for Strings (1881), 1812 Overture (1882), and the Fifth Symphony (1888). In both 1888 and 1889, Tchaikovsky went on successful European tours as a conductor, meeting Brahms, Grieg, Dvorák, Gounod, and other notable musical figures. Sleeping Beauty was premiered in 1890, and The Nutcracker in 1892, both with success.
Throughout Tchaikovsky's last years, he was continually plagued by anxiety and depression. A trip to Paris and the United States followed one dark nervous episode in 1891. Tchaikovsky wrote his Sixth Symphony, "Pathétique," in 1893, and it was successfully premiered in October, that year. The composer died ten days later of cholera, or -- as some now contend -- from drinking poison in accordance with a death sentence conferred on him by his classmates from the School of Jurisprudence, who were fearful of shame on the institution owing to an alleged homosexual episode involving Tchaikovsky. Read less
Tchaikovsky, Mendelssohn: Violin Concertos / Milstein
Release Date: 01/26/1999   Label: Decca  
Catalog: 460619   Number of Discs: 1
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Tchaikovsky: Serenade In C; Bartok: Divertimento / Roman Simovic, LSO String Ensemble
Release Date: 11/11/2014   Label: Lso Live  
Catalog: 752   Number of Discs: 1
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Tchaikovsky: Iolanta / Netrebko, Skorokhodov, Markov, Villaume
Release Date: 01/06/2015   Label: Deutsche Grammophon  
Catalog: 002234902   Number of Discs: 2
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Tchaikovsky: Symphonies 1-3 / Valery Gergiev, London Symphony Orchestra
Release Date: 10/09/2012   Label: Lso Live  
Catalog: 710   Number of Discs: 2
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Work: Concerto for Violin in D major, Op. 35

Browse 176-200 of 204 Available Recordings
1 2 ... 7 8 9
  • 176.
    Violin For Anne Rice / Leila Josefowic
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 462032 Release Date: 10/14/1997   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Robert Sadin,  Sting,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Eugène Ysaÿe  ... 
    Performer:  Robert Sadin,  Cyro Baptista,  Ira Coleman,  Charles Curtis  ... 
    Conductor:  Sir Neville Marriner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Academy of St. Martin in the Fields
    ArkivCD $16.99
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  • 177.
    Tchaikovsky: Violin Concerto, Etc / Brodsky, Straszynski
    Label: Arts Music   Catalog: 47144 Release Date: 12/17/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Performer:  Vadim Brodsky
    Conductor:  Andrzej Straszynski
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Warsaw Polish Radio/TV Symphony Orchestra
    On sale! $11.98
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  • 178.
    Mozart: Violin Concerto No 5;  Tschaikowsky: Violin Concerto
    Label: Tuxedo Music   Catalog: 1052 Release Date: 03/26/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
    Performer:  David Oistrakh
    Conductor:  Samuel Samosud,  Kiril Kondrashin
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bolshoi Theatre Orchestra,  USSR State Symphony Orchestra
    On sale! $13.98
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  • 179.
    Bach, Brahms, Tchaikovsky: Violin Concertos / David Oistrakh
    Label: Dg The Originals   Catalog: 447427 Release Date: 01/23/1996   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Johannes Brahms,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Johann Sebastian Bach
    Performer:  David Oistrakh,  Igor Oistrakh
    Conductor:  Franz Konwitschny,  Sir Eugene Goossens,  David Oistrakh
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Dresden Staatskapelle,  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra,  Vienna Symphony Orchestra
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  • 180.
    Brahms, Tchaikovsky: Violin Concertos / Ida Haendel
    Label: Testament   Catalog: 1038 Release Date: 01/01/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Ida Haendel
    Conductor:  Sir Eugene Goossens,  Sergiu Celibidache
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra,  London Symphony Orchestra
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  • 181.
    Tchaikovsky: Piano Concertos 1-3, Etc / Postnikova, Chung
    Label: London/Decca Double Decker   Catalog: 448107 Release Date: 12/04/1995   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Performer:  Kyung-Wha Chung,  Viktoria Postnikova
    Conductor:  Charles Dutoit,  Gennadi Rozhdestvensky
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra,  Vienna Symphony Orchestra
    CD not available
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  • 182.
    Brahms, Tchaikovsky: Violin Concertos / Nathan Milstein
    Label: Emi Seraphim   Catalog: 69035 Release Date: 10/17/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Nathan Milstein
    Conductor:  William Steinberg,  Anatole Fistoulari
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra,  Philharmonia Orchestra
    CD: $4.99
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  • 183.
    The Great Violin Concertos - Mendelssohn, Tchaikovsky /Rybar
    Label: Doron Music   Catalog: 4005 Release Date: 08/22/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Felix Mendelssohn
    Performer:  Peter Rybar
    Conductor:  Victor Desarzens
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Festival Orchestra
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  • 184.
    Tchaikovsky, Sibelius: Violin Concertos / Josefowicz
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 446131 Release Date: 08/15/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Performer:  Leila Josefowicz
    Conductor:  Sir Neville Marriner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Academy of St. Martin in the Fields
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  • 185.
    Art Of Classics - Tchaikovsky: Masterpieces
    Label: Intercord Klassische Diskothek   Catalog: 25923 Release Date: 05/23/1995   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Performer:  Ian Novak,  Hans Lang
    Conductor:  Denis Zsoltay,  Gary Bertini,  Milan Starek,  Hans Zanotelli  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  South German Philharmonic Orchestra,  Bamberg Symphony Orchestra,  Munich Symphony Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $15.99
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  • 186.
    Isaac Stern - A Life In Music - Box I
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 67193 Release Date: 05/16/1995   Number of Discs: 11
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Antonio Vivaldi,  Antonín Dvorák,  Ludwig van Beethoven  ... 
    Performer:  Isaac Stern,  Leonard Rose,  David Oistrakh,  Eugene Istomin  ... 
    Conductor:  Eugene Ormandy,  Zubin Mehta,  Daniel Barenboim,  Mstislav Rostropovich  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philadelphia Orchestra,  Philadelphia Orchestra members,  New York Philharmonic  ... 
    CD not available
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  • 187.
    Isaac Stern - A Life In Music - Tchaikovsky, Sibelius
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 66829 Release Date: 05/16/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Performer:  Isaac Stern
    Conductor:  Eugene Ormandy
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philadelphia Orchestra
    CD: $8.99
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  • 188.
    Heifetz - Tchaikovsky, Mendelssohn: Concertos /Reiner, Munch
    Label: Rca Victor Red Seal   Catalog: 61743 Release Date: 05/09/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Felix Mendelssohn
    Performer:  Jascha Heifetz
    Conductor:  Charles Munch,  Fritz Reiner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chamber Orchestra,  Boston Symphony Orchestra,  Chicago Symphony Orchestra
    CD: $9.99
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  • 189.
    Favorite Violin Concertos / Arthur Grumiaux
    Label: Philips Duo   Catalog: 442287 Release Date: 04/12/1994   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Johannes Brahms,  Felix Mendelssohn,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Performer:  Arthur Grumiaux
    Conductor:  Bernard Haitink,  Sir Colin Davis,  Jan Krenz
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra,  New Philharmonia Orchestra
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  • 190.
    Tchaikovsky: Violin Concerto, Sérénade, Souvenir / M. Honda
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 550124 Release Date: 02/15/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Performer:  Mariko Honda
    Conductor:  Keith Clark
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Slovak State Symphony Orchestra,  Slovak State Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 191.
    Tchaikowsky, Stravinsky: Violin Concerti / Kantorow, Thomson
    Label: Denon Records   Catalog: 73325 Release Date: 08/30/1993   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Performer:  Jean-Jacques Kantorow
    Conductor:  Bryden Thomson
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Philharmonic Orchestra
    CD not available
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  • 192.
    The Best Of Tchaikovsky
    Label: Philips Duo   Catalog: 438386 Release Date: 08/10/1993   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Performer:  Henryk Szeryng,  Midori,  Werner Haas
    Conductor:  Igor Markevitch,  Bernard Haitink,  Antal Doráti,  Pierre Monteux  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra,  London Symphony Orchestra,  London Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
    CD not available
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  • 193.
    The Art Of Nathan Milstein - Beethoven, Brahms, Dvorák, Etc
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 64830 Release Date: 07/20/1993   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  George Frideric Handel,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Pablo de Sarasate,  Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov  ... 
    Performer:  Leon Pommers,  Nathan Milstein,  Artur Balsam,  Rudolf Firkusny  ... 
    Conductor:  Robert Irving,  William Steinberg,  Anatole Fistoulari,  Rafael Frühbeck de Burgos  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Orchestra,  Chamber Orchestra,  Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $63.99
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  • 194.
    Sibelius, Tchaikovsky: Violin Concertos / Shaham, Sinopoli
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 437540 Release Date: 07/13/1993   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Jean Sibelius
    Performer:  Gil Shaham
    Conductor:  Giuseppe Sinopoli
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra
    CD: $15.99
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  • 195.
    Tchaikovsky: Violin Concerto;  Brahms: Dances / Sarah Chang
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 54753 Release Date: 03/23/1993   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Performer:  Jonathan Feldman,  Sarah Chang
    Conductor:  Sir Colin Davis
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Philharmonic Orchestra
    CD: $15.99
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  • 196.
    Brahms, Tchaikovsky: Violin Concertos / Heifetz, Reiner
    Label: Rca Victor Living Stereo   Catalog: 61495 Release Date: 03/09/1993   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Jascha Heifetz
    Conductor:  Fritz Reiner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chicago Symphony Orchestra
    CD: $8.99
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  • 197.
    The Art Of Ivry Gitlis
    Label: Vox Box Legends   Catalog: 5505 Release Date: 11/04/1992   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius,  Béla Bartók,  Felix Mendelssohn,  Max Bruch  ... 
    Performer:  Ivry Gitlis
    Conductor:  Jascha Horenstein,  Hans Swarowsky
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Symphony Orchestra
    CD: $11.49
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  • 198.
    Tchaikovsky, Mendelssohn: Violin Concertos / Nishizaki, Jean
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8550153 Release Date: 06/30/1992   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Felix Mendelssohn,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Performer:  Takako Nishizaki
    Conductor:  Kenneth Jean
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Slovak Philharmonic Orchestra
    CD: $12.99
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  • 199.
    Isaac Stern Collection - The Early Concerto Recordings Vol 1
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 45952 Release Date: 07/01/1991   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Maurice Ravel,  Felix Mendelssohn,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky  ... 
    Performer:  Leonard Rose,  Isaac Stern,  Alexander Zakin,  David Oistrakh
    Conductor:  Bruno Walter,  Eugene Ormandy,  Alexander Hilsberg,  Sir Thomas Beecham  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New York Philharmonic,  Philadelphia Orchestra,  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
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  • 200.
    Live In Russia - Tchaikovsky: Violin Concerto;  Etc / Perlman, Mehta, Goodman Guggenheim, Israel Po
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 54108 Release Date: 07/01/1991   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Henri Wieniawski,  Sergei Prokofiev,  Antonio Bazzini,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky  ... 
    Performer:  Itzhak Perlman,  Janet Guggenheim
    Conductor:  Zubin Mehta
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Israel Philharmonic Orchestra
    CD: $15.99
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1 2 ... 7 8 9

Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky


WORKS
Tchaikovsky: Piano Concerto No.1 In B Flat Minor, Op.23 - 1. Allegro non troppo e molto maestoso - Allegro con spirito
Tchaikovsky: Piano Concerto No.1 In B Flat Minor, Op.23 - 2. Andantino semplice - Prestissimo - Tempo I
Tchaikovsky: Piano Concerto No.1 In B Flat Minor, Op.23 - 3. Allegro con fuoco
Allegro moderato
Canzonetta: Andante
Allegro vivacissimo
1. Miniature Overture
March
Dance Of The Sugar-Plum Fairy
Russian Dance (Trepak)
Arabian Dance (Coffee)
Chinese Dance (Tea)
Dance Of The Reed-Pipes (Merlitons)
3. Waltz Of The Flowers
Tchaikovsky: Symphony No.5 In E Minor, Op.64 - 1. Andante - Allegro con anima
Tchaikovsky: Symphony No.5 In E Minor, Op.64 - 2. Andante cantabile, con alcuna licenza - Moderato con anima
Tchaikovsky: Symphony No.5 In E Minor, Op.64 - 3. Valse (Allegro moderato)
Tchaikovsky: Symphony No.5 In E Minor, Op.64 - 4. Finale (Andante maestoso - Allegro vivace)
I. Adagio - Allegro non troppo
II. Allegro con grazia
III. Allegro molto vivace
IV. Finale: Adagio lamentoso
Moderato assai quasi andante
Tema: Moderato semplice
Variazione I: Tempo del Tema
Variazione II: Tempo del Tema
Variazione III: Andante sostenuto
Variazione IV: Andante grazioso
Variazione V: Allegro moderato
Variazione VI: Andante
Variazione VII e Coda: Allegro vivo
1. Pezzo in forma di sonatina: Andante non troppo - Allegro moderato
2. Walzer: Moderato (Tempo di valse)
3. Elégie: Larghetto elegiaco
4. Finale (Tema russo): Andante - Allegro con spirito
1. Scene - Swan Theme
2. Valse In A
3. Danse des petits cygnes
4. Scene
5. Danse Hongroise (Czardas)
6. Scène finale.
Introduction - The Lilac Fairy
Pas d'action: Rose Adagio
Pas de caractère: Puss In Boots
Panorama (andantino)
Valse