Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky

Biography

Born: May 7, 1840; Russia   Died: Nov 6, 1893; Russia   Period: Romantic
Pyotr Il'yich Tchaikovsky was the author of some of the most popular themes in all of classical music. He founded no school, struck out no new paths or compositional methods, and sought few innovations in his works. Yet the power and communicative sweep of his best music elevates it to classic status, even if it lacks the formal boldness and harmonic sophistication heard in the compositions of his contemporaries, Wagner and Bruckner. It was Read more Tchaikovsky's unique melodic charm that could, whether in his Piano Concerto No. 1 or in his ballet The Nutcracker or in his tragic last symphony, make the music sound familiar on first hearing.
Tchaikovsky was born into a family of five brothers and one sister. He began taking piano lessons at age four and showed remarkable talent, eventually surpassing his own teacher's abilities. By age nine, he exhibited severe nervous problems, not least because of his overly sensitive nature. The following year, he was sent to St. Petersburg to study at the School of Jurisprudence. The loss of his mother in 1854 dealt a crushing blow to the young Tchaikovsky. In 1859, he took a position in the Ministry of Justice, but longed for a career in music, attending concerts and operas at every opportunity. He finally began study in harmony with Zaremba in 1861, and enrolled at the St. Petersburg Conservatory the following year, eventually studying composition with Anton Rubinstein.
In 1866, the composer relocated to Moscow, accepting a professorship of harmony at the new conservatory, and shortly afterward turned out his First Symphony, suffering, however, a nervous breakdown during its composition. His opera The Voyevoda came in 1867-1868 and he began another, The Oprichnik, in 1870, completing it two years later. Other works were appearing during this time, as well, including the First String Quartet (1871), the Second Symphony (1873), and the ballet Swan Lake (1875).
In 1876, Tchaikovsky traveled to Paris with his brother, Modest, and then visited Bayreuth, where he met Liszt, but was snubbed by Wagner. By 1877, Tchaikovsky was an established composer. This was the year of Swan Lake's premiere and the time he began work on the Fourth Symphony (1877-1878). It was also a time of woe: in July, Tchaikovsky, despite his homosexuality, foolishly married Antonina Ivanovna Milyukova, an obsessed admirer, their disastrous union lasting just months. The composer attempted suicide in the midst of this episode. Near the end of that year, Nadezhda von Meck, a woman he would never meet, became his patron and frequent correspondent.
Further excursions abroad came in the 1880s, along with a spate of successful compositions, including the Serenade for Strings (1881), 1812 Overture (1882), and the Fifth Symphony (1888). In both 1888 and 1889, Tchaikovsky went on successful European tours as a conductor, meeting Brahms, Grieg, Dvorák, Gounod, and other notable musical figures. Sleeping Beauty was premiered in 1890, and The Nutcracker in 1892, both with success.
Throughout Tchaikovsky's last years, he was continually plagued by anxiety and depression. A trip to Paris and the United States followed one dark nervous episode in 1891. Tchaikovsky wrote his Sixth Symphony, "Pathétique," in 1893, and it was successfully premiered in October, that year. The composer died ten days later of cholera, or -- as some now contend -- from drinking poison in accordance with a death sentence conferred on him by his classmates from the School of Jurisprudence, who were fearful of shame on the institution owing to an alleged homosexual episode involving Tchaikovsky. Read less
Tchaikovsky, Mendelssohn: Violin Concertos / Milstein
Release Date: 01/26/1999   Label: Decca  
Catalog: 460619   Number of Discs: 1
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Tchaikovsky, Grieg: Piano Concertos / Stewart Goodyear
Release Date: 06/10/2014   Label: Steinway & Sons  
Catalog: 30035   Number of Discs: 1
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Tchaikovsky: Eugene Onegin / Khaikin, Vishnevskaya, Et Al
Release Date: 06/15/1999   Label: Opera D'oro  
Catalog: 1197   Number of Discs: 2
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Tchaikovsky: Symphony No 6 / Menuhin, RPO
Release Date: 11/10/2009   Label: Royal Philharmonic Masterworks  
Catalog: 28110   Number of Discs: 1
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Tchaikovsky, Higdon: Violin Concertos / Hilary Hahn
Release Date: 09/21/2010   Label: Deutsche Grammophon  
Catalog: 1469802   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Rococo Variations

Browse 26-50 of 95 Available Recordings
1 2 3 4
  • 26.
    Sergei Nakariakov - Trumpet & Orchestra  [6-CD Set]
    Label: Teldec   Catalog: 993672 Release Date: 03/27/2012   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Franz Joseph Haydn,  Johann Nepomuk Hummel,  André Jolivet,  Henri Tomasi  ... 
    Performer:  Sergei Nakariakov
    Conductor:  Jesús Lopez-Cobos,  Hugh Wolff,  Jörg Faerber,  Vladimir Ashkenazy  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Lausanne Chamber Orchestra,  St. Paul Chamber Orchestra,  Württemberg Chamber Orchestra Heilbronn  ... 
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  • 27.
    Tchaikovsky: Piano Concerto No. 1, Rococo Variations / Eschenbach, Barto, Maslennikov
    Label: Capriccio Records   Catalog: 5065 Release Date: 11/15/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Performer:  Dmitri Maslennikov,  Tzimon Barto
    Conductor:  Christoph Eschenbach
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Deutsches Symphonie-Orchester Berlin
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  • 28.
    Bbc Legends: Rostropovich
    Label: Bbc Legends   Catalog: 50052 Release Date: 09/27/2011   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Aram Khachaturian,  Dmitri Shostakovich,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Robert Schumann  ... 
    Performer:  Mstislav Rostropovich
    Conductor:  George Hurst,  Sir Colin Davis,  Benjamin Britten,  Yevgeny Svetlanov  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra,  BBC Symphony Orchestra,  USSR State Radio Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 29.
    Schubert, Tchaikovsky, Bruch / Maxim Rysanov, Muhai Tang, Swedish Chamber Orchestra
    Label: Bis   Catalog: 1843 Release Date: 08/23/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Max Bruch
    Performer:  Maxim Rysanov
    Conductor:  Muhai Tang
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Swedish Chamber Orchestra
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  • 30.
    Label: Dynamic   Catalog: 8020 Release Date: 06/28/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Giovanni Bottesini,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Performer:  Ovidiu Badila,  Keng Yuen Tseng
    Conductor:  Marco Zuccarini
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  • 31.
    Tchaikovsky: Complete Works For Cello And Orchestra
    Label: Brilliant Classics   Catalog: 94188 Release Date: 05/31/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Performer:  Alexander Rudin
    Conductor:  Nikolai Alexeev
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Musica Viva Instrumental Ensemble
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  • 32.
    Maria Kliegel - Cello Master Class
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 2110280 Release Date: 12/14/2010   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Franz Joseph Haydn,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Robert Schumann
    Performer:  Maria Kliegel
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  • 33.
    Dvorak: Cello Concerto; Tchaikovsky: Rococo  Variations / Mork
    Label: Virgin Classics Special Import   Catalog: 28623 Release Date: 10/25/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Performer:  Truls Otterbech Mork
    Conductor:  Mariss Jansons
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Oslo Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 34.
    Tchaikovsky: Variations On A Rococo Theme; Souvenir De Florence; The Tempest
    Label: Regis   Catalog: 1348 Release Date: 09/28/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Performer:  Mstislav Rostropovich
    Conductor:  Gennadi Rozhdestvensky,  Yevgeny Svetlanov
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  • 35.
    Dvorak: Cello Concerto / Harrell, Ashkenazy, Philharmonia
    Label: London/Decca Jubilee   Catalog: 425020 Release Date: 06/08/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Max Bruch,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Antonín Dvorák
    Performer:  Lynn Harrell
    Conductor:  Vladimir Ashkenazy
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra
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  • 36.
    Best Tchaikovsky 100
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 56339 Release Date: 05/04/2010   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Performer:  Charles Abramovic,  Sarah Chang,  Ayako Uehara,  Olaf Maninger  ... 
    Conductor:  Mariss Jansons,  Seiji Ozawa,  Lovro von Matacic,  Richard Hickox  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Oslo Philharmonic Orchestra,  Philharmonia Orchestra,  Milan Teatro alla Scala Orchestra  ... 
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  • 37.
    Nicolas Altstaedt Plays Schumann Tchaikovsky Gulda
    Label: Claves   Catalog: 2901 Release Date: 03/09/2010  
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Robert Schumann,  Friedrich Gulda
    Performer:  Nicolas Altstaedt
    Conductor:  Alexander Joel
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Rheinland-Pfalz State Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 38.
    Paul Tortelier - The Great EMI Recordings
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 88627 Release Date: 03/09/2010   Number of Discs: 20
    Composer:  Felix Mendelssohn,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Dmitri Shostakovich,  Richard Strauss  ... 
    Performer:  Paul Tortelier,  Jacques Manzone,  Maud Tortelier
    Conductor:  Jörg Faerber,  Sir Philip Ledger
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Württemberg Chamber Orchestra Heilbronn,  London Mozart Players
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  • 39.
    Tchaikovsky: Rococo Variations; Saint-saens: Cello Concerto No. 1; Offenbach: Cello Concerto
    Label: Doremi Records   Catalog: 6607 Release Date: 03/09/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jacques Offenbach,  Camille Saint-Saëns,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Performer:  Ofra Harnoy
    Conductor:  Erich Kunzel,  Paul Freeman
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  • 40.
    Essential Cello
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 88582 Release Date: 02/23/2010   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Antonio Vivaldi,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Franz Joseph Haydn,  Luigi Boccherini  ... 
    Performer:  Han-Na Chang,  Mstislav Rostropovich,  Steven Isserlis,  Maggie Cole  ... 
    Conductor:  Christopher Warren-Green,  Mstislav Rostropovich,  Juha Kangas,  Kurt Masur  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Nash Ensemble,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra members
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  • 41.
    Tchaikovsky: Rococo Variations; Prokofiev: Sinfonia Concertante / Capucon
    Label: Virgin Classics   Catalog: 94486 Release Date: 02/09/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Sergei Prokofiev
    Performer:  Gautier Capuçon
    Conductor:  Valery Gergiev
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  St. Petersburg Mariinsky Theater Orchestra
    CD: $17.99
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  • 42.
    Brahms, Kodaly, Debussy, Tchaikovksy / Fournier, Holetschek
    Label: Orfeo   Catalog: 798091 Release Date: 11/24/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Claude Debussy,  Zoltán Kodály,  Johannes Brahms,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Performer:  Pierre Fournier,  Franz Holetschek
    CD: $19.99
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  • 43.
    Yo-Yo Ma - 30 Years Outside the Box
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 752307 Release Date: 10/27/2009   Number of Discs: 90
    Composer:  Sandeep Das,  Traditional,  Kayhan Kalhor,  Zhou Long  ... 
    Performer:  Joseph Gramley,  Kim Dong-Won,  Yo-Yo Ma,  Mark Suter  ... 
    Conductor:  Miguel Harth-Bedoya,  John T. Williams,  Ennio Morricone,  Isaac Stern  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Silk Road Ensemble,  Chicago Symphony Orchestra,  Qi Lin  ... 
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  • 44.
    1967 Carnegie Hall Marathon / Rostropovich, Rozhdestvensky, Et Al
    Label: Doremi Records   Catalog: 7974 Release Date: 10/13/2009   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Sir Edward Elgar,  Dmitri Shostakovich,  Walter Piston,  Boris Tchaikovsky  ... 
    Performer:  Mstislav Rostropovich,  Glynne Adams,  Itzhak Perlman
    Conductor:  Gennadi Rozhdestvensky,  Lukas Foss
    On sale! $111.98
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  • 45.
    Shostakovich: Cello Concerto No 1; Tchaikovsky: Rococo Variations / Cook
    Label: Msr   Catalog: 1289 Release Date: 06/09/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Dmitri Shostakovich,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Performer:  Kim Cook
    Conductor:  Eduard Serov
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Volgograd Symphony Orchestra
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  • 46.
    Tchaikovsky: Rococo Variations / Ofra Harnoy
    Label: Rca Victor Red Seal   Catalog: 60758 Release Date: 03/17/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Performer:  Ofra Harnoy
    Conductor:  Sir Charles Mackerras
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 47.
    Russian Masterpieces For Cello & Orchestra / Zuill Bailey
    Label: Telarc   Catalog: 80724 Release Date: 01/27/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Dmitri Shostakovich,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Performer:  Zuill Bailey
    Conductor:  Martin West
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  San Francisco Ballet Orchestra
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  • 48.
    Label: Multisonic   Catalog: 310690 Release Date: 09/09/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Performer:  Václav Hudecek,  Alzbeta Vlckova
    Conductor:  Vladimír Válek
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Prague Radio Symphony Orchestra
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  • 49.
    Greatest Works - Tchaikovsky / Masur, Sanderling, Kogan, Rogner, Et Al
    Label: Berlin Classics   Catalog: 184352 Release Date: 08/12/2008   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Performer:  Jürnjakob Timm,  Peter Rösel
    Conductor:  Heinz Rögner,  Kurt Masur,  Pavel Kogan,  Kurt Sanderling
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Dresden Philharmonic Orchestra,  Hannover Radio Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
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  • 50.
    Tchaikovsky: Symphony No 3, Etc / Friedmann, Russian Po
    Label: Arte Nova   Catalog: 433280 Release Date: 05/13/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Performer:  Kirill Rodin
    Conductor:  Samuel Friedmann
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Russian Philharmonic Orchestra
    On sale! $7.99
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1 2 3 4

Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky


WORKS
Tchaikovsky: Piano Concerto No.1 In B Flat Minor, Op.23 - 1. Allegro non troppo e molto maestoso - Allegro con spirito
Tchaikovsky: Piano Concerto No.1 In B Flat Minor, Op.23 - 2. Andantino semplice - Prestissimo - Tempo I
Tchaikovsky: Piano Concerto No.1 In B Flat Minor, Op.23 - 3. Allegro con fuoco
Allegro moderato
Canzonetta: Andante
Allegro vivacissimo
1. Miniature Overture
March
Dance Of The Sugar-Plum Fairy
Russian Dance (Trepak)
Arabian Dance (Coffee)
Chinese Dance (Tea)
Dance Of The Reed-Pipes (Merlitons)
3. Waltz Of The Flowers
Tchaikovsky: Symphony No.5 In E Minor, Op.64 - 1. Andante - Allegro con anima
Tchaikovsky: Symphony No.5 In E Minor, Op.64 - 2. Andante cantabile, con alcuna licenza - Moderato con anima
Tchaikovsky: Symphony No.5 In E Minor, Op.64 - 3. Valse (Allegro moderato)
Tchaikovsky: Symphony No.5 In E Minor, Op.64 - 4. Finale (Andante maestoso - Allegro vivace)
I. Adagio - Allegro non troppo
II. Allegro con grazia
III. Allegro molto vivace
IV. Finale: Adagio lamentoso
Moderato assai quasi andante
Tema: Moderato semplice
Variazione I: Tempo del Tema
Variazione II: Tempo del Tema
Variazione III: Andante sostenuto
Variazione IV: Andante grazioso
Variazione V: Allegro moderato
Variazione VI: Andante
Variazione VII e Coda: Allegro vivo
1. Pezzo in forma di sonatina: Andante non troppo - Allegro moderato
2. Walzer: Moderato (Tempo di valse)
3. Elégie: Larghetto elegiaco
4. Finale (Tema russo): Andante - Allegro con spirito
1. Scene - Swan Theme
2. Valse In A
3. Danse des petits cygnes
4. Scene
5. Danse Hongroise (Czardas)
6. Scène finale.
Introduction - The Lilac Fairy
Pas d'action: Rose Adagio
Pas de caractère: Puss In Boots
Panorama (andantino)
Valse