Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky

Biography

Born: May 7, 1840; Russia   Died: Nov 6, 1893; Russia   Period: Romantic
Pyotr Il'yich Tchaikovsky was the author of some of the most popular themes in all of classical music. He founded no school, struck out no new paths or compositional methods, and sought few innovations in his works. Yet the power and communicative sweep of his best music elevates it to classic status, even if it lacks the formal boldness and harmonic sophistication heard in the compositions of his contemporaries, Wagner and Bruckner. It was Read more Tchaikovsky's unique melodic charm that could, whether in his Piano Concerto No. 1 or in his ballet The Nutcracker or in his tragic last symphony, make the music sound familiar on first hearing.
Tchaikovsky was born into a family of five brothers and one sister. He began taking piano lessons at age four and showed remarkable talent, eventually surpassing his own teacher's abilities. By age nine, he exhibited severe nervous problems, not least because of his overly sensitive nature. The following year, he was sent to St. Petersburg to study at the School of Jurisprudence. The loss of his mother in 1854 dealt a crushing blow to the young Tchaikovsky. In 1859, he took a position in the Ministry of Justice, but longed for a career in music, attending concerts and operas at every opportunity. He finally began study in harmony with Zaremba in 1861, and enrolled at the St. Petersburg Conservatory the following year, eventually studying composition with Anton Rubinstein.
In 1866, the composer relocated to Moscow, accepting a professorship of harmony at the new conservatory, and shortly afterward turned out his First Symphony, suffering, however, a nervous breakdown during its composition. His opera The Voyevoda came in 1867-1868 and he began another, The Oprichnik, in 1870, completing it two years later. Other works were appearing during this time, as well, including the First String Quartet (1871), the Second Symphony (1873), and the ballet Swan Lake (1875).
In 1876, Tchaikovsky traveled to Paris with his brother, Modest, and then visited Bayreuth, where he met Liszt, but was snubbed by Wagner. By 1877, Tchaikovsky was an established composer. This was the year of Swan Lake's premiere and the time he began work on the Fourth Symphony (1877-1878). It was also a time of woe: in July, Tchaikovsky, despite his homosexuality, foolishly married Antonina Ivanovna Milyukova, an obsessed admirer, their disastrous union lasting just months. The composer attempted suicide in the midst of this episode. Near the end of that year, Nadezhda von Meck, a woman he would never meet, became his patron and frequent correspondent.
Further excursions abroad came in the 1880s, along with a spate of successful compositions, including the Serenade for Strings (1881), 1812 Overture (1882), and the Fifth Symphony (1888). In both 1888 and 1889, Tchaikovsky went on successful European tours as a conductor, meeting Brahms, Grieg, Dvorák, Gounod, and other notable musical figures. Sleeping Beauty was premiered in 1890, and The Nutcracker in 1892, both with success.
Throughout Tchaikovsky's last years, he was continually plagued by anxiety and depression. A trip to Paris and the United States followed one dark nervous episode in 1891. Tchaikovsky wrote his Sixth Symphony, "Pathétique," in 1893, and it was successfully premiered in October, that year. The composer died ten days later of cholera, or -- as some now contend -- from drinking poison in accordance with a death sentence conferred on him by his classmates from the School of Jurisprudence, who were fearful of shame on the institution owing to an alleged homosexual episode involving Tchaikovsky. Read less
Tchaikovsky: Manfred Symphony... / Nelsons, Birmingham
Release Date: 06/09/2015   Label: Orfeo  
Catalog: 895151   Number of Discs: 1
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Tchaikovsky: Complete Orchestral Suites / Marriner, Stuttgart Radio Symphony Orchestra
Release Date: 06/26/2012   Label: Brilliant Classics  
Catalog: 94372   Number of Discs: 2
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Tchaikovsky: Symphony No 5… / Thomas, San Francisco
Release Date: 05/12/2015   Label: San Francisco Symphony  
Catalog: 0062   Number of Discs: 1
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Tchaikovsky: Symphony No 5 / Nelsons, City Of Birmingham Symphony Orchestra
Release Date: 07/28/2009   Label: Orfeo  
Catalog: 780091   Number of Discs: 1
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Serenely Cedille - Bach, Brahms, Tchaikovsky, Etc
Release Date: 01/24/2006   Label: Cedille Records  
Catalog: 8001   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Rococo Variations

Browse 1-25 of 80 Available Recordings
1 2 3 4
  • 1.
    Glazunov: Concerto Ballata; Prokofiev: Concertino; Tchaikovsky: Rococo Variations / Walton
    Label: Signum U.k.   Catalog: 407 Release Date: 07/10/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Alexander Glazunov,  Sergei Prokofiev,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Performer:  Jamie Walton
    Conductor:  Okko Kamu
    CD: $17.99
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  • 2.
    Rococo / Pieter Wispelwey
    Label: Evil Penguin Records   Catalog: 17 Release Date: 03/10/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Carl Philipp Emmanuel Bach,  Igor Stravinsky
    Performer:  Pieter Wispelwey
    Conductor:  Jonathan Morton
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Musikkollegium Winterthur
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  • 3.
    The Romantic Cello
    Label: Brilliant Classics   Catalog: 94934 Release Date: 02/24/2015   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák,  Robert Schumann,  Frédéric Chopin,  Claude Debussy  ... 
    Performer:  Zara Nelsova,  Julius Berger,  Timora Rosler,  Klára Würtz  ... 
    Conductor:  Walter Susskind,  Florian Merz,  Dwight Bennett
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  St. Louis Symphony Orchestra,  South Westphalia Philharmonic,  Zilina State Chamber Orchestra
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  • 4.
    Tchaikovsky: Rococo Variations  / Vardai / Boganyi, Pannon Philharmonic
    Label: Brilliant Classics   Catalog: 94876 Release Date: 01/27/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Performer:  István Várdai
    Conductor:  Tibor Bogányi
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Pannon Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 5.
    Lorin Maazel: The Cleveland Years - Complete Recordings
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 002217602 Release Date: 11/10/2014   Number of Discs: 19
    Composer:  Giuseppe Verdi,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Hector Berlioz,  Mikhail Glinka  ... 
    Performer:  Kenneth Riegel,  Lynn Harrell,  Pascal Rogé,  Ivan Davis
    Conductor:  Lorin Maazel,  Antal Doráti
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cleveland Orchestra,  Detroit Symphony Orchestra
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  • 6.
    The Originals - Legendary Recordings from DG
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 002171502 Release Date: 10/27/2014   Number of Discs: 50
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Johannes Brahms,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky  ... 
    Performer:  David Oistrakh,  Igor Oistrakh,  Pierre Fournier,  Walter Berry  ... 
    Conductor:  David Oistrakh,  Sir Eugene Goossens,  Franz Konwitschny,  Carlos Kleiber  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Symphony Orchestra,  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra,  Dresden Staatskapelle  ... 
    On sale! $159.98
    CD: $156.99
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  • 7.
    Yo-Yo Ma Plays Great Cello Masterworks
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 438572 Release Date: 08/26/2014   Number of Discs: 8
    Composer:  Camille Saint-Saëns,  Edouard Lalo,  Sir Edward Elgar,  Sir William Walton  ... 
    Performer:  Yo-Yo Ma,  Margaret Faultless,  Emanuel Ax
    Conductor:  Lorin Maazel,  André Previn,  José L. Garcia,  Pinchas Zukerman  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  ORTF National Orchestra,  London Symphony Orchestra,  English Chamber Orchestra  ... 
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  • 8.
    Paul Tortelier - The Complete Musician
    Label: Video Artists International   Catalog: 4570 Release Date: 06/17/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Carl Philipp Emmanuel Bach,  Sir Edward Elgar,  Antonín Dvorák,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Performer:  Paul Tortelier
    Conductor:  Edmond de Stoutz,  Armin Jordan,  Albert Kaiser,  Daniel Schweizer
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Zurich Chamber Orchestra,  Suisse Romande Orchestra,  Collegium Musicum Basel  ... 
    On sale! $34.95
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  • 9.
    Janos Starker - The Mercury Living Presence Recordings
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 002065602 Release Date: 06/10/2014   Number of Discs: 10
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Arcangelo Corelli,  Pietro Antonio Locatelli,  Giuseppe Valentini  ... 
    Performer:  János Starker,  György Sebok,  Stephen Swedish
    Conductor:  Antal Doráti,  Stanislaw Skrowaczewski
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra
    CD: $61.49
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  • 10.
    Tchaikovsky: String Concertos
    Label: Intergroove   Catalog: 9 Release Date: 06/10/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Performer:  Lyudmila Malian,  Sergei Roldugin
    Conductor:  Stanislav Gorkovenko
    On sale! $18.98
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  • 11.
    Mstislav Rostropovich  - Three Classic Albums
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 001999802 Release Date: 02/25/2014   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Antonio Vivaldi,  Giuseppe Tartini,  Luigi Boccherini,  Antonín Dvorák  ... 
    Performer:  Mstislav Rostropovich
    Conductor:  Paul Sacher,  Herbert von Karajan,  Seiji Ozawa
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Zurich Collegium Musicum,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Boston Symphony Orchestra
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  • 12.
    Tchaikovsky: Symphony No 6, Romeo & Juliet, Rococo Variations / Nakariakov, Temirkanov
    Label: Bel Air Classiques   Catalog: 88 Release Date: 11/19/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Performer:  Sergei Nakariakov
    Conductor:  Yuri Temirkanov
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  St. Petersburg Philharmonic Orchestra
    DVD: $24.99
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  • 13.
    Elgar: Cello Concerto; Tchaikovsky: Rococo Variations / Queyras, Belohlavek
    Label: Harmonia Mundi   Catalog: 902148 Release Date: 09/10/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Sir Edward Elgar,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Performer:  Jean-Guihen Queyras
    Conductor:  Jiri Belohlávek
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  BBC Symphony Orchestra
    On sale! $21.98
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  • 14.
    Label: Melodiya   Catalog: 1938 Release Date: 08/13/2013   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Frédéric Chopin,  Sergei Rachmaninov,  Johannes Brahms  ... 
    Performer:  Daniil Shafran,  Anton Ginsburg,  Felix Gotlib,  Dmitri Shostakovich
    Conductor:  Gennadi Rozhdestvensky,  Arvid Yansons,  Neeme Järvi,  Kiril Kondrashin
    CD: $74.49
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  • 15.
    Prokofiev: Sinfonia Concertante; Tchaikovsky: Variations On A Rococo Theme; Andante Cantabile
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 755652 Release Date: 07/09/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Sergei Prokofiev,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Performer:  Yo-Yo Ma
    Conductor:  Lorin Maazel
    CD: $8.99
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  • 16.
    10 Classic Albums / Mischa Maisky [11-CD Set]
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 001801402 Release Date: 03/05/2013   Number of Discs: 11
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Charles Gounod,  George Frideric Handel,  Jean-Baptiste Lully  ... 
    Performer:  Mischa Maisky,  Pavel Gililov,  Daria Hovora,  Martha Argerich  ... 
    Conductor:  Giuseppe Sinopoli,  Michael Tilson Thomas,  Zubin Mehta
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra,  London Symphony Orchestra,  Orpheus Chamber Orchestra  ... 
    On sale! $49.98
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  • 17.
    Tchaikovsky: Symphony No 2, Rococo Variations, Andante Cantabile / Elschenbroich, Kitayenko
    Label: Oehms   Catalog: 669 Release Date: 01/29/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Performer:  Leonard Elschenbroich
    Conductor:  Dmitri Kitayenko
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cologne Gürzenich Orchestra
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  • 18.
    Tchaikovsky: Rococo Variations; Gloriana Excerpts / Rostropovich, Pears, Britten
    Label: Ica Classics   Catalog: 5025 Release Date: 11/13/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Benjamin Britten
    Performer:  Mstislav Rostropovich,  Peter Pears
    Conductor:  Benjamin Britten
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  English Chamber Orchestra,  Aldeburgh Festival Chorus
    DVD: $24.99
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  • 19.
    Tchaikovsky: Violin Concerto; Rococo Variations
    Label: Melodiya   Catalog: 1002013 Release Date: 11/13/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Performer:  David Oistrakh,  Mstislav Rostropovich
    Conductor:  Kiril Kondrashin,  Gennadi Rozhdestvensky
    CD: $18.99
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  • 20.
    Saint-Saens & Tchaikovsky / Gabel, Tetreault / Orchestre Symphonique De Quebec
    Label: Analekta   Catalog: 29881 Release Date: 10/30/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Camille Saint-Saëns,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Performer:  Stéphane Tétreault
    Conductor:  Fabien Gabel
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Quebec Symphony Orchestra
    CD: $18.49
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  • 21.
    Label: Melodiya   Catalog: 1302 Release Date: 08/14/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    CD: $14.99
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  • 22.
    Sergei Nakariakov - Trumpet & Orchestra  [6-CD Set]
    Label: Teldec   Catalog: 993672 Release Date: 03/27/2012   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Franz Joseph Haydn,  Johann Nepomuk Hummel,  André Jolivet,  Henri Tomasi  ... 
    Performer:  Sergei Nakariakov
    Conductor:  Jesús Lopez-Cobos,  Hugh Wolff,  Jörg Faerber,  Vladimir Ashkenazy  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Lausanne Chamber Orchestra,  St. Paul Chamber Orchestra,  Württemberg Chamber Orchestra Heilbronn  ... 
    CD: $39.99
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  • 23.
    Tchaikovsky: Piano Concerto No. 1, Rococo Variations / Eschenbach, Barto, Maslennikov
    Label: Capriccio Records   Catalog: 5065 Release Date: 11/15/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Performer:  Dmitri Maslennikov,  Tzimon Barto
    Conductor:  Christoph Eschenbach
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Deutsches Symphonie-Orchester Berlin
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  • 24.
    Bbc Legends: Rostropovich
    Label: Bbc Legends   Catalog: 50052 Release Date: 09/27/2011   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Aram Khachaturian,  Dmitri Shostakovich,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Robert Schumann  ... 
    Performer:  Mstislav Rostropovich
    Conductor:  George Hurst,  Sir Colin Davis,  Benjamin Britten,  Yevgeny Svetlanov  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra,  BBC Symphony Orchestra,  USSR State Radio Symphony Orchestra  ... 
    Recommendation
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  • 25.
    Schubert, Tchaikovsky, Bruch / Maxim Rysanov, Muhai Tang, Swedish Chamber Orchestra
    Label: Bis   Catalog: 1843 Release Date: 08/23/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Max Bruch
    Performer:  Maxim Rysanov
    Conductor:  Muhai Tang
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Swedish Chamber Orchestra
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1 2 3 4

Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky


WORKS
Tchaikovsky: Piano Concerto No.1 In B Flat Minor, Op.23 - 1. Allegro non troppo e molto maestoso - Allegro con spirito
Tchaikovsky: Piano Concerto No.1 In B Flat Minor, Op.23 - 2. Andantino semplice - Prestissimo - Tempo I
Tchaikovsky: Piano Concerto No.1 In B Flat Minor, Op.23 - 3. Allegro con fuoco
Allegro moderato
Canzonetta: Andante
Allegro vivacissimo
Tchaikovsky: Nutcracker Suite, Op.71a - 1. Miniature Overture
Tchaikovsky: Nutcracker Suite, Op.71a - March
Tchaikovsky: Nutcracker Suite, Op.71a - Dance Of The Sugar-Plum Fairy
Tchaikovsky: Nutcracker Suite, Op.71a - Russian Dance (Trepak)
Tchaikovsky: Nutcracker Suite, Op.71a - Arabian Dance (Coffee)
Tchaikovsky: Nutcracker Suite, Op.71a - Chinese Dance (Tea)
Tchaikovsky: Nutcracker Suite, Op.71a - Dance Of The Reed-Pipes (Merlitons)
Tchaikovsky: Nutcracker Suite, Op.71a - 3. Waltz Of The Flowers
Tchaikovsky: Symphony No.5 In E Minor, Op.64 - 1. Andante - Allegro con anima
Tchaikovsky: Symphony No.5 In E Minor, Op.64 - 2. Andante cantabile, con alcuna licenza - Moderato con anima
Tchaikovsky: Symphony No.5 In E Minor, Op.64 - 3. Valse (Allegro moderato)
Tchaikovsky: Symphony No.5 In E Minor, Op.64 - 4. Finale (Andante maestoso - Allegro vivace)
Tchaikovsky: Symphony No.6 in B minor, Op.74 -"Pathétique" - 1. Adagio - Allegro non troppo - Andante - Moderato mosso - Andante - Moderato assai - Allegro vivo - Andante come prima - Andante mosso
Tchaikovsky: Symphony No.6 in B minor, Op.74 -"Pathétique" - 2. Allegro con grazia
Tchaikovsky: Symphony No.6 in B minor, Op.74 -"Pathétique" - 3. Allegro molto vivace
Tchaikovsky: Symphony No.6 in B minor, Op.74 -"Pathétique" - 4. Finale: Adagio lamentoso - Andante
Moderato assai quasi andante
Tema: Moderato semplice
Variazione I: Tempo del Tema
Variazione II: Tempo del Tema
Variazione III: Andante sostenuto
Variazione IV: Andante grazioso
Variazione V: Allegro moderato
Variazione VI: Andante
Variazione VII e Coda: Allegro vivo
1. Pezzo in forma di sonatina: Andante non troppo - Allegro moderato
2. Walzer: Moderato (Tempo di valse)
3. Elégie: Larghetto elegiaco
4. Finale (Tema russo): Andante - Allegro con spirito
Tchaikovsky: Swan Lake, Op.20 Suite - 1. Scene - Swan Theme
Tchaikovsky: Swan Lake, Op.20 Suite - 2. Valse In A
Tchaikovsky: Swan Lake, Op.20 Suite - 3. Danse des petits cygnes
Tchaikovsky: Swan Lake, Op.20 Suite - 4. Scene
Tchaikovsky: Swan Lake, Op.20 Suite - 5. Danse Hongroise (Czardas)
Tchaikovsky: Swan Lake, Op.20 Suite - 6. Scène finale.
Tchaikovsky: The Sleeping Beauty, Suite, Op.66a - Introduction - The Lilac Fairy
Tchaikovsky: The Sleeping Beauty, Suite, Op.66a - Pas d'action: Rose Adagio
Tchaikovsky: The Sleeping Beauty, Suite, Op.66a - Pas de caractère: Puss In Boots
Tchaikovsky: The Sleeping Beauty, Suite, Op.66a - Panorama (andantino)
Tchaikovsky: The Sleeping Beauty, Suite, Op.66a - Valse